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Guide to the Flaherty Collection: Japanese Internment Records
MSS-2006-02  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Processing Information
  • Custodial History
  • Biography / Administrative History
  • Bibliography and references cited
  • Related Material
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Collection Summary

    Title: Flaherty Collection: Japanese Internment Records
    Date (bulk): 1921-1966, bulk 1942
    Accession number: MSS-2006-02
    Creator: Fullerton, Colonel Hugh T.

    United States. Army. Western Defense Command and Fourth Army.

    United States. Wartime Civil Control Administration

    United States. War Relocation Authority

    Collector: Flaherty, John Melvin

    San José State College
    Collection Size: 1-3inch flat-box, 4 cartons, 2 oversized boxes (11 linear feet)
    Repository: San José State University Library, Special Collections & Archives
    San José, California 95192-0028
    Abstract: The War Relocation Authority (WRA), together with the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA), the Civil Affairs Division (CAD) and the Office of the Commanding General (OFG) of the Western Defense Command (WDC) operated together to segregate and house some 110,000 men women and children from 1942 to 1945. The collection contains documents and photographs relating to the establishment and administrative workings of the (WDC), the (WRA) and the (WCCA) for the year 1942.
    Physical location:

    Vault 1, Range 20B
    Languages:

    Languages represented in the collection: English

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to the San José State University Library Special Collections & Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Special Collections & Archives as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader. Copyright restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files from or derived from these collections is restricted to research and educational purposes.

    Preferred Citation

    Flaherty Collection: Japanese Internment Records, San José State University Library, Special Collections & Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    The bulk of this artificial collection was donated to the SJSU Special Collections by John Melvin Flaherty, Jr. The remainder of the collection was compiled by SJSC library staff.

    Processing Information

    Processing and guide prepared by Russell Rader, reviewed by Danelle Moon. Guide encoded by Russell Rader, 2006

    Custodial History

    It appears that the bulk of Flaherty Collection was initially part of a larger group of documents collected and maintained by Colonel Hugh T. Fullerton of the Western Defence Command. Colonel Fullerton gave the documents to John Melvin Flaherty, Jr. with instructions to distribute the collection of material to the libraries of San José State College and Stanford University.

    Biography / Administrative History

    On February 19, 1942 President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 providing broad powers for the War Department to create exclusion zones and to initiate an evacuation program for the Western Defense Command (WDC). Under the leadership of General John Dewitt of the WDC, the Civil Affairs Division (CAD) and the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) were created in order to provide for the transition of voluntary evacuees, enemy aliens and United States citizens alike, from exclusion areas to other parts of the country. The failure of the voluntary evacuation plan led President Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 9102, which established the civilian run War Relocation Authority (WRA). The WRA was mandated to institute enforced evacuations. Due to the recalcitrance of states on the interior of the country to accept the Japanese evacuees or to provide for their safety, the WRA also constructed internment centers in order to house the evacuees. Between 1942-1945 the WRA, the WCCA, the CAD and the Office of the Commanding General of the Western Defense Command segregated and housed approximately 110,000 Japanese-American men, women and children.
    Though the initial exclusion plan put forth by General Dewitt included both German and Italian citizens, the Japanese Americans bore the brunt of Executive Order 9066.

    Bibliography and references cited

    Baker, Lillian. American and Japanese Relocation in World War II : Fact, Fiction, and Fallacy. (Medford, OR: Webb Research Group, 1990)

    City of San José Commission on the Internment of Local Japanese Americans. With Liberty and Justice for All: The Story of San José's Japanese Community. (San José, Calif. Distributed by the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors, 1985).

    Flaherty, John Melvin, Jr. The Decision to Evacuate and Intern the Japanese Residing on the Pacific Coast of the United States during World War II. (Unpublished masters thesis, California State University, San José, 1973)

    Nishimoto, Richard S. Inside an American Concentration Camp : Japanese American Resistance at Poston, Arizona. Lane Ryo Hirabayashi (Ed.). (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1995)

    Smith, P. Democracy on Trial: the Japanese American Evacuation and Relocation in World War II. (New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, 1995)

    United States War Department. Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 : Final Report/ United States Department of War. (New York, NY: Arno Press, 1978)

    Weglyn, Michi. Years of Infamy: The Untold Story of America's Concentration Camps. (New York: Morrow, 1976)

    Related Material

    Scope and Content of Collection

    This artificial collection consists of documents and photographs relating to the establishment and administrative workings of the Western Defense Command (WDC), the War Relocation Authority (WRA) and the Wartime Civilian Control Administration (WCCA) for the year 1942. It includes administrative policies, orders, manuals, correspondence, statistics, posters, photographs and newspaper clippings. The bulk of this collection documents the activities of 1942 but materials in series IV cover other time periods.

    Arrangement

    This collection is broken down into 5 series; Series I: War Relocation Authority; Series II: Wartime Civilian Control Administration; Series III: Western Defense Command; Series IV: Printed Matter and Series V: Japanese Internment Photograph Album
    Within each series, folders have been given titles that often use abbriviations in place of full organizational names.

    Abbreviation List

    ATD
    Alaska Travel Division
    CAD
    Civil Affairs Division
    EOD
    Evacuation Operations Division
    OCG
    Office of the Commanding General
    SSB
    Special Services Branch
    WCCA
    Wartime Civilian Control Administration
    WDC
    Western Defense Command
    WRA
    War Relocation Authority

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index similar items in the Library Of Congress

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    United States. Army. Western Defense Command.
    United States. Wartime Civil Control Administration
    United States. War Relocation Authority
    World War, 1939-1945 -- California
    Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
    World War, 1939-1945 -- Evacuation of civilians