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An Inventory to the David Monroe Shoup Papers, 1904-1983 76027
76027  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement

  • Title: David Monroe Shoup Papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1904-1983
    Collection Number: 76027
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 31 manuscript boxes, 4 oversize boxes, 22 sound recordings, 9 motion picture film reels (18 linear feet)
    Abstract: Materials relating to the Tarawa campaign, other World War II campaigns in the Pacific Theater, postwar activities of the Marine Corps, service as the Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the Vietnam War, including correspondence, memoranda, writings, printed matter, photographs, motion picture film, and sound recordings
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Shoup, David Monroe, 1904-

    Access

    Collection open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], David Monroe Shoup papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1976.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    1904 Born, Battle Ground, Indiana
    1926 Graduate of DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana
    20-Jul-26 Commissioned a second lieutenant in the US Marine Corps
    1926-1941 Various postings within the Marine Corps including an atypical post with the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1933-1934; promoted through ranks to Major
    1942 Arrived in New Zealand; Served as G-3, Operations and Training Officer of the 2nd Marine Division
    1943 Promoted to Colonel, placed in command of the 2nd Marines, the spearhead of the assault on Tarawa. There he earned the Medal of Honor and a Purple Heart
    1944 Served as Chief of staff, 2nd Marine Division
    1944-1947 Returned to the U.S; served as Logistics Officer, Division of Plans and Policies, Headquarters Marine Corps
    1947 Served as Commanding Officer, Service Command, Fleet Marine Force (FMF), Pacific
    1949 Served as Division Chief of Staff, 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, California
    1950-1952 Commanding Officer of the Basic School, Quantico, Virginia
    1953-1955 Served as Fiscal Director of the Marine Corps
    1956-1957 Promoted to Major General, served as Inspector General for Recruit Training
    1957-1958 Served as Commanding General of the 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, California, and 3rd Marine Division, Okinawa
    1959 Commanding General of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina
    12-Aug-59 Nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to be the 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps
    1960-1963 Served as 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps, promoted to four-star general rank, served on the Joint Chiefs of Staff
    1963 Retired to Arlington, Virginia. Became an outspoken critic of the war in Vietnam
    1983 Died, buried in Arlington National Cemetery

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The papers document the military career of World War II veteran General David S. Shoup, along with his post-military speaking and writing, in personal files, correspondence, speeches, writings, sound recordings, and film footage.
    Materials include documentation of the many military positions Shoup held as he steadily rose through the ranks of the Marine Corps, taking on responsibilities in training, fiscal reorganization, and logistics, a process well described in his personal files, correspondence, speeches, and photographs.
    The collection contains documentation relating to Shoup's World War II tours, particularly the assault against well-entrenched Japanese defenders at Tarawa, where Shoup, as the senior officer ashore, directed the costly suppression of Japanese resistance. Marines, landing on boats that often became lodged on coral reefs, had to wade in for hundreds of yards in the face of withering fire. The heroism on Tarawa earned Shoup the Medal of Honor and a Purple Heart. Materials about the campaign include a military diary, photographs, research materials, and articles.
    There is significant documentation of Shoup's tenure as the 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps from 1960 to 1963 in speeches, correspondence, and photographs. Shoup's leadership brought changes to the Marine Corps: he eliminated the use of swagger sticks, minimized base ceremonies during commandant visits, and upgraded the combat readiness of all Marine units. Vietnam became a pressing policy issue during this time, and Shoup opposed any commitment of U.S. combat forces in Southeast Asia.
    After retirement, David Shoup's skepticism about involvement in Vietnam deepened and became public as Shoup wrote and spoke out about his concerns. The Writings and Collected Printed Materials series display his desire to speak out against escalating the Vietnam War, in the print media as well as testifying before congress.

    Arrangement

    The collection is organized into series, Personal Files, Correspondence, Speeches, Military Positions Materials, Commandant of the Marine Corps Files, Writings, Tarawa Materials, Photographs, Memorabilia, and Audio-Visual Materials.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Tarawa, Battle of, 1943.
    United States--Armed Forces.
    United States. Marine Corps--Officers.
    United States. Marine Corps. Division, 2d.
    Moving-pictures.
    Phonorecords.
    Vietnam War, 1961-1975.
    World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean.
    World War, 1939-1945.