Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Guide to the J.J. Martin Papers, 1880-1972, bulk 1885-1936
BANC MSS C-B 363  
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (110.45 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Information for Researchers
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Collection Summary

    Collection Title: J.J. Martin papers
    Date (inclusive): 1880-1972,
    Date (bulk): , bulk 1885-1936
    Collection Number: BANC MSS C-B 363
    Creators : Martin, J. J., (James John), 1845-1938
    Extent: Number of containers: 5 boxes and 4 volumes Linear feet: 2.2
    Repository: The Bancroft Library
    Berkeley, California 94720-6000
    Abstract: Contains documents from and relating to the Kaweah Colony, the Hartly Bay Lumber, Trading & Fishing Company, the Tasmania Colony, as well as information on other cooperatives. The Kaweah Colony records include official documents, correspondence, legal documents from a case with the U.S. Government, a scrapbook and two histories, including one unpublished manuscript by Martin. Papers also include a small amount of personal and family papers including an unpublished manuscript, "Religion and Socialism."
    Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English
    Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the library's online catalog.

    Information for Researchers

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to The Bancroft Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], J.J. Martin Papers, BANC MSS C-B 363, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

    Alternate Forms Available

    Correspondence from Upton Sinclair is available on microfilm, [BANC FILM X-X film 5].

    Related Collections

    Kaweah Cooperative Colony Company Records (BANC MSS C-A 303)
    Haskell Family Papers (BANC MSS C-B 364)
    Joseph Cummings Rowell Papers (BANC MSS C-B 419)
    P.N. Kuss Papers (BANC MSS 2002/193 c)
    Rodney Sydes Ellsworth Papers: Relating to the Kaweah Cooperative Colony Co. (BANC MSS 81/27 c)
    Ruth Krandis Lewis Correspondence (BANC MSS C-B 365)
    Scrapbooks of Clippings Regarding Kaweah Cooperative Colony (BANC MSS C-V 24)
    Thomas Waters Papers (BANC MSS C-B 983)
    Why Kaweah Failed: transcript, by Joseph E. Doctor (BANC MSS 82/143 c:2)

    Separated Material

    Printed materials have been transferred to the book collection of The Bancroft Library.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Martin, J. J. (James John), 1845-1938--Archives
    Martin, J. J. (James John), 1845-1938--Pictorial works
    Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968--Correspondence
    Kaweah Colony
    Hartly Bay Lumber, Trading and Fishing Company
    Tasmania Colony
    Credit Foncier Company
    Bucklands Settlement
    Huapai Estate
    Hotel Del Monte (Monterey, Calif.)--Correspondence
    Tasmania Colony--Pictorial works
    Cooperative societies--California
    Cooperative societies--Tasmania
    Cooperative societies--New Zealand
    Cooperative societies--Mexico
    Cooperative societies--South Africa
    Clippings
    Scrapbooks
    Manuscripts for publication
    Photographs

    Administrative Information

    Acquisition Information

    The J.J. Martin Papers were given to The Bancroft Library by Daisy Martin Redstone in September, 1941. Additions were made in 1985 and 1988 by Ellis Redstone.

    Accruals

    No additions are expected.

    Processing Information

    Processed by Alison E. Bridger and Andrea O'Neill (SJSU SLIS student) in 2005-2006.

    Biographical Information

    James John Martin was born in 1845. The early years of his adulthood were spent in railroad endeavors and efforts related to labor unions. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Coast Seaman's Union of San Francisco in the 1880s.
    These efforts were followed by his involvement in the founding of the Kaweah Co-Operative Colony. The Colony was begun with the filing of land claims in 1885 and the formal purchase of land in 1887. Martin served as the Secretary of the Kaweah Colony for five years during which time the Colony was constructed, occupied, investigated by Federal agents, prosecuted by the Federal government and eventually dismantled. After leaving Kaweah, Martin moved to Los Angeles where he continued to fight for compensation of the colonists by the government. During this time Martin and some colleagues began to explore the possibility of establishing a cooperative colony in Mexico, but exploration proved fruitless.
    At the beginning of the 20th century Martin moved to Victoria, British Columbia where he worked for a short period as a salesman before becoming involved in a labor dispute on behalf of the Marine Engineer's Association. Following the resolution of that labor dispute, he was hired as the organizing Secretary and Treasurer of the Merchant Service Guild of Canada. Amidst a dispute within the organization, Martin resigned in 1909. For the next two years Martin was involved in the establishment of the entrepreneurial enterprise of the Hartly Bay Lumber, Trading and Fishing Company. This business collapsed in 1911 and Martin spent the next 4 years working as Special Representative for the Hotel Del Monte in Western Canada.
    In 1914 Martin retired from his work with the Hotel Del Monte and spent the next two years working to establish a cooperative colony similar to the Kaweah Colony in Tasmania. Despite the backing of prominent governmental officials in Tasmania, the colony failed to secure parliamentary approval for their establishment and in 1915 efforts were abandoned.
    Following the failure of the Tasmania Colony, Martin suffered a nervous breakdown and spent several weeks convalescing with friends in Tasmania. Upon his recuperation he returned to British Columbia and unsuccessfully sought employment again with the Hotel Del Monte. Martin spent the next 19 years in retirement spending time with his children and grandchildren. He died on May 10, 1938 in San Luis Obispo.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Contains documents from and relating to the Kaweah Colony, the Hartly Bay Lumber, Trading & Fishing Company, the Tasmania Colony, as well as information on other cooperatives. The Kaweah Colony records include official documents, correspondence, legal documents from a case with the U.S. Government, a scrapbook and two histories, including one unpublished manuscript by Martin. Papers also include a small amount of personal and family papers including an unpublished manuscript, "Religion and Socialism."
    The collection is arranged into five series. Series 1: Kaweah Colony; Series 2: Hartly Bay Lumber, Trading & Fishing Company; Series 3: Tasmania Colony; Series 4: Other Cooperatives; Series 5: Personal and Family Papers.