Register of the Claire Lee Chennault Papers 1941-1967

Finding aid prepared by Hoover Institution Archives Staff
Hoover Institution Archives
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Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
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© 1999


Title: Claire Lee Chennault papers
Date: 1941-1967
Collection number: 67002
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 12 manuscript boxes, 2 card file boxes, 3 envelopes (5.8 linear feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, orders, memoranda, reports, and speeches and writings, relating to aerial operations in China during World War II, and to postwar American foreign policy in China.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Chennault, Claire Lee, 1890-1958.

Access

Collection open for research.
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Publication Rights

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Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Claire Lee Chennault papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Biographical Note

1890, Sept. 6 Born, Commerce, Texas
1917 Commissioned First Lieutenant, U.S. Army. Became military aviator
1937 Retired from U.S. Army Air Corps as a Lieutenant Colonel
1937-1941 Adviser to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek
1941, Aug.-1942, July Commanding Officer, American Volunteer Group in Chinese Air Force
1942 Commissioned Brigadier General, U.S. Army Air Forces
1942, July-1943, Mar. Commanding General, China Air Task Force
1943 Promoted to Major General
1943, Mar.-1945, Aug. Commanding General, 14th Air Force
1945 Retired from U.S. Army Air Forces
1946-1958 President, Chinese National Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Air Transport, and its successor organizations, Civil Air Transport and China Air Transport
1949 Author, Way of a Fighter
1958, July 27 Died, New Orleans, Louisiana

Subjects and Indexing Terms

China. Air Force. American Volunteer Group.
United States. Army Air Forces. Air Force, 14th.
United States. Army Air Forces. China Air Task Force.
United States. Army--Officers.
China--Foreign relations--United States.
China.
United States--Armed Forces.
United States--Foreign relations--China.
United States--Foreign relations.
World War, 1939-1945--Aerial operations.
World War, 1939-1945--China.
World War, 1939-1945.

Box 1

BIOGRAPHICAL FILE, 1942-1947

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, orders, citations, and financial and flight records, relating to the military career of Claire Chennault, arranged alphabetically by form.
Box 1, Folder 1

Awards. Citations, letters, and memoranda, 1945-1947

Folder 2

Financial records. Vouchers, pay authorizations, correspondence, and miscellany, 1942-1945

Folder 3

Flight records. Certifications, and schedules, 1943-1945

Folder 4

Orders, 1943-1945

Box 1-7

CHINA. AIR FORCE. AMERICAN VOLUNTEER GROUP, 1941-1942

Scope and Contents note

Office file of Claire Chennault as Commanding Officer of the American Volunteer Group, August 1941-July 1942. Correspondence, memoranda, orders, and reports, arranged alphabetically by form.
Box 1, Folder 5-6

Blueprints, n.d.

Folder 7

Charts, n.d.

Folder 8

Correspondence, 1941-1942

 

Burma. Department of Posts and Telegraphs, 1941

Folder 9

Burma. Directorate of Civil Aviation, 1941

Folder 10

Burma. Governor, 1941-1942

Folder 11-12

Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company, 1941-1942

Folder 13

Chiang, Mei-ling, 1941-1942

Folder 14

China. Air Force. American Volunteer Group. Chinese Chief of Staff, 1941-1942

Folder 15

China. Air Force. American Volunteer Group. Confidential Secretariat, 1941-1942

Folder 16

China. Air Force. American Volunteer Group. Detachment, Kunming, 1941-1942

Box 2, Folder 1

China. Air Force. Commander-in-Chief, 1941-1942

Folder 2

China. Air Force. 5th Route Air Force, 1941-1942

Folder 3

China. Army. War Area Service Corps, 1941-1942

Folder 4-5

China. Commission on Aeronautical Affairs, 1941-1942

Folder 6-7

China. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1941-1942

Folder 8

China. National Military Council. President, 1941-1942

Folder 9

China Defense Supplies, 1941-1942

Folder 10

France. Armee. Forces Libres de l'Extreme-Orient, 1942

Folder 11

Great Britain. Army, 1941-1942

Folder 12

Great Britain. Consulate GeneraI, Kunming, China, 1941

Folder 13

Great Britain. Military Mission, China, 1942

Folder 14

Great Britain. Royal Air Force, Burma, 1941-1942

Folder 15

Great Britain. Royal Air Force, China, 1942

Folder 16

Great Britain. Royal Air Force, Far East, 1941

Folder 17

Great Britain. Royal Air Force. Toungoo, Burma Station, 1941

Folder 18

Imperial Bank of India, 1941

Folder 19

Thomas Cook and Son, 1941

Folder 20

Toungoo, Burma. District Superintendent of Police, 1941

Folder 21

U.S. Army. Forces in the Far East, 1941-1942

Folder 22

U.S. Consulate, Kunming, China, 1942

Folder 23

U.S. Consulate, Rangoon, Burma, 1941

Folder 24

U.S. Consulate General, Calcutta, India, 1941

Folder 25

U.S. Embassy (China), 1941-1942

Folder 26

U.S. President. Administrative Assistant, 1941-1942

Folder 27

Wang, C. C., 1942

Folder 28

Yunnan, China. Governor, 1941-1942

Folder 29

Flight logs, 1941-1942

Folder 30

Memoranda, Numbered, 1941-1942

Box 3, Folder 1

Memoranda, Unnumbered, 1941-1942

Folder 2

Memoranda (1st Pursuit Squadron), 1941-1942

Folder 3

Orders, Field, 1941-1942

Folder 4

Orders, General, 1941

Folder 5

Orders, Movement, 1941

Folder 6

Orders, Operations, 1941-1942

Folder 7-9

Orders, Special, 1941-1942

Folder 10

Orders, Special (1st Pursuit Squadron), 1942

Folder 11

Reports, Combat, 1942

Folder 12

Reports, Flight, 1942

Folder 13

Reports, Operations, 1941-1942

Box 4, Folder 1

Rosters, 1941-1942

Folder 2

Subject file, 1941-1942

 

Aerial operations. Correspondence, radiograms, minutes, plans, and memoranda, 1941-1942

Folder 3

Air bases. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, and lists, 1941-1942

Folder 4

Air pilots. Lists, and statistics, 1941-1942

Folder 5

Airplanes

 

Motors. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, and lists, 1941-1942

Folder 6

Procurement. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, and lists, 1941-1942

Folder 7

Armaments - Procurement. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, lists, and bulletin, 1941-1942

Folder 8

Battles. Records of victories and losses, 1941-1942

Folder 9

Bonus payments. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, and lists, 1941-1942

Folder 10

Casualties. Correspondence, memoranda, lists, and radiograms, 1941-1942

Folder 11

Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company. Legal agreements, notes, memoranda, and radiograms, 1941-1942

Folder 12

Communications. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, and lists, 1941-1942

Box 5, Folder 1

Finance. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, and financial statements, 1941-1942

Folder 2

Flight engineering. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, and lists, 1941-1942

Folder 3

Great Britain. Royal Air Force. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, notes, and lists, 1941-1942

Folder 4

Japan. Air Force. Translation of manual, 1941

Folder 5

Medals, badges, decorations, etc. Correspondence, radiograms, citations, memoranda, lists, and regulations, 1942

Folder 6-7

Medical and sanitary affairs

 

Case records, 1941-1942

Folder 8

Certificates, 1941-1942

Folder 9

Correspondence, 1941-1942

Folder 10

Miscellany. Memoranda, lists, and blue-prints, 1941-1942

Folder 11-12

Sick reports, 1941-1942

Box 6, Folder 1

Medical supplies. Lists, and shipping records, 1941

Folder 2

Military intelligence. Correspondence, radiograms, reports, memoranda, and lists, 1941-1942

Folder 3-4

Military supplies - Procurement. Correspondence, radiograms, reports, memoranda, and lists, 1941-1942

Folder 5

Organization. Correspondence, plans, charts, and lists, 1941

Folder 6

Personnel

 

Correspondence, 1941-1942

Folder 7

Discharge reports, 1941

Folder 8-9

Information sheets (1st Pursuit Squadron)

 

Ground personnel, 1941-1942

Folder 10

Pilots, 1941-1942

Folder 11

Miscellany. Legal agreements, lists, notes, and memoranda, 1941-1942

Box 7, Folder 1-3

Status reports, 1941-1942

Folder 4

Public relations. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, censorship reports, press releases, news dispatches, and printed matter, 1941-1942

Folder 5

Transportation. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, and lists, 1941-1942

Folder 6

U.S. Military Mission to China. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, and lists, 1941-1942

Folder 7

Summary history, 1942

Folder 8

War diary, 1941-1942

Box 7-8

U.S. ARMY AIR FORCES. CHINA AIR TASK FORCE, 1942-1943

Scope and Contents note

Office file of Claire Chennault as Commanding General of the China Air Task Force, July 1942-March 1943. Correspondence, and memoranda, arranged alphabetically by form.
Box 7, Folder 9

Correspondence, 1942-1943

 

Bank of China, 1943

Folder 10

Catholic Mission Medical Service of China, 1942

Folder 11

Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company, 1942-1943

Folder 12

China. Air Force. Commander-in-Chief, 1943

Folder 13

China. Army, 1942

Folder 14

China. Commission on Aeronautical Affairs, 1942

Folder 15

China. Ministry of Finance, 1942

Folder 16

China. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1942-1943

Box 8, Folder 1

Great Britain. Embassy (China), 1943

Folder 2

Hopkins, Arthur, 1942

Folder 3

Noe, James A., 1942

Folder 4

PM (Magazine), 1942

Folder 5

Rumen, John N., 1942

Folder 6

U.S. Army. Forces in the Far East, 1942-1943

Folder 7

U.S. Army Air Forces. 10th Air Force, 1942-1943

Folder 8

U.S. Army Air Forces. Air Transport Command, 1943

Folder 9

U.S. Army Air Forces. China Air Task Force. Communications Officer, 1943

Folder 10

U.S. Army Air Forces. China Air Task Force. Secretary to the Commanding General, 1942-1943

Folder 11

U.S. President. Administrative Assistant, 1942

Folder 12

U.S. War Department, 1942

Folder 13

Yu-pin, Bishop Paul, 1942

Folder 14

Subject file, 1942-1943

 

Aerial operations. Radiograms, and memoranda, 1942-1943

Folder 15

Flying Tigers (Organization of veterans of the American Volunteer Group) Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, and miscellany, 1942-1943

Folder 16

Military offenses. Letter, 1943

Box 8-10

U.S. ARMY AIR FORCES. 14TH AIR FORCE, 1943-1945

Scope and Contents note

Office file of Claire Chennault as Commanding General of the 14th Air Force, March 1943-August 1945. Correspondence, memoranda, plans, and reports, arranged alphabetically by form.
Box 8

Correspondence, 1943-1945

Folder 17

All-China Comforting Association, 1943-1945

Folder 18

Allied Forces. Southeast Asia Command, 1943-1944

Folder 19

American Broadcasting Company, 1945

Folder 20

American Church Mission. West China Office, 1945

Folder 21

Brown, Raymond R., 1943

Folder 22

China. Air Force. 5th Route Air Force, 1943-1945

Folder 23

China. Army, 1943-1945

Folder 24

China. Commission on Aeronautical Affairs, 1943-1945

Folder 25

China. Ministry of Communications, 1943

Folder 26

China. Ministry of Finance, 1944-1945

Folder 27

China. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1944

Folder 28

China. Ministry of Information, 1945

Folder 29

China. Ministry of Training, 1945

Folder 30

China. National Military Council, 1943-1945

Folder 31

France. Consulat, Kunming, China, 1945

Folder 32

Freemasons. Grand Lodge of Texas, 1945

Folder 33

Glendale, California. City Clerk, 1944

Folder 34

Great Britain. Army. Aid Group, Kunming, China, 1945

Folder 35

Great Britain. Embassy (China), 1944-1945

Folder 36

Great Britain. Joint Staff Mission, 1943

Folder 37

Great Britain. Royal Air Force, 1943-1944

Folder 38

Hughes, Louie, 1944

Folder 39

India. Viceroy, 1945

Folder 40

Kunming, China. Catholic Church, 1945

Folder 41

Lodge, Henry Cabot, Jr., 1943

Folder 42

Mahony, Edith, 1943

Folder 43

Noe, James A., 1943-1944

Folder 44

People's Foreign Relations Association of China, 1945

Folder 45

U.S. Army. Forces in the Far East, 1943-1945

Folder 46

U.S. Army Air Forces. 5th Air Force, 1944

Folder 47

U.S. Army Air Forces. 14th Air Force. Chinese American Composite Wing, 1945

Folder 48

U.S. Army Air Forces. 14th Air Force. 68th Composite Wing, 1943-1944

Folder 49

U.S. Army Air Forces. 8th Air Support Command, 1943

Folder 50

U.S. Army Air Forces. 12th Air Support Command, 1944

Folder 51

U.S. Army Air Forces. Assistant Chief of Staff, Personnel, 1943-1944

Folder 52

U.S. Army Air Forces. Assistant Chief of Staff, Plans, 1944

Folder 53

U.S. Army Air Forces. Commanding General, 1943-1945

Folder 54

U.S. Consulate, Kunming, China, 1943

Folder 55

U.S. Department of State, 1944

Folder 56

U.S. Federal Economic Administration, 1944

Folder 57

U.S. Joint Intelligence Staff, 1945

Folder 58

U.S. Navy Department, 1945

Folder 59

U.S. Observer Mission to Yenan, 1944

Folder 60

U.S. War Department, 1943-1945

Folder 61

Vaughan, Guy W., 1943

Folder 62

Yunnan, China. Governor, 1945

Box 9, Folder 1

Subject file, 1943-1945

 

Aerial operations. Correspondence, memoranda, plans, maps, and notes, 1943-1945

Folder 2

Airlift, Military. Memoranda, lists, and notes, 1943-1945

Folder 3

China. Air Force. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, plans, and lists, 1943-1945

Folder 4

China. Army. Y-Force. Memoranda, radiograms, and maps, 1943-1944

Folder 5

Flying Tigers (Organization of veterans of the American Volunteer Group) Correspondence, memoranda, lists, and minutes, 1943-1945

Folder 6

Logistics. Report, 1945

Folder 7

Military intelligence. Correspondence, memoranda, reports, and printed matter, 1943-1944

Folder 8

Military offenses. Correspondence, radiograms, depositions, testimony, and memoranda, 1945

Folder 9

Military supplies. Correspondence, radiograms, memoranda, plans, and lists, 1943-1944

Folder 10

Organization. Radiogram, orders, plans, notes, and press release, 1945

Folder 11

Parachute troops. Radiograms, memoranda, and charts, 1943

Folder 12

Security classification. Manual, 1943

Box 10, Folder 1

Transportation. Correspondence, radiograms, report, memoranda, and map, 1943-1944

Box 10-12

POSTWAR PERIOD, 1945-1967

Scope and Contents note

Papers of Claire Chennault after the end of World War II. Correspondence, speeches and writings, memoranda, and printed matter, arranged alphabetically by form.
Box 10

Correspondence, 1948-1951

Folder 2

American Bureau for Medical Aid to China, 1949

Folder 3

American China Policy Association, 1949

Folder 4

Bullitt, William C., 1948

Folder 5

Chen, Che-tang, 1949

Folder 6

China. Embassy (U.S.), 1949

Folder 7

China. Inspectorate General of Customs, 1948

Folder 8

China. President, 1949

Folder 9

Dickerson, Wayne R., 1949

Folder 10

Fox, Charles R., 1949

Folder 11

Harbison, William Albert, 1949

Folder 12

Harris, Hendon M., 1949

Folder 13

Heston, L.G., 1949

Folder 14

Hoover, Herbert, 1949

Folder 15

Hull, Cordell, 1949

Folder 16

Johnson, Burton H., 1949

Folder 17

Kansu, China. Governor, 1949

Folder 18

Knowland, William F., 1949-1951

Folder 19

Kwangtung, China. Governor, 1949

Folder 20

Lippmann, Walter, 1949

Folder 21

Moy, Ernest K., 1948

Folder 22

National Agricultural Engineering Corporation, 1948

Folder 23

Noe, James A., 1949

Folder 24

North Western Industrial Company, 1948

Folder 25

Stout, James M., 1949

Folder 26

U.S. Congress, 1948-1949

Folder 27

U.S. Department of Defense, 1949

Folder 28

U.S. Department of State, 1949

Folder 29

U.S. Department of the Treasury, 1949

Folder 30

U.S. Economic Cooperation Administration. Mission to China, 1948-1949

Folder 31

U.S. National Security Council, 1949

Folder 32

U.S. Vice President, 1949

Folder 33

Vinson, Fred M., 1949

Folder 34

Speeches and writings, 1945-1954

 

Interview on American Volunteer Group, Typewritten transcript n.d.

Folder 35

Speech on American Volunteer Group, Typescript n.d.

Folder 36

Speech on atomic warfare, Typescript n.d.

Folder 37

Miscellaneous speeches, Correspondence, contracts, programs, and notes, 1945-1951. 1945-1951

Folder 38

Speech, China Friendship Day, New York City, Holograph, typescript, and programs, October 10, 1945. 1945

Folder 39

Speech on postwar reconstruction of China, New York City, Holograph, and typescript October 29, 1945.

Folder 40

Speech, Victory Bond rally, Monroe, Louisiana, Typescript December 8, 1945.

Folder 41

Statement on independence of the Philippine Islands, Typescript June 22, 1946.

Folder 42

United States Aid to the National Government of China, Typescript 1948?

Folder 43

United States Can Stamp Out the Threat of War, Washington Daily News, Printed copy February 2, 1948.

Folder 44

Testimony, Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives, Holograph, typescript, mimeographed copy, and correspondence, March 10, 1948. 1948

Folder 45

Radio broadcast, Army Day, Typescript April 6, 1948.

Folder 46

Statement, Appropriations Committee, U.S. Senate, Typescript April 20, 1948.

Folder 47

Statement on China, Typescript 1949?

Box 11, Folder 1

Way of a Fighter, Correspondence, reviews, miscellany, and reprint of foreword, 1949. 1949

Folder 2

Speech, 14th Air Force Day, Canton, China, Typescript, and letter, March 10, 1949. 1949

Folder 3

Red Cloud over China, America, Printed copy March 19, 1949.

Folder 4

Testimony, Joint Committee on Foreign Economic Cooperation, U.S. Congress, Mimeographed copy, and correspondence, May 3, 1949. 1949

Folder 5

Last Call for China, Life, Typescript, printed copy, and correspondence, July 11, 1949. 1949

Folder 6

Radio interview on China, Typewritten transcript July 31, 1949.

Folder 7

Holding Communism in the Far East, Typescript, and correspondence, 1950. 1950

Folder 8

U.S. Anti-Communist Program in Far East, Typescript 1950?

Folder 9

Interview, Courtroom of the Air (radio program), Typewritten transcript, and letter, September 26, 1950. 1950

Folder 10

What Should Be Our Policy in Asia Now? America's Town Hall Meeting of the Air (radio program), Typescript, and correspondence, November 21, 1950. 1950

Folder 11

The Dilemma of the Red Chinese, Typescript March 13, 1951.

Folder 12

Chennault Urges U.S. to Back Chiang's Forces to Stop Reds, New York Herald Tribune, Printed copy March 26, 1951.

Folder 13

Chiang's Troops Called Able to Seize Mainland if Provided with U.S. Arms, New York Herald Tribune, Printed copy March 27, 1951.

Folder 14

Chiang Air Force Well Trained, Eager to Fight, New York Herald Tribune, Printed copy March 28, 1951.

Folder 15

Chiang's Sailors and Marines Praised for Spirit and Training, New York Herald Tribune, Printed copy March 29, 1951.

Folder 16

1,600,000 Anti-Red Guerrillas Reported Active in China Proper, New York Herald Tribune, Printed copy March 30, 1951.

Folder 17

Chiang Says World Peace Hinges on Total Defeat of Communism, New York Herald Tribune, Printed copy April 1, 1951.

Folder 18

Statement on removal of General Douglas MacArthur, Mimeographed copy, and letter, April 8, 1951. 1951

Folder 19

The Korean Dilemma, Typescript, and correspondence, May 21, 1951. 1951

Folder 20

Statement on proposed invasion of China, Typescript, and correspondence, November 22, 1952. 1952-1953

Folder 21

The Flying Tigers Can Do It Again, Look, Printed condensation September 7, 1954.

Folder 22

Subject file, 1945-1967

 

China - History - Civil War, Memoranda, and miscellany, 1945-1949. 1949

Folder 23

Civil Air Transport, Inc.

 

Correspondence, 1950-1952

 

General, 1950-1952

Folder 24-25

U.S. Congress, 1950-1952

Folder 26

Miscellany. Statements, resolutions, memoranda, notes, press releases, news dispatches, and printed matter, 1950-1952

Folder 27

Flying Tigers (Organization of veterans of the American Volunteer Group)

 

Correspondence, 1945-1959

Folder 28

Miscellany. Pamphlets, brochures, bulletin, press releases, notices, and lists, 1945-1967

Box 12, Folder 1

Fourteenth Air Force Association (Organization of veterans of the U.S. 14th Air Force)

 

Correspondence, 1947-1958

Folder 2

Miscellany. Bulletins, lists, financial statement, and programs, 1948-1960

Folder 3-4

International Volunteer Group (Proposed) Correspondence, 1954

Folder 5

Sentner, David P. Correspondence, 1949

Folder 6

U.S. - Foreign relations - China. Memoranda, testimony, and printed matter, 1947-1949

Box 12

DECLASSIFIED RECORDS 1941-1949 (bulk 1941-1942)

Scope and Contents note

Formerly security-classified records of the U.S. and British governments. Includes some interfiled unclassified records. Arranged chronologically by date of release by Hoover
Box 12

2011 July release of records 1941-1949

Box/Folder 12 : 7

U.S. War Department 1941-1944

Box/Folder 12 : 8

U.S. Department of State 1941-1949

Box/Folder 12 : 9

British 1941-1945

Box/Folder 12 : 10

Republic of China 1941-1948

Box/Folder 12 : 11

Miscellany 1941-1949

Scope and Contents note

Includes U.S. Congress, China Defense Supplies, and General Motors Corporation material
Box 13-14

CARD FILE, n.d.

Scope and Contents note

Personnel cards for members of the American Volunteer Group, arranged alphabetically by form. China. Air Force. American Volunteer Group - Personnel
Box 13

Duty record cards

Box 14

Information data cards

Photo file

PHOTOGRAPHS

Envelope A

Aerial photographs of the Kunming area of China taken by the U.S. 14th Air Force during World War II, August 1943. 3 prints.

Envelope B

Photographs of Claire Chennault depicting him in various locations in China and the United States, circa 1940-1948. 7 prints.

Envelope C

20 prints of Claire Lee Chennault, alone and with others, 1943-1945