Inventory of the Gustav Schultz Sanctuary Collection, 1971-72, 1981-90

Processed by The Graduate Theological Union Archives staff; machine-readable finding aid created by Lucinda Glenn Rand; machine-readable finding aid created by James Lake
Graduate Theological Union Archives
2400 Ridge Road
Berkeley, California, 94709
Phone: (510) 649-2507
Fax: (510) 649-2508
Email: lglenn@gtu.edu
URL: http://www.gtu.edu/library/special-collections
© 1998
The Graduate Theological Union. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the Gustav Schultz Sanctuary Collection, 1971-72, 1981-90

Accession number: GTU 90-5-01

Shelf location: 2/G/3 - 4

The Graduate Theological Union Archives



Berkeley, California

Contact Information:

  • Graduate Theological Union Archives
  • 2400 Ridge Road
  • Berkeley, California, 94709
  • Phone: (510) 649-2523/2501
  • Email: archives@gtu.edu
  • URL: http://gtu.edu/library/information/special-collections
Processed by:
Lucinda Glenn Rand
Date Completed:
November 21, 1996
Cataloged:
November 26, 1996
Encoded by:
James Lake
© 1998 Graduate Theological Union. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Gustav Schultz Sanctuary Collection,
Date (inclusive): 1971-72, 1981-90
Accession number: GTU 90-5-01
Shelf location: 2/G/3 - 4
Creator: Schultz, Gustav H., 1935-
Size: 3 boxes, 1 folio

3 1/2 ft.
Type of material: Correspondence; working, events, and task files; published material
Repository: The Graduate Theological Union
Berkeley, California
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Source and Date

Gustav Schultz, 1990

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The Graduate Theological Union. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Graduate Theological Union as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Gustav Schultz Sanctuary Collection, GTU 90-5-01, The Graduate Theological Union Archives, Berkeley, CA.

Access Points

Subjects

Sanctuary Movement --United States
Refugees, political --Central America
Church work with refugees --United States
Christianity and justice --United States
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 --Moral and ethical aspects
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 --Religious aspects
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 --Desertions --United States

Names as Subjects

Schultz, Gustav H., 1935-

Biographical Description

Gustav H. Schultz was born 1935 in Foley, Alabama, receiving his education at Concordia Theological Seminary and Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago. He served pastorates in Georgia and Illinois before becoming pastor of the University Lutheran Chapel, Berkeley, California in 1969. This period saw a growing movement against participation in the Vietnam Conflict as an immoral, illegal, and undeclared war, and the increasing identity of the church with the moral and ethical issues of choice within the individual conscience. Responding to this, the University Lutheran Chapel, under Schultz's leadership, with the support of other churches in the area and the city of Berkeley, declared a formal resolution of sanctuary. Sanctuary offered "the availability of shelter and sustenance to military personnel who are conscientiously unable to continue their participation in the armed forces or in combat duties." (Resolution, Nov. 7, 1971: See, Box 1 ff 9)
A similar movement for sanctuary emerged a decade later due to the civil and economic instability in Central America, particularly El Salvador, exacerbated in part by historic and current U.S. policies in the area. In the early 1980's there was a large displacement of peoples from civil war, military aggression and terror, and subsequent personal and economic hardship. Refugees began to travel north to camps, and further through Mexico to the United States. The U.S., due to its policies in Central America and concerning asylum, did not recognize Central Americans, or El Salvadorans, as qualifying for refugee status. Those caught were deported and returned to their countries. Becoming aware of the complexities of the situation, churches began to respond to the needs of the refugees. Again, the idea and use of the concept of sanctuary became the impetus for a movement among churches in the United States.
While work was being done and the movement taking form in the Tucson area, Gus Schultz had helped form the East Bay Sanctuary Covenant from among the Sather Gate Churches in Berkeley. March 24, 1982 was the second anniversary of the assassination of Archbishop Oscar Romero, a key figure in El Salvador murdered by the military as he was saying mass. That day, reminded "of our obligation to our religious heritage, to each other, and to you", formal sanctuary was declared by the University Lutheran Chapel giving "support, protection and advocacy for undocumented Central American refugees who were fleeing for their lives." (Reaffirmation, March 24, 1988: See, Box 1 ff 9)
Schultz worked in many capacities within the Sanctuary Movement, making trips to Central America, assisting with sanctuary for refugees in the Bay Area, and helping to found, or being a member of, several sanctuary-related organizations including the National Sanctuary Defense Fund, SHARE, Salvadoran Humanitarian Aid, Research and Education, and others.
The Sanctuary Movement included those who sought to offer humanitarian aid seeing this as a part of one's religious sensibilities. The Movement also included those who perceived this as a political opportunity to expose and work against U.S. policies in Central America, a position also informed by religious sensibilities. No matter the emphases of the Movement, the U.S. government saw it as subversive and illegal. The government carried out surveillance of involved persons, churches, and organizations resulting in indictments, trials, and convictions in 1985-86.

Scope and Content

The majority of the collection concerns the sanctuary movement for Central American refugees. Sanctuary for military personnel is a small, though significant, part of the collection. This collection was obtained from the donor's office. Material was received in 3-ring binders, file folders, and loose. See container listing for arrangement notations.

Recommended Background Reading

  • God and Caesar at the Rio Grande: Sanctuary and the Politics of Religion, Hilary Cunningham (Univ. of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, 1995). BV4466.C86 1995
  • Sanctuary: A Story of American Conscience and the Law in Collision, Ann Crittenden (Weidenfeld & Nicolson: NY, 1988). HV645.C75 1988
  • Women in the Sanctuary Movement, Robin Lorentzen (Temple Univ. Press: Philadelphia, 1991). BV4466.L67 1991

Container List

 

Military Personnel, 1971-72, 1988, 1990

Location: 2/G/3
Box Box 1 , Folder ff 1-10

Material from 3-ring binders (arranged as taken from binders) on issues for soldiers and sailors seeking sanctuary to avoid active duty during the Vietnam War. Includes: correspondence, information papers, newsclippings, flyers. The 1988 material pertains to troops sent to Central America. The 1990 material pertains to the Gulf War.

 

El Salvador, 1981-82

Location: 2/G/3
Box Box 1 , Folder ff 11-28

Material from 3-ring binders (arranged as taken from binders) on sanctuary issues involving refugees from El Salvador and Central America. Includes correspondence, information papers, flyers, reports, press releases, news clippings, conferences, lawsuits, tape transcripts, grant proposals, meeting notes, worship services.

 

Central America, 1983-88

Location: 2/G/3
Box Box 1 , Folder ff 29-34

General

 

Honduras, 1983-84, 1987

Location: 2/G/3
Box Box 1 , Folder ff 35-37

Materials on refugee camps.

 

Nicaragua, 1984

Location: 2/G/3
Box Box 1 , Folder ff 38-40

General

 

Sanctuary Movement

Location: 2/G/3-2/G/4

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by file folder title. Materials taken from file folders and loose papers, arranged here by processor under this subject heading.
Box Box 1 , Folder ff 41

Break-ins to sanctuary offices, 1986-87

Folder ff 42

Campus Ministry, 1984

Folder ff 43

Cities, Sanctuary Resolutions, 1984-85

Folder ff 44

Cities of Refuge, 1985-86

Box Box 2 , Folder ff 1

Jim Corbett, "The Covenant as Sanctuary", 1985

Folder ff 2-6

Correspondence, 1983-88

Folder ff 7

Criminal Investigation Report, 10/2/84

Folder ff 8-9

General Information and Correspondence, 1983-88

Folder ff 10

Grants proposals, 1983

Folder ff 11

Grant: Lutheran Council, Dept. Immigration and Refugee Services to EBSC, 1983-84

Folder ff 12

Information packets, 1982

Folder ff 13

Lawsuit comments, 1984

Folder ff 14

Letelier-Moffitt Memorial Human Rights Award, 9/84

Folder ff 15

Letters from churches, 1984-85

Folder ff 16

Lutheran response, 1984-85

Folder ff 17

Mailing addresses, 1985

Folder ff 18-20

Media coverage, 1985-86

Folder ff 21-23

Newsclippings compiled by Data Center, 1984-85

Folder ff 24

National Sanctuary Communications Council, 1985

Folder ff 25

No. Calif. Sanctuary Churches, 1983-85

Folder ff 26

Reaction from the Right, 1985

Folder ff 27

Statements/Press Releases, 1983-85

Folder ff 28

Schultz statements, 1984

Folder ff 29

Tucson meeting, June 1985

Folder ff 30

Washington trip, 1984

Folder ff 31

Phil Wheaton, "Emphases within the Sanctuary Movement", ca. 1985

 

Court Cases

Location: 2/G/4
Box Box 2 , Folder ff 32

Tucson trials, 1985

Folder ff 33

U.S.A. vs. Maria Aguilar, July 1986

Folder ff 34

1984, 1989

Folder ff 35

AELC, Pacific Synod: Preparation to merge to Evangelical Lutheran Churches of America, 1985-86

 

Groups

Location: 2/G/4

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by file folder title. Materials taken from file folders and loose papers, arranged here by processor under this subject heading.
Box Box 2 , Folder ff 36

ACLU, 1983, 1985

Folder ff 37

Center for Constitutional Rights, 1984-85

Folder ff 38

Center for Immigrants Rights, "The Legal Rights of the Undocumented Immigrant," n.d.

Folder ff 39

Chicago Religious Task Force on Central America, 1984

Folder ff 40

Christian Urgent Action Network for El Salvador, 1985

Folder ff 41-46

East Bay Sanctuary Covenant, 1983-85

Folder ff 47

Faculty for Human Rights in Central America, 1984

Folder ff 48

Federation of American Immigration Reform, Roger Conner, n.d.

Folder ff 49

Interreligious Foundation for Community Organization, n.d.

Folder ff 50

Jewish Sanctuary Covenant, n.d.

Folder ff 51-52

National Sanctuary Defense Fund, 1984-85

Box Box 3 , Folder ff 1-8

National Sanctuary Defense Fund (con't.), 1981-87

Folder ff 9

Rio Grand Defense Committee, 1985-86

Folder ff 10-11

Salvadoran Humanitarian Aid, Research and Education, 1983-87

Folder ff 12

Tucson Ecumenical Council Task Force for Central America, 1984-85

 

Newsletters

Location: 2/G/4

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.
Box Box 3 , Folder ff 13-16

One or two issues of various newsletters on sanctuary issues.

 

Monographs

Location: 2/G/4

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.
Box Box 3 , Folder ff 17

Central American Refugee Defense Network, Report, Feb. 1983

Folder ff 18

Report on Central American Information Week, Indiana, Nov.-Dec. 1983

Folder ff 19

Seeking Safe Haven: Congregational Guide to Helping Central American Refugees in the United States, ca. 1983

Folder ff 20

La Guerra en Centro America Guia a la Escalada Militar de los Estados Unidos, March 1983

Folder ff 21

Basta: Sanctuary Organizer's Nuts and Bolts Supplement, ca. 1983

Folder ff 22

Central America: Report to Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church, June 1984

Folder ff 23

Witness to Political Violence in El Salvador: Testimonies of Refugees, June 1984

Folder ff 24

Peacemaking II: U.S. Religious Statements on Central America, July 1984

Folder ff 25

ACLU: The Fates of Salvadorans Expelled from the U.S., Sept. 1984

Folder ff 26

Indian Guatemala: Path to Liberation, 1984

Folder ff 27

Testimony: The Massacres of Cabanas and Chalatenango, El Salvador, 1984-85

Folder ff 28

U.S. Aid to El Salvador: An Evaluation of the Past, Proposal for the Future, Feb. 1985

Folder ff 29

Campus Sanctuary, UC Riverside, April 1985

Folder ff 30

Central America, Report II to the Bishop of the Episcopal Church, Sept. 1985

Folder ff 31

Art Auction for the Arizona Sanctuary Defense Fund, Oct. 1985

Folder ff 32

Informe: Sobre la Situacion de los Derechos Humanos en Nicaragua, 1986

Folder ff 33

Despite a Generous Spirit: Denying Asylum in the U.S., Dec. 1986

Folder ff 34

Sanctuary: A Question for the Church, 1986

Folder ff 35

Untitled, 1987; re: Mesa Grande Camp

Folder ff 36

In the Shadow of Liberty: Central American Refugees in the U.S., Sept. 1988

Folder ff 37

El Salvador Chronology, August 1989

Folder ff 38

1989 Working Documents and Report, 1st National Conf., Committee for U.S. Action on Asylum Concerns

Folder ff 39

3 undated, in Spanish

 

Newsclippings and Articles

Location: 2/G/4

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.
Box Box 3 , Folder ff 40-45

1982-90

 

Newspapers

Location: 2/G/4

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.
Folio Folio 1

One or two issues of various oversize newspapers 2/G/4 on sanctuary issues; 1983-85.