Title: Wladyslaw Anders Collection,
Date (inclusive): 1939-1946
Collection Number: 46004
Anders, Wladyslaw, 1892-1970
92 manuscript boxes, 17 card file boxes, 1 oversize box
(44 linear feet)
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Orders, reports, card files, questionnaires, accounts, Soviet government documents and
publications, photographs, microfiche, and printed matter, relating to World War II, the
Polish Armed Forces in Russia, the Polish 2d Corps in Italy, Polish citizens arrested and
deported under German and Soviet occupation, Polish foreign relations, the Polish
government-in-exile in London, and Polish Jews. A digital copy of this entire collection is available at
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Collection is open for research.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
Alternative Form Available
Also available on microfilm (130 reels).
[Identification of item], Wladyslaw Anders collection, [Box number], Hoover Institution
Poland. Polskie Sily Zbrojne. Armia polska na Wschodzie.
Poland. Polskie Sily Zbrojne. Armia polska w ZSSR.
Poland. Polskie Sily Zbrojne. Korpus, 2.
Soviet Union. Narodnyi komissariat vnutrennikh del.
Concentration camps--Soviet Union.
Forced labor--Soviet Union.
World War, 1939-1945.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Italy.
World War, 1939-1945--Deportations from Poland.
World War, 1939-1945--Poland.
World War, 1939-1945--Soviet Union.
The Wladyslaw Anders Collection is the core of the 1946 archival deposit to the Hoover
Institution made by General Wladyslaw Anders, the Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Armed
Forces. The collection is composed mostly of the archives of the Documents Bureau of the
2nd Polish Corps. The Bureau was established by General Anders in April 1943 to collect
documentation on the 1939-1941 Soviet occupation of Eastern Poland, and the fate of the
hundreds of thousands of Polish prisoners of war, labor camp inmates, and deportees, as
well as to prepare materials in support of the Polish cause for the future peace
The collection contains over 18,000 original personal accounts and questionnaires of
former prisoners and deportees, some documents dating back to 1941, most completed later,
shortly after the 1942 evacuation from the Soviet Union. The materials were once filed in
one sequence numbered 1 to 18,304. Later the file was broken into two sections, one
labeled as "Relacje" and the other as "Ankiety", translated loosely as "Statements" and
"Reports" in the present Hoover register, but with the old numeration retained. The
highest number of the "Reports" file is 15,714, and the highest number in the "Satements"
file is 18,304. The "Statements" and the "Reports" files are complementary, with numbers
which are lacking in one file found in the other. The documents have an alphabetical card
index, occupying the first 34 boxes of the Anders Collection, comprised of over 18,000
cards, listing the name, brief biographical data, and the corresponding personal account
or questionnaire number. The 18,000 plus documents contained in the next 33 boxes of the
Anders Collection (boxes 35-68) represent a variety of formats. Two questionnaires, one
shorter, page-long ten point form, and the second, a four-page questionnaire, were
commonly used. There were also specialized questionnaires -for the clergy, for Jews, one
about working conditions, etc. Some less typical materials, such as general situation
reports, regional compilations, and memoirs, are also numbered with "Reports" and the
"Statements". The personal accounts and questionnaires of the Anders Collection have a
detailed subject index with about 250 entries on cards (boxes 89-92). There is also a
card index (boxes 93-107) of several thousand names of people who died in prisons and
labor camps or who were probably left behind after the 1942 evacuation to Iran.
Additionally, the index includes the names of suspected collaborators and of Soviet camp
and prison personnel. Besides the original accounts and questionnaires and the card
indexes, the Anders Collection includes a large number of internal documents and reports
collected or produced by the Documents Bureau (boxes 68-81). Finally, the Anders
Collection is supplemented by materials generated by a 1951-1952 U.S. Government study of
Soviet labor camps. During that time, with the permission of General Anders, the entire
Anders Collection and some files of the Poland-Ambasada (Soviet Union) Collection, were
loaned to the Library of Congress. In exchange, the Hoover Institution received copies of
the resulting works -nearly 1,300 English language abstracts of the personal accounts
from the Anders Collection (boxes 81-87), card indexes on the geography and terminology
of the Soviet camp system (boxes 108-109), and a final report of the study.
Two other Hoover Institution collections include original depositions of Polish soldiers
and civilians, former prisoners and deportees in the Soviet Union. These are the
Poland-Ministerstwo Informacji i Dokumentacji Collection, and the Poland-Ambasada (Soviet
Union) Collection. Most of the holdings of the Documents Bureau were filmed in 1945-1946
in Italy, before the transfer of the archives to the Hoover Institution. These microfilms
are now part of the Col. Wincenty Bakiewicz Collection in the Archives of the Polish
Institute and the Sikorski Museum in London. The personal papers of General Anders are
also at the Polish Institute.
||Served in the Polish-Russian War
||General Officer Commanding Ind. Cavalry Brigade
||Taken prisoner by the Soviet Army and released
||Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Armed Forces in the USSR
||Commander-in-Chief of the Polish 2nd Corps in Italy