Inventory of the Crawford F. Sams papers

Finding aid prepared by Helena Ong
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
hooverarchives@stanford.edu
© 1998, 2017


Title: Crawford F. Sams papers
Date (inclusive): 1915-1978
Collection Number: 79066
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English, Japanese, and German
Physical Description: 15 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box, 11 envelopes, 1 oversize folder (8.3 linear feet)
Abstract: The Crawford F. Sams papers contain correspondence, orders, speeches and writings, research data, printed matter, certificates, and photographs relating to American military medical activities in the Middle East during World War II, American military medical activities in the Korean War, Allied public health activities in occupied Japan, and scientific research on the effects of radiation.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Sams, Crawford F.

Access

Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Crawford F. Sams papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1979.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Biographical Note

1902 April 1 Born, East St. Louis, Illinois
1922 January Enlisted as private in 159th Infantry, California National Guard
1924 December Army Medical Postgraduate School, Walter Reed
1925 Graduated, Field Artillery School at Fort Sill
  B.S. Psychology, University of California Berkeley
1927 M.S. Neurology, Washington University of St. Louis
1929 M.D., Washington University of St. Louis
  Assistant radiologist, Letterman General Hospital
1932 Instructor, Medical Field Service, Carlisle, Pennsylvania
1934 Director of Department, Medical Field Service, Carlisle
1937 Assistant Department Surgeon, Department of U.S. Army, Panama Canal
1939 Medical Instructor, Infantry School, Fort Benning, Columbus, Georgia
1941 Chief Surgeon, United States Army Forces in the Middle East (USAFIME), Cairo, Egypt
1944 Chief of Research and Development, War Department General Staff, Washington D.C.
1945 Chief of Public Health and Welfare Section of the General Headquarters, Supreme Command Allied Powers, U.S. Army, Japan
1946-1951 Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, Japan
1950 Chief of Public Health and Welfare Section, General Headquarters, Supreme Commander Allied Power for Japan, Tokyo, Japan
1951-1953 Member, Army Medical Board
1954-1955 Member, Special Board for the Army Surgeon General
1955 Retired from military
  Research physician, University of California Berkeley Operations Research Center and University of California San Francisco Department of Neurology
1962 Research physician and professor, University of California Berkeley
1961-1963 Medical Director, Institute of Medical Physics, University of California Berkeley
1994 December 2 Died

Scope and Contents

The Crawford F. Sams papers contain correspondence, orders, speeches and writings, research data, printed matter, certificates, and photographs relating to American military medical activities in the Middle East during World War II, American military medical activities in the Korean War, Allied public health activities in occupied Japan, and scientific research on the effects of radiation.
Original folder titles and arrangement were maintained. Unless otherwise noted, Sams is the author of writings within the collection. Materials in boxes 9 to 15 relate to Sams' radiation research.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

United States. Army--Officers.
United States. Army Medical Service.
Korean War, 1950-1953--Medical care.
Medicine, Military--United States.
Public health--Japan.
Radiation.
World War, 1939-1945--Medical care.
World War, 1939-1945--Middle East.
Japan--History--Allied occupation, 1945-1952.

Box/Folder 1 : 1-6

"Medic," autobiography of Crawford F. Sams, undated

Box/Folder 2 : 1-3

Military record, 1923-1966

Box/Folder 2 : 4

Military file, 1953 May

Box/Folder 2 : 5

Retirement, 1955

Box/Folder 2 : 6

News clippings, 1939-1955

Box/Folder 2 : 7

"The Impact of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on Military Medical Operations," 1957

Box/Folder 2 : 8

"The Contribution of General Crawford F. Sams to the Occupation of Japan, 1945-1951," Ann Crusa Wyman, M.A. thesis, 1975 May

Box/Folder 2 : 9

Printed matter and clippings relating to Brookhaven National Laboratory, 1960-1961

Box/Folder 3 : 1-2

Miscellaneous, 1953-1955

Box/Folder 3 : 3

Printed matter and clippings on public health activities in Japan, 1946-1955

Box/Folder 3 : 4

Press releases, 1953-1955

Box/Folder 3 : 5

Russia Institute notes, 1965

Box/Folder 3 : 6

"The Middle East Countries," 1960-1962

Scope and Contents note

A section of a U.S. Army Medical Service history of medical activities in World War II.
Box/Folder 3 : 7

Speeches and papers, 1953-1955

Box/Folder 3 : 8

"Are We Using All Our Weapons Against Tuberculosis?," Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation, 1954

Box/Folder 3 : 9

Address given at the dedication program, 1960 January

Box/Folder 3 : 10

Requests for reprints, "Experiences in Immunization Against TB with BCG Vaccines in Japan," 1951-1955

Box/Folder 4: 1-4

Personal file, 1943 August - 1952 October

Box/Folder 4 : 5

Biographical sketch, 1952-1973

Box/Folder 4 : 6-7

Korean episode, 1951-1959

Box/Folder 5 : 1-7

Personal file, 1952 November - 1954 March

Box/Folder 6 : 1-6

Personal file, 1954 April - 1955 July

Box/Folder 6 : 7

"Views and Recommendations Concerning Military and Civilian Planning in Time of Total War," 1954

Box/Folder 7 : 1-11

Personal files, 1955-1978

Box 8

Public Health and Welfare in Japan, 1948-1952

Scope and Contents note

Series of printed reports issued by Public Health and Welfare Section, General Headquarters, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers.
Box/Folder 9 : 1

International Congress of Neurology, Vienna: "Correlation of Cation Activity with Electrophysiologic Response of CNS to Low Level Radiation," 1965 September

Box/Folder 9 : 2-3

Final report, Part III: Time series, 1963-1965

Box/Folder 9 : 4-6

Research, records, and notes, 1966-1967

Box/Folder 9 : 7

Final report, Part IV: Sleep, 1966

Box/Folder 10 : 1

Final report, Part VII: Equilibrium model, 1963-1965

Box/Folder 10 : 2

Family shelter, 1960 November

Box/Folder 10 : 3

Paper for Acta Radiologicum (New York Symposium), Sams, Endo, Aird, et al.: "Function Response of CNS of Dogs to Low Level Radiation," 1964 September

Box/Folder 10 : 4

Sams, C. F.: Epilepsy Symposium, Western Societies of Neurological Sciences, 1966 March

Box/Folder 10 : 5

Sams, et al.: 200 word and 1000 word abstract for American Neurological Association (Atlantic City, NJ), 1964 June

Box/Folder 10 : 6

International Symposium at California Institute of Technology, 1965 June

Box/Folder 10 : 7

Brain research: "Potassium, Sodium Ion Estimates in a Closed Vivo System Using Glass Electrodes," 1966

Box/Folder 10 : 8-9

Sams and Aird, American Electroencephalographic Society (Boston): "Spectral Analysis of Electrophysiological Response of CNS to Low Level Radiation -- and Its Significance," 1965 June

Box/Folder 11 : 1

"Fallout Radiation," 1961 January

Box/Folder 11 : 2-6

Final report - research project, "Central Nervous System Response to Low Level X-Irradiation," USPH Contract 86-262-160, 1965 July

Box/Folder 11 : 7-8

"The Relationship of Acute and Delayed Effects and a Suggested Method of Treatment," 1957 May

Box/Folder 11 : 9

"Central Nervous System Response to Low Level X-Irradiation" and "Application of Mathematical and Computer Techniques to Complex Biological Systems," 1967 October

Box/Folder 12 : 1

Radiation references, 1956-1966

Box/Folder 12 : 2

EXP 98, 1967 March

Box/Folder 12 : 3

Cation graphs, 1966-1967

Box/Folder 12 : 4

Publications of Dr. Robert Aird, 1948-1962

Box/Folder 12 : 5

Sams, C. F. bibliography, undated

Box/Folder 12 : 6

Correspondence with Lockheed, 1964-1967

Box/Folder 12 : 7

Radiation notes, Hawkins, undated

Box/Folder 12 : 8

Federal contract #PH-62-160: "Studies of the Action of Ionizing Radiation in the Production of Acute Latent Effects in Animals and Humans," 1963 June - 1964 June

Box/Folder 12 : 9

Proposal for epilepsy, 1965

Box/Folder 12 : 10

Computer at UCSF and UC Berkeley, 1966

Box/Folder 12 : 11

Proposal for Atomic Energy Commission, 1966

Box/Folder 12 : 12

Proposal for NASA behavior, undated

Box/Folder 12 : 13

Proposal for National Institute of Neurological Disease and Blindness, 1965

Box/Folder 12 : 14

Contract #PH 86-62-162, "Central Nervous System Response to Low Level Radiation," 1959-1962

Box/Folder 12 : 15

Dr. J. B. Drori's proposal, undated

Box/Folder 13 : 1

Renewal request: United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare -- CNS Low Level Radiation, Sams, 1964 June - 1965 June

Box/Folder 13 : 2

General correspondence, 1966

Box/Folder 13 : 3-4

"Central Nervous System Response to Low Level Radiation," 1965 July

Box/Folder 13 : 5

"Central Nervous System Response to Low Level X-Irradiation" and "Application of Mathematical and Computer Techniques to Complex Biological Systems," 1967 October

Box/Folder 13 : 6

"Fallout Radiation," 1961 January

Box/Folder 13 : 7

"Central Nervous System Response to Low Level X-Irradiation," United States Department of Health, Education, and Wellness, 1965 December

Box/Folder 13 : 8

Proposal for biomathematics, 1966

Box/Folder 13 : 9

"Air Pollution on the Engineering Field Station," 1957

Box/Folder 13 : 10

Biomathematics progress report, 1962

Box/Folder 13 : 11

Biomathematics cation data, 1965-1966

Box/Folder 13 : 12

Electrode calibrations, 1966-1967

Box/Folder 13 : 13

Final report, Part VI: Cation activity, 1963-1964

Box/Folder 13 : 14

"Some Effects of Radiation on Aging" and "Biomedical Effects of Radiation Covering the Period August 31, 1959 - January 31, 1960," undated

Box/Folder 13 : 15

Speech on "Nuclear Fallout Shelters," 1960

Box/Folder 14 : 1

Proposal for biomathematical research group, 1962

Box/Folder 14 : 2

Data on Trupino, EXP 63, EXP 67, undated

Box/Folder 14 : 3

Progress report, 1963 January - March

Box/Folder 14 : 4

Progress report, 1962 July - September

Box/Folder 14 : 5

Progress report, 1962 October - December

Box/Folder 14 : 6

Final report, Part IX: Metabolism PO2- Glucose, SH-, 1963-1964

Box/Folder 14 : 7

Final report, Part VIII: Perfusions, Na K Ca, 1961-1962

Box/Folder 14 : 8

Supplement request: United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare -- CNS Low Level Radiation, Sams, 1964 January

Box/Folder 14 : 9

Quarterly report, 1964 July - September

Box/Folder 14 : 10

Progress report, 1964 January - March

Box/Folder 14 : 11

Progress report, 1963 October - December

Box/Folder 14 : 12

Progress report, 1963 July - September

Box/Folder 14 : 13

Calibration notes, 1964

Box/Folder 14 : 14

Final report, Part I: General, 1963

Box/Folder 14 : 15

Electrode calibrations Na, 1966-1967

Box/Folder 14 : 16

Electrode calibrations K, 1966-1967

Box/Folder 14 : 17

Final report, Part V: Mechanisms electrodes, 1962-1964

Box/Folder 14 : 18

Rand Symposium, 1963

Box/Folder 14 : 19

UCLA Symposium: "Electrophysiological Changes of the Central Nervous System in response to Low Level Radiation," 1963 August

Box/Folder 14 : 20-21

Report, 1965

Box/Folder 15 : 1

Proposal for "Central Nervous System Response to Low Level X-Irradiation," 1965 June

Box/Folder 15 : 2

"To Determine the Relationship of Acute and Delayed Effects of External Radiation, and the Suggested Method of Treatment," 1957 August

Box/Folder 15 : 3

Reports on radiation, 1946-1959

Box/Folder 15 : 4

"Contributions Toward a Mathematical Model of the Human System -- I: The Respiratory System," 1959 September

Box/Folder 15 : 5

Medical center (proposal), National Institute of Health, 1959

Box/Folder 15 : 6-7

Rand Corporation, 1957-1961

Box/Folder 15 : 8

National Institute of Health - Operations Research Center, 1961-1967

Box/Folder 15 : 9

American Association for the Advancement of Science (Biometrics), 1959-1960

Box/Folder 15 : 10

Western branch of American Public Health Association Health Mobilization Committee, 1960-1961

Box/Folder 15 : 11

California hearings, 1955-1960

Box/Folder 16 : 1-2

Certificates, 1915-1971

Box 16

Charts of public health statistics in Japan, undated

Box 16

Yasuyori Tamba, Ishimpo, collotyped copy of section of oldest surviving Japanese medical text (984 A.D.), undated

Envelope A

175 prints of people and scenes in the Middle East, 1942-1943

Envelope m*B

9 prints of groups of U.S. Army officers, and 2 prints of Crawford Sams, civilians, and medical scenes in occupied Japan, 1922-1937

Envelopes C-D

116 prints of soldiers, civilians, and military and medical scenes in the Panama Canal Zone before World War II, and in the U.S. and occupied Japan after the war, undated

Envelopes E-K, mL

619 prints of people, street scenes, and military and medical scenes in occupied Japan after World War II, undated