This collection contains the papers of George H. Dole (1842-1912) of Hawaii and California, and chiefly consists
of family correspondence discussing life in Hawaii, travel in the 1870s, and churchgoing,
as well as some correspondence from Riverside, California, in the 1890s. The collection also contains Hawaiian school essays
chiefly by Dole.
George H. Dole (1842-1912) was born in 1842 in Punahou, Hawaii; his brother, Sanford B. (Sanford
Ballard) Dole, 1844-1926, also born in Hawaii, became President of the Provisional
Government of Hawaii in 1893, President of the Hawaiian Republic in 1894, and in 1900 was
appointed the first Governor of the Territory of Hawaii. George and Sanford's parents,
Daniel and Emily Dole, came to Hawaii from Maine as missionaries in 1841. The Doles first
lived in Punahou, where they opened a school for children. Emily Dole died shortly after
Sanford's birth and two years later, in 1846, Daniel married Charlotte Close Knapp, a
fellow missionary in Hawaii. In 1855 the Dole family moved to the island of Kauai and
opened a school in Koloa. George and Sanford attended the Koloa School and in 1864, at
the age of 22, George left to travel in America. In 1867, after returning to Hawaii,
George married Clara Rowell and began employment on several sugar plantations, including
the Koloa, Kealia and the Kapaa plantations. In 1889, George, his wife, and their twelve
children (a thirteenth child was born in 1890) moved to Riverside, California. George
worked for the Riverside Naval Orange Company and various insurance agencies. In 1900
George invested money in the Minnehaha Oil Company located in Bakersfield, California.
George H. Dole died in California in 1912.
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