Register of the Georges Scapini Papers, 1928-1976

Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 1999
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the Georges Scapini Papers, 1928-1976

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
Prepared by:
Linda Bernard
Date Completed:
December 1979
© 1999 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Georges Scapini Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1928-1976
Collection number: 78011
Creator: Scapini, Georges, 1893-1976
Collection Size: 27 manuscript boxes, 2 album boxes 13.1 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, reports, writings, legal documents, printed matter, and photographs, relating to French politics, French prisoners of war in Germany during World War II, and the trial of Georges Scapini as a Nazi collaborator, 1952
Language: French.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

Literary rights held by Lucie Marie Scapini, Jean-Marie Scapini, and Francois-Marie Scapini

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Georges Scapini Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1978.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Access Points

Prisoners of war
War crime trials
World War, 1939-1945
World War, 1939-1945--Collaborationists
World War, 1939-1945--France
World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons
France
France--Foreign relations--Germany
France--History--German occupation, 1940-1945
France--Politics and government--1914-1940
Germany
Germany--Foreign relations--France
Diplomats--France

Biographical Note

Georges Scapini

1893, October 4 Born in Paris, France
1914-1918 Wounded in combat, lost eyesight
1928-1940 Deputy, National Assembly
1940-1944 Ambassador to Germany, Chief of the Diplomatic Service for Prisoners of War
1944, December Arrested by the German authorities, having refused to serve the French government in Sigmaringen, Germany
1945, May Incarcerated by the French authorities for intelligence with the enemy; released after 10 months
1949 Tried in absentia; sentenced to 5 years of hard labor
1952 Tried by a military tribunal; acquitted
1960 Author, Mission sans Gloire
  1928, L'apprentissage de la nuit 1928, A Challenge to Darkness
  1929 Translated with an Introduction by Helen Keller
1976, March 25 Died in Cannes, France

Series Description

Box Box No. 1.

Correspondence, 1934-1976.

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent.
Box Box No. 1.

Speeches and Writings, 1936-1960.

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by title.
Box Box No. 2-23.

Subject File, 1928-1976.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, legal documents, memoranda, minutes of meetings, notes, printed matter, reports, studies, arranged alphabetically by topic.
Box Box No. 24.

Printed Matter, 1941-1948.

Scope and Content Note

Newspapers
Box fA-B.

Audio-Visual File, 1940-1944. Albums of photographs

Box Box No. 25-27

1981 Increment

Container List

 

Correspondence, 1934-1976

Box 1

General, 1940-1964

 

Unidentified, n.d.

 

Abetz, Otto, 1934-1941

 

Anderson, Paul B., 1941

 

L'Assistance Publique (Public Relief Administration), Paris, 1942

 

Berthon, André, 1953

 

Borotra, Jean, 1976

 

Bridoux, General, 1944

 

Brinon, Ferdinand de, 1941-1944

 

Brissaud, André

 

Cabinet du Maréchal Pétain (Office of Marshal Pétain), 1941-1944

 

Ciret, René and Alice, 1942

 

Consulate of Sweden, Paris, n.d.

 

Darlan, Admiral, 1941

 

Demaria, 1940

 

Dobler, Jean, 1937

 

Duveau, Maurice, 1941

 

L'Estoile, Maurice de, 1952

 

Eugène, Michel, 1941

 

Fayard, Jean, 1938

 

Le Figaro, Paris, 1960

 

Genevoix, René and Maurice, 1970

 

German Embassy, Paris, 1940-1942

 

Gaumont Raymond, Mrs. I, 1940

 

Gil de Lobo, María Fca., 1971

 

Giot, J., 1950

 

Humann, Colonel von, 1941-1943

 

Huntziger, General, 1940-1941

 

Jourdain, M., 1939

 

Kagen, D., 1940

 

Lafaye, Louis, 1953

 

Laureux, Marguerite, 1950-1975

 

Laureux, Pierre, 1948-1962

 

Laval, Pierre, 1940-1944

 

Lyautey, Mrs., 1943

 

Merle, Renée, 1946

 

Ministère des Affaires Etrangères, Paris (Ministry of Foreign Relations), 1949-1959

 

Mouttel, Countess Auguste de, 1940

 

Nosek, 1940-1943

 

Patterson, Jefferson, 1940

 

Pétain, Marshal, 1940-1944

 

Reinecke, General, 1940-1943

 

Renaud, Lévy, 1941

 

Rodhain, Jean, 1946-1949

 

Roehrig, 1941-1943

 

Schleier, Consul General, Paris, 1940-1941

 

Silva, Georges, n.d.

 

Simon, Paul, 1940

 

Tourneur de Marçay, Georgette Le, 1940

 

Turkey, The Ambassador of, Paris, 1946

 

Weiland, Jean, 1940

 

Speeches and Writings, 1936-1960

Box 1

Account of camp inspections, n.d.

Physical Description: One typescript of an article
 

Les Dessous de l'Importation des Viandes (The Seamy Side of Meat Imports), 1939.

Physical Description: One typescript of an essay
 

Mission sans Gloire (Mission without Glory), Paris, 1960

 

Advertisements, reviews

 

CORRESPONDENCE

 

Documents (photocopies) - Appendices of Mission sans Gloire

 

Note sur la Situation Franco-Allemande à la date du 4 Septembre 1938 (Note on the Franco-German situation under date of September 4, 1938), 1938.

Physical Description: One typescript of a memorandum
 

Petite histoire personnelle qui facilite la compréhension d'une période qui s'é tend de 1940 à la fin de la vie, de la mienne tout au moins (Short personal story which helps understand a period of time stretching from 1940 to the end of life, at least of mine), n.d.

Physical Description: One typescript of an essay
 

Remarks, National Assembly, Paris, n.d. One typewritten copy of his comments on the German reoccupation of Rhenany, reprinted in Le Petit Bleu, Paris, March 12, 1936

 

Speech, Annales Coloniales (Colonial Records), n.d. One printed copy of his speech reprinted in the Dépche Coloniale Belge, Bruxelles, February 5, 1938

 

Speech, Dinner given by the Saint-Gobain Company in honor of some employeès released from German camps, November 13, 1941.

Physical Description: One typewritten copy
 

Subject File, 1928-1978

Box 2

L'Aéciste, Paris, August 1970

 

L'Alerte, Nice, 1940-1942

 

Allemagne, Paris, April-May 1949

 

Algeria

 

Ambrière, Francis (Charles-Louis Letellier)

 

Arrivets, Charles

 

The Aulois affair

 

Bergery, Gaston

 

Blum, Léon

 

Boissarie, André

 

Brinon, Ferdinand de

 

Canal Saint-Quentin

 

Chambrun, Josée Laval de

 

Chambrun, René de

 

Churchill, Winston

 

Comité France-Allemagne (France-Germany Committee), 1934-1938

 

Le Crapouillot, Paris, 1968-1974

 

Darlan, Admiral

 

Déat, Marcel

 

Desouches, Jean

 

Devaux, Louis

 

Dewerse, Lucien

 

Duclos, Jacques

 

Faure, Paul

 

Flandin, Pierre-Etienne

 

France

 

Colonialism. De la Nation de cent millions d'hommes à l'Empire de cent millions d'ames, Paris, n.d.

Box 3

Domestic policy

 

General, 1940-1971

 

Communist party

 

Le Front de la Paix (The Peace Front)

 

May 68

 

Socialist party

 

Vichy

 

General

 

Armistice

 

Commission (Wiesbaden)

 

Convention, legal aspects of

 

High Court of Justice, Paris, trial of Vichy officials, 1945

 

Paxton, Robert O., La France de Vichy, 1940-1944, Paris, 1973, including reviews and Scapini's remarks

 

Foreign policy

 

General, 1965-1967

 

Embassy in Berlin. For bombing of November 1943, see also CORRESPONDENCE, Laval

 

Great Britain, 1936-1968

 

Morocco, 1955

 

Soviet-Union. Treaty of 1935

 

Vietnàm, 1947-1949

 

History

 

Garibaldi, Sante

 

Gaulle, Charles de. See also CORRESPONDENCE, Laureux (January 8, 1959) General file

Box 4

Newspaper articles

 

Germany

 

Foreign policy

 

General, 1938

 

France, 1938-1944

 

Great Britain, 1938-1944

 

Soviet-Union. Non-aggression pact of 1939

 

Völkischer Beobachter, Munich, April 9/10, 1944

 

Giraud, General Henri-Honoré

 

Guibert, Lieutenant-Colonel

 

Herriot, Edouard

 

Hitler, Adolf

 

General

 

Interview with Leni Riefenstahl, February 24, 1936

 

Meeting with Mussolini, March 19, 1940

 

Meeting with Scapini, April 15, 1935

 

Speech at the Reichstag, January 30, 1939

 

International affairs, 1938-1960

 

International Committee of the Red Cross

 

Chenevière, Jacques, L'Action de la Croix-Rouge pendant la Guerre (The Activity of the Red Cross during the War), Paris, June 1946

 

Meeting with Scapini, April 21, 1944

 

Reports of camp inspections

Box 5

Isorni, Jacques

 

Jouhaud, General

 

La Journée du 6 Février, Georges Imann, Paris, 1934

 

Juin, General Alphonse. See Le Monde et la Vie

 

Kerillis, Henri de

 

Korean War

 

Lattre de Tassigny, Jean de. See Le Monde et la Vie

 

Laureux, Marguerite - CORRESPONDENCE

 

General (mostly concerning the Stalag IA Association in Bordeaux, France), 1941

 

Mrs. Didelet, 1942-1943

 

Laureux, Pierre. See also Ambrière, Francis; Prisoners of war, French, Camps, Oflag XB, friendly society of, 1947-1948; Prisoners of war, French, Camps, Stalag IA; Prisoners of war, French, Escapes; Prisoners of war, French, Service Diplomatique des Prisonniers de Guerre; Delegation in Berlin, Accounting; Prisoners of war, French, Service Diplomatique des Prisonniers de Guerre, Delegation in Berlin, Final months and end of Scapini's mission; Prisonners of war, German (in France); Rodhain, Jean; Scapini, Georges, Trial, First, 1949

 

CORRESPONDENCE, 1943-1962

 

File on Bernard, Godard and Hélié

 

Légion Tricolore (controversy brought up by Le Front des Barbelés

 

Letters to the editor

 

Message to the prisoners of war, November 23, 1942

 

Miscellaneous

 

Notes on the Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War

 

Obituaries, January 21, 1974

 

Trial, 1945-1946

 

Bibliographical notes for Rault, Laureux's lawyer

 

CORRESPONDENCE

 

with, or of, his family, May-June 1945

 

Rault, 1945-1946

 

Requests of testimonies, and replies (addressed either to Laureux or Virenque, his lawyer), 1945-1946

 

Sympathy and congratulations letters, 1945-1946

 

Virenque, 1946

 

Costs

 

Defense pleas file (including a reply to Durandin's deposition, questions to be asked, etc.)

 

Investigation

 

Answer to the Commission's report

 

Depositions (Charrier, Durandin, Fauchas, Guillaume, Jacomet, Janot, Laureux, Mazet)

Box 6

Legislation regarding collaboration and national indignity

 

Memoranda of his activity at Stablack

 

Miscellaneous

 

Note by Rault for the examining magistrate

 

Officer candidates file (including CORRESPONDENCE with Janot and Jacomet)

 

Press accounts

 

Report to the Minister of War, September 7, 1945

 

Testimonies (letters sent to Virenque)

 

Verdict

 

Laval, Pierre

 

Légion des Volontaires Français (Legion of French Volunteers)

 

Lunebourg - Massacre of nearly 250 prisoners of war, mostly French

 

Man, Henri de

 

Marxism

 

Mauriac, François

 

Minute, Paris, 1968

 

Mitterrand, François

 

Le Monde et la Vie, Paris, February and March 1965

 

Mussolini, Benito

 

Nuremberg trial

 

General

 

Keitel (Scapini's testimony)

 

Reinecke (Scapini's testimony)

Box 7

L'Opinion Indépendante du Sud-Ouest, Agen, 1963-1974

 

Paris Match, Paris, April 1966

 

Pétain, Philippe

 

General

 

Funeral oration by the Cardinal Segura, Spain, August 8, 1951

 

Le Maréchal, Paris, 1965-1974

 

Messages

 

Trial - Revision

 

Trips through France

Box 8

Prisoners of war, French (in Germany)

 

Camps

 

Albums and souvenirs given to Scapini

 

Cultural activities

 

Education

Box 9

Education

 

Food distribution

 

Friendly societies

 

Inspections - Reports

 

General

 

Oflags (officers' camps)

 

Stalags (troups' camps), including Frontstalags

 

Maps of camp locations and miscellaneous figures and statistics

 

Medical and sanitary questions

 

Oflag XB

 

Friendly society of

 

Life in

 

Press. See Cultural activities

 

Propaganda

Box 10

Regulations and living conditions

 

Stalag IA at Stablack (officer candidates' camp)

 

General

 

Association in Bordeaux, France

 

Stalag VC

 

Le Stalag XVIII C Vous Parle, October 1943

 

Stalags 325 (Rawa-Ruska) and 369 (Kobierczyn)

 

Centre d'Entr'Aide aux Etudiants Mobilisés et Prisonniers (Relief Center for Mobilized Students and Prisonners)

 

General

 

Cahier de Documentation de la France d'Outre-Mer, Paris, 1944

 

Premier Cahier de Documentation des Ingénieurs et Cadres, Paris, 1942

 

Chaplaincy

 

Commissariat au Reclassement des Prisonniers de Guerre Rapatriés (Commissioner's Office for the Reemployment of the Repatriated Prisoners of war)

 

Escapes

 

Families in France

 

Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War

 

Bretonnière, Maurice, L'Application de la Convention de Genève aux Prisonniers Français en Allemagne durant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, Paris, May 21, 1949 (thesis)

Box 11

Text, July 27, 1929

 

Guide du Prisonnier, Paris, November 1943

 

Hommes de Confiance (Confidence Men). See also Toute la France, Articles published in

 

General (mostly CORRESPONDENCE with Scapini)

 

2 albums of letters to Scapini (mostly season's greetings)

 

Mémento de l'Homme de Confiance, Stalag II D, 1943

 

Jews

 

Labor

 

General

 

Non-commissioned officers

 

Officers

 

in war factories, including protection against aerial bombings

Box 12

Letters addressed to Scapini, 1940-1943

 

Magazines

 

Ministère des Prisonniers, Déportés et Réfugiés (Ministry of Prisoners, Deported and Refugees)

 

General

 

Bilan d'un Effort, Paris, 1945

 

Mouvement National des Prisonniers de Guerre et des Déportés. Organisation de la Résistance Nationale (National Movement of the Prisoners of War and Deported. Organization of the National Resistance)

 

Officiers-Conseils (Counsel Officers). See also Desouches, Jean

 

Protocole signed between France and Germany regarding prisoners of war, November 16, 1940

 

Red Cross

 

Release of prisoners

 

General

 

German file

 

Reception in France

 

Requests addressed to Scapini (mostly from families). See also Service Diplomatique des Prisonniers de Guerre, File of cases to examine

 

General

Box 13

on health and humanitarian grounds

 

Thank-you letters from prisoners and families under the program called La Relève

Physical Description: (2 folders)
 

Service Diplomatique des Prisonniers de Guerre (Diplomatic Service for Prisoners of War)

 

Administration

 

Delegation in Berlin

 

Accounting - Reports of Laureux

Box 14

CORRESPONDENCE with the Paris Bureau, 1941-1942, including a memorandum entitled Collaboration, June 21, 1941

Physical Description: (3 folders)
 

Final months and end of Scapini's mission

 

Judicial Department

Box 15

Meetings

 

with the Oberkommando of the Wehrmacht, 1940-1944

 

with Reinecke, 1941-1944

Physical Description: (2 folders)
 

File of cases to examine

Physical Description: (2 folders)
Box 16

Paris Bureau

 

Desbons (head) - Report

 

General file

 

Intervention - Nominative list

 

Medical Office - Reports, 1941-1943

 

Memoranda, 1940-1941

 

Notes for Scapini for his camp visits, 1944

 

Press releases

 

General

 

Répertoire des Communiqués Officiels, 1943

Box 17

Survey of the negociations between France and Germany on the subject of prisoners of war, under date of May 1, 1942

 

Vehicles

 

Statistics

 

Veterans

 

General

 

CORRESPONDENCE with Scapini, 1940-1941

 

Post-war reunions, meetings, congresses, etc.

 

Prisoners of War, French (in the Soviet Union)

 

Prisoners of War, French (in Switzerland)

 

Prisoners of War, German (in France and Berlin)

 

Radio broadcasts

 

Religion

 

Rémy, Colonel

 

Rivarol, Paris, 1961-1967

 

Rodhain, Jean. See also CORRESPONDENCE, Laureux, November 25, 1962

 

The Scaffa affair

 

Scapini, Georges

 

Appointments, 1941-1944

 

Assistance to various individuals. See also CORRESPONDENCE, Abetz; Brinon; Cabinet du Maréchal Pétain; Laval; Nosek; Roehrig; Schleier

 

General, 1940-1944

Box 18

Financial, 1941-1945

 

to Jews, 1941-1947

 

Deputy, National Assembly

 

Invitations

 

Miscellaneous

 

Trial

 

First, 1949

 

Appeal

 

CORRESPONDENCE (mostly requests of testimonies), 1947-1949

 

Defense memoranda

 

General

Box 19

General

Physical Description: (3 folders)
 

in answer to the report of the Ministère des Anciens Combattants et Victimes de Guerre (Ministry of Veterans and War Victims); report included

Box 20

Investigation

 

Commission's report

 

Depositions. See also Comité France-Allemagne

 

for the defense

 

for the prosecution

 

Scapini

 

Inventory of documents

 

Request for a suspension introduced by Lamouche, Scapini's lawyer

 

Laureux's papers

 

Press accounts

 

Proceedings

 

Dec. 19 (the President's statement and Mrs. Scapini's deposition)

 

Dec. 20 (indictment and verdict)

 

Prosecution's statement

Box 21

Testimonies

 

General (mostly letters sent to Lamouche)

 

Hommes de Confiance and Officiers-Conseils (letters sent to Druon)

 

Second, 1952

 

CORRESPONDENCE (mostly letters of sympathy and congratulations) 1952

 

Defense memorandum

 

Documents (photocopies)

 

Lamouche's papers

 

Press accounts

Box 22

Proccedings, July 23-24

 

Defense

 

Pleas of lawyers Lamouche and Weil

 

Witnesses

 

Indictment

 

Interrogation of Scapini

 

Prosecution's witnesses

 

Verdict

 

Testimonies (letters sent to Lamouche). See also Garibaldi, Sante

 

Soviet Union

 

General

 

L'U.R.S.S. a son 14e Anniversaire. Faits et Chiffres, Paris, 1932

 

Toute la France, Paris

 

General

 

Articles published in

 

Ukrainians, émigrés

 

Union des Aveugles de Guerre (Association of the Blind from War), 1941-1976

 

United States

 

General

 

Report of Jefferson Patterson, U.S. Embassy, Berlin, 1940

 

Veterans

 

General

 

Comite 1939-1940 (Committee 1939-1940), 1941-1943

 

Parliamentary Group, 1939-1940

 

Weygand, General Maxime. See also Le Monde et la Vie

 

General file

 

Letter from Laureux concerning Scapini, 1950

 

Speech given before the officers of the three branches of the army, Dakar, October 20, 1940

 

World War I

Box 23

World War, 1939-1945

 

Printed Matter, 1941-1948

Box 24

Newspapers

 

1981 Increment

Box 25-27

Additional material on French prisoners of war in German camps