Diary and memoirs, relating to Georgian relations with Turkey, 1920- 1921; Georgian refugee life in Turkey and Poland; the
Polish Army in the interwar period, and its defeat in 1939; the Georgian Legion in the German Army during World War II; and
Georgian prisoners in British prison camps at the end of the war. Includes translations
Dmitri Shalikashvili was born in 1896 into a princely Georgian family of imperial Russia and was educated in the elite Imperial
Alexander Lyceum in St. Petersburg. He spent most of his last year of school on horseback in an Imperial Horse Guard regiment
mobilized for war against the Central Powers. Following the Russian Revolution and Georgia's declaration of independence in
May 1918, Shalikashvili, by then a lieutenant in the Georgian cavalry, fought in the war against Armenia, the Russian Whites,
and the invading Bolsheviks. In 1920 he was appointed to the Georgian military mission in Ankara, Turkey. When the Moscow-directed
communist government took power in Georgia in early 1921, Shalikashvili remained in Constantinople. He and about a hundred
other Georgian officers stranded in Turkey were soon recruited by the government of newly independent Poland as "contract
officers." Their Polish hosts saw them as allies and potential cadres in a new Georgian army in what they saw as an inevitable
future conflict with Bolshevik Russia.
3 manuscript boxes
1.2 linear feet)
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Collection open for research.