Register of the Anne Loftis Papers

Prepared by Hoover Institution Archives staff
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2003
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the Anne Loftis Papers

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
Prepared by:
Lisa Miller
Date Completed:
2002
Encoded by:
ByteManagers using OAC finding aid conversion service specifications
© 2003 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Anne Loftis papers
Date (inclusive): 1941-1976
Collection number: 71032
Creator: Loftis, Anne, 1922-
Extent: 8 manuscript boxes, 3 phonotape reels (3.5 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, reports, research notes, printed matter, and phonotape reels, relating to the evacuation and relocation of Japanese-Americans, 1942-1945. Includes oral history interviews of immigrants to California.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Anne Loftis papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

1922 Feb. 8 Born, New York, New York
1944 B. A., English, Smith College
1969 Author, The Great Betrayal: The Evacuation of the Japanese-Americans during World War II (with Audrie Girdner)
1973 Author, California: Where the Twain Did Meet
1977 Author, A Long Time Coming: The Struggle to Unionize America's Farm Workers (with Dick Meister)
1980 Author, John Steinbeck and Farm Labor Unionization: The Background of "In Dubious Battle" (with Jackson J. Benson)
1998 Author, Witnesses to the Struggle: Imaging the 1930s California Labor Movement

Scope and Content Note

The bulk of these papers are research materials compiled for the book Anne Loftis co-authored with Audrie Girdner in 1969, The Great Betrayal: The Evacuation of the Japanese-Americans during World War II. The collection includes correspondence, printed material, research notes, and phonotape reels. The papers document the evacuation and relocation of Japanese Americans during World War II, military service performed by Japanese Americans, and postwar efforts for restitution and civil rights for Japanese Americans. Also included are oral history interviews about immigrants to California and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire.
The Notes series consists primarily of brief excerpts used to write The Great Betrayal. Occasionally chapter numbers are included in the folder title, but these numbers are sometimes misleading; chapter numbers written on the excerpts are probably more accurate. The bulk of the material appears to relate to Chapter One, "Crisis"; Four, "The Great Rejection"; and Five, "Evacuation". Abbreviations used by Loftis include JACL (Japanese American Citizens League), WCCA (Wartime Civil Control Administration), and WRA (War Relocation Authority).
While the Notes series is chiefly brief excerpts, the Sources and Research Materials series contains documents in their entirety. Included are clippings, government documents, notes of interviews of Japanese Americans and others who were involved in the evacuation and relocation in some way, notes from the diary and letters of Helen Kitaji, and general background material collected in the course of researching and writing The Great Betrayal. In most instances in both this series and the Notes series, the original titles of folders have been retained.
The bulk of the Newspapers series contains selected issues of the Pacific Citizen, the membership publication of the JACL, and a few issues of Gidra, a news magazine of the Asian American Community published in Los Angeles, which contain material concerning the history and activities of Japanese Americans. Also included are random issues of miscellaneous newspapers, including some in Spanish, that do not appear to relate to The Great Betrayal. The newspapers were typically retained in their entirety, but a few are annotated or have holes where articles were clipped.
The Phonotapes comprise five oral history interviews about the experience of immigrants in California and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire. Individuals interviewed are (1) Dr. and Mrs. C. H. Loehlin, observers of immigrants from India; (2) Mrs. Walter Sharp and Mrs. Harris' mother, on the San Francisco earthquake; (3) Khatchik Minasian, cousin of William Saroyan, on immigrants from Armenia; (4) Carlton A. Sheffield, a friend of John Steinbeck and an observer of a variety of immigrants and Dust Bowl migrants in Marysville in the 1930s; and (5) Peter Jamero, son of immigrants from the Philippines. These interviews and the Newspapers series may be related to Loftis' second book, California: Where the Twain Did Meet, which concerns immigrant groups in the state.
Papers compiled by Anne Loftis for the book that she co-authored with Dick Meister, A Long Time Coming, are housed at the Stanford University Archives (Collection Number M0306).
The Hoover Institution Archives acquired the Anne Loftis Papers in 1971.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.

Subjects

World War, 1939-1945.
World War, 1939-1945--United States.
California.
United States.
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945.

Genres and Forms of Material

Phonotapes.


Series Description

box 1-4

Notes, 1941-1968.

Scope and Content Note

Clippings, excerpts, notes, arranged by subject in rough chronological order of events portrayed in The Great Betrayal
box 5-6

Sources and Research Materials, 1941-1978.

Scope and Content Note

Clippings, correspondence, government documents, newsletters, notes, pamphlets, transcripts of speeches, arranged alphabetically by subject
box 6-8

Newspapers, 1961-1976.

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by title
box Tape cabinet

Phonotapes, 1970.

Scope and Content Note

Five oral history interviews

Container List

Box 1

NOTES, 1941-1968

Box/Folder 1 : 1

Pearl Harbor in press

Box/Folder 1 : 2

After Pearl Harbor experiences

Box/Folder 1 : 3

Canadians/Peruvians

Box/Folder 1 : 4

Extreme proposals against Japanese explanation

Box/Folder 1 : 5

Skin color alone

Box/Folder 1 : 6

Attitudes toward evacuation

Box/Folder 1 : 7

Statements by outsiders (pro)

Box/Folder 1 : 8

Tolan Committee

Box/Folder 1 : 9

Criticism of WRA

Box/Folder 1 : 10

Native Sons citizenship proposal

Box/Folder 1 : 11

DeWitt order

Box/Folder 1 : 12

Nisei position

Box/Folder 1 : 13

Why evacuation?

Box/Folder 1 : 14

Friends of Japanese Americans

 

Wartime

Box/Folder 1 : 15

Propaganda

Box/Folder 1 : 16

Relations Japan - U.S.

Box/Folder 1 : 17

Anti-Japanese spokesmen

Box/Folder 1 : 18

JACL

Box/Folder 1 : 19

American Legion

Box/Folder 1 : 20

Fishermen

Box/Folder 1 : 21

Alien Land Law and escheat cases

Box/Folder 1 : 22

Property Chap 5

Box/Folder 1 : 23

Civil Service firings

Box/Folder 1 : 24

Senate Committee on Military Affairs recommendation

Box/Folder 1 : 25

Prohibited zones/Restricted zones

Box/Folder 1 : 26

Alameda

 

1942

Box/Folder 1 : 27

Goleta submarine and Los Angeles nervous

Box/Folder 1 : 28

Freeze order

Box/Folder 1 : 29

Curfew

Box/Folder 1 : 30

WCCA Mar. 14, 1942 /WRA Mar. 18

Box/Folder 1 : 31

Bainbridge Island

Box/Folder 1 : 32

Outside opinion 1943

Box/Folder 1 : 33

Dies Committee 1942

Box/Folder 1 : 34

Terminal Island

Box/Folder 2 : 1

Marriages

Box/Folder 2 : 2

Privacy

Box/Folder 2 : 3

Work at centers

Box/Folder 2 : 4

Adult education

Box/Folder 2 : 5

Trade affected

Box/Folder 2 : 6

How it seemed after they left

Box/Folder 2 : 7

Farm operation transfers and other evacuation procedure

Box/Folder 2 : 8

Still tilling fields

Box/Folder 2 : 9

May 8 - San Jose liquor licenses

Box/Folder 2 : 10

Voluntary evacuation

Box/Folder 2 : 11

Leaving homes/Later losses

Box/Folder 2 : 12

Chapter 5 Orders and movement

 

Evacuation

Box/Folder 2 : 13

Zone II

Box/Folder 2 : 14

Stories

Box/Folder 2 : 15

Trains

Box/Folder 2 : 16

Hawaiians

Box/Folder 2 : 17

News and news from outside

Box/Folder 2 : 18

Friends outside visitors

Box/Folder 2 : 19

Poston riot

Box/Folder 2 : 20

Manzanar riot

Box/Folder 2 : 21

Observers

Box/Folder 2 : 22

WAR - Eisenhower

Box/Folder 2 : 23

Coddling - later

Box/Folder 2 : 24

Breakdowns?

Box/Folder 2 : 25

Settling down (WRA words)

Box/Folder 2 : 26

Sending for things

Box/Folder 2 : 27

Shift of power

Box/Folder 2 : 28

Relationship with outside

Box/Folder 2 : 29

Family life

Box/Folder 2 : 30

The human mix

Box/Folder 2 : 31

Camp education

Box/Folder 2 : 32

Co-ops

Box/Folder 2 : 33

Institutional psychology

Box/Folder 2 : 34

Health and medicine

Box/Folder 2 : 35

Camp government

Box/Folder 2 : 36

WRA - Evacuee relations

Box/Folder 2 : 37

Vigilantism

Box/Folder 2 : 38

Censorship - other than news

Box/Folder 2 : 39

Japanese culture allowed in camps

Box/Folder 2 : 40

The Great Rejection/1942 FDR order and results

Box/Folder 3 : 1

Polarization

Box/Folder 3 : 2

Renunciants deportation

Box/Folder 3 : 3

Early army experiences

Box/Folder 3 : 4

Attempt to open up service

Box/Folder 3 : 5

Veterans

Box/Folder 3 : 6

Volunteers

Box/Folder 3 : 7

Japanese language 1942 and intelligence

Box/Folder 3 : 8

Nisei in service (military)

Box/Folder 3 : 9

Emotions aroused

Box/Folder 3 : 10

Mrs. Roosevelt - Gila May 1943

Box/Folder 3 : 11

Jobs with administration

Box/Folder 3 : 12

Services in camp

Box/Folder 3 : 13

Law abiding in camp

Box/Folder 3 : 14

Patriotic activity

Box/Folder 3 : 15

Relocation

Box/Folder 3 : 16

Tolerance at colleges

Box/Folder 3 : 17

Temporary leaves

Box/Folder 3 : 18

Student relocation

Box/Folder 3 : 19

New York

Box/Folder 3 : 20

The arts

Box/Folder 3 : 21

Segregation after registration

Box/Folder 3 : 22

Service and no-nos

Box/Folder 3 : 23

"Definitions"

Box/Folder 3 : 24

Kibei

Box/Folder 3 : 25

Religion at centers

Box/Folder 3 : 26

Humor

Box/Folder 3 : 27

Incidents other camps

Box/Folder 3 : 28

Tule Lake after segregation/riot

Box/Folder 3 : 29

Differences in centers

Box/Folder 3 : 30

Beautification and improvement/vegetable gardens

Box/Folder 3 : 31

Seabrook Farms

Box/Folder 3 : 32

Camp papers

Box/Folder 3 : 33

Food at camps

Box/Folder 3 : 34

Well-known artists

Box/Folder 4 : 1

More permanent leaves 1942 on

Box/Folder 4 : 2

Breaking camp

Box/Folder 4 : 3

Postwar vigilantism

Box/Folder 4 : 4

Restitution

Box/Folder 4 : 5

Issei today

 

Postwar

Box/Folder 4 : 6

Housing

Box/Folder 4 : 7

Employment

Box/Folder 4 : 8

Immigration and naturalization

Box/Folder 4 : 9

Welfare on return 1945

Box/Folder 4 : 10-11

Japanese Americans today

Box/Folder 4 : 12

Japanese American leaders

Box/Folder 4 : 13

Economics of discrimination/Social follows

Box/Folder 4 : 14

Income 1960

Box/Folder 4 : 15

Intermarriage

Box/Folder 4 : 16

Language schools today

Box/Folder 4 : 17

Discrimination today/late 1960s

 

Social

Box/Folder 4 : 18

Discrimination subtle

Box/Folder 4 : 19

Action

Box/Folder 4 : 20

JACL today

Box/Folder 4 : 21

Sansei

Box/Folder 4 : 22

Camps today

Box 5

SOURCES AND RESEARCH MATERIALS, 1941-1978

 

General

Box/Folder 5 : 1

Bibliography

Box/Folder 5 : 2

Bancroft

Box/Folder 5 : 3

Hoover Library

Box/Folder 5 : 4

Correspondence

Box/Folder 5 : 5

After Pearl Harbor

Box/Folder 5 : 6

Camps under Internal Security Act of 1950 - since repealed

Box/Folder 5 : 7

Educational aspect of the Japanese evacuation problem

Box/Folder 5 : 8

Evacuation from Terminal Island

Box/Folder 5 : 9

FDR Correspondence on evacuation

Box/Folder 5 : 10

Interviews

Box/Folder 5 : 11

Japanese American renunciant cases

Box/Folder 5 : 12

Japanese Americans today

Box/Folder 5 : 13

Japanese in Hawaii

Box/Folder 5 : 14

Kitaji, Helen

Box/Folder 5 : 15

Life in relocation centers

Box/Folder 5 : 16

Nisei in the armed service and official communiqués

Box/Folder 5 : 17

Open Forum

Box/Folder 6 : 1

Pictures

Box/Folder 6 : 2

Pre-Pearl Harbor

Box/Folder 6 : 3

Problems at time of evacuation 1942

Box/Folder 6 : 4

Property losses

Box/Folder 6 : 5

Renunciation of citizenship, repatriates, restitution

Box/Folder 6 : 6

Sentiment about Japanese returning to California from camps

Box/Folder 6 : 7

Tea garden

Box/Folder 6 : 8

Tule Lake Center where supposedly pro-Japan evacuees were segregated

 

NEWSPAPERS, 1961-1976

Box/Folder 6 : 9-10

General, 1961-1972

Box/Folder 6 : 11

Gidra, 1970

 

Pacific Citizen

Box/Folder 6 : 12

1967

Box/Folder 6 : 13-14

1968

Box/Folder 7 : 1

1969

Box/Folder 7 : 2-4

1970

Box/Folder 7 : 5-6

1971

Box/Folder 8 : 1

1971

Box/Folder 8 : 2-3

1972

Box/Folder 8 : 4-5

1973

Box/Folder 8 : 6

1974

Box/Folder 8 : 7

1976

Tape cabinet

PHONOTAPES 1970

Physical Description: 3 tapes

Scope and Content Note

Sound recordings of five oral history interviews conducted by Anne Loftis
 

Sound recording of Dr. C. H. Lochlin and Mrs. C. H. Lochlin 1970 June 24

Note

The Lochlins live at 1732 Buchanen St., East Marysville, California. Tape 1. Use copy reference number: 71032_a_0008175 part 1, number 1
 

Sound recording of Mrs. Walter Sharp and Mrs. Harris' mother undated

Scope and Content Note

They talk about the San Francisco earthquake. Tape 1. Use copy reference number: 71032_a_0008175 part 1, number 2 and part 2, number 1
 

Sound recording of Khatchik Minasian 1970 May 5

Note

Tape 1. Use copy reference number: 71032_a_0008175 part 2, number 2
 

Sound recording of Carlton A. Sheffield 1970 June 7

Note

Tapes 1-2. Use copy reference number: 71032_a_0008175 part 2, number 3 and part 3
 

Sound recording of Peter Jamero 1970 May 18

Note

Tapes 2-3. Use copy reference number: 71032_a_0008175 parts 4-6