Register of the Georges Scapini Papers, 1928-1976

Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
© 1999
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the Georges Scapini Papers, 1928-1976

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email:
Prepared by:
Linda Bernard
Date Completed:
December 1979
© 1999 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Georges Scapini Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1928-1976
Collection number: 78011
Creator: Scapini, Georges, 1893-1976
Collection Size: 27 manuscript boxes, 2 album boxes 13.1 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, reports, writings, legal documents, printed matter, and photographs, relating to French politics, French prisoners of war in Germany during World War II, and the trial of Georges Scapini as a Nazi collaborator, 1952
Language: French.

Administrative Information


Collection open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

Literary rights held by Lucie Marie Scapini, Jean-Marie Scapini, and Francois-Marie Scapini

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Georges Scapini Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1978.


Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Access Points

Prisoners of war
War crime trials
World War, 1939-1945
World War, 1939-1945--Collaborationists
World War, 1939-1945--France
World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons
France--Foreign relations--Germany
France--History--German occupation, 1940-1945
France--Politics and government--1914-1940
Germany--Foreign relations--France

Biographical Note

Georges Scapini

1893, October 4 Born in Paris, France
1914-1918 Wounded in combat, lost eyesight
1928-1940 Deputy, National Assembly
1940-1944 Ambassador to Germany, Chief of the Diplomatic Service for Prisoners of War
1944, December Arrested by the German authorities, having refused to serve the French government in Sigmaringen, Germany
1945, May Incarcerated by the French authorities for intelligence with the enemy; released after 10 months
1949 Tried in absentia; sentenced to 5 years of hard labor
1952 Tried by a military tribunal; acquitted
1960 Author, Mission sans Gloire
  1928, L'apprentissage de la nuit 1928, A Challenge to Darkness
  1929 Translated with an Introduction by Helen Keller
1976, March 25 Died in Cannes, France

Series Description

Box Box No. 1.

Correspondence, 1934-1976.

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent.
Box Box No. 1.

Speeches and Writings, 1936-1960.

Scope and Content Note

Arranged alphabetically by title.
Box Box No. 2-23.

Subject File, 1928-1976.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, legal documents, memoranda, minutes of meetings, notes, printed matter, reports, studies, arranged alphabetically by topic.
Box Box No. 24.

Printed Matter, 1941-1948.

Scope and Content Note

Box fA-B.

Audio-Visual File, 1940-1944. Albums of photographs

Box Box No. 25-27

1981 Increment

Container List


Correspondence, 1934-1976

Box 1

General, 1940-1964


Unidentified, n.d.


Abetz, Otto, 1934-1941


Anderson, Paul B., 1941


L'Assistance Publique (Public Relief Administration), Paris, 1942


Berthon, André, 1953


Borotra, Jean, 1976


Bridoux, General, 1944


Brinon, Ferdinand de, 1941-1944


Brissaud, André


Cabinet du Maréchal Pétain (Office of Marshal Pétain), 1941-1944


Ciret, René and Alice, 1942


Consulate of Sweden, Paris, n.d.


Darlan, Admiral, 1941


Demaria, 1940


Dobler, Jean, 1937


Duveau, Maurice, 1941


L'Estoile, Maurice de, 1952


Eugène, Michel, 1941


Fayard, Jean, 1938


Le Figaro, Paris, 1960


Genevoix, René and Maurice, 1970


German Embassy, Paris, 1940-1942


Gaumont Raymond, Mrs. I, 1940


Gil de Lobo, María Fca., 1971


Giot, J., 1950


Humann, Colonel von, 1941-1943


Huntziger, General, 1940-1941


Jourdain, M., 1939


Kagen, D., 1940


Lafaye, Louis, 1953


Laureux, Marguerite, 1950-1975


Laureux, Pierre, 1948-1962


Laval, Pierre, 1940-1944


Lyautey, Mrs., 1943


Merle, Renée, 1946


Ministère des Affaires Etrangères, Paris (Ministry of Foreign Relations), 1949-1959


Mouttel, Countess Auguste de, 1940


Nosek, 1940-1943


Patterson, Jefferson, 1940


Pétain, Marshal, 1940-1944


Reinecke, General, 1940-1943


Renaud, Lévy, 1941


Rodhain, Jean, 1946-1949


Roehrig, 1941-1943


Schleier, Consul General, Paris, 1940-1941


Silva, Georges, n.d.


Simon, Paul, 1940


Tourneur de Marçay, Georgette Le, 1940


Turkey, The Ambassador of, Paris, 1946


Weiland, Jean, 1940


Speeches and Writings, 1936-1960

Box 1

Account of camp inspections, n.d.

Physical Description: One typescript of an article

Les Dessous de l'Importation des Viandes (The Seamy Side of Meat Imports), 1939.

Physical Description: One typescript of an essay

Mission sans Gloire (Mission without Glory), Paris, 1960


Advertisements, reviews




Documents (photocopies) - Appendices of Mission sans Gloire


Note sur la Situation Franco-Allemande à la date du 4 Septembre 1938 (Note on the Franco-German situation under date of September 4, 1938), 1938.

Physical Description: One typescript of a memorandum

Petite histoire personnelle qui facilite la compréhension d'une période qui s'é tend de 1940 à la fin de la vie, de la mienne tout au moins (Short personal story which helps understand a period of time stretching from 1940 to the end of life, at least of mine), n.d.

Physical Description: One typescript of an essay

Remarks, National Assembly, Paris, n.d. One typewritten copy of his comments on the German reoccupation of Rhenany, reprinted in Le Petit Bleu, Paris, March 12, 1936


Speech, Annales Coloniales (Colonial Records), n.d. One printed copy of his speech reprinted in the Dépche Coloniale Belge, Bruxelles, February 5, 1938


Speech, Dinner given by the Saint-Gobain Company in honor of some employeès released from German camps, November 13, 1941.

Physical Description: One typewritten copy

Subject File, 1928-1978

Box 2

L'Aéciste, Paris, August 1970


L'Alerte, Nice, 1940-1942


Allemagne, Paris, April-May 1949




Ambrière, Francis (Charles-Louis Letellier)


Arrivets, Charles


The Aulois affair


Bergery, Gaston


Blum, Léon


Boissarie, André


Brinon, Ferdinand de


Canal Saint-Quentin


Chambrun, Josée Laval de


Chambrun, René de


Churchill, Winston


Comité France-Allemagne (France-Germany Committee), 1934-1938


Le Crapouillot, Paris, 1968-1974


Darlan, Admiral


Déat, Marcel


Desouches, Jean


Devaux, Louis


Dewerse, Lucien


Duclos, Jacques


Faure, Paul


Flandin, Pierre-Etienne




Colonialism. De la Nation de cent millions d'hommes à l'Empire de cent millions d'ames, Paris, n.d.

Box 3

Domestic policy


General, 1940-1971


Communist party


Le Front de la Paix (The Peace Front)


May 68


Socialist party








Commission (Wiesbaden)


Convention, legal aspects of


High Court of Justice, Paris, trial of Vichy officials, 1945


Paxton, Robert O., La France de Vichy, 1940-1944, Paris, 1973, including reviews and Scapini's remarks


Foreign policy


General, 1965-1967


Embassy in Berlin. For bombing of November 1943, see also CORRESPONDENCE, Laval


Great Britain, 1936-1968


Morocco, 1955


Soviet-Union. Treaty of 1935


Vietnàm, 1947-1949




Garibaldi, Sante


Gaulle, Charles de. See also CORRESPONDENCE, Laureux (January 8, 1959) General file

Box 4

Newspaper articles




Foreign policy


General, 1938


France, 1938-1944


Great Britain, 1938-1944


Soviet-Union. Non-aggression pact of 1939


Völkischer Beobachter, Munich, April 9/10, 1944


Giraud, General Henri-Honoré


Guibert, Lieutenant-Colonel


Herriot, Edouard


Hitler, Adolf




Interview with Leni Riefenstahl, February 24, 1936


Meeting with Mussolini, March 19, 1940


Meeting with Scapini, April 15, 1935


Speech at the Reichstag, January 30, 1939


International affairs, 1938-1960


International Committee of the Red Cross


Chenevière, Jacques, L'Action de la Croix-Rouge pendant la Guerre (The Activity of the Red Cross during the War), Paris, June 1946


Meeting with Scapini, April 21, 1944


Reports of camp inspections

Box 5

Isorni, Jacques


Jouhaud, General


La Journée du 6 Février, Georges Imann, Paris, 1934


Juin, General Alphonse. See Le Monde et la Vie


Kerillis, Henri de


Korean War


Lattre de Tassigny, Jean de. See Le Monde et la Vie


Laureux, Marguerite - CORRESPONDENCE


General (mostly concerning the Stalag IA Association in Bordeaux, France), 1941


Mrs. Didelet, 1942-1943


Laureux, Pierre. See also Ambrière, Francis; Prisoners of war, French, Camps, Oflag XB, friendly society of, 1947-1948; Prisoners of war, French, Camps, Stalag IA; Prisoners of war, French, Escapes; Prisoners of war, French, Service Diplomatique des Prisonniers de Guerre; Delegation in Berlin, Accounting; Prisoners of war, French, Service Diplomatique des Prisonniers de Guerre, Delegation in Berlin, Final months and end of Scapini's mission; Prisonners of war, German (in France); Rodhain, Jean; Scapini, Georges, Trial, First, 1949




File on Bernard, Godard and Hélié


Légion Tricolore (controversy brought up by Le Front des Barbelés


Letters to the editor


Message to the prisoners of war, November 23, 1942




Notes on the Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War


Obituaries, January 21, 1974


Trial, 1945-1946


Bibliographical notes for Rault, Laureux's lawyer




with, or of, his family, May-June 1945


Rault, 1945-1946


Requests of testimonies, and replies (addressed either to Laureux or Virenque, his lawyer), 1945-1946


Sympathy and congratulations letters, 1945-1946


Virenque, 1946




Defense pleas file (including a reply to Durandin's deposition, questions to be asked, etc.)




Answer to the Commission's report


Depositions (Charrier, Durandin, Fauchas, Guillaume, Jacomet, Janot, Laureux, Mazet)

Box 6

Legislation regarding collaboration and national indignity


Memoranda of his activity at Stablack




Note by Rault for the examining magistrate


Officer candidates file (including CORRESPONDENCE with Janot and Jacomet)


Press accounts


Report to the Minister of War, September 7, 1945


Testimonies (letters sent to Virenque)




Laval, Pierre


Légion des Volontaires Français (Legion of French Volunteers)


Lunebourg - Massacre of nearly 250 prisoners of war, mostly French


Man, Henri de




Mauriac, François


Minute, Paris, 1968


Mitterrand, François


Le Monde et la Vie, Paris, February and March 1965


Mussolini, Benito


Nuremberg trial




Keitel (Scapini's testimony)


Reinecke (Scapini's testimony)

Box 7

L'Opinion Indépendante du Sud-Ouest, Agen, 1963-1974


Paris Match, Paris, April 1966


Pétain, Philippe




Funeral oration by the Cardinal Segura, Spain, August 8, 1951


Le Maréchal, Paris, 1965-1974




Trial - Revision


Trips through France

Box 8

Prisoners of war, French (in Germany)




Albums and souvenirs given to Scapini


Cultural activities



Box 9



Food distribution


Friendly societies


Inspections - Reports




Oflags (officers' camps)


Stalags (troups' camps), including Frontstalags


Maps of camp locations and miscellaneous figures and statistics


Medical and sanitary questions


Oflag XB


Friendly society of


Life in


Press. See Cultural activities



Box 10

Regulations and living conditions


Stalag IA at Stablack (officer candidates' camp)




Association in Bordeaux, France


Stalag VC


Le Stalag XVIII C Vous Parle, October 1943


Stalags 325 (Rawa-Ruska) and 369 (Kobierczyn)


Centre d'Entr'Aide aux Etudiants Mobilisés et Prisonniers (Relief Center for Mobilized Students and Prisonners)




Cahier de Documentation de la France d'Outre-Mer, Paris, 1944


Premier Cahier de Documentation des Ingénieurs et Cadres, Paris, 1942




Commissariat au Reclassement des Prisonniers de Guerre Rapatriés (Commissioner's Office for the Reemployment of the Repatriated Prisoners of war)




Families in France


Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War


Bretonnière, Maurice, L'Application de la Convention de Genève aux Prisonniers Français en Allemagne durant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, Paris, May 21, 1949 (thesis)

Box 11

Text, July 27, 1929


Guide du Prisonnier, Paris, November 1943


Hommes de Confiance (Confidence Men). See also Toute la France, Articles published in


General (mostly CORRESPONDENCE with Scapini)


2 albums of letters to Scapini (mostly season's greetings)


Mémento de l'Homme de Confiance, Stalag II D, 1943








Non-commissioned officers




in war factories, including protection against aerial bombings

Box 12

Letters addressed to Scapini, 1940-1943




Ministère des Prisonniers, Déportés et Réfugiés (Ministry of Prisoners, Deported and Refugees)




Bilan d'un Effort, Paris, 1945


Mouvement National des Prisonniers de Guerre et des Déportés. Organisation de la Résistance Nationale (National Movement of the Prisoners of War and Deported. Organization of the National Resistance)


Officiers-Conseils (Counsel Officers). See also Desouches, Jean


Protocole signed between France and Germany regarding prisoners of war, November 16, 1940


Red Cross


Release of prisoners




German file


Reception in France


Requests addressed to Scapini (mostly from families). See also Service Diplomatique des Prisonniers de Guerre, File of cases to examine



Box 13

on health and humanitarian grounds


Thank-you letters from prisoners and families under the program called La Relève

Physical Description: (2 folders)

Service Diplomatique des Prisonniers de Guerre (Diplomatic Service for Prisoners of War)




Delegation in Berlin


Accounting - Reports of Laureux

Box 14

CORRESPONDENCE with the Paris Bureau, 1941-1942, including a memorandum entitled Collaboration, June 21, 1941

Physical Description: (3 folders)

Final months and end of Scapini's mission


Judicial Department

Box 15



with the Oberkommando of the Wehrmacht, 1940-1944


with Reinecke, 1941-1944

Physical Description: (2 folders)

File of cases to examine

Physical Description: (2 folders)
Box 16

Paris Bureau


Desbons (head) - Report


General file


Intervention - Nominative list


Medical Office - Reports, 1941-1943


Memoranda, 1940-1941


Notes for Scapini for his camp visits, 1944


Press releases




Répertoire des Communiqués Officiels, 1943

Box 17

Survey of the negociations between France and Germany on the subject of prisoners of war, under date of May 1, 1942










CORRESPONDENCE with Scapini, 1940-1941


Post-war reunions, meetings, congresses, etc.


Prisoners of War, French (in the Soviet Union)


Prisoners of War, French (in Switzerland)


Prisoners of War, German (in France and Berlin)


Radio broadcasts




Rémy, Colonel


Rivarol, Paris, 1961-1967


Rodhain, Jean. See also CORRESPONDENCE, Laureux, November 25, 1962


The Scaffa affair


Scapini, Georges


Appointments, 1941-1944


Assistance to various individuals. See also CORRESPONDENCE, Abetz; Brinon; Cabinet du Maréchal Pétain; Laval; Nosek; Roehrig; Schleier


General, 1940-1944

Box 18

Financial, 1941-1945


to Jews, 1941-1947


Deputy, National Assembly








First, 1949




CORRESPONDENCE (mostly requests of testimonies), 1947-1949


Defense memoranda



Box 19


Physical Description: (3 folders)

in answer to the report of the Ministère des Anciens Combattants et Victimes de Guerre (Ministry of Veterans and War Victims); report included

Box 20



Commission's report


Depositions. See also Comité France-Allemagne


for the defense


for the prosecution




Inventory of documents


Request for a suspension introduced by Lamouche, Scapini's lawyer


Laureux's papers


Press accounts




Dec. 19 (the President's statement and Mrs. Scapini's deposition)


Dec. 20 (indictment and verdict)


Prosecution's statement

Box 21



General (mostly letters sent to Lamouche)


Hommes de Confiance and Officiers-Conseils (letters sent to Druon)


Second, 1952


CORRESPONDENCE (mostly letters of sympathy and congratulations) 1952


Defense memorandum


Documents (photocopies)


Lamouche's papers


Press accounts

Box 22

Proccedings, July 23-24




Pleas of lawyers Lamouche and Weil






Interrogation of Scapini


Prosecution's witnesses




Testimonies (letters sent to Lamouche). See also Garibaldi, Sante


Soviet Union




L'U.R.S.S. a son 14e Anniversaire. Faits et Chiffres, Paris, 1932


Toute la France, Paris




Articles published in


Ukrainians, émigrés


Union des Aveugles de Guerre (Association of the Blind from War), 1941-1976


United States




Report of Jefferson Patterson, U.S. Embassy, Berlin, 1940






Comite 1939-1940 (Committee 1939-1940), 1941-1943


Parliamentary Group, 1939-1940


Weygand, General Maxime. See also Le Monde et la Vie


General file


Letter from Laureux concerning Scapini, 1950


Speech given before the officers of the three branches of the army, Dakar, October 20, 1940


World War I

Box 23

World War, 1939-1945


Printed Matter, 1941-1948

Box 24



1981 Increment

Box 25-27

Additional material on French prisoners of war in German camps