The STAND records measure 2.5 linear feet and date from 1985 to 1996. The collection is
arranged in twelve series: Background information, Contacts, Displacement, Environmental
issues, Freeway 168, Funding, Legal issues, Members of STAND, Other grass-roots effort,
Publicity, Related organization, and Supporting material.
The Sane Transportation Alternatives for Neighborhood Defense (STAND), a grass-roots
organization formed out of opposition to the construction of Freeway 168, began in
November 1988. The STAND committee was composed of Werner Lipton, Coordinator; John
Gamboa, Treasurer; Susan Escobar; Jeanne Larson; Beki Moody and Scott Werner. They, along
with volunteers, banded together to collect over 1,200 signatures to prevent construction
of the proposed freeway. STAND's opposition to the freeway was based on several factors,
one of which was the destruction of more than 800 houses that lay in the freeway's path.
The neighborhood in the area of construction was primarily made up of middle-income,
racially diverse residents who suddenly found themselves displaced, looking for homes in
an inflated market. STAND's concerns included, but were not limited to, the environmental
impact of another freeway in the Fresno area, the effect the proposed freeway would have
on local businesses and the effectiveness Freeway 168 would have in alleviating traffic
congestion. The efforts of STAND and other organizations were ultimately unsuccessful;
Freeway 168 will be built.
Copyright has been transferred to California State University, Fresno.
The collection is open for research.