INVENTORY OF SOVIET PHOTOGRAPHS FROM 1918

Finding aid written by Annette Leddy
The Getty Research Institute
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Special Collections and Visual Resources
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©2002
J. Paul Getty Trust.

INVENTORY OF SOVIET PHOTOGRAPHS FROM 1918

Accession no. 97.R.36

Finding aid written by Annette Leddy
Getty Research Institute

Contact Information:

  • The Getty Research Institute
  • Research Library
  • Special Collections and Visual Resources
  • 1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
  • Los Angeles, California 90049-1688
  • Phone: (310) 440-7390
  • Fax: (310) 440-7780
  • Email Requests: http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/library/reference_form.html
  • URL: http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/library/
Processed by:
Annette Leddy
Date completed:
1998, revised April 2004
Encoded by:
Apex Data Services; Annette Leddy
©2002 J. Paul Getty Trust.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Soviet photographs from 1918
Date (inclusive): 1918
Collection number: 97.R.36
Collector: Getty Research Institute
Extent: 595 items
Repository: Getty Research Institute
Research Library
Special Collections and Visual Resources
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles, California 90049-1688
Abstract: A collection of 595 photographs and film stills from 1918 depicts Soviet social programs and key battles of the Civil War.
Request Materials: To access physical materials on site, go to the library catalog record  for this collection and click "Request an Item." Click here for access policy .
Language: Collection material in English

Administrative Information

Access

Open for use by qualified researchers.

Publication Rights

Preferred Citation

Soviet photographs from 1918, Getty Research Institute, Research Library, Accession no. 97.R.36.

Acquisition Information

Acquired in 1997.

Processing History

Processed by Annette Leddy in 1998, with the translations and assistance of Katya Yudina and David Woodruff.

Related Material

Khronika no. 1 (1918), Getty Research Institute, Research Library, ID no. 1548-537.

Biographical/Historical Note

Biographies of people featured in Soviet photographs. Please note that several sources were used to compile these biographies. Where the Great Soviet Encyclopedia was used, it is noted after the entry, since the information it offers is sometimes incomplete.
Avtonomov, Aleksei Ivanovich (1890-1919) WWI participant on Caucasus front. Joined Soviets in 1917. In February 1918 appointed Commander of Southeastern Revolutionary Army; in May 1918 removed from command by decree of Third Congress of Soviets. Sent to Northern Caucasus to serve in Civil War. Died there, presumably of typhus. ( Sov. Enc.)
Bonch-Bruevich, Mikhail Dmitrievich (1870-1956) Tsarist military officer who joined Red Army, becoming Chief of staff of High Command of military, second to Trotsky. In March 1918 made head of Supreme Military Council. After 1923 engaged in scholarship in area of geodetics.
Bonch-Bruevich, Vladimir D. (1873-1955) Founding member of Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, later close associate of Lenin. Administrative officer in Soviet government 1917-1920. Remainder of career spent in academic or publishing pursuits.
Bukharin, Nikolai Ivanovich (1888-1938) The party's leading theoretician and economist, a Left Communist. In 1918 opposed Brest-Litovsk. In 1920s supported Lenin's New Economic Program. 1924-27 joined Stalin in the Politboro as one of the top leaders. Expelled from Politboro 1929. Executed in 1938 after show trial.
Dybenko, Pavel Efimovich (1889-1938) Member of Military Revolutionary Committee that created the October Revolution. Played key role in the Civil War, 1918-1920. Tried in May 1918 and acquitted of the surrender of Narva to the Germans, which occurred when he was People's Commissar for Naval Affairs. Red Army commander from 1928 until 1938, when he was executed in Stalin's purge of the military.
Iaroslavsky (pseud. of Gubel'man, Minei Izrailovich) (1878-1943) Soviet publicist, historian, journalist. Took part in October Revolution attack on Kremlin. Became first commissar of Moscow Military District. In 1918 a Left Communist closely associated with Bukharin. In 1920, a member of the Central Committee of Russian Communist Party. Throughout 1930s edited and published official party histories.
Kamenev, Lev Borisovich (1883-1936) On Central Committee of Russian Communist Party, Editor of Pravda, Chairman of Moscow Soviet, 1920-1925. Joined with Stalin and Zinoviev in opposition to Trotsky, a position he later reversed, after suppressing the indictment of Stalin in Lenin's “testament.” Executed after Stalin show trial, 1936.
Karakhan, Lev Mikhailovich (1889-1937) A leader of October Revolution. November 1917-18 was secretary to Soviet delegation at negotiations leading to Brest-Litovsk. In 1918-20 was Deputy People's Commissar for foreign affairs. Served as ambassador abroad to various countries. ( Sov. Enc.)
Krasikov, Petr Ananevich (1870-1939) After 1917, Chair of committee to combat counterrevolution and profiteering. Managed department of religion under People's Committee of Justice. In 1933-38 was Vice-Chairman of Supreme Court of USSR. ( Sov. Enc.)
Krylenko, Nikolai Vasilevich (1885-1938) Supreme Commander-in-Chief and People's Commissar on Military Affaris, 1917-1918. Chief state prosecutor for major political trials, 1918-1931. Commissar of Justice, 1931-36. Arrested in 1937 and shot without trial.
Malkov, Pavel Dmitrievich (1887-1965) In 1917 took part in storming of the Winter Palace. In 1918, was Commandant of Moscow Kremlin. 1920-22 served in Red Army. In 1923 was transferred to economic managerial work. Retired with pension in 1954 and wrote memoirs. ( Sov. Enc.)
Muralov, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1886-1937) In October 1917 was Chair of Aleksin district committee. 1920-23 Chairman of Moscow Council of National Economy. USSR's People's Commissioner of Agriculture 1933-36. ( Sov. Enc.)
Muranov, Matvei Konstantinovich (1873-1959) Member editorial board of Pravda. Member of Central Committee, 1917-23. In 1922-34 member of Central Control Commission. In All-Russian Central Executive Committee from 1934-37. Retired 1939. ( Sov. Enc.)
Nogin, Viktor Pavlovich (1878-1924) Important right-wing Bolshevik. In 1918 Commissar of Trade and Industry. Resigned from Central Committee in 1919 along with Zinoviev because no other socialist parties were allowed. Later in charge of textile industry. Died during surgery for stomach ulcers.
Podbelsky, Vadim Nikolaevich (1887-1920) Took part in October Revolution. Served as People's Commissar of Post and Telegraph. Helped suppress counterrevolutionary rebellions in Moscow and Iaroslavl. ( Sov. Enc.)
Podvoisky, Nikolai I. (1880-1948) In 1917 member of Military Revolutionary Committee. Took part in seizure of Winter Palace in October Revolution. Held military posts in civil war and government posts afterward, until sinking into obscurity.
Rakovski, Khristian Georgevich (1873-1941) Doctor and diplomat. In 1918 elected chairman of Ukrainian Council of People's Commissars and member of Central Committee of Russian Communist Party. Later expelled as Trotskyist and died in concentration camp.
Rogov, Mikhail Ivanovich (1880-1942) 1917-1918 was deputy Chairman of the Moscow Soviet. In 1929 was Deputy People's Commissar of Finance for USSR. Member, Central Executive Committee of USSR, 1934-37.
Sereda, Semen Pafnut'evich (1871-1933) People's Commissar of Agriculture, 1918-21. 1922-27 Deputy Chairman of Supreme Council on National Economy. 1927-30 Chair of Council of People's Commissars. Member Central Executive Comittee. ( Sov. Enc.)
Shlikhter, Aleksander Grigor'evich (1868-1940) 1917-1919, People's Commissioner of Agriculture and People's Commissar of Foodstuffs. 1927-29 People's Commissar of Agriculture of Ukrainian SSR. 1926-37 was candidate member of Politboro of Central Committee.
Skliansky, Efraim Markovich (1892-1925) 1917-18 Deputy of People's Committee for Naval Affairs. March 1918 member of Supreme Military Council. 1918-1924 Deputy Chair of Revolutionary Military Council. 1924 directed work of Supreme Council on National Economy. Drowned while on official business in USA. ( Sov. Enc.)
Skobelev, Mikhail D. (1843-1882) Russian general, famous for his role in Russia's expansion into Central Asia in the 1870s and his victories in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1978.
Steklov, Yuri M. (1873-1941) Held prominent posts in Russian government. Wrote on history of socialism. Died in one of Stalin's purges.
Sverdlov, Iakov Mikhailovich (1885-1919) Chairman of All-Russian Central Executive Committee of Soviets. Key figure in organization and administration of Bolsheviks. Maneuvered to exclude all government parties not agreeing with Lenin. August 1918-March 1919, consolidated organizational structure of party on principle of centralism. Began amassing files on party workers. Died of Spanish flu.
Trotsky, Leon D. (1879-1940) Orator, writer, and military leader. Joined the Bolsheviks in 1917 and played a key role in the October revolution. Commissar of War, 1918-1925. Leader of the left opposition in the Soviet Communist Party in mid-1920s. Expelled from USSR by Stalin in 1929. Assassinated by Stalinist agent in Mexico, 1940.
Historical Chronology

Events of 1918

January-March: Invasion and occupation of Ukraine by Lenin's troops.
February: Red Army formed with Trotsky as its leader.
March 3: Brest-Litovsk treaty between USSR and Germany: Bolsheviks expelled from Ukrainian territory.
April 12: Lenin issues decree on Removing Monuments Erected in Honor of the Tsars and Their Servants. Skobelev monument removed by May 1.
April 22: Transcaucasian Federation proclaims independence.
April 29-Dec. 14: German-backed government rules Ukraine, led by Skoropadskyi
May 1: First parade of Red Army on Khodynka Field. Inheritance abolished.
May?: Dybenko tried and acquitted.
May 20: Decree creating food supply detachments.
May 22: Czech rebellion begins.
Early June: British landing at Archangel.
July 4-7: Fifth Congress of Soviets.
July 5-20: Uprising at Iaroslavl, ending in massacre.
July 6: Left Socialist Revolutionaries revolt (during Fifth Congress)
July 16: Lenin orders execution of ex-Tsar and his family.
July 29: Compulsory military training introduced.
August 7: Kazan goes to White Army.
September 5: Red Terror begins; Red Army conscription begins.
September 10: Red Army wins back Kazan.
November 7: Official anniversary of Russian Revolution.
November 14: Bolsheviks overthrow Ukrainian government.
November: End of World War I.
November?: Admiral Sablin tried and sentenced to one year in prison for role in Socialist Revolutionaries' revolt.
December?: Rakovski established as head of Soviet Ukrainian Republic.

Scope and Content of Collection

Soviet photographs from 1918 convey the social upheaval of Russia during a transitional period when the new government was instituting massive changes in social programs while fighting a civil war. Photographers and cinematographers employed by the Photography and Film Committee of the People's Commissariat of Enlightenment recorded these images as they travelled through Russia on propaganda trains, then sent their raw footage to the newsreel production studio in Moscow where it was compiled and edited into films. A number of these images are stills from the first Russian weekly newsreel Kinonedelia (Film Week), edited by the young Dziga Vertov in his first job in cinema.
The collection contains numerous views of mass events meant to show popular support for the leadership, such as Moscow street demonstrations on May 1, August 11 and November 7. These feature workers marching with banners, military exercises, and major figures such as Bukharin and Sverdlov addressing the crowds.
Images of civil war include views of monuments ravaged by bombing in Iaroslavl, Kiev and Kazan, and extensive coverage of a major fire at a storage facility on the Moscow-Kazan railroad. There are also many views of Trotsky inspecting Red Army troops, both at Kodynka field (Moscow) and elsewhere. Coverage of Trotsky's Kazan campaign is one of the collection's highlights, with views of the leader traveling with sailors on the Volga, speaking to crowds in remote areas, and giving awards for distinguished service.
The photographs portray new social programs such as physical education camps for children, and legal institutions such as juried trials. They also portray the dismantling, according to decree, of monuments to Alexander II, Alexander III, and Skobelev. The Fifth Congress of Soviets is documented in views of delegates waiting to enter sessions, views of the arrival of key figures such as Sverdlov, Bonch-Bruevich, and Trotsky, and views of Latvian soldiers standing guard following the Socialist Revolutionaries' revolt.
There are 595 photographs organized in rough chronological order. While most are 12 × 17.5 centimeters or smaller, a few are panoramas.
Note: While nearly all English captions are translations of the Russian, where there is no Russian caption, an English one has been provided if it was possible to identify the event or location.

Indexing Terms

Subjects

Bukharin, Nikolai Ivanovich, 1988-1938—Portraits
Kamenev, Lev Borisovich, 1883-1936—Portraits
Krylenko, N.V. (Nikolai; Vasil'evich), 1885-1938—Portraits
Muralov, Aleksandr Ivanovich, b. 1886—Portraits
Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940—Portraits
Steklov, IU. M. (IUrii Mikhailovich), 1873-1941—Portraits
Sverdlov, IAkov Mikhailovich, 1885-1919—Portraits
Soviet Union—Red Army
Congress of Soviets (5th: 1918: Moscow)—Pictorial works
Demonstrations—Russia (Federation)—Moscow

Places

Kazan' (Russia)
Kiev (Ukraine)
Moscow (Russia)
IAroslavl' (IAroslavskaia oblast', Russia)
Soviet Union—History—Revolution—1917-1921

Titles

Khronika, 1918 Kinonedelia (Motion Picture: 1918)

Form and Genres of material

Film stills—Soviet Union
Panoramas—Soviet Union
Photographic prints
Photographs, Original

Contributors

Vertov, Dziga, 1896-1954
Russian S.F.S.R.—People's Commissariat of Enlightenment

Bibliography

Great Soviet Encyclopedia, (translation of 3rd Edition, A.M. Prokhorov, Ed., 1976) New York 1979.
Jackson, George, Editor, and Robert Devlin, Assistant Editor, Dictionary of the Russian Revolution, Connecticut, 1989.
Medvedev, Roy A., The October Revolution, New York, 1979.
Pipes, Richard, The Russian Revolution, New York, 1990.
Stites, Richard, Revolutionary Dreams, New York; Oxford, 1989.

Box 1

Bombardment of Kiev

 

1-6 Ruins of St. Valentine's

 

7 Gathering of unexploded bombs

 

8-9 Remains of heavy artillery after blast

 

10 Remains of bombs

 

11 Blasts in Kiev

 

12-13 Austrian patrol

 

14-16 Ruins of water tower

 

17 Ruins of power station

 

18-41 Dismantling of Monument to Mikhail Dmitrievich Skobelev, before May 1

 

42-46 Ukrainian minister Ragoza at Parade

 

Street Demonstrations, Moscow, May 1

 

47-48 Near Aleksandrovsky Station

 

49 On Tverskaia Street

 

50 On Soviet Square

 

51 In front of the House of Soviets

 

52-53 On Tverskaia Street

 

54 Demonstration on Voskresenskaya Street

 

55-56 In the streets of Moscow

 

57 On Miasnitskaia Street

 

58 Children of the Iakimansky District

 

59 Near the Bolshoi Theater

 

60 In the streets of Moscow

 

61-62 On Revolution Square

 

63-65 Kitaisky Passage

 

66-68 Union of Metal Workers

 

69-76 By the Kremlin wall

 

77-79 Red Square

 

80 Sailors at rest

 

81 Gathering money for victims of the October Revolution

 

Parade on Kodynka Field, May 1

 

82-83 Trotsky reviews the troops

 

84-85 Army marching on Kodynka field

 

86 Armored car (tank) on Kodynka field

 

87 On Kodynka field

 

88 Trotsky reviews troops

 

89-94 Parade on Kodynka field (Trotsky)

 

95 Stage set at theater of Soviet of Workers' Deputies, May 1

 

96-113 Children's holiday in the Pirogov Administrative District

 

114-121 Trial of Pavel Efimovich Dybenko, May

 

114 Audience

 

115 Prosecutor Krylenko

 

116 Krylenko and Diakonov

 

117 Witness Yurich

 

118 Dybenko in court

 

119 Dybenko's testimony

 

120 Meeting of the Tribunal

 

121 Dybenko acquitted

Box 2

1-34 Fire at freight station of Moscow-Kazan railroad

 

35-44 Flights at an airdrome, May 26

 

45-52 Departure of the Provision troops

 

53-54 Commissar of the Provision troops, Susmanovich

 

55-60 Arrival of Russian prisoners from Germany

 

61-65 Department of Hygiene exhibition

 

66-68 Briansk Railway Station

 

69-71 Cheap lunches at employment agency

 

72-74 Against hunger: line at kitchen diner no. 1 of the Committee of Public Nutrition

 

75 A.I. Avtonomov, Commander in Chief of Northern and Caucasian Fronts

 

76 Avtonomov with assisting staff officer

 

Red Army

 

77-79 Waiting at the Red Army selection committee entrance

Scope and Content Note

(Zamoskvoretsky district)
 

80 Red Army enlistment

 

81-82 Army physical

 

83 Army canteen carries food to people in the city

 

84 Pavel Dmitrievich Malkov, Commandant of the Kremlin, with staff

 

85 Getting passes to the Kremlin at Trotsky gate

 

86 Chapryshnikov, Ambassador to? in? Bulgaria

 

87-88 Refugees waiting for Ukrainian visas on Nikitskaia Street

 

89 Refugees waiting for Ukrainian visas on Khlegnyi Pereulok

 

90-93 Funeral of pilot Syrochnikov and photographer Krinkov

 

94 Pilots in airplanes accompany their comrades to the cemetery

 

95-108 Dismantling of monument to Alexander III, by Cathedral of Christ our Savior, Moscow

 

109-112 Inspection of products at Okhotnyi Riad (Okhotnyi Riad is cordoned off by Red Army soldiers, July 1

 

Fifth Congress of Soviets, July 4-7

 

113 By the Bolshoi Theater during the Fifth Congress

 

114 Line of delegates waiting to enter a session of the Fifth Congress

 

115 Poster on the Second House of Soviets

 

116 Line of delegates waiting to get into a session

 

117 Comrade Sverdlov, Chairman of Fifth Congress, before a session

 

118 Comrade Sereda, Commissar of Farming

 

119 Comrade Steklov

 

120 Comrade Bonch-Bruevich

 

121 Comrade Muralov, Commissar of Moscow Country Staff??

 

122 Comrade Podbelsky, Commissar of Postal and Telegraphic Service

 

123 Comrade Krylenko

 

124 Comrade Nogin

 

125 Comrade Vegerg

 

126 Comrade Gukovsky

 

127 Comrade Podbelsky

 

128 Kozlovsky and Krasikov, members of Central Committee Against Speculation and Counterrevolution

 

129 Comrade Karakan

 

130 Comrade Shlikhter, General Commissar of Provisions in Siberia

 

131 Comrade Sosnovsky

 

132 Comrade Trotsky

 

133-134 Delegates during a recess of the Fifth Congress

 

135 Delegates waiting to enter a session

 

136 At the Bolshoi entrance during Fifth Congress

 

137-138 Left Socialist Revolutionaries go to Fifth Congress, having left a fraction conference

 

139 Latvian soldiers with machine guns the day after Socialist Revolutionaries' uprising

 

140 Latvian soldiers with machine guns guard the Bolshoi Theater

 

141 Latvian soldiers of the Red Army on Teatralnia Square

 

142 Latvian soldiers getting food at army canteen near Bolshoi Theater

 

143 Latvian soldiers of the Red Army by the Bolshoi

 

144 Guards at the Bolshoi during the Fifth Congress

 

145 Strict checking of mandates after Socialist Revolutionaries' uprising

 

146 Strict checking of mandates before session

 

147 Armored cars near the Bolshoi

 

148 Delegates sing the International after the close of the Fifth Congress

 

Bombardment of Iaroslavl, July 5-20

 

149-151 Spassky Monastery, Iaroslavl

 

152 Cupola of Spassky Monastery

 

153 Through the gates of Spassky Monastery

 

154 Spassky Monastery

 

155 Church of the Savior, Iaroslavl

 

156 Church of Ascension, Iaroslavl

 

157 Bell tower of Church of Ascension

 

158-159 Cathedral, Iaroslavl

 

160-161 Church of Pokrov, Iaroslavl

 

162-163 Church of Piatnitsky-na-Vspolie, Rozhdestvenskaia Street, Iaroslavl

 

164-166 Post Office, Iaroslavl

 

167-169 Novye Riady, Iaroslavl

 

170 Seminary, Iaroslavl

 

171-173 Vakhromeev's mill, Iaroslavl

 

174-175 Demidov Lycee, Iaroslavl

 

176 House of Merchant Kartashev, Iaroslavl

 

177 Iaroslavl

 

178-179 Sennaia Square, Borisglebskaia Street, Iaroslavl

 

180 Watchtower of the fire department, Sennaia Square, Iaroslavl

 

181 Sennaia Square, Iaroslavl

 

182-184 Tsyganskaia Street, Iaroslavl

 

185 Fire damage, Liubimskaia Street, Iaroslavl

 

186 Tram depot and power station, Iaroslavl

 

187-188 Dunaev's match factory, Iaroslavl

 

189-190 Homeless because of fire, Iaroslavl

 

191 Graves of Zangeim and Suvorov, City garden, Iaroslavl

 

192 Training at Iaroslavl post office; Comrade Volkov, Post Office manager

 

193 Comrade Budkin, Post Office, Iaroslavl

 

194-195 Comrade Budkin

 

196 Comrade Budkin, Post Office, Iaroslavl

 

197 Iaroslavl

Box 3

1-4 Visual propaganda produced by People's Commissariat for Enlightenment

 

5-8 Conference on the reform of higher education

 

9-10 Hermitage Garden: tour of the singer Shaliapin

 

11-22 Playground activities of the People's Commissariat for Enlightenment

 

23-24 Line for chocolate and candy

 

25 Berries for sale

 

26-27 Waiting for milk at the tram stop

 

28-31 Funeral - unidentified

 

32-33 Detachable railcars of inventor Alekseev

 

Street demonstration, August 11

 

34-45 Day of military education/Parade of the working class

 

46 Comrades Muranov and Iaroslavsky review troops

 

47 Comrades Sverdlov and Muranov review troops

 

48-49 The mass meeting

 

50 Singing the International

 

51 Parade of the working class

 

52-54 Comrade Bukharin gives a speech

 

55 Comrade Sverdlov's speech

 

56 Skliansky, Deputy Military Minister, gives speech

 

57-60 Parade of the working class

 

61 Krylenko, Muranov, Skliansky, Sverdlov

 

62-64 Comrade Kamenev addresses troops

 

65-82 Dismantling of monument to Alexander II, Kremlin

 

Trial of Doctor Pokrovsky

 

83 Acting chairman of People's District Court, I.F. Taraskin

 

84 Prosecutors and defense attorney in Pokrovsky's murder trial

 

85 A.A. Znamensky, Chair of Law Department of Moscow Soviet

 

86 Opening ceremony of People's District Court, first elected judicial staff

 

87 Judges during recess

 

88 People's district court

 

89 First elected judicial staff

 

90-91 Line at tram stop at corner of Malaia Dmitrovka and Putilovsky Pereulok

 

92-103 Opening of first school of physical education, Khamovnichesky Soviet, August 25

 

104-107 Zalevsky's funeral

 

108 Steklov's speech at Zalevsky's funeral

 

109-115 Military sent to Turkestan to build irrigation system

 

116-122 Propaganda train named after Lenin

 

123 Commissariat for People's Enlightenment

 

124-127 Moscow Zoo

 

128-130 A.F. Lednitsky, Polish Ambassador

 

131-134 Mobilization of horses in Moscow, August 27

Box 4

Trotsky leads the Red Army in Kazan, Aug.-Sept.

 

1 Train of the People's Commissariat for Military Affairs

 

2 Machine guns on the train of the People's Commissariat

 

3 Armored cars on Trotsky's train

 

4 Armored train blasted by Red Army near the Sviiazhsk station

 

5 Armored train active in the Kazan region

 

6 Distributing books at the front

 

7 Sviiazhsky Bridge

 

8 On the Volga River on the way to Kazan

 

9-10 Comrade Trotsky on the steamship on the way to Kazan

 

11-13 Communist sailors on the steamship on the way to Kazan

 

14 Near Kazan

 

15 Communist sailors dance near Kazan

 

16-17 Kazan

 

18-19 Artillery entering Kazan

 

20 Guns confiscated from Czechs

 

21-22 Weapons confiscated from the Czechoslovaks

 

23 Artillery left by the Czechoslovaks

 

24 A gun left by Czechoslovaks and found in the firewood

 

25-26 Cannon left by the Czechoslovaks

 

27 A destroyed searchlight

 

28 Czech workers arrested for refusal to revolt against Soviets

 

29-30 In front of the headquarters of the fifth regiment

 

31 A church cupola where Czechs installed machine guns

 

32 Artillery entering Kazan

 

33 Destroyed docks in Kazan

 

34-35 Kazan

 

36 Windows covered with paper strips, Kazan

 

37 The barge Serezha on the Volga river

 

38 Attack under artillery fire

 

39 Bomb crater

 

40 Arzamas station: revolutionary staff

 

41 Trotsky's speech

 

42 Mass meeting at the Khvalynsk dock

 

43 Khvalynsk. At the building of the Soviet. Parade of the First Bologovsky regiment

 

44 Trotsky and Communist Club, Nikolaev-Uralsky station

 

45 Communist Club, Nikolaev-Uralsky station

 

46 Parade of the first Moscow regiment, Demias station

 

47 Trotsky at parade of the first Moscow regiment, Demias station

 

48 Trotsky with first cavalry squadron

 

49 Trotsky giving awards for distinguished service

 

50-51 Comrade Apasov

 

52 Trotsky giving awards for distinguished service

 

53-54 The first Muslim regiment swears allegiance to the Soviet Republic, Krasnaia Rechka farm

 

55 Trotsky surveys grain Cossacks left during retreat, Steppe near Uralsk

 

56 Fugitives return to their homes freed from the Czechs

 

57 Volga River

 

58 Operations staff on the steamship

 

59 Mill on the Volga near Velikii Usting (Stormed and overtaken by the Red Army)

 

60 Krasnaia Gorka in Kazan

 

61-62 On the steamship

 

63 The Volga at night near Kazan

 

64 Trotsky on the steamship

 

65 Trotsky on the steamship near Saratov

 

66 Trotsky arriving in Saratov

 

67-69 Mass meeting in Saratov

 

70 At the People's Palace in Saratov after the mass meeting

 

71 Remains of armored train left near Sviiazhsk

 

72 Distributing propaganda leaflets on the road

 

73-74 Cavalry detachment led by Comrade Chaikov, Ershov station

 

75-76 Rimsko-Korsakovka

 

77 Near Ali...Station

 

78 Guarding the railway near Nikolaev-Uralsky

 

79 Trotsky in Nikolaev-Uralsky

 

80 Barbershop

 

81-83 Gzhatsk station

 

84 Comrade Mandelshtam

 

85-87 Comrade Muralov inspects the Gzhatsk station

 

88-92 The Chinese battalion

 

93-97 Funeral of Bonch-Bruevich (?)

 

Ministry of Transportation

 

98 Comrade Rogov, Deputy Commissar of Transportation

 

99 Ministry of Transportation

 

100 Kirsanov (also in transportation)

 

101 Comrade Nikolai Podvoisky, Oct. 17

 

102-103 Test run of the automatic handcar at the Kurskaia railroad in presence of Comrade Podvoisky

 

104 Unidentified

 

105-107 The Red Terror

 

108-109 Admiral Sablin(?), on trial for his role in Socialist Revolutionaries' revolt, November

 

110 Comrade Steklov at meeting in Alekseevsky People's Court

 

Street Demonstration, Moscow, November 7

 

111 Demonstration at Tverskaia Street

 

112 By the showcase of Cinema-Now

 

113 Comrade Skliansky, Deputy Commissar of Military Affairs, and Muralov, District Commissar of Military Affairs, meet the troops at Red Square

 

114-116 Red Square

 

117 Bolshaia Nikitskaia Street

 

118-119 November 7

 

120 On Revolution Square

 

121-123 November 7

 

124 Aleksandrovsky railroad station

 

125 Lenin Club, the former “Iar” restaurant

 

126 Red Square

 

127 November 7

 

128 Obelisk on Soviet Square

 

129 Red Square

 

130 On banner: Communist Party of Hungary

 

131 November 7

 

132 Tverskaia Street

 

133 Comrade Ionov

 

134 Circus performers on Red Square

 

135 Red Square

 

136 Tverskaia Street

 

137 Unveiling of the statue at the Palace of Workers

 

138 Comrade Sverdlov giving speech at Palace of Workers (the day foundation was laid)

 

139 At Trade Union Headquarters

 

140-142 November 7

 

143 Khristian Georgevich Rakovski