German art historian and pioneering critic of the 20th-century avant-garde who took an interest in the study and development
of photography as an art form. Collection consists primarily of letters received from more than 1,000 correspondents, ca.
1911-1965. The correspondence is of a personal, intellectual, and business nature, between Roh and colleagues and fellow students,
critics, editors, gallery owners, and curators throughout Germany, France, and the United States. Letters express thanks and
complaints concerning Roh's criticism, and contain requests for reviews, catalog statements, photographs, introductions, and
Franz Roh (1890-1965) was a noted art historian, photographer, and
critic of the early twentieth-century avant-garde. He began his career working
Kunstblatt, and other journals publishing on art topics.
In 1925, with the encouragement of Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, he published
Nachexpressionismus-Magischer Realismus. Through this he
gained prominence in the artistic circles of the avant-garde, which led to his
Foto-Auge with Jan Tschichold in 1929. The progressivism
of his work led to
Foto-Auge being sequestered and confiscated, and
eventually led Roh to a brief imprisonment when he was forbidden to write by
government censors in 1933. He was, however, awarded a professorship in modern
art at the University of Munich in 1946, a position he held for the remainder
of his life. He continued to promote contemporary art in the years after the
war and became president of AICA (International Association of Art Critics) in
1951. He died in Munich in 1965.
3.5 linear feet
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