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John Ruskin Papers: Finding Aid
mssJR 1-874  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Administrative Information
  • Access
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content
  • Related materials in the Huntington Library
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Overview of the Collection

    Title: John Ruskin Papers
    Dates (inclusive): 1870-1909
    Bulk dates: 1873-1900
    Collection Number: mssJR 1-874
    Creator: Ruskin, John, 1819-1900.
    Extent: Approximately 874 items in 9 boxes
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2191
    Email: reference@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: This collection contains approximately 874 pieces of correspondence and manuscripts chiefly related to English author John Ruskin (1819-1900) and his career as a writer, professor, and art critic. A large portion of the collection is made up of correspondence between Ruskin and his friend Susan Beever (1805-1893); letters from Beever to Albert Fleming, an editor and close friend of Ruskin; and letters and documents of and addressed to Fleming regarding the publication of a selection of the Ruskin-Beever letters. Other correspondents include George Allen, Sir Edward Cook, Frederick Furnivall, and Alexander Wedderburn.
    Language: English.
    Note:
    Finding aid last updated on November 20, 2015.

    Administrative Information

    Publication Rights

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item]. John Ruskin Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Provenance

    Purchased from Goodspeed's, September, 1923.

    Access

    Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

    Biographical Note

    John Ruskin (1819-1900), an English critic of art, architecture, and society, as well as an artist and a teacher, was born February 8, 1819, in London, England. He graduated from the University of Oxford in 1843. After gaining wide recognition as an author, artist, and social reformer, he moved from London to Brantwood, Coniston Water, in 1872, where he remained until his death. In 1873, Ruskin met Susan Beever (1805-1893), and they became close friends, writing each other almost every day about their shared interests in nature, art and a love for animals; in 1887, Albert Fleming edited and published a selection of these letters. Their voluminous correspondence was carried on until Beever's death in 1893.
    Ruskin was elected first Slade Professor of Art at Oxford in 1870 and held the post until 1878 and then again from 1883 to 1884. From 1878 until his death, Ruskin was plagued with recurring brain attacks. He made many trips abroad, several in an attempt to cure himself of his ilness.
    However, by 1889 his literary career was at an end. Ruskin died January 20, 1900, and was buried at Coniston beside Beever.

    Scope and Content

    The collection contains approximately 874 pieces of correspondence and manuscripts chiefly related to English author John Ruskin (1819-1900) and his career as a writer, professor, and art critic. A large portion of the collection is made up of approximately 500 pieces of correspondence from Ruskin and his friend Susan Beever, circa 1870-1870 (JR 1-526). In these letters, Ruskin talks about his writings, ideas and thoughts, and health. There are also approximately 230 letters, dating from 1887 to 1893, from Beever to Albert Fleming, an editor and close friend of Ruskin, that primarily discuss Beever's everyday life, her neighbors on Coniston Water, and news about Ruskin. The letters from Beever to Fleming were written during her last illness, with a few letters from others regarding her death (JR 555-753). In addition, there are approximately 150 letters and documents of and addressed to Albert Fleming, dated 1887 to 1893, regarding the publication of a selection of the Ruskin letters to Beever by George Allen under the title Hortus Inclusus, with corrected proof sheets for the 1902 revised edition. Pen-and-ink sketches are included in items JR 15, 138, 246, 257, 341, 356. There is also a poem by Ruskin, "Last Added Stanzas to Dame Wiggins of Lee" (JR 494).
    Other correspondents include George Allen, Edward Clayton, Sir Edward Cook, Frederick Furnivall and Alexander Wedderburn.

    Persons represented by five or more pieces

    • Allen, George 25 pieces
    • Allen, Grace 5 pieces
    • Beever, Susan 230 pieces
    • Brown, John 14 pieces
    • Cook, Sir Edward Tyas 6 pieces
    • Fleming, Albert 21 pieces
    • Mackrell, H. Perceval 9 pieces
    • Powell, R. 18 pieces
    • Ruskin, John 536 pieces
    • Wedderburn, Alexander Dundas Ogilvy 9 pieces

    Related materials in the Huntington Library

    Arrangement

    The collection is arranged alphabetically by author.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

    Subjects

    Ruskin, John, 1819-1900 -- Archives.
    University of Oxford.
    Art critics -- Great Britain -- 19th century.
    Authors, English -- 19th century -- Archives.

    Forms/Genres

    Drawings -- Great Britain -- 19th century.
    Letters (correspondence) -- Great Britain -- 19th century.
    Manuscripts -- Great Britain -- 19th century.

    Contributors

    Allen, George, 1832-1907, correspondent.
    Beever, Susanna, -1893, correspondent.
    Clayton, Edward, 1817-1895, correspondent.
    Cook, Edward Tyas, Sir, 1857-1919, correspondent.
    Fleming, Albert, correspondent.
    Furnivall, Frederick James, 1825-1910, correspondent.
    Wedderburn, Alexander D. O. (Alexander Dundas Ogilvy), 1854-1931, correspondent.