Guide to the Charles Thorpe Papers
Processed by The GLBTHS Archives staff; machine-readable finding aid created by
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society
657 Mission Street #300
San Francisco, CA, 94107
The Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society. All rights reserved.
Guide to the Charles Thorpe Papers
Accession number: 87-2
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society
San Francisco, California
- Processed by:
- The GLBTHS Archives staff
- Encoded by:
- Xiuzhi Zhou
© 1999 The Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society. All rights reserved.
Title: Charles Thorpe Papers
Collection Identifier: 1987-02
Extent: 1 box
Gay Lesbian Bisexual Transgender Historical Society
657 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA, 94105
The Charles Thorpe Papers are a small portion of a group of materials passed on to GLBTHS by Florence Mitchell, Head of the
Harvey Milk/Eureka Valley Branch of the San Francisco Public Library in early 1987. These materials were previously held at
the J. Paul Leonard Library at San Francisco State University.
Sometime in the early 1970s a collection of documents relating to gay and lesbian issues was collected and donated to the
Leonard Library by SFSU Sociology professor Lois Flynn. Thorpe had been an SFSU student and was an organizer of the first
gay student group on campus; his CHF notebook and other documents from that period had been turned over to Flynn at some point.
The material placed by Flynn was the initial core of a gay and lesbian collection held by the Leonard Library that grew erratically
through the 1970s. By the early 1980s no new material was being collected, and the collection became moribund. In 1987, the
Library decided to donate the collection, and the four wooden file cabinets it resided in, to the Harvey Milk/Eureka Valley
Branch of the San Francisco Public Library. Upon its delivery, Branch Librarian Flo Mitchell and GLBTHS Archivist Bill Walker
went through the collection, pulling documents and ephemera that were deemed historical and irreplaceable or rare. These items,
which included the Thorpe notebooks and related papers, were turned over to GLBTHS in May of 1987.
Much of the materials donated to GLBTHS consisted of runs of periodicals, loose clippings, and ephemera. Among other items
were two red loose leaf notebooks that had been compiled by Charles Thorpe at some point in the early 1970s. These contained
documents pertaining to the Committee for Homosexual Freedom (CHF) as well as a variety of flyers and essays related to gay
liberation. For preservation purposes, these notebooks were disassembled; their contents and the original notebook covers
were placed in archival folders. A complete listing of the original contents of both notebooks, kept in the GLBTHS control
file, may be examined upon request by contacting the GLBTHS Archivist.
Collection is open for research.
Copyright to unpublished manuscript materials has been transferred to the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society.
[Identification of item], Charles Thorpe Papers, 87-2, Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society.
Scope and Content
Committee for Homosexual Freedom
The bulk of this collection documents the birth, growth, and activities of the Committee for Homosexual Freedom (CHF), probably
the first "gay liberation" group in Northern California, originating in the spring of 1969 by Leo Laurence and Gale Whittington.
Laurence was the current editor of Vector, the official publication of the Society for Individual Rights (SIR) the largest
gay group in San Francisco during the late 1960s. In late March of 1969, Laurence had his young friend Whittington pose as
a model for a Vector article on the new fashion styles of young gay men. The photographer hired to shoot the session also
took one or more informal photos, including one with Leo hugging the shirtless Whittington. Without their knowledge, a copy
of this photograph was acquired by the Berkeley Barb, where it was used to illustrate an interview of Laurence on the increasing
militancy among some gay men. The bold headline over the photo was "Don't Hide It" with a smaller "Homo Revolt" to the side.
A copy of this paper found its way into the hands of Whittington's boss at the States Line Steamship Company, who fired him
from his clerical position on the spot.
Devastated, Whittington went straight to Laurence with the news. The two commiserated and talked well into the evening. Laurence,
determined to fight this gross injustice, suggested the two form a new group which could call for action against States Line.
Over coffee at the restaurant that would later become Church Street Station, The two agreed on this plan, dubbing the new
group the Committee for Homosexual Freedom (CHF). The next day they made a couple of picket signs and a leaflet that explained
the situation, urging others to join the protest. Midday they made their way to the States Line offices in the 300 block of
California, where they began picketing and handing out flyers to the astonished people passing by. A few joined them in their
protest; encouraged by this support, they quickly developed a plan to picket the company every day during the lunch hour when
hordes of stockbrokers, bankers and office workers filled the street. More people joined each day, and CHF began holding meetings
to discuss the States Line action as well as other issues that came up. Over the next few months, CHF engaged in numerous
actions. Although Whittington never got his job back, the group got a lot of publicity, and in another gay related firing
at Tower Records, CHF did manage to get the employee rehired. Later in the year CHF was joined by another fledgling group,
the Berkeley Gay Liberation Front (GLF), in continuing actions and street theater.
Gay Liberation Materials
Charles Thorpe, a young student at San Francisco State, was one of the early members of CHF. He actively collected materials
from CHF, GLF, and other early gay liberation groups around the country. The newsletters, leaflets, articles, and other documents
in the Thorpe Papers are the result of this collecting. They document a great deal about the first year of gay liberation
in the Bay Area, and indirectly reveal the rapid development of gay liberation throughout the country. Other documents include
information from conferences Thorpe attended, letters and proposals for gay-related courses at both SFSC and UC Berkeley,
and political statements from various groups and individuals.
Several dozen clipped news articles from various sources are also present, including numerous gay- related stories from the
Berkeley Barb and the Berkeley Tribe, circa 1969-1972, were retained. Due to their rapid oxidation, the original clippings
were photocopied and discarded. Articles accompanied by photographs were retained for visual uses.
Title: Bois Burk Papers
Identifier/Call Number: (89-7)
Title: Amson Reinhart Papers
Identifier/Call Number: (94-25)
Title: David Stern Papers
Identifier/Call Number: (95-22)
Title: Stephen F Lowell Papers
Identifier/Call Number: (96-5)
Title: Paul Hardman Papers
Identifier/Call Number: (96-6)
Title: J. D. Wade Photographs
Identifier/Call Number: (96-43)
"Homo Revolt" - Berkeley Barb clippings 3/28/69 & 4/11/69
Thorpe Notebooks - Covers
Thorpe Notebooks - CHF Newsletter (4/22/69-10/16/69)
Thorpe Notebooks - States Line Picket
Thorpe Notebooks - Frank Bartley Killing in Berkeley
Thorpe Notebooks - Tower Records Picket
Thorpe Notebooks - Anti-Discrimination Petition Drive
Thorpe Notebooks - Examiner Demonstration
Thorpe Notebooks - Anti-War Protests
Thorpe Notebooks - Gays on Campus
Thorpe Notebooks - CHF History & Development
Thorpe Notebooks - Free Particle
Thorpe Notebooks - Misc Documents
Charles Thorpe - Speech, Manifesto, Poetry, Interview
N.A.C.H.O. Conference in San Francisco, 1969
"On the Development of a Purple Fist" Judy Grahn
Gay - In, Golden Gate Park-6/28/70
S. F. Protests, 1970: KGO Trial, Human Rights Commission, Stud Shooting
Alpine County Movement, 1970
Sociologists Vote for Homosexual Rights, 1969
"Gay Liberation; A Movement Without a Model", Morgan Pinney
Gay May Day: Anti-War Actions in Washington DC
Anti-War and Draft Resistance
"Proposal for a Course on Homosexuality" SFSU, May 1969
Pilot Project on Homosexuality - UC Berkeley, Fall 1969
Gay Student's Union, UC Berkeley
Gay Students and Gay Courses - Misc
Gay Liberation Front: San Jose
Gay Liberation Front: Los Angeles
Gay Liberation Front: San Diego, Portland, Seattle, Vancouver
Gay Liberation Front: Austin, Houston, Wash DC, Rochester NY, Philadelphia, Toronto
Gay Liberation Front: Dayton, Detroit, Chicago, Milwaukee, Minneapolis
"Underdogs; the Political Action Branch of Gay Liberation" San Francisco
"Lesbianism as a Political Statement" - Sally Gearhart
Letter to Cockettes, Nan Taylor
Willie Brown's Decriminalization Bill
Theater Programs; Geese and Tubstrip
"Homosexuality and Employment" William Parker
Gay Switchboard, Berkeley
Golden Gate Gay Liberation House
"Modest Proposal for Gay Peoples' Liberation, Anon
"Gay Flames Pamphlets #1-13 (Including Carl Whitman's pre-Stonewall Gay Manifesto,composed while Whitman picketed the States Line with CHF)
Berkeley Barb: Photocopies of Articles, 1969
Berkeley Barb: Photocopies of Articles, 1970
Berkeley Barb: Photocopies of Articles, 1971
Berkeley Tribe: Photocopies of Articles, 1969-1970
Photocopies of Articles from Various Sources. 1968-1970
Berkeley Tribe, Berkeley Barb: Original Clips Containing photographs
Various oversize materials including leaflets, pamphlets, letters, and newsletters.
Court Appeal from "State vs [Pat] Brown", who was arrested and convicted for obscenity and disturbing the peace by chanting
"Suck Cock...Beat the Draft" at a rally in front of the States Line Steamship Company on 1/19/70.
Speech by Charles P. Thorpe, given at National Students Gay Liberation Front Conference held at the SIR Center on 8/21/70.