An Inventory to the David Monroe Shoup Papers, 1904-1983

Processed by the Hoover Institution staff; revised by Elizabeth Konzak
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2009


Title: David Monroe Shoup Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1904-1983
Collection Number: 76027
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 31 manuscript boxes, 4 oversize boxes, 22 sound recordings, 9 motion picture film reels (18 linear feet)
Abstract: Materials relating to the Tarawa campaign, other World War II campaigns in the Pacific Theater, postwar activities of the Marine Corps, service as the Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the Vietnam War, including correspondence, memoranda, writings, printed matter, photographs, motion picture film, and sound recordings
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Shoup, David Monroe, 1904-

Access

Collection open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], David Monroe Shoup papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1976.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

1904 Born, Battle Ground, Indiana
1926 Graduate of DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana
20-Jul-26 Commissioned a second lieutenant in the US Marine Corps
1926-1941 Various postings within the Marine Corps including an atypical post with the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1933-1934; promoted through ranks to Major
1942 Arrived in New Zealand; Served as G-3, Operations and Training Officer of the 2nd Marine Division
1943 Promoted to Colonel, placed in command of the 2nd Marines, the spearhead of the assault on Tarawa. There he earned the Medal of Honor and a Purple Heart
1944 Served as Chief of staff, 2nd Marine Division
1944-1947 Returned to the U.S; served as Logistics Officer, Division of Plans and Policies, Headquarters Marine Corps
1947 Served as Commanding Officer, Service Command, Fleet Marine Force (FMF), Pacific
1949 Served as Division Chief of Staff, 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, California
1950-1952 Commanding Officer of the Basic School, Quantico, Virginia
1953-1955 Served as Fiscal Director of the Marine Corps
1956-1957 Promoted to Major General, served as Inspector General for Recruit Training
1957-1958 Served as Commanding General of the 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, California, and 3rd Marine Division, Okinawa
1959 Commanding General of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina
12-Aug-59 Nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to be the 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps
1960-1963 Served as 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps, promoted to four-star general rank, served on the Joint Chiefs of Staff
1963 Retired to Arlington, Virginia. Became an outspoken critic of the war in Vietnam
1983 Died, buried in Arlington National Cemetery

Scope and Content of Collection

The papers document the military career of World War II veteran General David S. Shoup, along with his post-military speaking and writing, in personal files, correspondence, speeches, writings, sound recordings, and film footage.
Materials include documentation of the many military positions Shoup held as he steadily rose through the ranks of the Marine Corps, taking on responsibilities in training, fiscal reorganization, and logistics, a process well described in his personal files, correspondence, speeches, and photographs.
The collection contains documentation relating to Shoup's World War II tours, particularly the assault against well-entrenched Japanese defenders at Tarawa, where Shoup, as the senior officer ashore, directed the costly suppression of Japanese resistance. Marines, landing on boats that often became lodged on coral reefs, had to wade in for hundreds of yards in the face of withering fire. The heroism on Tarawa earned Shoup the Medal of Honor and a Purple Heart. Materials about the campaign include a military diary, photographs, research materials, and articles.
There is significant documentation of Shoup's tenure as the 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps from 1960 to 1963 in speeches, correspondence, and photographs. Shoup's leadership brought changes to the Marine Corps: he eliminated the use of swagger sticks, minimized base ceremonies during commandant visits, and upgraded the combat readiness of all Marine units. Vietnam became a pressing policy issue during this time, and Shoup opposed any commitment of U.S. combat forces in Southeast Asia.
After retirement, David Shoup's skepticism about involvement in Vietnam deepened and became public as Shoup wrote and spoke out about his concerns. The Writings and Collected Printed Materials series display his desire to speak out against escalating the Vietnam War, in the print media as well as testifying before congress.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into series, Personal Files, Correspondence, Speeches, Military Positions Materials, Commandant of the Marine Corps Files, Writings, Tarawa Materials, Photographs, Memorabilia, and Audio-Visual Materials.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Tarawa, Battle of, 1943.
United States--Armed Forces.
United States. Marine Corps--Officers.
United States. Marine Corps. Division, 2d.
Moving-pictures.
Phonorecords.
Vietnam War, 1961-1975.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean.
World War, 1939-1945.

 

Personal files, 1904-1968.

Scope and Contents note

Includes general biographical information, a patent, citations, awards, and a set of personal files of correspondence, notes, orders, and other printed materials
Box: 1

Biographical file, 1934, 1943

Box: 1

Journal/notebook, undated, circa 1927

Box: 1

Citations, certificates, and awards, 1926-1944

Box: 1

Honors and awards, 1943-1970

Box: 31

Awards, oversize, 1928-1961

Box: 1

Patent no. 2,100,982, a device for blacking sights of weapons, 1937

Box: 1

Receipts, correspondence, and photographs, 1951-1956

Box: 1

Invitations and menus, 1933-1960

 

Files, 1904-1968.

Scope and Contents note

Personal correspondence, notes, orders, brochures, and other collected printed materials. Organized in numbered files, then chronologically
Box: 2

1, 1904-1961 (bulk 1926-1945)

Box: 2

2, 1944-1968 (bulk 1945-1963)

Box: 3

3, 1958-1961

Box: 3

4, 1959-1964

Box: 3

1944-1952

Box: 4

1956-June 1957

Box: 5

July 1957-Retirement, 1963

 

Correspondence, 1936-1969.

Scope and Contents note

Arranged in chronological order. See also Commandant of the Marine Corps files for additional correspondence.
Box: 5

1936, 1943

Box: 6

1949-1955

Box: 7

1957-1959

 

Congratulatory correspondence, 1959-1969.

Scope and Contents note

Generally about promotion to Commandant of the Marine Corps as well as for his 1969 Atlantic article.
Box: 8

Files 1-5, 1959-1962

Box: 9

Files 6-7, 1959-1962, 1969

Scope and Contents note

Including congratulations on "The New American Militarism," article in The Atlantic, 1969
Box: 10

1967-1969

Box: 10

1969

 

Speeches, 1943-1972.

Scope and Contents note

Speeches given while not holding the position of Commandant of the Marine Corps. See also Commandant of the Marine Corps files for additional speeches.
Box: 10

General speeches

Box: 10

1951

Box: 10

Depauw University 25th anniversary, building dedication, speech and photograph, 1951

Box: 10

Notes, 1955

Box: 10

4-Jan-60

Box: 10

Circa 1965

Box: 10

1967-1968

Box: 10

Vietnam testimony, 1967-1968

Box: 10

1968

Box: 10

1969

Box: 10

1969-1971

Box: 10

Senate Foreign Relations Committee, 25-May-71

Box: 10

Circa 1972

Box: 10

Quotations, undated

Box: 10

Undated

Box: 11

Unclassified speeches, 1943-1957.

Scope and Contents note

Includes a speech titles index for each numbered series.
Box: 11

Unclassified speeches, circa 1956.

Scope and Contents note

Includes a speech titles index for each numbered series.
 

Military Positions Materials, 1904-1956.

Scope and Contents note

Materials relating to a variety of positions Shoup held in the Marine Corps.
Box: 31

Military Commissions, 1927-1959

Box: 12

Call sign notebook, undated

Box: 12

Quotes, undated

Box: 12

Correspondence, including clippings, 1943-1944

Box: 12

Second Marine Division, 1943-1944

Scope and Contents note

(3 folders)
Box: 12

Basic School documents, 1953-1956

Box: 12

Marine Corps Fiscal Division notes and budget manual, 1953

Box: 12

Marine Corps fiscal estimates, 1904-1907

Box: 12

Marine Corps Fiscal Division, 1953

Box: 12

Marine training report, 1956

Box: 31

Formations and supplies notes, oversize, undated

 

Commandant of the Marine Corps Files, 1959-1963.

Scope and Contents note

Materials created while Shoup was the Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC). See also Correspondence and Speeches for additional information.
 

Speeches, 1960-1965.

Scope and Contents note

A majority of the speeches included were given during Shoup's time as Commandant of the Marine Corps. Includes a speech titles index for each numbered series.
Box: 13

Numbered 1-30, January - August 1960

Box: 13

Numbered 1-25, October 1960 - December 1961

Box: 14

Numbered 26-33, October 1960 - December 1961

Box: 14

Numbered 1-48, December 1961-Dec 1963

Box: 14

Unnumbered, circa 1961-1965

Scope and Contents note

(3 folders)
 

Alphabetical Correspondence, 1958-1963

Box: 15

A-H

Box: 16

H-M

Box: 17

M-S

Box: 18

S-Z

Box: 19

General officers correspondence, 1959-1962

Scope and Contents note

(2 folders)
Box: 19

President of the United States correspondence, 1961-1963

Box: 19

Presidential Inauguration materials, 1961

Box: 19

Press conferences, favorable, 1961-1962

Box: 19

Press conferences, unfavorable, 1961-1962

Box: 19

Press coverage, 1962

Box: 19

Remarks, 1961-1963

Box: 19

Utterances, notes, and miscellany, including notes on becoming the Commandant of the Marine Corps, 1959-1963

Box: 19

"Muzzling of the Military," Stennis hearings in Senate, 1961-1962

Scope and Contents note

(2 folders)
Box: 20

"Muzzling of the Military," correspondence and clippings, circa 1961-1962

Scope and Contents note

(6 folders)
Box: 20

Charleston News and Courier Editorial, 1962

Box: 20

Karou Omine visit, 1963

Box: 29

Chart folio, flight schedule to Japan, U.S. Naval Oceanographic Office, September-October 1963

Box: 20

Far East Tour documents and photographs, 1963

Box: 20

Visit to the Royal Thai Marine Corps, circa 1963

Box: 29

City of Los Angeles, oversize certificate in honor of General Shoup Day, August 20, 1963

 

Writings, 1965-1970.

Scope and Contents note

Contains articles written by Shoup after his retirement from the military.
Box: 21

Vietnam, 1965-1971

Scope and Contents note

(2 folders)
Box: 21

Military Leadership and McNamara, circa 1968

Box: 21

Let's Dare Think About Lasting World Peace, 1969

Box: 21

"The New American Militarism," The Atlantic, 1969

Box: 21

New American Militarism, reprinted, Businessmen's Educational Fund, New York, 1970

Box: 21

The China Expedition, undated

 

Tarawa Materials, 1941-1968.

Scope and Contents note

Various materials documenting the 1943 Tarawa campaigns, including items original to the time as well as those collected or written later. Arranged in chronological order. See also Photographs.
Box: 21

Small notebook/military diary, 1943

Box: 21

Tarawa operations report, 1943

Scope and Contents note

Includes signed photographs from 1943, 1963
Box: 21

Tarawa materials, 1943

Box: 21

Tarawa Atoll charts, 1943

Box: 21

Photograph book captured at Tarawa, 1943

Box: 21

Tarawa Quartermaster's joke, 1943

Box: 31

Camp Tarawa aerial photograph, oversize, circa 1943

Box: 31

Tarawa landing photograph, oversize, mounted, 1943

Box: 21

Christening of the USS Tarawa by Zola Shoup, 1944-1946

Box: 21

"The Tarawa Campaign," an address by Col. Robert R. McCormick, 1946

Box: 21

The Battle for Tarawa, by Capt. James R. Stockman, USMC Historical Section, 1947

Box: 22

Some of My Thoughts on Tarawa, David Shoup, circa 1954

Box: 22

Tarawa articles, circa 1954-1957

Box: 22

"The Bloody Epic that Was Tarawa," New York Times Magazine, 16 November 1958

Box: 22

Amphibious Warfare Sea Power Symposium, Tarawa photographic reprints, 1960

Box: 22

Tarawa Articles, 1962

Box: 22

"Tarawa, My Last Battle" by Kiyoshi Ota with Keith S. Williams, 1964

Box: 22

Tarawa materials, 1968

Box: 22

Tarawa 25th anniversary materials, 1968

Scope and Contents note

Includes reprinted photographs
Box: 31

Uncommon Valor pamphlet, including Tarawa photograph, undated

 

Photographs, 1942-1971.

Scope and Contents note

Contains official photographs, snapshots, and personal photographs, arranged chronologically.
Box: 23

Hawaii, circa 1942

Box: 23

July 1942

Box: 23

Battle of Tarawa, 1943

Scope and Contents note

See also Tarawa research materials for additional information.
Box: 23

Battle of Tarawa and after, 1943

Box: 23

Tarawa, 1943

Scope and Contents note

Includes related correspondence
Box: 23

1943

Box: 23

Shoup, 1943-1944

Box: 23

War Scenes, Possibly Tarawa, circa 1943-1944

Box: 23

War Scenes, August 1944

Box: 23

War Scenes, circa 1944

Box: 23

Official photographs, circa 1944

Box: 23

Official photographs of officers, 1945

Box: 23

War publicity photos, 1945

Box: 23

Ceremonies: Medal of Honor, Promotion, and CMC, 1945-1959

Box: 23

Commissioning of the USS Tarawa, 1945-1946

Box: 23

Bikini Atoll atomic test, 1946

Box: 23

January, 1947

 

1948

Box: 24

Basic School, Quantico, Virginia, circa 1951

Box: 24

9th JCOC, Marine Corps Schools, 1951

Box: 24

Portraits and negatives, 1955

Box: 31

2nd Division Sword Monument speech, 1955

Box: 24

Parris Island, South Carolina, Dec-56

Box: 24

January, July, and August, 1957

Box: 24

September, 1957

Box: 24

October, 1957

Scope and Contents note

(3 folders)
Box: 24

November, 1957

Box: 24

First Division miscellany, 1957

Box: 24

Congressional Medal of Honor Society, 1957

Box: 24

1957-1959

Box: 24

Camp Hansen Typhoon, Okinawa, January, 1958

Box: 25

March, 1958

Scope and Contents note

(2 folders)
Box: 25

April, 1958

Box: 25

May, June, July, 1958

Box: 25

October, 1958

Box: 25

November, 1958

Box: 25

December, 1958

Box: 25

Taipei, General Shu and General Shoup, 1958

Box: 25

DePauw University, 1958

Box: 25

First Marine Division History, 1958

Box: 25

First Marine Aircraft Wing, 1958

Box: 25

Quarters, Okinawa, 1958-1959

Box: 25

Cloth of Okinawa, circa 1958-1959

Box: 25

1959

Scope and Contents note

(2 folders)
Box: 25

March, 1959

Box: 26

All-Marine Boxing Champion, 1959

Box: 26

Shoup Life story for Commandant Ceremony, 1959

Box: 26

Parris Island, South Carolina, 1959

Box: 26

Covington, Indiana Veteran's Day celebration honoring General Shoup, 1960

Box: 26

Naval Academy visit, 1960

Box: 31

General Franke, Secretary of the Navy, signed, 1960

Box: 26

Taiwan Marine Inspection slides, 1961

Box: 26

Salute to Admiral Arleigh Burke, 1961

Box: 26

Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC), 1961

Box: 26

Visits, 1961-1963

Box: 31

Visits, oversize, 1961-1963

Box: 31

Cabinet/Staff, oversize 1961-1963

Box: 31

Signed Cabinet/Staff, oversize 1961-1963

Box: 26

Naval Academy visit, 1962

Box: 26

Fort Still, Indiana visit, 1962

Box: 26

Commandant of the Marine Corps visit to JUSMAG Bankok, 1962

Box: 27

1963

Scope and Contents note

(2 folders)
Box: 27

President Kennedy and Shoup, 1963

Box: 27

Distinguished Service Medal, with President Johnson, 1964

Box: 31

Johnson White House, 1964

Box: 27

Birthday, 1964

Box: 27

Parade photo signed by Herbert Humphrey, 1965

Box: 27

1967

Box: 27

1970-1971

Box: 27

Portrait, undated

Box: 27

Personal photos, undated

Box: 27

Honorary degree, undated

Box: 27

Color photographs, undated

Box: 27

Third Marine Division, undated

Box: 27

Military visits, circa 1945-1950

Box: 27

Military training, undated

Box: 27

Miscellany, undated

 

Photographic Books and Albums

Box: 28

U.S. First Fleet Exercise, United States Navy and Marine Corps, 18-Nov-61

Box: 28

Visit of the President of the United States and Distinguished guests to the U.S. Atlantic Fleet, 13-14 April 1962

Box: 27

Inauguration of John F. Kennedy, 1961

Box: 29

Korean Visit, 1961

Box: 30

Visit to Camp Murphy, Philippines, 1961

Box: 28

Chinese Visit, circa 1961

Box: 27

Marine Corps Base Combat Swimming Team, Twentynine Palms, California, 1963

Box: 27

Special Issue for the 9th Marine Anniversary Brigade, October, 1963

Box: 30

20th Anniversary of the 2nd Marine Division, D.M. Shoup, a lifetime of photographs, 1963

 

Collected Printed Materials, 1907-1983.

Scope and Contents note

Consists of collected clippings, printed materials, and research books. Shoup often wrote or was quoted in the materials.
Box: 32

Clippings, 1944-1968

Box: 33

Clippings, 1967-1983

Box: 31

Clippings, oversize, 1960-1968

Box: 34

Fountain-Warren Democrat, Attica, Fountain County, Indiana, 13-Jun-07

Box: 34

The Bulletin, San Francisco, August 18, 1928

Box: 34

Congressional Record Senate, v.106 no.4 January 12, 1960

Box: 34

Congressional Record Senate, v.106 no. 44 9-Mar-60

Box: 34

Congressional Record House, v. 109 no.47 1-Apr-63

Scope and Contents note

1963,
Box: 34

Congressional Record House, vol.113, no.25 Monday, Feb. 20, 1967

Scope and Contents note

1967,
Box: 34

Congressional Record Senate, v.115 no.52 26-Mar-69

Scope and Contents note

1969,
Box: 34

A Way of Thinking, typescript by Dr. Albert Burke, circa 1970

Scope and Contents note

(2 folders)
Box: 34

Newsweek, 29 November 1971

Box: 35

Our President, Herbert Hoover, William J. Marsh (age 11 years), signed by the author, 1930

Box: 35

Follow Me! The Story of the Second Marine Division in World War II, by Richard W. Johnston, Random House, 1948

Box: 35

Khrushchev in America: Full Texts of the Speeches Given by Khrushchev on His Tour of the United States in September 1959, published 1960

Box: 35

The Chien Nhan Dan, People's Strategy, 1960

Box: 35

Nation's Business: A Useful Look Ahead Magazine, October 1962

Box: 35

Intercom: Your Guide to the World Affairs Field, July-August, 1966

Box: 35

Kaikishu, Japanese maritime self-defense force, Admiral Togo, undated

Box: 35

Sons of Indiana: Stories of Indiana's Famous Sons, Indiana Bell, undated

Box: 35

How to Save our Republic, by Dr. George W. Crane, undated

Box: 35

Japanese Lesson Book, undated

Box: 1, 30-31

Memorabilia, 1954-1962

Box: 30

Inauguration license plates, 1954-1962

Box: 31

Remington Arms Company posters, undated

Box: 1

World War II signal cylinder: Signal, Ground, Amber Star Cluster M22, 1941

 

Audio-Visual Materials, 1946-1963,

Scope and Contents note

undated
 

Sound recordings, 1959-1972.

Scope and Contents note

Arranged by format, then chronologically
Tape Cabinet

Admiral Burke's party, seven inch sound reel, possibly 1961

Tape Cabinet

W.R. Epsy "talking letter," 1963

Scope and Contents note

Includes his experiences in World War I, Marine Aviation in the Azores, and Marines. Given to Shoup as the Commandant of the Marine Corps. Three inch sound reel; also includes a slide
Record Cabinet

Navy-Marine Corps Memorial, in appreciation of your support in furthering the establishment of a Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium, Annapolis, Maryland, before 1959

Record Cabinet

Khrushchev in America, Eisenhower-Khrushchev meetings, CBS Radio Network, 1959

Record Cabinet

The Kings of Pentagonia, Annual Wallow Skit, Military order of the Carabao, 6 Feb 1960

Record Cabinet

Sounds of Marine Corps Boot Camp, San Diego, Parris Island, Gold Star Recordings, 1960

Record Cabinet

Tatoo Delft, Marine Band of the Royal Netherlands Navy Marinierskapel der Koninklijke Marine, 1960

Record Cabinet

Parade of the Champions, Band of the Royal Netherlands Navy, circa 1960

Record Cabinet

Marines on Parade, Marine Band of the Royal Netherlands Navy, circa 1960

Record Cabinet

Tradition: Favorite Songs of the United States Marines, US Marine Band and Marine Corps Officer's Basic School Chorus, circa 1960

Record Cabinet

"The President's Own," United States Marine Band, Lieutenant Colonel Albert Schoepper, Director, circa 1960

Record Cabinet

Alliance for Progress, programs and lectures on Latin America and promoting Western Hemisphere understanding, Westinghouse Company, 1962

Record Cabinet

Dedication dinner for the Donald W. Douglas Engineering Product Development Center, Douglans Aircraft Company, Inc., 1962

Record Cabinet

"A Moment with General David Shoup," Part 1, concerning Shoup's career; military issues, such as the nuclear test ban treaty; and his personal hobbies 9 November 1963

Conditions Governing Access note

Use copy reference number: 76027_a_0001702
Record Cabinet

United States Marine Band, Lt. Col. A.F. Schoepper, Director, Conducting, including the General Shoup March, circa 1960-1963

Conditions Governing Access note

Use copy reference number: 76027_a_0001703

Scope and Contents note

1. General Shoup March; 2. Marine's Hymn - Wm. Jones, soloist; 3. Semper Fidelis; 4. King Cotton. Use copy available
Record Cabinet

The Fort Henry Retreat Ceremonial, recorded live at Fort Henry, Kingston, Ontario, Canada exactly as performed there since 1812, 1963

Record Cabinet

The National Cultural Center presents: The United States Marine Band, 1963

Record Cabinet

The United States Marine Corps Band, circa 1960-1963

Record Cabinet

The Commandant's Own, U.S. Marine Drum and Bugle Corps, 1970

Record Cabinet

America's First Man in Orbit, John H. Glenn in Friendship 7, Nelson Doubleday, Inc., 1972

Record Cabinet

Semper Fi Lacquer disc undated

Conditions Governing Access note

Use copy reference number: 76027_a_0001701

Scope and Contents note

The three cuts on side A are a male chorus singing "Semper Fi," a male/female duet whose title seems to be "That's A Lot of El Toro," and the Star Spangled Banner. Side B is two cuts of a male chorus, the second also being "Semper Fi."
Record Cabinet

Japanese record, undated

 

Film 1960-1964

Box 1

Project Crossroads, Able and Baker nuclear tests, 35 mm film, circa 1946

Film Shelf

King and Queen of Afghanistan, undated

Film Shelf

General Shoup interviewed by Von Fremd, CBS Washington, circa 1961-1963

Film Shelf

Salute to the Navy, undated

Film Shelf

A Force in Readiness, 2 copies, circa 1961-1963

Film Shelf

"Tarawa," The Twentieth Century, CBS Television Film Service Operations, undated

Film Shelf

The Story of a Marine, circa 1960-1963

Film Shelf

Presented to General David S. Shoup, Commandant of the Marine Corps, 1960-1964, from the Old and New Breed, with Second Division and Marine Corps Symbols, undated