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Preliminary Inventory to the Martin Florian Herz Collection, 1967-1969
78104  
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Container List

 

1 "A CORPORAL OF THE FIRST U.S. INF. DIV. DESERTED AND WENT TO THE LIBERATED REGION OF LONGAN PROVINCE".

Scope and Content Note

..."Since he (Corporal McKinley Nolan)... became an eyewitness pillages and devastating of villages, barbarous killings and miserable defeats of U.S. aggressors,... courageously he decided the far well to the troops,... was warmly welcome by V.N. people... and is well treating by the N.F.L. that makes all conditions to assist him according to his will".
(+ translation in Vietnamese)
 

2 Deserter Statement: "DEAR FRIENDS OF AMERICAN ARMED FORCES IN SOUTH VIETNAM"

Scope and Content Note

"I am Mc Kinley Nolan... I have been treated well since I crossed over to the South Vietnamese people and its liberation combatants' side... I do think this war waged by our government is nothing but an aggressive war..."
 

2A Deserter Statement: "G.I's OF THE 1st AND 25th INFANTRY DIVISION!"

Scope and Content Note

"My name Mc Kinley Nolan...To contribute your efforts to the American people's struggle for an early end to this dirty aggressive war... you should:
-Demand for peace, an end to the war!
-Demand for your home return now!
...
(+ translation in Vietnamese)
 

3 Deserter Statement: "RALLIED MAN NOLAN TO 1st AND 25th INFANTRYMEN!"

Scope and Content Note

(same as 2A, in Nolan's handwriting)
 

3A Deserter Statement: "FELLOW AMERICAN SOLDIERS"

Scope and Content Note

"My name is JOHN PETER JOHNSON... I have crossed over to the Liberation Armed Forces Side. I acted on my own free will. I believe in the policy of the Front is just.... I am sure I will be released soon. So I can tell the people back home and other countries about the patriotic struggle of the Vietnamese people...Get out of this hell of a War before it is too late..." (John Peter Johnson's signature)
 

4 Prisoner of War's Statement: "P.O.W. SMITH TO G.I's"

Scope and Content Note

"To my fellow servicemen! I am Donald Smith... I am lucky I was captured by S.V.N.N.L.F. At least I am still alive to someday return home... We must oppose the Johnson Administration and its policy... War is not a pleasant thing for you or your parents to go through so let's stay home where we belong". (in Smith's handwriting, + Vietnamese translation) -was subsequently released-
 

5 "STATEMENT OF THREE PRISONERS OF WAR RELEASED ON THE OCCASION OF THE 8th ANNIVERSARY OF THE FOUNDING OF THE SVNNLF (Dec. 20, 1968) "

Scope and Content Note

(Donald G. Smith; Thomas Nelson Jones; James W. Brigham)
 

5A "THOMAS N. JONES' IMPRESSIONS" (+ Vietnamese translation)

 

5B "JAMES W. BRIGHAM'S IMPRESSIONS" (+ Vietnamese translation)

 

6 "TO AFRO-AMERICAN G.I's!"

Scope and Content Note

"...Where is the enemy of Luther King as well as of all Afro-Americans? Not here in Vietnam, but right in the U.S.A.!... Americans, return home to solve your living and civil-right problems!..."
 

"... Your real enemies are those who call you `Niggers'. Your genuine struggle is on your native land. GO HOME NOW AND ALIVE!"

 

6A "WHERE IS THE BATTLEFIELD OF COLORED AMERICANS?"

Scope and Content Note

"Colored G.I's! Black leader Stokely Carmichael has said: `Our enemy is not the Vietnamese people...'...It is necessary for you to return home to struggle for the liberation of colored people of America". (+ Vietnamese translation)
 

"HOW `DEMOCRACY' WORKS":

Scope and Content Note

"11 percent of the U.S. population are Negroes.
30 percent of the G.I's in Vietnam are Negroes.
40 percent of G.I. deaths in Vietnam are Negroes.
If you're reading this, you're one of the 30 percent. Stay out of the
40 percent column! GO HOME". (+ cartoon on reverse side)
 

6B "US ARMYMEN - NEGRO ARMYMEN"

Scope and Content Note

"On April 4 -1968, the racists assassinated Mr. Martin Luther King... Do act according to Mr. King's teaching: `We fight against racial discrimination not against the combatants of freedom and independance in Vietnam'. Don't die in vain in Vietnam! Don't interfere on the Vietnamese's internal affair..."
 

6C "American Negro soldiers! Unite with Vietnamese people in the struggle against our common enemy, the US ruling circles..." (may not have been disseminated)

 

6D 2 identical leaflets: "A POEM FROM AN AMERICAN GI OF THE 4 INF DIVISION"

Scope and Content Note

"I am a soldier and black is my skin..."
 

on reverse of leaflets: "FLOYD B. MCKISSICK, NATIONAL DIRECTOR OF CORE (CONGRESS OF RACIAL EQUALITY) SAYS":

Scope and Content Note

"...the colored peoples over there (Asia) are fighting for the same thing that we're fighting for. They see the U.S. as an aggressor..."
 

6E (same as 6D)

 

(same as 6D + cartoon on reverse side)

 

6F "STILL THE CHAMPION!!! MUHAMED ALI, WORLD CHAMPION AND A REAL HERO":

Scope and Content Note

"I refuse to be inducted into the Armed Forces of the United States..."
 

"CAPTAIN HOWARD LEVY, A TRUE AMERICAN AND A DOCTOR WITH A CONSCIENCE":

Scope and Content Note

"The United States is wrong in being involved in the Vietnamese war..." (on reverse side)
 

6G "EVER HEARD THIS LITTLE DITTY?"

Scope and Content Note

`I wish I were an Alabama trooper
That is waht I would truly like to be
I wish I were an Alabama trooper
Cause then I could kill the niggers legally'
"In America, the black people have constantly had the doom of SECONDCLASS CITIZENS and of being KILLED LEGALLY by the racists, as has proven by this extremely reactionary ditty being openly circulated in the U.S...."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

6H "BLACK G.I's!"

Scope and Content Note

"... Not a single black life for the American inmperialists' war of agression in Vietnam!..."
 

7 "THE CENTRAL TRUNG BO NATIONAL FRONT FOR LIBERATION SET FREE TWO U.S. PRISONERS OF WAR" (2 Puerto Ricans)

Scope and Content Note

"...After having showed progress in study and education and repent over their past crimes committed against the Vietnamese people, they are allowed to return home to work and live with their families..."
 

8 Puerto-Rican P.O.W's Statement: "American GI's OF THE 25th INFANTRY DIVISION!"

Scope and Content Note

"I am Ferdinand Rodriguez... I agree with the Vietnamese people welcome the American people in the latter's sruggle for an end to the war and equality right to Negroes and Puerto-Ricans. I wish to tell you that as a prisoner of war you will receive kind treatment..."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

9 "P.O.W.FERDINAND TO 25th INFANTRYMEN!"

Scope and Content Note

(same as 8, in Rodriguez's handwriting + Vietnamese translation)
 

10 "LETTER OF 3 U.S. P.O.W's TO DRIVERS IN THE U.S. ARMY IN S.V.N."

Scope and Content Note

"We are Thomas N. Jones... Kenneth R. Gregory... Bobby L Johnson... Johnson and his clique do not want to end this war...They are not over here dying and their family is not shading tears... (they) are making millions of dollars off of this unjust war...Demand an end to the war... Refuse to go out on operations but if you have to go, cross over to L.A.F.... and you will reveive good human and lenient treatment"
(in Jones' handwriting, with other two signatures + Vietnamese translation)
 

10A "ANY G.I. MAY HAVE THE SAME LUCK!"

Scope and Content Note

(names of three released P.O.W.) "Those in the U.S. Army who cross over to the South Vietnamese people's side will be given kind treatment and helped to return to their families when conditions permit. Captured U.S. troops will be given the same kind treatment and lenient policy as captured Saigonese troops".
(+ Statements of 2 P.O.W)
 

11 "STATEMENT OF 3 G.I's TAKEN P.O.W's BY THE L.A.F."

Scope and Content Note

(similar to 10, in Gregory's handwriting, with other two signatures + Viet.transl.)
 

11A "IMPRESSION OF US RELEASED P.O.W."

Scope and Content Note

Gregory's statement when released, thanking for "lenient and humane policy towards foreign ralliedmen and P.O.W's".
 

12 "FELLOW G.I's IN SOUTH VIETNAM!"

Scope and Content Note

(similar to 10, + Vietnamese translation)
"... The reason we are alive now is because we crossed over to the L.A.F. at the first chance we had..."
 

13 Full list of themes: Demand end of war; Vietnam to Vietnamese; The U.S. war of aggression will certainly be defeated; Rise up and struggle; Refuse to fight; Surrender; Desert. (+ Vietnamese translation)

 

14 "ANY CAPTURED G.I. SOONER OR LATER MAY HAVE THE SAME LUCK!"

Scope and Content Note

List of 11 U.S. P.O.W's set free by the South Vietnam NFL, + statements of 2 P.O.W's: Michael F. OCONNOR and Mc KINLEY NOLAN.
 

14A Picture of American soldiers "Young American soldiers in Vietnam Their enemy is in Washington You're not the only one who's sick of this war!"

Scope and Content Note

Follows letter from David Carnevale who wrote home:
`I'm sick, sick of what I've done. And what has happened to my friends... Dad! I don't want to die! Please get me out of here!"
 

15 "AMERICAN G.I's!"

Scope and Content Note

"Within two recent days (December 27-28, 1968) over 3,000 American officers and men in the 25th Inf. Div. stationed at Dong Du base camp (Cu-chi) simultanously rose up to oppose the war. They held high their banderoles and slogans demanding: -An immediate end to war -A withdrawal of U.S. troops from S.V.N....You should... resolutely refuse to go to the field..."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

16 "BRING ALL U.S. TROOPS HOME NOW!"

Scope and Content Note

"....Leave your firearms aside, Resolutely refuse to set out on operations, Deman immediate home return to your dear ones waiting for you".
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

16A "ALPHA COMPANY, 196th BRIGADE HAS SET AN EXAMPLE OF WAR RESISTANCE. FOLLOW ITS PATH. SHOW THE BRASS YOU ARE MEN, NOT ROBOTS!" (+ Vietnamese translation)

 

"WELCOME TO G.I's WHO OPPOSE THE US AGGRESSIVE WAR IN SVN, WHO DON'T KILL THE VIETNAMESE PEOPLE, AND DEMAND AN IMMEDIATE WITHDRAWAL OF ALL US TROOPS FROM SVN!"

Scope and Content Note

(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

17 "THE ANTI-WAR DEMONSTRATION IN THE UNITED STATES"

Scope and Content Note

"On April 6, 1969, the American people in over 40 cities staged the demonstration agains the aggressive war in Vietnam, millions of the American peoples of all Work of life including whites, Negroes and an American Indian took part in the demonstration With many leaflets and slogans... Unite and protest... Sympathize with and support the Vietnamese peoples' struggle..."
 

17A "WHEN IN CONTACT, CROSS OVER TO THE VIETNAMESE PEOPLE's SIDE THEN YOU WILL BE KINDLY TREATED!" (+ Vietnamese translation)

 

"WELCOME TO G.I's OPPOSING THE US IMPERIALIST AGGRESSIVE WAR IN SOUTH VIETNAM AND DEMANDING THE WITHDRAWAL OF US TROOPS HOME!" (+ Vietnamese translation).

 

17B "WHAT MUST YEU DO TO RESTORE AN EARLY PEACE?"

Scope and Content Note

"In April 1969, a great number of American people... took to the street energetically demanding an end to this cruel and abominable war... G.I's, join in that lofty struggle... Let the Vietnamese people settle their own affairs themselves!" (+ Vietnamese translation)
 

"WHY AND FOR WHOM ARE YOU TEN TROUSAND MILES FROM HOME? G.I.'s!"

Scope and Content Note

"... Why has the US ruling circle sent you over here? Because they want much dollar profit from the Vietnam war..."
 

18 "AMERICAN G.I's!"

Scope and Content Note

"From the 1st to the 5th November, 1968, the `U.S. Nation - Wide Committee for Demand of Ending the War of Aggression in Vietnam' hold a `Nation - Wide Week of American Troops' to support your movement of anti-war of repatriation..."
 

"AMERICAN OFFICERS AND MEN"

Scope and Content Note

"... We appeal to you to refrain from interfering in the Vietnamese people's internal affairs and supporting the Thieu-Ky puppet administration in the suppression of our compatriots..."
 

18A "Ist CAVALLRYMEN!"

Scope and Content Note

"... the Ist Air Cav. Div. has completely failed not only in its attempt to block the Liberation Armed Forces from afar, resulting in abandonment of a number of positions in order to shrink back, but also in escaping heavy losses... G.I's in the Air Cav. Div.! Don't be the last American to die in Vietnam!"
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

"G.I's IN THE Ist AIR CAVALRY DIVISION!"

Scope and Content Note

"What do you think of these words of condemnation hereupon: `...We denounce your escalation of this dirty war....' "?from a statement by Captain Kushner, P.O.W. of the Ist Air Cav. Div.
 

18B "G.I's IN QUANG-TRI!"

Scope and Content Note

"Do you know that all US and South Vietnamese troops stationed at Khe-Sanh had hastily run away from this position on June 26, 1968?... There is no doubt the retreating of all US and puppet troops from Khe-Sanh is a so great setback of strategy of Johnson and his clique.... To avoid a useless death you had better side with the American people and tell each other: Refuse to go to battle..."
 

18C "U.S. TROOPS' SHAMEFUL WITHDRAWAL FROM KHE SANH BASE."

Scope and Content Note

"...Withdrawal from Khe Sanh is the heaviest failure of the US aggressors".
 

18D 2 leaflets similar to a. and b. in 18A.

 

19 "U.S. OFFICERS AND MEN IN THE 25th INFANTRY DIVISION!"

Scope and Content Note

"... How many your buddies falled down and tax funds of the U.S. people wasted by the dirty war in South Vietnam? When day, the Nixon government still obsnate to prolong the aggressive war against South Vietnamese people then the People's Liberation Armed Forces still continue to launch many attacks which fiercer than these..."
 

"THE US SHOULD IMMEDIATELY BEGIN PULLING ITS TROOPS OUT OF VIETNAM WITH ALL POSSIBLE SPEED"

Scope and Content Note

"That was from a recent statement of Senator Mc Govern. He added: `Haven't we had enough of this little tinhorn dictator Ky who wastes American tax funds and American blood in Vietnam!...'..." (+ Vietnamese translation)
 

19A "WHAT MUST YOU DO TO RESTORE PEACE EARLY?"

Scope and Content Note

(similar to 17B + Vietnamese translation)
 

"THE WAY TO AN HONORABLE SETTLEMENT FOR THE US"

Scope and Content Note

"Nixon deems it necessary to `Des-Americanize' the Vietnam war... But in reality, he continues to blacken the image of America, to drive you out to kill and to be killed needlessly.... For the U.S. the way to an honorable settlement is to withdraw all American and satellite troops out of Vietnam, to let the Vietnamese people settle their own affairs themselves...."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

19B 3 small leaflets on the themes of: Better to be jailed; Refuse to go to the battlefront; Unite and protest.

 

19C "PROCLAMATION AMERICAN OFFICERS AND MEN. U.S. ALLIED OFFICERS AND MEN".

Scope and Content Note

"...the South Vietnam people of all strata have risen up to overthrow the present dictatorial corrupt administration, criminal of the merciless war which is heavily devastating their Fatherland. The Saigon administration is overthrown. It has now no legal nor practical power..."
 

20 Four P.O.W.'s statement: "AN APPEAL TO U.S. SERVICEMEN IN VIETNAM"

Scope and Content Note

"U.S. Servicemen, we represent officers and men... who have been captured in various battles by the people's Liberation Armed Forces. Among us are Whites, Negroes, and an American Indian. We are very hopeful of the war ending soon so that we may return to our families and loved ones. But due to the stubborness of the present U.S. administration and their Saigon Puppets, the war the needless suffering and slaughter of the Vietnamese people and our own American people continues to drag on..."
 

20A "TO: OFFICERS AND MEN IN THE U.S., SOUTH KOREAN, AUSTRALIAN, THAI... ARMIES INVOLVED IN SOUTH VIETNAM"

Scope and Content Note

"...In their stormy general offensive and uprising the SVN people and army will continue dealing thunderbolt blows at U.S. imperialists and the Thieu-Ky clique in the time to come..." (+ Vietnamese translation)
 

21 "THE SOUTH VIETNAM NATIONAL FRONT FOR LIBERATION GIVES LENIENT AND HUMANE TREATMENT TO CAPTURED G.Is."

Scope and Content Note

"... American G.I's! If you have seen the truth and are sincerely tired of this dirty and criminal war of aggression, seek a way in combat to cross over..."
(plus statements of 3 P.O.W.s)
 

21A "WHAT MUST YEU DO TO RESTORE AN EARLY PEACE?" (same as 17B)

 

"WHAT MUST YOU DO TO RESTORE PEACE EARLY?" (similar to 17B)

 

"AMERICAN G.I.s!"

Scope and Content Note

"Whether Anello -one of your fellow soldiers...-is still alive or like hundreds of thousands of other ill-fated G.I.s died in the South Vietnam battle-field. But Anello's words in his diary will offer you alot of help: `A smile, but no ones smiling. A laugh, but no ones laughing....' Friends! Anello has exposed the hatred of war and the tiredness of life of the Americans in Vietnam...
(+ cartoon)
 

21B "TO OFFICERS ARD MEN IN THE DIV"

Scope and Content Note

"The war waged by the U.S. government in Vietnam has been come into Complete failure... Many U.S. congressmen also said that `the war must be stopped: withdraw U.S. troops home; the peace must be restored in Vietnam'...."
 

21C "OFFICERS AND MEN IN THE US ARMED FORCES IN SOUTH VN!"

Scope and Content Note

"On June 8, 1969 the national congress of the people's representatives of SVN consisting of representatives of people of all walks of life... has formed the provisional revolutionary government of SVN headed by president Huynh Tan Phat... American GI's! There is no reason for you to be here in SVN `to fight under the oppressive weather and muddy soil for the existence of a couple of men in Saigon presidential residence' (E. Kennedy)..."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

21D "THE WAY TO AN HONORABLE SETTLEMENT FOR THE U.S."

Scope and Content Note

(similar to 19A + Vietnamese translation)
 

21E Drawing of an American woman crying over American soldiers' graveyards, with anti-war protesters in the background.

 

On reverse side: "BEING ALIVE AND SENT HOME!"

Scope and Content Note

"How many men lost their lives?... That is only because of Nixon's warlike policy of agonizingly slow pace of withdrawal and of war prolongation... OUT NOW AND ALIVE!" (+ Vietnamese translation)
 

22 "THIS IS YOUR FREE TICKET OUT"

Scope and Content Note

"... How to get out of here alive. The answer is: Let yourself be captured..."
 

"THERE IS NO HATRED AMONG THE VIETNAMESE PEOPLE AND YOUR OWN ONES. SO WHY ARE YOU KILLING THE VIETNAMESE?"

 

23)"TO ANTI-WAR AMERICAN SERVICEMEN!"

Scope and Content Note

"We warmly welcome American G.I's who, for the sake of America's honor and human conscience, resolutely oppose the aggressive war waged by U.S. imperialism in SV...' Follow advices to defectors who want to be differenciated from "the stubborn thugs fighting us". (+ Vietnamese translation and a "FAVORABLE TREATMENT BILL FOR ANTI-WAR G.I's")
 

23A Thank-you letter of P.O.W. Richard Gordon Burgess for medical attention.

 

On reverse side: "THE US HAS NO BUSINESS IN VIETNAM"

 

Statement of Marine General David M. Shoup: "... I believe that if we keep our dirty bloody-dollar-crooked fingers out of the business of these nations so full of exploited people, they will arrive at a solution of their own..."

 

24 "POLICY TOWARD US AND SATELLITE POWs IN SOUTH VIETNAM"

Scope and Content Note

"Base on the humanitarian and lenient policy of the SVN-NFL, the High Command of the SVN-LA has stipulated the following points:..." (on P.O.W. treatment)
 

"THE SOUTH VIETNAM NFL GIVES LENIENT AND HUMANE TREATMENT TO CAPTURED G.I's."

Scope and Content Note

"To welcome puppet officers and soldiers and puppet officials back to the just cause..."
 

On reverse side: "HOW TO SURRENDER OR TO CROSS OVER TO THE NFL's SIDE" Follow 3 advices (and Vietnamese translation)

 

24A "WHEN CLASHED, THROW AWAY YOUR ARMS, CROSS OVER TO THE P.L.A.F's SIDE, YOU WILL BE WELL TREATED".

 

"SAFE-CONDUCT PASS"

Scope and Content Note

Safe-conduct for someone who "wishes to live under protection of NFL".
 

24B "IT'S A HELL OF A LIFE"

Scope and Content Note

"Inside the base: -Tropical Heat! -Over-Strain! -Disease!
Ourside the base: -Mosquitoes... -A Hand-Grenade may be tossed at you...
There is no safe place for you! Because you are being forced to fight an unjust war..."
 

24C "TO: AMERICAN AND SATELLITE SERVICEMEN WOUNDED IN BATTLEFIELD!"

Scope and Content Note

"... Having been granted humane treatment by the L.A.F., you should dwell on the crimes against the Vietnamese people perpetrated by you and your buddies..."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

24D Released POW's 1969 letter found in Pentagon by his family

Scope and Content Note

(in John Syton Jr's handwriting)
 

Newspaper article: "RELEASED POW's 1969 LETTER FOUND IN PENTAGON BY HIS FAMILY"

 

25 2 identical leaflets: "WHY???"

Scope and Content Note

"Nixon, faced with bitter setbacks in the aggressive war against South Vietnam, has to confess that:
- The USA gets bogged down in the war.
- The USA is torn up by divisions.
- American spirit is raked and depressed.
Then... Why doesn't Nixon withdraw...?"
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

25A "WHY AND FOR WHOM ARE YOU TEN THOUSAND MILES FROM HOME?"

Scope and Content Note

(2 identical leaflets same as in 17B + Vietnamese translation)
 

26 "YOU ARE NOT ALONE IN HATING THIS WAR!"

Scope and Content Note

Follow statements from five Americans explaining why they refused to serve in Vietnam: "U.S. aggression"; "not willing to die defending the United States stock market"; "undeclared and therefore illegal war on people of colour"
 

"WHAT WILL HELP YOU? COMBAT PAY OR A PURPLE HEART IF YOU GO HOME A CRIPPLE... OR IN A COFFIN"

Scope and Content Note

"Mc Namara says Americans will have to learn to accept casualties. And that means you, G.I... Their combat pay doesn't do them much good when they go home in a box..."
 

26A "WHAT'S IN WASHINGTON'S WAR FOR YOU?"

Scope and Content Note

"You go in (picture of soldiers on the battle-field)
You come out (picture of coffins covered with American flag)..."
 

South Vietnam NFL 1969 little calendar, which reads on the bottom:

Scope and Content Note

"How many more days for you? Give yourself a chance. Get out now - alive!"
 

26B 2 small Christmas cards, one depicting an American woman thinking of her G.I. coming back to her, and the other depicting a woman looking at a man's picture with these words: "Will you return safe and sound?"

 

27 2 similar leaflets on the theme:

 

"YANKS, GO HOME! That's what they're shouting all over South Vietnam. They're right. There's no reason for you to be here where nobody except a few crooks who betray their own people want you.

 

YANKS, COME HOME! That's what they're crying in the States. They're right.

 

There's no reason for you to be away from home...."

Scope and Content Note

(on reverse side, drawings of American soldiers not wanted anywhere in the world except in the State
 

28 "HE LIES DEAD IN VIETNAM - FOR WHOM?"

Scope and Content Note

"For corrupt and power-hungry South Vietnamese `leaders', whose own people do not support them... For an American policy that...is bringing but huge profits to US war mongers..."
 

29 2 identical leaflets: "AMERICAN OFFICERS AND MEN!"

Scope and Content Note

"...Our people and Armed Forces' recent offensive...showed out the strength and the unshaken determination of the South Vietnamese people..."
 

"THE STRUGGLE FOR THEIR COUNTRY AND FOR THE INTERESTS OF GI's SURVIVAL IN SOUTH VIETNAM"

Scope and Content Note

"...The struggle of the workmen, peasants, intellectuals, school -children, students, buddhists and even of the Saigon army's officers and men is bursting out throughout South Vietnam's Cities and towns...The more you (GIs) approve of and welcome this struggle and the wider your war protestations and peace demand is, the sooner the restoration of peace and your home return will come..."
 

30 "DON'T YOU EVER THINK OVER AND ASK YOURSELVES...What real profits your sacrifices will bring to your fatherland, to the American people, to your families and to yourselves?"

Scope and Content Note

"... A large part of U.S. troops has seen through the truth about the U.S. dirty war of aggression in SVN, so more and more of them refuse to fight. Many overtly oppose the war. You do see it, don't you? The Liberation armed forces, backed up by the population, have grown much stronger...and the U.S. aggressors are no match for them..."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

30A "OPINION OF SENATOR MC GOVERN ON `VN MORATORIUM DAY' "

Scope and Content Note

"... Let's stop saving face and begin save life!" (+ Vietnamese translation)
 

"AMERICAN OFFICERS AND G.I's BEING PUSHED TO GET KILLED IN THE MOUNTAINS"

Scope and Content Note

"Millions of Americans are fed up with Nixon's continuation of the Johnson war policy. How long will it take for you to go along risking your lives for nothing?... Side with the flock at home for immediate and complete troop withdrawal from Vietnam..."
 

31 Statement of Senator Wayne Morse (AP, April 29, 1967 ):

Scope and Content Note

"Wrapping a bad policy in a flag doesn't give it any more chance for success. It only means that more Americans will die to carry it out..."
 

"G.I's, REFUSE TO GO OUT FIGHTING AND DYING FOR THE CAPITALIST GUN-DEALERS AND THE ROTTEN PUPPETS IN SAIGON" (+ Vietnamese translation)

 

32 "REPATRIATE OR DIE!"

Scope and Content Note

After same Mc Govern's statement as in 19:
"American G.I's... demand an immediate repatriation! If you don't want to be killed uselessly and senselessly for the interests of U.S. arm-dealer capitalists and their rotten puppet clique - Thieu Ky Huong crooks".
(+ Vietnamese translation).
 

33 "AMERICAN SERVICEMEN"

Scope and Content Note

"...At the American House of representatives, one of its members Mr Koch denounced that Nixon didn't keep what he has promised during his election campaign and hesitated about ending the VN war and bringing all US troops home..."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

34 Drawing of an American woman lying in bed: "I'M WAITING FOR YOU, DARLING"

Scope and Content Note

"Darling! I'm longing for your return home. Our happiness is here in our sweet home, not in South Vietnam! No reenlistment!
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

35 a."NEGOCIATE WITH THE N.L.F. FOR AN END TO THE WAR AND FOR THE RESTORATION OF PEACE IN SOUTH VIETNAM. FOR AMERICAN TROOPS TO RETURN TO THE USA AND THEIR HOMES"

Scope and Content Note

(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

b."G.I's, REFUSE TO GO OUT FIGHTING AND DYING FOR THE CAPITALIST GUN-DEALERS AND THE ROTTEN PUPPETS IN SAIGON" (+Vietnamese translation)

 

c."THE US MUST DIRECTLY NEGOCIATE WITH THE NLF FOR AN END TO THE WAR AND THE RESTORATION OF PEACE IN VIETNAM SO THAT G.I's MAY RETURN HOME TO THEIR FAMILIES!"

Scope and Content Note

(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

35A "OUTSTANDING AMERICAN PERSONALITIES SUPPORT THE `VN MORATORIUM DAY' "

Scope and Content Note

Democrat Senator Mansfield ("discontent of the American public")
Famous baby doctor Benjamin Spock ("We must force him -Nixon- to end it now!")
R. Hilsman, a former assistance secretary of State ("the public have moved over to oppose the war")
Mrs Coretta King, widower of late minister Luther King ("this war is unjust and dirty").
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

35B " `THE WAR WE ARE WAGING IS NOT A JUST AND NECESSARY ONE' "

Scope and Content Note

"This is the statemnet of Mrs. Chishokm, a member of the House of Representatives... She said: `...We are tightly locked in this war by the stubborn and arrogant leaders who dare not acknowledge their mistake...' G.I's in South Vietnam! You certainly have a beloved mother who is hourly and minutely worrying about you, and yearning miserably day and night for you to return home..."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

35C "END THE VIETNAM WAR NOW!"

Scope and Content Note

"The Vietnam Moratorium Day in protest against the Vietnam War took place seethingly throughout the States on Oct. 15, 1969...Addressing the meetings, senators E. Kennedy, Mc Govern strongly denounced Nixon's policy of continuation of the War..." (+ Vietnamese translation)
 

35D "COMIN' HOME SOON"

Scope and Content Note

"There's a Mother in California.
Whose heart is aching now.
There's a girl in Indiana,
Who feels the same somehow.
There's a guy far away,
At a place they call Da Nang
And it's his absence
That's the cause of all this pain.
John A. Carvalho, Wing Equipment & Repair Sq. 17
 

36 "OFFICERS AND MEN IN THE US EXPEDITIONARY CORPS IN SOUTH VN!"

Scope and Content Note

"The stubborn Nixon Administration continues accelerating the war of aggression in VietNam... G.I's!...What to do to get an early out of this "VietNam War hell' and to return to the fold?
- Demand that US Goven't end this war now, restore peace in Vietnam!
- Resolutely refuse to go out on operation or out into the field!
- Demand an immediate and unconditional withdrawal of all US troops home!
- Let the Vietnamese people settle their internal affairs themselves!
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

37 "AMERICAN OFFICERS AND MEN!"

Scope and Content Note

"... Don't be so foolish as being the last to die in this dirty war of aggression".
 

38 Same as 21C

 

39 2 identical leaflets: "AMERICAN G.I's!"

Scope and Content Note

"... Resolutely refuse to battle, search, shell mortars or cause obstacle to the South Vietnamese struggle to overthrow Thieu Ky Huong... The S.V.N. Affairs must be settled by the P.R.G of S.V.N."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

40 "NIXON's WORDS AND DEEDS!"

Scope and Content Note

"Having suffered setbacks in Vietnam In his Inaugural address Nixon said:
`I want to end this extremely hard war as soon as possible!' But what has he done to bring an end to the war? In the past 3 months, nothing was done!..."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

41 "WHEN WILL YOUR TURN BE?"

Scope and Content Note

"... Don't hesitate and wait for your names called. You must find the way out of this senseless and bloody war by yourselves now..."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

42 "G.I's IN THE 1st AIR CAVALRY DIVISION!"

 

Follows list of several battlefields where Americans suffered heavy casualties.

 

"CAVALRYMEN IN THE 1st AIRMOBILE DIVISION!"

Scope and Content Note

"... Isn't it that your coming here (Eastern Nambo) is to shoulder the Danger and Death which Abrams and the other units wish to shift onto you!... G.I's, Don't die the worthless death of the last man in the last battle in Vietnam".
(+ Vietnam. translation)
 

43 a."AN END TO THE WAR, AMERICAN TROOPS BACK TO AMERICA! DO NOT FIGHT THE VIETNAMESE WHO ARE STRUGGLING FOR INDEPENDANCE AND FREEDOM!" (+ Vietnamese translation)

 

b."IMMEDIATE PEACE IN VIETNAM! AMERICAN TROOPS BACK HOME!" (+ Vietnamese translation)

 

c."DO NOT GO ON OPERATION, THROW YOUR WEAPONS, CROSS OVER TO THE VIETNAMESE YOU WILL BE SAFELY REPATRIATED!" (+ Vietnamese translation)

 

44 "UP MEN! STRUUGLE FOR YOURSELVES!"

Scope and Content Note

"... Refuse to fight. No killing and massacring the Vietnamese people..."
 

45 "WISH (picture of family gathering) AND REALITY (pictures of soldiers on the battlefield, and of graveyards)"

Scope and Content Note

"G.I's! You're dreaming of hurrying home to your families and your wife and kids.
Now realize your dream by:
- Don't move out, don't go into the fields...
- Demand your home coming..."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

46 "AMERICAN GI's!"

Scope and Content Note

"GI's in Vietnam, you must wake up to the sad fact that each of you and nobody else, who have to pay with your very life for the warlike policy of the Nixon Administration... Twenty-three years ago, after World War II your elder made it home...Why couldn't you do the same now, when the Americans in the US are saying `Save our boys, Bring them home' ".
 

"BRING US HOME! WE WON'T GO TO BATTLE!"

Scope and Content Note

"This is the shout of more than 500 U.S. officers and men of the 2nd and 3rd Bn, Ist Marines Reg. opposing raid order on Aug. 3, 69, at Con Khe and Don Trang bases... American GI's!... Why don't you do like your fellows in the Ist USMC regiment?..."
 

47 "AMERICAN SERVICEMEN IN SOUTH VIETNAM"

Scope and Content Note

"Why you can't enjoy christmas ever besides you level ones at home? Because: The US government has waging the aggressive war in South Vietnam..."
 

2 identical leaflets: "JOIN THE STRUGGLE TO SAVE YOURSELVES AND THE HONOR OF THE UNITED STATES"

Scope and Content Note

"The US government has acknowledged that the Vietnam war is the third in the war history of the United States as far as US casualties are concerned... Anyhow Nixon goes on embarking into this costly, deadly, unjust, aggressive war thus wasting more of the American youth's blood..."
 

48 "BRING ALL U.S. TROOPS HOME NOW!"

Scope and Content Note

"According to AP and AFP, in response to the VN Moratorium Day... numerous American servicemen and personnel in Saigon, Danang, Bien Hoa, Long Binh and some other American bases in SVN, held meetings, demonstrations for an immediate end to the war and the total withdrawal of U.S. troops from VN..."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

48A "PEACE IN VIETNAM BRING AMERICAN TROOPS HOME!"

Scope and Content Note

(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

"BRING AN END TO THE WAR! THE AMERICAN TROOPS MUST BE REPATRIATED! VIETNAM INTERNAL AFFAIRS MUST BE SETTLED BY THE VIETNAMESE PEOPLE THEMSELVES!"

 

49 "THE SON MY BLOODY MASS-KILLING HAS BEEN DENOUNCED BY WORLD OPINION"

Scope and Content Note

Follows a description of the killing on March 18, 1968.
 

50 "STATEMENT OF THE WOMEN ASSOCIATION FOR THE SAFEGUARD OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN OF THE PROVINCE OF QUANGTIN ABOUT THE U.S. AND SOUTH KOREAN TROOPS MASS KILLING OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN QUANGNGAI AND QUANGNAM."

Scope and Content Note

"We women... have been deeply moved when learning about two following massacres... We demand the U.S. government to take full responsibility... We appeal to all the women organisations at home and abroad... to do all that is in your power to denounce the above-mentioned crimes of U.S. and South Korea troops..."
 

51 "APPEAL BY THE SOUTH VIETNAM PEACEFUL COMMITTEE TO SERVICEMEN IN THE U.S. EXPEDITIONARY ARMED FORCES IN SOUTH VIETNAM"

Scope and Content Note

"American GI's! Johnson's administration has been forced to end their bombing and strafing on the whole Democratic Republic of Vietnam territory. It is clear that the escalated policy of the hawks in the white House and Pentagon is heavily defeated..."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

52 "THE 10 POINT OVER-ALL SOLUTION OF THE SVNNLF TO THE SOUTH VIETNAM PROBLEM HELPS RESTORE PEACE IN V.N."

 

Follow the 10 points

 

"THE WORLD PUBLIC OPINIONS ON THE NLF's 10 POINT SOLUTION"

Scope and Content Note

Mike Mansfield ("a sensible solution")
New York Times ("a very sensible step")
The Times ("a positive attitude never known before")
Asai Shimbun, Japan ("this proposal expounded on the basis of the national right of self-determination")
 

"AMERICAN GI's IN SOUTH VN!"

Scope and Content Note

"The lo point solution of the N.L.F. reflects its serious attitude and goodwill in finding out a correct settlement for the S.V.N. problem..."
 

53 "LETTER OF LAWYER NGUYEN HUU THO, PRESIDENT OF THE PRESIDIUM OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE SVNNFL, to GI's and Progressive Americans in South Vietnam on the occasion of the Fall offensive to end the war in VN"

Scope and Content Note

"... On behalf of the South Vietnamese people, I warmly welcome the noble love for peace and justice of the progressive people in the U.S. I also warmly acclame American officers and men and progressive Americans in South VN for their timely and courageous response to the rise of struggle on Oct.15.."
(+ Vietnamese translation)
 

54 "LETTER OF THE SOUTH VIETNAM PEOPLE'S COMMITTEE FOR SOLIDARITY WITH THE AMERICAN PEOPLE TO AMERICAN SERVICEMEN IN SOUTH VIETNAM"

 

Follows long letter

 

55 "A MOTION TO THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES"

Scope and Content Note

"We are officers and men... captured in various battles... We, and thousands of American GI's like us, have been sent 10.000 miles to destroy and kill people who are only guilty of defending their country as we would do if aggressed in our homes. We have been deceived by you into being used as tools of destruction..."
 

56 "NEWS OF MUTINY"

Scope and Content Note

"On October 12th, 1968, more than 1.000 American soldiers including 200 regular troops, nearly 1.000 reserve troops and veterans poured into the streets of San Francisco to demonstrate against the Johnson's war... Think it over, talk it over, act together like the San Francisco soldiers did, their acts are very worth to the good tradition of Americans".
 

57 "OFFICERS AND MEN IN THE US AND SATELLITES' ARMY"

Scope and Content Note

"The Vietnamese nation deeply cherishes peace but never yields to any enemy. Nothing can resist the power of a nation, wholly united and determined to sacrifice for independance and Freedom... Do act upon human conscience to oppose your going to slaughter the Vietnamese people..."
 

58 "GI's!"

Scope and Content Note

"... What have happened (taken place) before your eyes in Vietnam? It is massacre no spare old folks, children and pregnant women..."
 

59 Same as 52

 

60 Cartoon; "BIG FIRMS GET RICH..." `Two things, Congressman -a nice juicy war contract for me and a draft deferment for my son...'

 

On reverse side, GI's casualties.

 

61 "DOUBTS AND DISCOURAGEMENT..."

 

Extracts from the International Herald Tribune, July 1967

 

62 "OUR RESOUNDING VICTORIES" (published by the Liberation Army)

 

Follows a list of many victories of the South Vietnamese people and Army.

 

63 "THE REAL NATURE OF JOHNSON's LIMITED BOMBING OVER NORTH VIETNAM AND HIS SO-CALLED PEACE INTENTION"

Scope and Content Note

"... he pretended this was one of the proofs of his peace intention.
What is the real nature of the matter? There are four major reasons that caused Johnson to take this decision:
- He has suffered a series of heavy setbacks...
- The movement of protest and condemnation...
- The more victorious the Vietnamese, the more acute US inner contradictions. Johnson's Vietnam policy has been criticised from all sides...
- The US economy is meeting with great difficulties...
In sum Johnson's limited bombing is... the result of his lamentable failure in VN and a mark of a new victory on the part of the Vietnamese people..."
 

64 "JOHNSON PLAYS ON WORDS WHILE G.I.s DIE!"

Scope and Content Note

"... American G.I's! It's high time for you to state the blunt truth about this war. Don't allow Johnson to let you sink ever deeper into a quagmire and a blind alley. Unlike Johnson, you have a way out!..."
On reverse side, picture with this title: "After the battle: Dead marines are moved out of the ambush area".
 

65 "DO ACT IN THE SENSE OF CONSCIENCE OF THE GENUINE AMERICAN"

Scope and Content Note

"... GI!... Join the progressive American people, you should demand:
- The immediate end of Johnson - Mc Namara's aggressive war in SVN.
- The withdrawal of all U.S. troops from SVN.
- The restoration of true peace in Vietnam.
- The settlement of the VN internal affairs by the Vietnamese people themselves.
These are the genuine American's sensible and legal deeds that can save your life, recover your own honor as well as that of the USA".
(+ Vietnamese translation).