Finding aid written by Annette Leddy
The Getty Research Institute
Research Library
Special Collections and Visual Resources
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles, California 90049-1688
Phone: (310) 440-7390
Fax: (310) 440-7780
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Accession no. 97.R.36

Finding aid written by Annette Leddy
Getty Research Institute

Contact Information:

  • The Getty Research Institute
  • Research Library
  • Special Collections and Visual Resources
  • 1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
  • Los Angeles, California 90049-1688
  • Phone: (310) 440-7390
  • Fax: (310) 440-7780
  • Email Requests:
  • URL:
Processed by:
Annette Leddy
Date completed:
1998, revised April 2004
Encoded by:
Apex Data Services; Annette Leddy
©2002 J. Paul Getty Trust.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Soviet photographs from 1918
Date (inclusive): 1918
Collection number: 97.R.36
Collector: Getty Research Institute
Extent: 595 items
Repository: Getty Research Institute
Research Library
Special Collections and Visual Resources
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles, California 90049-1688
Abstract: A collection of 595 photographs and film stills from 1918 depicts Soviet social programs and key battles of the Civil War.
Request Materials: To access physical materials on site, go to the library catalog record  for this collection and click "Request an Item." Click here for access policy .
Language: Collection material in English

Administrative Information


Open for use by qualified researchers.

Publication Rights

Preferred Citation

Soviet photographs from 1918, Getty Research Institute, Research Library, Accession no. 97.R.36.

Acquisition Information

Acquired in 1997.

Processing History

Processed by Annette Leddy in 1998, with the translations and assistance of Katya Yudina and David Woodruff.

Related Material

Khronika no. 1 (1918), Getty Research Institute, Research Library, ID no. 1548-537.

Biographical/Historical Note

Biographies of people featured in Soviet photographs. Please note that several sources were used to compile these biographies. Where the Great Soviet Encyclopedia was used, it is noted after the entry, since the information it offers is sometimes incomplete.
Avtonomov, Aleksei Ivanovich (1890-1919) WWI participant on Caucasus front. Joined Soviets in 1917. In February 1918 appointed Commander of Southeastern Revolutionary Army; in May 1918 removed from command by decree of Third Congress of Soviets. Sent to Northern Caucasus to serve in Civil War. Died there, presumably of typhus. ( Sov. Enc.)
Bonch-Bruevich, Mikhail Dmitrievich (1870-1956) Tsarist military officer who joined Red Army, becoming Chief of staff of High Command of military, second to Trotsky. In March 1918 made head of Supreme Military Council. After 1923 engaged in scholarship in area of geodetics.
Bonch-Bruevich, Vladimir D. (1873-1955) Founding member of Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, later close associate of Lenin. Administrative officer in Soviet government 1917-1920. Remainder of career spent in academic or publishing pursuits.
Bukharin, Nikolai Ivanovich (1888-1938) The party's leading theoretician and economist, a Left Communist. In 1918 opposed Brest-Litovsk. In 1920s supported Lenin's New Economic Program. 1924-27 joined Stalin in the Politboro as one of the top leaders. Expelled from Politboro 1929. Executed in 1938 after show trial.
Dybenko, Pavel Efimovich (1889-1938) Member of Military Revolutionary Committee that created the October Revolution. Played key role in the Civil War, 1918-1920. Tried in May 1918 and acquitted of the surrender of Narva to the Germans, which occurred when he was People's Commissar for Naval Affairs. Red Army commander from 1928 until 1938, when he was executed in Stalin's purge of the military.
Iaroslavsky (pseud. of Gubel'man, Minei Izrailovich) (1878-1943) Soviet publicist, historian, journalist. Took part in October Revolution attack on Kremlin. Became first commissar of Moscow Military District. In 1918 a Left Communist closely associated with Bukharin. In 1920, a member of the Central Committee of Russian Communist Party. Throughout 1930s edited and published official party histories.
Kamenev, Lev Borisovich (1883-1936) On Central Committee of Russian Communist Party, Editor of Pravda, Chairman of Moscow Soviet, 1920-1925. Joined with Stalin and Zinoviev in opposition to Trotsky, a position he later reversed, after suppressing the indictment of Stalin in Lenin's “testament.” Executed after Stalin show trial, 1936.
Karakhan, Lev Mikhailovich (1889-1937) A leader of October Revolution. November 1917-18 was secretary to Soviet delegation at negotiations leading to Brest-Litovsk. In 1918-20 was Deputy People's Commissar for foreign affairs. Served as ambassador abroad to various countries. ( Sov. Enc.)
Krasikov, Petr Ananevich (1870-1939) After 1917, Chair of committee to combat counterrevolution and profiteering. Managed department of religion under People's Committee of Justice. In 1933-38 was Vice-Chairman of Supreme Court of USSR. ( Sov. Enc.)
Krylenko, Nikolai Vasilevich (1885-1938) Supreme Commander-in-Chief and People's Commissar on Military Affaris, 1917-1918. Chief state prosecutor for major political trials, 1918-1931. Commissar of Justice, 1931-36. Arrested in 1937 and shot without trial.
Malkov, Pavel Dmitrievich (1887-1965) In 1917 took part in storming of the Winter Palace. In 1918, was Commandant of Moscow Kremlin. 1920-22 served in Red Army. In 1923 was transferred to economic managerial work. Retired with pension in 1954 and wrote memoirs. ( Sov. Enc.)
Muralov, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1886-1937) In October 1917 was Chair of Aleksin district committee. 1920-23 Chairman of Moscow Council of National Economy. USSR's People's Commissioner of Agriculture 1933-36. ( Sov. Enc.)
Muranov, Matvei Konstantinovich (1873-1959) Member editorial board of Pravda. Member of Central Committee, 1917-23. In 1922-34 member of Central Control Commission. In All-Russian Central Executive Committee from 1934-37. Retired 1939. ( Sov. Enc.)
Nogin, Viktor Pavlovich (1878-1924) Important right-wing Bolshevik. In 1918 Commissar of Trade and Industry. Resigned from Central Committee in 1919 along with Zinoviev because no other socialist parties were allowed. Later in charge of textile industry. Died during surgery for stomach ulcers.
Podbelsky, Vadim Nikolaevich (1887-1920) Took part in October Revolution. Served as People's Commissar of Post and Telegraph. Helped suppress counterrevolutionary rebellions in Moscow and Iaroslavl. ( Sov. Enc.)
Podvoisky, Nikolai I. (1880-1948) In 1917 member of Military Revolutionary Committee. Took part in seizure of Winter Palace in October Revolution. Held military posts in civil war and government posts afterward, until sinking into obscurity.
Rakovski, Khristian Georgevich (1873-1941) Doctor and diplomat. In 1918 elected chairman of Ukrainian Council of People's Commissars and member of Central Committee of Russian Communist Party. Later expelled as Trotskyist and died in concentration camp.
Rogov, Mikhail Ivanovich (1880-1942) 1917-1918 was deputy Chairman of the Moscow Soviet. In 1929 was Deputy People's Commissar of Finance for USSR. Member, Central Executive Committee of USSR, 1934-37.
Sereda, Semen Pafnut'evich (1871-1933) People's Commissar of Agriculture, 1918-21. 1922-27 Deputy Chairman of Supreme Council on National Economy. 1927-30 Chair of Council of People's Commissars. Member Central Executive Comittee. ( Sov. Enc.)
Shlikhter, Aleksander Grigor'evich (1868-1940) 1917-1919, People's Commissioner of Agriculture and People's Commissar of Foodstuffs. 1927-29 People's Commissar of Agriculture of Ukrainian SSR. 1926-37 was candidate member of Politboro of Central Committee.
Skliansky, Efraim Markovich (1892-1925) 1917-18 Deputy of People's Committee for Naval Affairs. March 1918 member of Supreme Military Council. 1918-1924 Deputy Chair of Revolutionary Military Council. 1924 directed work of Supreme Council on National Economy. Drowned while on official business in USA. ( Sov. Enc.)
Skobelev, Mikhail D. (1843-1882) Russian general, famous for his role in Russia's expansion into Central Asia in the 1870s and his victories in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1978.
Steklov, Yuri M. (1873-1941) Held prominent posts in Russian government. Wrote on history of socialism. Died in one of Stalin's purges.
Sverdlov, Iakov Mikhailovich (1885-1919) Chairman of All-Russian Central Executive Committee of Soviets. Key figure in organization and administration of Bolsheviks. Maneuvered to exclude all government parties not agreeing with Lenin. August 1918-March 1919, consolidated organizational structure of party on principle of centralism. Began amassing files on party workers. Died of Spanish flu.
Trotsky, Leon D. (1879-1940) Orator, writer, and military leader. Joined the Bolsheviks in 1917 and played a key role in the October revolution. Commissar of War, 1918-1925. Leader of the left opposition in the Soviet Communist Party in mid-1920s. Expelled from USSR by Stalin in 1929. Assassinated by Stalinist agent in Mexico, 1940.
Historical Chronology

Events of 1918

January-March: Invasion and occupation of Ukraine by Lenin's troops.
February: Red Army formed with Trotsky as its leader.
March 3: Brest-Litovsk treaty between USSR and Germany: Bolsheviks expelled from Ukrainian territory.
April 12: Lenin issues decree on Removing Monuments Erected in Honor of the Tsars and Their Servants. Skobelev monument removed by May 1.
April 22: Transcaucasian Federation proclaims independence.
April 29-Dec. 14: German-backed government rules Ukraine, led by Skoropadskyi
May 1: First parade of Red Army on Khodynka Field. Inheritance abolished.
May?: Dybenko tried and acquitted.
May 20: Decree creating food supply detachments.
May 22: Czech rebellion begins.
Early June: British landing at Archangel.
July 4-7: Fifth Congress of Soviets.
July 5-20: Uprising at Iaroslavl, ending in massacre.
July 6: Left Socialist Revolutionaries revolt (during Fifth Congress)
July 16: Lenin orders execution of ex-Tsar and his family.
July 29: Compulsory military training introduced.
August 7: Kazan goes to White Army.
September 5: Red Terror begins; Red Army conscription begins.
September 10: Red Army wins back Kazan.
November 7: Official anniversary of Russian Revolution.
November 14: Bolsheviks overthrow Ukrainian government.
November: End of World War I.
November?: Admiral Sablin tried and sentenced to one year in prison for role in Socialist Revolutionaries' revolt.
December?: Rakovski established as head of Soviet Ukrainian Republic.

Scope and Content of Collection

Soviet photographs from 1918 convey the social upheaval of Russia during a transitional period when the new government was instituting massive changes in social programs while fighting a civil war. Photographers and cinematographers employed by the Photography and Film Committee of the People's Commissariat of Enlightenment recorded these images as they travelled through Russia on propaganda trains, then sent their raw footage to the newsreel production studio in Moscow where it was compiled and edited into films. A number of these images are stills from the first Russian weekly newsreel Kinonedelia (Film Week), edited by the young Dziga Vertov in his first job in cinema.
The collection contains numerous views of mass events meant to show popular support for the leadership, such as Moscow street demonstrations on May 1, August 11 and November 7. These feature workers marching with banners, military exercises, and major figures such as Bukharin and Sverdlov addressing the crowds.
Images of civil war include views of monuments ravaged by bombing in Iaroslavl, Kiev and Kazan, and extensive coverage of a major fire at a storage facility on the Moscow-Kazan railroad. There are also many views of Trotsky inspecting Red Army troops, both at Kodynka field (Moscow) and elsewhere. Coverage of Trotsky's Kazan campaign is one of the collection's highlights, with views of the leader traveling with sailors on the Volga, speaking to crowds in remote areas, and giving awards for distinguished service.
The photographs portray new social programs such as physical education camps for children, and legal institutions such as juried trials. They also portray the dismantling, according to decree, of monuments to Alexander II, Alexander III, and Skobelev. The Fifth Congress of Soviets is documented in views of delegates waiting to enter sessions, views of the arrival of key figures such as Sverdlov, Bonch-Bruevich, and Trotsky, and views of Latvian soldiers standing guard following the Socialist Revolutionaries' revolt.
There are 595 photographs organized in rough chronological order. While most are 12 × 17.5 centimeters or smaller, a few are panoramas.
Note: While nearly all English captions are translations of the Russian, where there is no Russian caption, an English one has been provided if it was possible to identify the event or location.

Indexing Terms


Bukharin, Nikolai Ivanovich, 1988-1938—Portraits
Kamenev, Lev Borisovich, 1883-1936—Portraits
Krylenko, N.V. (Nikolai; Vasil'evich), 1885-1938—Portraits
Muralov, Aleksandr Ivanovich, b. 1886—Portraits
Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940—Portraits
Steklov, IU. M. (IUrii Mikhailovich), 1873-1941—Portraits
Sverdlov, IAkov Mikhailovich, 1885-1919—Portraits
Soviet Union—Red Army
Congress of Soviets (5th: 1918: Moscow)—Pictorial works
Demonstrations—Russia (Federation)—Moscow


Kazan' (Russia)
Kiev (Ukraine)
Moscow (Russia)
IAroslavl' (IAroslavskaia oblast', Russia)
Soviet Union—History—Revolution—1917-1921


Khronika, 1918 Kinonedelia (Motion Picture: 1918)

Form and Genres of material

Film stills—Soviet Union
Panoramas—Soviet Union
Photographic prints
Photographs, Original


Vertov, Dziga, 1896-1954
Russian S.F.S.R.—People's Commissariat of Enlightenment


Great Soviet Encyclopedia, (translation of 3rd Edition, A.M. Prokhorov, Ed., 1976) New York 1979.
Jackson, George, Editor, and Robert Devlin, Assistant Editor, Dictionary of the Russian Revolution, Connecticut, 1989.
Medvedev, Roy A., The October Revolution, New York, 1979.
Pipes, Richard, The Russian Revolution, New York, 1990.
Stites, Richard, Revolutionary Dreams, New York; Oxford, 1989.

Box 1

Bombardment of Kiev


1-6 Ruins of St. Valentine's


7 Gathering of unexploded bombs


8-9 Remains of heavy artillery after blast


10 Remains of bombs


11 Blasts in Kiev


12-13 Austrian patrol


14-16 Ruins of water tower


17 Ruins of power station


18-41 Dismantling of Monument to Mikhail Dmitrievich Skobelev, before May 1


42-46 Ukrainian minister Ragoza at Parade


Street Demonstrations, Moscow, May 1


47-48 Near Aleksandrovsky Station


49 On Tverskaia Street


50 On Soviet Square


51 In front of the House of Soviets


52-53 On Tverskaia Street


54 Demonstration on Voskresenskaya Street


55-56 In the streets of Moscow


57 On Miasnitskaia Street


58 Children of the Iakimansky District


59 Near the Bolshoi Theater


60 In the streets of Moscow


61-62 On Revolution Square


63-65 Kitaisky Passage


66-68 Union of Metal Workers


69-76 By the Kremlin wall


77-79 Red Square


80 Sailors at rest


81 Gathering money for victims of the October Revolution


Parade on Kodynka Field, May 1


82-83 Trotsky reviews the troops


84-85 Army marching on Kodynka field


86 Armored car (tank) on Kodynka field


87 On Kodynka field


88 Trotsky reviews troops


89-94 Parade on Kodynka field (Trotsky)


95 Stage set at theater of Soviet of Workers' Deputies, May 1


96-113 Children's holiday in the Pirogov Administrative District


114-121 Trial of Pavel Efimovich Dybenko, May


114 Audience


115 Prosecutor Krylenko


116 Krylenko and Diakonov


117 Witness Yurich


118 Dybenko in court


119 Dybenko's testimony


120 Meeting of the Tribunal


121 Dybenko acquitted

Box 2

1-34 Fire at freight station of Moscow-Kazan railroad


35-44 Flights at an airdrome, May 26


45-52 Departure of the Provision troops


53-54 Commissar of the Provision troops, Susmanovich


55-60 Arrival of Russian prisoners from Germany


61-65 Department of Hygiene exhibition


66-68 Briansk Railway Station


69-71 Cheap lunches at employment agency


72-74 Against hunger: line at kitchen diner no. 1 of the Committee of Public Nutrition


75 A.I. Avtonomov, Commander in Chief of Northern and Caucasian Fronts


76 Avtonomov with assisting staff officer


Red Army


77-79 Waiting at the Red Army selection committee entrance

Scope and Content Note

(Zamoskvoretsky district)

80 Red Army enlistment


81-82 Army physical


83 Army canteen carries food to people in the city


84 Pavel Dmitrievich Malkov, Commandant of the Kremlin, with staff


85 Getting passes to the Kremlin at Trotsky gate


86 Chapryshnikov, Ambassador to? in? Bulgaria


87-88 Refugees waiting for Ukrainian visas on Nikitskaia Street


89 Refugees waiting for Ukrainian visas on Khlegnyi Pereulok


90-93 Funeral of pilot Syrochnikov and photographer Krinkov


94 Pilots in airplanes accompany their comrades to the cemetery


95-108 Dismantling of monument to Alexander III, by Cathedral of Christ our Savior, Moscow


109-112 Inspection of products at Okhotnyi Riad (Okhotnyi Riad is cordoned off by Red Army soldiers, July 1


Fifth Congress of Soviets, July 4-7


113 By the Bolshoi Theater during the Fifth Congress


114 Line of delegates waiting to enter a session of the Fifth Congress


115 Poster on the Second House of Soviets


116 Line of delegates waiting to get into a session


117 Comrade Sverdlov, Chairman of Fifth Congress, before a session


118 Comrade Sereda, Commissar of Farming


119 Comrade Steklov


120 Comrade Bonch-Bruevich


121 Comrade Muralov, Commissar of Moscow Country Staff??


122 Comrade Podbelsky, Commissar of Postal and Telegraphic Service


123 Comrade Krylenko


124 Comrade Nogin


125 Comrade Vegerg


126 Comrade Gukovsky


127 Comrade Podbelsky


128 Kozlovsky and Krasikov, members of Central Committee Against Speculation and Counterrevolution


129 Comrade Karakan


130 Comrade Shlikhter, General Commissar of Provisions in Siberia


131 Comrade Sosnovsky


132 Comrade Trotsky


133-134 Delegates during a recess of the Fifth Congress


135 Delegates waiting to enter a session


136 At the Bolshoi entrance during Fifth Congress


137-138 Left Socialist Revolutionaries go to Fifth Congress, having left a fraction conference


139 Latvian soldiers with machine guns the day after Socialist Revolutionaries' uprising


140 Latvian soldiers with machine guns guard the Bolshoi Theater


141 Latvian soldiers of the Red Army on Teatralnia Square


142 Latvian soldiers getting food at army canteen near Bolshoi Theater


143 Latvian soldiers of the Red Army by the Bolshoi


144 Guards at the Bolshoi during the Fifth Congress


145 Strict checking of mandates after Socialist Revolutionaries' uprising


146 Strict checking of mandates before session


147 Armored cars near the Bolshoi


148 Delegates sing the International after the close of the Fifth Congress


Bombardment of Iaroslavl, July 5-20


149-151 Spassky Monastery, Iaroslavl


152 Cupola of Spassky Monastery


153 Through the gates of Spassky Monastery


154 Spassky Monastery


155 Church of the Savior, Iaroslavl


156 Church of Ascension, Iaroslavl


157 Bell tower of Church of Ascension


158-159 Cathedral, Iaroslavl


160-161 Church of Pokrov, Iaroslavl


162-163 Church of Piatnitsky-na-Vspolie, Rozhdestvenskaia Street, Iaroslavl


164-166 Post Office, Iaroslavl


167-169 Novye Riady, Iaroslavl


170 Seminary, Iaroslavl


171-173 Vakhromeev's mill, Iaroslavl


174-175 Demidov Lycee, Iaroslavl


176 House of Merchant Kartashev, Iaroslavl


177 Iaroslavl


178-179 Sennaia Square, Borisglebskaia Street, Iaroslavl


180 Watchtower of the fire department, Sennaia Square, Iaroslavl


181 Sennaia Square, Iaroslavl


182-184 Tsyganskaia Street, Iaroslavl


185 Fire damage, Liubimskaia Street, Iaroslavl


186 Tram depot and power station, Iaroslavl


187-188 Dunaev's match factory, Iaroslavl


189-190 Homeless because of fire, Iaroslavl


191 Graves of Zangeim and Suvorov, City garden, Iaroslavl


192 Training at Iaroslavl post office; Comrade Volkov, Post Office manager


193 Comrade Budkin, Post Office, Iaroslavl


194-195 Comrade Budkin


196 Comrade Budkin, Post Office, Iaroslavl


197 Iaroslavl

Box 3

1-4 Visual propaganda produced by People's Commissariat for Enlightenment


5-8 Conference on the reform of higher education


9-10 Hermitage Garden: tour of the singer Shaliapin


11-22 Playground activities of the People's Commissariat for Enlightenment


23-24 Line for chocolate and candy


25 Berries for sale


26-27 Waiting for milk at the tram stop


28-31 Funeral - unidentified


32-33 Detachable railcars of inventor Alekseev


Street demonstration, August 11


34-45 Day of military education/Parade of the working class


46 Comrades Muranov and Iaroslavsky review troops


47 Comrades Sverdlov and Muranov review troops


48-49 The mass meeting


50 Singing the International


51 Parade of the working class


52-54 Comrade Bukharin gives a speech


55 Comrade Sverdlov's speech


56 Skliansky, Deputy Military Minister, gives speech


57-60 Parade of the working class


61 Krylenko, Muranov, Skliansky, Sverdlov


62-64 Comrade Kamenev addresses troops


65-82 Dismantling of monument to Alexander II, Kremlin


Trial of Doctor Pokrovsky


83 Acting chairman of People's District Court, I.F. Taraskin


84 Prosecutors and defense attorney in Pokrovsky's murder trial


85 A.A. Znamensky, Chair of Law Department of Moscow Soviet


86 Opening ceremony of People's District Court, first elected judicial staff


87 Judges during recess


88 People's district court


89 First elected judicial staff


90-91 Line at tram stop at corner of Malaia Dmitrovka and Putilovsky Pereulok


92-103 Opening of first school of physical education, Khamovnichesky Soviet, August 25


104-107 Zalevsky's funeral


108 Steklov's speech at Zalevsky's funeral


109-115 Military sent to Turkestan to build irrigation system


116-122 Propaganda train named after Lenin


123 Commissariat for People's Enlightenment


124-127 Moscow Zoo


128-130 A.F. Lednitsky, Polish Ambassador


131-134 Mobilization of horses in Moscow, August 27

Box 4

Trotsky leads the Red Army in Kazan, Aug.-Sept.


1 Train of the People's Commissariat for Military Affairs


2 Machine guns on the train of the People's Commissariat


3 Armored cars on Trotsky's train


4 Armored train blasted by Red Army near the Sviiazhsk station


5 Armored train active in the Kazan region


6 Distributing books at the front


7 Sviiazhsky Bridge


8 On the Volga River on the way to Kazan


9-10 Comrade Trotsky on the steamship on the way to Kazan


11-13 Communist sailors on the steamship on the way to Kazan


14 Near Kazan


15 Communist sailors dance near Kazan


16-17 Kazan


18-19 Artillery entering Kazan


20 Guns confiscated from Czechs


21-22 Weapons confiscated from the Czechoslovaks


23 Artillery left by the Czechoslovaks


24 A gun left by Czechoslovaks and found in the firewood


25-26 Cannon left by the Czechoslovaks


27 A destroyed searchlight


28 Czech workers arrested for refusal to revolt against Soviets


29-30 In front of the headquarters of the fifth regiment


31 A church cupola where Czechs installed machine guns


32 Artillery entering Kazan


33 Destroyed docks in Kazan


34-35 Kazan


36 Windows covered with paper strips, Kazan


37 The barge Serezha on the Volga river


38 Attack under artillery fire


39 Bomb crater


40 Arzamas station: revolutionary staff


41 Trotsky's speech


42 Mass meeting at the Khvalynsk dock


43 Khvalynsk. At the building of the Soviet. Parade of the First Bologovsky regiment


44 Trotsky and Communist Club, Nikolaev-Uralsky station


45 Communist Club, Nikolaev-Uralsky station


46 Parade of the first Moscow regiment, Demias station


47 Trotsky at parade of the first Moscow regiment, Demias station


48 Trotsky with first cavalry squadron


49 Trotsky giving awards for distinguished service


50-51 Comrade Apasov


52 Trotsky giving awards for distinguished service


53-54 The first Muslim regiment swears allegiance to the Soviet Republic, Krasnaia Rechka farm


55 Trotsky surveys grain Cossacks left during retreat, Steppe near Uralsk


56 Fugitives return to their homes freed from the Czechs


57 Volga River


58 Operations staff on the steamship


59 Mill on the Volga near Velikii Usting (Stormed and overtaken by the Red Army)


60 Krasnaia Gorka in Kazan


61-62 On the steamship


63 The Volga at night near Kazan


64 Trotsky on the steamship


65 Trotsky on the steamship near Saratov


66 Trotsky arriving in Saratov


67-69 Mass meeting in Saratov


70 At the People's Palace in Saratov after the mass meeting


71 Remains of armored train left near Sviiazhsk


72 Distributing propaganda leaflets on the road


73-74 Cavalry detachment led by Comrade Chaikov, Ershov station


75-76 Rimsko-Korsakovka


77 Near Ali...Station


78 Guarding the railway near Nikolaev-Uralsky


79 Trotsky in Nikolaev-Uralsky


80 Barbershop


81-83 Gzhatsk station


84 Comrade Mandelshtam


85-87 Comrade Muralov inspects the Gzhatsk station


88-92 The Chinese battalion


93-97 Funeral of Bonch-Bruevich (?)


Ministry of Transportation


98 Comrade Rogov, Deputy Commissar of Transportation


99 Ministry of Transportation


100 Kirsanov (also in transportation)


101 Comrade Nikolai Podvoisky, Oct. 17


102-103 Test run of the automatic handcar at the Kurskaia railroad in presence of Comrade Podvoisky


104 Unidentified


105-107 The Red Terror


108-109 Admiral Sablin(?), on trial for his role in Socialist Revolutionaries' revolt, November


110 Comrade Steklov at meeting in Alekseevsky People's Court


Street Demonstration, Moscow, November 7


111 Demonstration at Tverskaia Street


112 By the showcase of Cinema-Now


113 Comrade Skliansky, Deputy Commissar of Military Affairs, and Muralov, District Commissar of Military Affairs, meet the troops at Red Square


114-116 Red Square


117 Bolshaia Nikitskaia Street


118-119 November 7


120 On Revolution Square


121-123 November 7


124 Aleksandrovsky railroad station


125 Lenin Club, the former “Iar” restaurant


126 Red Square


127 November 7


128 Obelisk on Soviet Square


129 Red Square


130 On banner: Communist Party of Hungary


131 November 7


132 Tverskaia Street


133 Comrade Ionov


134 Circus performers on Red Square


135 Red Square


136 Tverskaia Street


137 Unveiling of the statue at the Palace of Workers


138 Comrade Sverdlov giving speech at Palace of Workers (the day foundation was laid)


139 At Trade Union Headquarters


140-142 November 7


143 Khristian Georgevich Rakovski