Scope and Content of Collection
Title: David Monroe Shoup Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1904-1983
Collection Number: 76023
Shoup, David Monroe, 1904-
31 manuscript boxes, 4 oversize boxes, 22 sound recordings, 9 motion picture film reels
18 linear feet)
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Materials relating to the Tarawa campaign, other World War II campaigns in the Pacific Theater, postwar activities of the
Marine Corps, service as the Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the Vietnam War, including correspondence, memoranda, writings,
printed matter, photographs, motion picture film, and sound recordings
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Collection open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to
copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives
at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see
or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
[Identification of item], David Monroe Shoup papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1976.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number
of boxes listed in this finding aid.
United States. Marine Corps--Officers.
United States. Marine Corps. Division, 2d.
Tarawa, Battle of, 1943.
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975.
World War, 1939-1945.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean.
United States--Armed Forces.
||Born, Battle Ground, Indiana
||Graduate of DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana
||Commissioned a second lieutenant in the US Marine Corps
||Various postings within the Marine Corps including an atypical post with the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1933-1934; promoted
through ranks to Major
||Arrived in New Zealand; Served as G-3, Operations and Training Officer of the 2nd Marine Division
||Promoted to Colonel, placed in command of the 2nd Marines, the spearhead of the assault on Tarawa. There he earned the Medal
of Honor and a Purple Heart
||Served as Chief of staff, 2nd Marine Division
||Returned to the U.S; served as Logistics Officer, Division of Plans and Policies, Headquarters Marine Corps
||Served as Commanding Officer, Service Command, Fleet Marine Force (FMF), Pacific
||Served as Division Chief of Staff, 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, California
||Commanding Officer of the Basic School, Quantico, Virginia
||Served as Fiscal Director of the Marine Corps
||Promoted to Major General, served as Inspector General for Recruit Training
||Served as Commanding General of the 1st Marine Division, Camp Pendleton, California, and 3rd Marine Division, Okinawa
||Commanding General of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina
||Nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to be the 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps
||Served as 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps, promoted to four-star general rank, served on the Joint Chiefs of Staff
||Retired to Arlington, Virginia. Became an outspoken critic of the war in Vietnam
||Died, buried in Arlington National Cemetery
Scope and Content of Collection
The papers document the military career of World War II veteran General David S. Shoup, along with his post-military speaking
and writing, in personal files, correspondence, speeches, writings, sound recordings, and film footage.
Materials include documentation of the many military positions Shoup held as he steadily rose through the ranks of the Marine
Corps, taking on responsibilities in training, fiscal reorganization, and logistics, a process well described in his personal
files, correspondence, speeches, and photographs.
The collection contains documentation relating to Shoup's World War II tours, particularly the assault against well-entrenched
Japanese defenders at Tarawa, where Shoup, as the senior officer ashore, directed the costly suppression of Japanese resistance.
Marines, landing on boats that often became lodged on coral reefs, had to wade in for hundreds of yards in the face of withering
fire. The heroism on Tarawa earned Shoup the Medal of Honor and a Purple Heart. Materials about the campaign include a military
diary, photographs, research materials, and articles.
There is significant documentation of Shoup's tenure as the 22nd Commandant of the Marine Corps from 1960 to 1963 in speeches,
correspondence, and photographs. Shoup's leadership brought changes to the Marine Corps: he eliminated the use of swagger
sticks, minimized base ceremonies during commandant visits, and upgraded the combat readiness of all Marine units. Vietnam
became a pressing policy issue during this time, and Shoup opposed any commitment of U.S. combat forces in Southeast Asia.
After retirement, David Shoup's skepticism about involvement in Vietnam deepened and became public as Shoup wrote and spoke
out about his concerns. The Writings and Collected Printed Materials series display his desire to speak out against escalating
the Vietnam War, in the print media as well as testifying before congress.
The collection is organized into series, Personal Files, Correspondence, Speeches, Military Positions Materials, Commandant
of the Marine Corps Files, Writings, Tarawa Materials, Photographs, Memorabilia, and Audio-Visual Materials.