Register of the Poland. Ambasada (Soviet Union) Records, 1941-1944

Processed by Andrew Sorokowski; machine-readable finding aid created by James Ryan
Funding for this project was generously provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities, together with a matching grant from the Taube Family Foundation. The grant also provides depositing a microfilm copy of these materials in the State Archives of Poland in Warsaw.
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 1997
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the Poland. Ambasada (Soviet Union) Records, 1941-1944

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
Processed by:
Andrew Sorokowski
Date Completed:
1976
Encoded by:
James Ryan
© 1997 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.
Funding for this project was generously provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities, together with a matching grant from the Taube Family Foundation. The grant also provides depositing a microfilm copy of these materials in the State Archives of Poland in Warsaw.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Poland. Ambasada (Soviet Union),
Date (inclusive): 1941-1944
Collection Number: 45014
Creator: Poland. Ambasada (Soviet Union) Records
Collection Size: 58 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize folder (24.6 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Shelf location: For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the online catalog.
Abstract: Reports, correspondence, accounts, lists, testimonies, questionnaires, certificates, petitions, card files, maps, circulars, graphs, protocols, and clippings, relating to World War II, the Soviet occupation of Poland, the Polish-Soviet military and diplomatic agreements of 1941, the re- establishment of the Polish embassy in Moscow, Polish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union, deportations of Polish citizens to the Soviet Union, labor camps and settlements, relief work by the Polish social welfare department delegations among the deportees, the Polish armed forces formed in the Soviet Union, evacuation of Polish citizens to the Middle East, the Katyn massacre of Polish officers, and the breakdown of Polish-Soviet relations in 1943. Includes material on the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Soviet government, 1928-1929. A digital copy of this entire collection is available at http://szukajwarchiwach.pl/800/35/0/-/ .
Language: Polish.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Poland. Ambasada (Soviet Union) Records, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Alternative Form Available

Also available on microfilm (79 reels).
Digital copy in Poland's National Digital Archive at http://szukajwarchiwach.pl/800/35/0/-/ . It was digitized from microfilm by the Polish State Archives.

Access Points

Katyn Forest Massacre, 1940
Poles--Soviet Union
Prisoners of war
Refugees
World War, 1939-1945
World War, 1939-1945--Civilian relief
World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor
World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from Poland
World War, 1939-1945--Diplomatic history
World War, 1939-1945--Poland
World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons
World War, 1939-1945--Refugees
World War, 1939-1945--Soviet Union
Poland
Poland--Foreign relations--Soviet Union
Poland--History--Occupation, 1939-1945
Soviet Union
Russia (Federation)
Soviet Union--Foreign relations--Poland
Soviet Union--Politics and government--1917-1936

Biography

Polish-Soviet diplomatic relations were severed with the Soviet occupation of Eastern Poland on September 17, 1939. After the German invasion of the USSR in June 1941, however, the Soviet government re-established diplomatic relations with the Polish government, then in exile in London. An agreement was signed on July 30, 1941, followed by a military accord on August 14. The Poles were allowed to re-establish an Embassy in Moscow, to form an army on Soviet territory for the common struggle against Germany, and to set up a network of Polish citizens deported to the USSR in 1939-1941.
Friction soon developed in several areas, leading to an eventual break in diplomatic relations. Of particular concern to the Polish government were the Polish deportees, many of whom were forced to accept Soviet rather than Polish citizenship. The activities of the Polish social welfare workers awoke the suspicions of the Soviet authorities, who conducted a series of arrests in June and July of 1942. Finally, the question of the fate of between 8,300 and 8,400 Polish officers who had been taken prisoner by the Soviet forces in 1939 and who were supposed to be released from the prison camps at Kozel'sk, Starobelsk and Ostashkov became a source of Polish-Soviet discord. The discovery by the Germans of mass graves of between 4,443 and 4,800 Polish officers at Katyn on April 13, 1943, seemed to confirm Polish suspicions. The Soviet authorities responded by accusing the Polish government of collaboration with the Germans. On April 25, 1943, the Soviet government broke diplomatic relations with the Polish government, and the mission of the Polish Embassy was officially terminated.
The Polish ambassador in Moscow from 1941 to July 5, 1942 was Stanislaw Kot. After the general evacuation, when the Embassy was moved to Kuibyshev, the post was assumed by Tadeusz Romer. He remained there until July 25, 1943, although his official status had been revoked in April of that year. The Romer papers are located at the Public Archives of Canada, and a microfilm copy has been deposited at the Hoover Institution.
A major part of the activity of the Polish Embassy was the organization of a network of social welfare "delegations" administered by "hommes de confiance" appointed by the Social Welfare Department. The Embassy repre-sentatives were responsible for the physical well-being and in some cases the religious and educational care of the more than one million Polish citizens deported by the Soviet authorities to labor camps and settlements in 1939-1941. A mass southward evacuation of these deportees was effected in 1943, and many made their way to Britain via Iran. A large number were interviewed in Tehran in 1943 regarding their experiences in the USSR. The interviews themselves are a part of the General Wladyslaw Anders Collection at the Hoover Institution.

Series Description

Box 1.-3.

Administrative Office File, 1941-1943

Scope and Content Note

Circulars, instructions, orders, plans, and proposals, arranged by type of document
Box 3.-19.

Office File of the Consular Legal Department, 1941-1944

Scope and Content Note

Reports, lists, questionnaires, card files, and petitions, arranged alphabetically by subject
Box 19.

Office File of the Finance Department, 1941-1944

Scope and Content Note

Reports, accounts, and inventory, arranged alphabetically by type of document
Box 19.-24.

Office File of the Political-Informational Department, 1928-1943

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, reports, protocols, lists, and clippings, arranged alphabetically by type of document
Box 24.-52.

Office File of the Social Welfare Department, 1941-1944

Scope and Content Note

Reports, testimonies, protocols, lists, certificates, card files, questionnaires, and photographs, arranged alphabetically by type of document
Box 52.-54.

Correspondence, 1941-1943

Scope and Content Note

Official correspondence of the Polish Embassy in Moscow and Kuibyshev, including correspondence of Ambassadors Stanislaw Kot and Tadeusz Romer, arranged alphabetically by name of principal correspondent, and preceded by registers of correspondence for August 1941 -December 1942
Box 54.

Maps

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by title
Box. 54

Miscellany.

Scope and Content Note

Miscellany

Container List

 

ADMINISTRATIVE FILE, 1941-1943

Box 1.

General, 1941-1942

Box 2.

Circulars, instructions, and orders, 1941-1942

 

Instructions and orders, 1941-1943

 

Personnel records, 1941-1943

 

Plans and proposals, 1941-1943

Box 3.

Plans and proposals, 1941-1943

 

OFFICE FILE OF THE CONSULAR LEGAL DEPARTMENT, 1941-1944

Box 2.

General

 

Administration

 

Citizenship and passportization

 

General

 

Foreign citizenship

 

General

Box 4.

Czech

 

Soviet

 

United States

 

Polish citizenship

 

Questionnaires and lists

Box 5.

Questionnaires and lists

 

Polish passportization

Box 6.

Polish passportization

 

Soviet passportization

 

Registration

Box 7.

Registration

 

Deportations

 

General

 

Lists

 

Deportees

 

General

 

As of December 30, 1942

 

Residence applications

Box 8.

Interventions

 

General

 

Arrests after amnesty

 

Courts, Soviet

Box 9.

Property

 

Correspondence

 

Lists

Box 10.

Reports

 

Miscellaneous

 

Labor camps, settlements, and prisons

 

General

 

List

Box 11.

Legalizations

 

General

 

Certificates and lists

 

Extracts

 

Deaths

 

General

Box 12-13.

Card file

Box 14.

List

Box 15.

Notes

 

Miscellaneous

 

Nationalities

 

General

 

Lists and petitions

 

Reports

 

Central European Federation

 

Eastern question

Box 16.

Internal affairs

 

Jews

 

Polskie Sily Zbrojne (PSZ) (Polish Armed Forces)

 

General

 

Berling, Colonel Zygmunt, Polish military units formed under by Soviet authorities. Report, June 5, 1944

 

Financial and personnel matters

Box 17.

Griazovets camp, Prisoners of war and internees at (as of August 3, 1941). List

 

Kalwaria camp (Lithuania), Officers interned at

 

Koltubanka and Totskoe labor camps (Orenburg, formerly Chkalov, region), Polish citizens at

 

Prisoners of war, Missing (Kozel'sk, Starobelsk and Ostashkov camps). List, December 1941

 

Railway workers, 1941-1942

 

Red Army, Poles in

Box 18.

Service, Military

 

Laws on universal military service obligation

 

Release and deferment, etc.

 

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Official relations with

 

Women volunteers. Questionnaires

Box 19.

Miscellaneous contracts, lists, correspondence, etc.

 

Prisoners of war

 

General

 

Lists

 

Searches

 

Visas

 

OFFICE FILE OF THE FINANCIAL DEPARTMENT, 1941-1944

Box 19.

General

 

Biurobin (Foreigners' Service Office) accounts, 1941-1944

 

Informational materials

 

Budget

 

Inventory

 

Reports

 

August 7, 1941 - May 12, 1943

 

January 1, 1943

 

OFFICE FILE OF THE POLITICAL-INFORMATIONAL DEPARTMENT, 1928-1943

Box 19.

General

 

Matusinski affair

Box 20.

Polish-Soviet Agreement, 1941

 

Press and radio

 

Sikorski, Wladyslaw, General, Visit of

 

USSR

 

Antisemitism. Report

 

Officials (party and government)

 

Comintern. Report and lists, 1928

 

Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee. List, 1928(?)

 

Government - Council of People's Commissars. List, 1928(?)

 

Government, Party, and Comintern. Table, 1928(?)

Box 21.

Circulars

 

Clippings

 

Polish-Soviet Declaration of Friendship and Mutual Aid, Signing of, 1941

 

Various

 

Correspondence, 1941-1943

 

Indices of correspondence

 

General

 

September 9, 1941 - December 31, 1942

 

1941-1942

Box 22.

Courier post

 

Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych (Ministry of Foreign Affairs), 1941-1942

 

Narodnyi komissariat po inostrannym delam (NKID) (People's Commissariat of Foreign Affairs)

 

Received

 

Sent

 

January 3, 1942-December 30, 1942

Box 23.

January 8, 1942-April 26, 1943

 

January 8, 1943-April 20, 1943

 

Newspaper issue - Pravda, March 3, 1929

 

Notes received by the Ambassador, Kuibyshev, 1942

 

Protocols, 1941-1943

 

Conversations with NKID, Folder 1

 

Conversations with NKID, Folder 3

 

Conversations with NKID, Folder 4

Box 24.

Reports received from and sent to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1941-1942

 

Miscellaneous

 

OFFICE FILE OF THE SOCIAL WELFARE DEPARTMENT, 1941-1944

Box 24.

Subject file

 

Children

 

Culture and education

 

Deportation and life in USSR

Box 25.

Evacuation

 

Delegations, Embassy Social Welfare Department

 

Arkhangel'sk region

 

Arkhangel'sk

Box 26.

Arkhangel'sk

 

Kotlas

 

Arkhangel'sk and Vologda regions

Box 27.

European Russia

 

Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic

Box 28.

General

 

Dzhambul

 

Kirov, Molotov, and Krasnoiarsk

Box 29.

Krasnoiarsk Territory

 

Novosibirsk and Altai regions

 

Primor'e (Maritime Territory) - Vladivostok

 

General

 

Calendar of documents

Box 30.

Correspondence

 

Lists - Prisoners of war

 

Notebooks

Box 31.

Notebooks

 

Delegations, Embassy Social Welfare Department (Contd.)

 

Siberia

 

Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic - Samarkand, Tashkent, etc.

 

General

Box 32.

General

Box 33.

Deportations

 

General

Box 34.

History

 

Discipline

 

Finances

 

General

 

Allowances for individuals

 

Budget Commission

Box 35.

Budget, Monthly

 

Grants-in-aid

 

Individual aid

 

Legal affairs

 

Liquidation of delegations

Box 36.

Personnel

 

Applications for employment

 

Arrests, 1942

 

Deportation and evacuation from USSR, 1942

 

Red Cross

 

Religious life of Polish citizens in USSR

Box 37.

Soldiers' families

 

Aid

 

Evacuation

 

Stroibatal'iony (Construction Battalions) and Red Army, Polish citizens in

Box 38.

Stroibatal'iony (Construction Battalions) and Red Army, Polish citizens in

 

Miscellaneous

Box 39-40.

Card files - Embassy social welfare representatives and delegations

Box 41.

Certificates

 

1941-1942

 

1942

 

Correspondence, 1941-1942

 

Graphs

 

Lists

 

Children and orphans, Numbers and distribution of (as of April 25, 1943)

 

Deportees, numbers and distribution of

 

Evacuees

 

Social welfare establishments

 

As of December 1, 1942

 

As of February 15, 1943

 

As of February 16, 1943

Box 42.

Notes on telephone conversations, 1941-1943

 

Photographs - Women deportees, Komi A.S.S.R.

 

Letka region

 

Syktyvkar region

 

Questionnaires - Religious life of Polish citizens in USSR

 

Registers

 

Children, Transport of

Box 43.

Social welfare establishments

Box 44.

Social welfare establishments

 

Reports

 

General

 

1941-1943

 

November 1, 1941-February 15, 1943

 

December, 1942

 

1942-1943

 

March 16, 1943

 

Calculation of number of deportees, June 14, 1943

 

Deportees, Conditions of life of

 

North and Central European Russia (Kuibyshev, April 10, 1943)

 

Ural region-Chelabinsk and Sverdlovsk regions

 

Uzbek and Turkmen SSR

 

Fergana Valley, Surkhandar'ia region and Stalinabad

 

Karaganda, Akmolinsk and Kustanai regions (Kuibyshev, August 30, 1943)

Box 45.

Kazakh SSR (April 3, 1943)

 

Kirghiz and South and Central Kazakh SSR (March, 1943)

 

Finances

 

"Individual Aid from the Polish Embassy in the USSR for Polish Citizens" (Tehran, July 17, 1943)

 

Liquidation of delegations (October 30, 1942)

 

Relief from abroad

 

Religious life and clergy (August 14, 1943)

 

Social welfare representatives, Ural region, Evaluations of

 

Transport and supply

 

General

 

"Soviet Allotments of Food and Manufactured Goods for the Polish Population and the Welfare Establishments" (Tehran, July 28, 1943)

 

Transport Department

Box 46.

Testimonies

 

Adults

 

Bialystok Province

 

Lwow Province

 

Nowogrod Province

Box 47.

Polesie Province

 

Stanislawow Province

 

Tarnopol Province

 

Wolyn Province

Box 48.

Wolyn Province

 

Various

Box 49.

Children

 

Bialystok Province

 

Lwow Province

 

Nowogrodek Province

 

Polesie Province

 

Stanislawow Province

 

Tarnopol Province

Box 50.

Warsaw Province

 

Wilno Province

 

Wolyn Province

 

Various delegations

Box 51.

Testimonies and protocols of the Investigative Commission of the Polish Ministry of Justice, Tehran, 1943-1944

 

Akmolinsk delegation

 

Alma-Ata delegation

 

Ashkhabad delegation

 

Barnaul delegation

 

Chelabinsk delegation

 

Chimkent delegation

 

Chkalov (now Orenburg) delegation

 

Dzhambul delegation

 

Kirov delegation

 

Krasnoiarsk delegation

 

Kustanai delegation

 

Pavlodar delegation

 

Petropavlovsk delegation

 

Samarkand delegation

 

Semipalatinsk delegation

Box 52.

Syktyvkar delegation

 

Various delegations

 

CORRESPONDENCE, 1941-1943

Box 52.

Registers of correspondence

 

August 19, 1941-December 31, 1941

 

January 1, 1942-July 17, 1942

 

July 17, 1942-December 31, 1942

Box 53.

Kot, Ambassador Stanislaw - Official correspondence, Moscow, 1941-1942

 

Ministerstwo Pracy i Opieky (Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare), London, Correspondence with, Kuibyshev, 1942-1943

 

Narodnyi komissariat po inostrannykh delam (NKID) (People's Commissariat of Foreign Affairs), Correspondence with, Kuibyshev, 1942

 

Letters sent

 

Letters received

 

Romer, Ambassador Tadeusz - Official correspondence, Kuibyshev, 1942-1943

 

Letters sent and received, 1942

 

Letters received, 1942-1943

Box 54.

Various correspondence

 

1942

 

1942-1943

 

MAPS

Box 54.

"Deportations of Polish Citizens from Territories Occupied by the Soviet Union from 1939-1941"

 

"Distribution of Polish Citizens Released by the Soviet Authorities after the Conclusion of the Polish-Soviet Agreement of the July 30th [sic] 1941"

 

"Mapa Specjalna Rozmieszczenia Ludnosci Polskiej w Z.S.S.R." ("Special Map of the Distribution of the Polish Population in the U.S.S.R.")

 

"Settlements of Polish Citizens Deported from Poland by the Soviet Union during the Period 1939-1941"

 

"Soviet Empire in Europe and Asia"

 

MISCELLANY