Finding aid of the Max Gundy and Jack D. Bloch Papers Coll2008.070 Coll2008-070

Michael C. Oliveira
ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
909 West Adams Boulevard
Los Angeles, California 90007
(213) 821-2771

Language of Material: English
Contributing Institution: ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
Title: Max Gundy and Jack D. Bloch papers
creator: Gundy, Max
creator: Bloch, Jack D. (Jack Daniel)
Identifier/Call Number: Coll2008-070
Physical Description: 4.8 Linear Feet
Date (inclusive): 1887-1996
Date (bulk): bulk
Abstract: Materials relating to the lives of progressive activist Max Gundersheimer (aka Gundy; 1910-1996), of New York City, and his partner of more than 60 years, Jack D. Bloch (1912-1996). The documents include correspondence, photographs, business, and financial records, as well as minutes and notes taken by Gundy of the meetings and other activities of Communist, socialist, peace, and other progressive organizations in Long Beach, California, where the couple retired in 1977. Both men died in 1996, within three months of each other.
Physical Description: 3 records boxes, 1 archive carton, and 1 oversize box.


The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

Publication Rights

Researchers wishing to publish materials must obtain permission in writing from ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives as the physical owner. Researchers must also obtain clearance from the holder(s) of any copyrights in the materials. Note that ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives can grant copyright clearance only for those materials for which we hold the copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain copyright clearance for all other materials directly from the copyright holder(s).

Preferred Citation

Box #, folder #, Max Gundy and Jack D. Bloch Papers, Coll2008-070, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

Acquisition Information

Date and method of acquisition unknown.

Processing Information

Formerly boxes 103-106, 103-107, 103-108, and 104-121. Collection processed by Michael C. Oliveira, with assistance from Misha Karbelnig and Richard French, December 2008.
Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.


Max Gundersheimer, Jr., was born in New York City on December 19, 1910, to Max and Alice Gundersheimer. Little is known of his early life. He served as the President of Beth Sholom Peoples Temple Young Folks League from 1929-1930. In the early-to-mid 1930s he met Jack D. Bloch, a fellow New Yorker. Bloch was born June 4, 1912, and held a series of jobs in a variety of occupations until 1942. He served with the U.S. Army in Europe from March 1942 to October 1945. During the late 1940s and early 1950s, Gundersheimer, who went by the name Max Gundy as early as 1944, became involved in the Communist party and other progressive causes; he became more actively involved after his retirement to Long Beach, California, in 1977. In 1950, Bloch purchased a home in Eastchester, Westchester County, New York, in which the two lived. In 1953, Bloch joined Gundy's printing business as an assistant production person in direct mail advertising. The business was dissolved in 1970, and both men obtained other related positions. In 1977, they retired and relocated to Long Beach, California, where they purchased a condominium. Bloch volunteered helping other senior citizens while Gundy took a more active role in Communist, socialist, peace, and other progressive community organizations. He volunteered at the International Book Shop in Long Beach, of which he became the manager in the early 1980s. He also ran as the Peace and Freedom Party candidate for the 57th district of the California Assembly between 1980 and 1988. Gundy and Bloch both died in 1996, within three months of each other, after more than 60 years together.

Scope and Content of Collection

Approximately half of the collection consists of Gundy's handwritten notes and minutes, together with newsletters, flyers, and other materials relating to Communist, socialist, peace, and other progressive community organizations in Long Beach, California, from 1977 to 1994. The remainder of the collection consists of Gundy’s and Bloch’s personal papers and the records of Gundy’s printing business. The personal papers consist of correspondence, photographs, financial records, genealogical information dating from 1887, day planner calendar books, and various greeting cards. The collection is divided into two series: (1) Community Activism, and (2) Personal Papers.

Separated Material

The following materials were transferred to the library collections of ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, December 18, 2008.
Brogan, Jim. Jack and Jim: A Personal Journal of the 70's. Bolinas, California: Equanimity Press, 1982.
Berger, Raymond M. Gay and Gray: The Older Homosexual Man. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1982.
Data-Boy Magazine. Pacific Southwest, number 192, October 19, 1977 / Pacific Northwest, number 117, October 20, 1977.
The Directory Long Beach: A Gay Persons Guide. Tukay Media Services, Long Beach, California. Volume 2, number 3, 1980; volume 6, number 2, 1984.
Gordon, Eric A. Mark the Music: The Life and Work of Marc Blitzstein. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1989.
Hernton, Calvin C. Coming Together: Black Power, White Hatred, and Sexual Hang-Ups. New York: Random House, 1971
ONE Magazine. ONE Incorporated, Los Angeles, California. Volume 11, number 10, October 1963.
Weinberg, George H. Society and the Healthy Homosexual. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1972.
The Voice. Paul D. Hardman & Associates, San Francisco, California. Volume 2, number 11, May 23, 1980.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Citizens' associations -- California -- Long Beach
Gay couples -- United States
Communist Party of the United States of America -- California -- Long Beach
Political activists -- California -- Long Beach
Gay men -- California -- Long Beach
Gundy, Max
Peace and Freedom Party of California
Gundy, Max
Bloch, Jack D. (Jack Daniel)
Bloch, Jack D. (Jack Daniel)


Community Activism Series 1: 1974-1994

Physical Description: 42 folders.

Series Scope and Content

From 1977 to 1994, Gundy participated in approximately twenty different progressive community organizations in Long Beach, including Communist, socialist, and peace groups. The folders in this series are arranged alphabetically by the name or title Gundy provided, and contain Gundy's handwritten notes and minutes along with the organizations' newsletters, flyers, and other materials. The first two folders listed contain unsorted flyers and handwritten lists and notes. The folders contain Gundy's handwritten notes and minutes along with the organizations' newsletters, and flyers.
Box 1, Folder 1

Unsorted Flyers circa 1985

Box 1, Folder 2

Unsorted Lists and Notes circa 1985

Box 1, Folder 3

Ad Hoc Committee in Defense of the Political Prisoners of Iran 1984

Box 1, Folder 4

American Civil Liberties Union Gay Rights Chapter (ACLU GRC) 1977-1989

Box 1, Folder 5

Center 55 1988-1995

Box 1, Folder 6

Coalition for a National Health Care Plan / Los Angeles South Coalition for National Health Care 1984-1985

Box 1, Folder 7

Coalition to Roll Back Rents / Council of Senior Citizens 1978

Box 1, Folder 8

Committee for a Just Peace in the Middle East 1974-1976

Box 1, Folder 9

Committee in Solidarity with the People of Iran (CISPI) 1984-1985

Box 1, Folder 10

Communist Party 1979-1989

Box 1, Folder 11

Couples 1984-1984

Box 1, Folder 12

Daily World 1973-1985

Box 1, Folder 13-14

Gray Panthers 1977-1988

Box 1, Folder 15

International Book Shop (IBS) 1977-1989

Box 1, Folder 16

Long Beach Anti-Klan Coalition (LBAKC) 1981-1983

Box 1, Folder 17

Long Beach Area Citizens for Peace (LBACP) 1981-1985

Box 1, Folder 18

Long Beach Area Citizens Involved (LBACI) 1977-1984

Box 1, Folder 19

Long Beach Area Peace Network (LBAPN) 1982-1992

Box 1, Folder 20

Long Beach Club of the Communist Party (Club) 1983-1989

Box 1, Folder 21

Long Beach Housing Action Association (LBHAA) 1978-1981

Box 1, Folder 22-23

Long Beach Lambda Democratic Club (LBLDC) 1977-1990

Box 1, Folder 24

National MJ Coalition on Lebanon 1982

Box 1, Folder 25

National Committee Against Repressive Legislation (NCARL) 1983-1984

Box 1, Folder 26

ONE, Incorporated 1970-1984

Box 1, Folder 27-28

ONE in Long Beach, Incorporated 1977-1994

Box 1, Folder 29

Peace and Freedom Party (PFP) 1981-1994

Box 2, Folder 1

Peace and Solidarity Commission 1983-1984

Box 2, Folder 2

People for Just Cause Evictions 1983


People's World, People's Daily World 1977-1988

Box 2, Folder 3


Box 5, Folder 5 (Oversize)


Box 2, Folder 4

PISC (unknown acronym) 1984

Box 2, Folder 5

Response Committee to the Straight Community Order 1987

Box 2, Folder 6

Right on Committee (ROC) 1981-1989

Box 2, Folder 7

Socialist Classes 1981-1986

Box 2, Folder 8

Southern California Coalition for a National Health Service 1984-1989

Box 2, Folder 9

Tikva: Lesbian and Gay Jews Celebrating Our Heritage newsletter 1986

Box 2, Folder 11

The United States Peace Council (USPC) 1982-1984

Box 2, Folder 12

Wilsonian Apartments 1976-1994

Box 2, Folder 10

The Unitarian Universalist Church (UUC), Unitarian Universalists Fellowship (UUF) 1977-1985


Personal Documents Series 2: 1887-1996

Physical Description: 37 folders.

Series Scope and Content

This series consists of genealogical information, correspondence, photographs, personal and business financial records, day planner desk calendars, and various greeting cards, including New Years, birth announcements, birthday, get-well, Christmas, and Hanukkah cards. The folders of three alphabetical file cases of correspondence and financial records retain their original alphabetical order. The eight folders of photographs consist of early family photographs, Gundy as an activist, Bloch in the military and on vacation, Gundy and Bloch together at home and on vacation, and photographs from their extended family.

Biographical and Family Documents 1887-1996

Box 2, Folder 13


Box 5, Folder 1 (Oversize)



Correspondence 1928-1995

Physical Description: 12 folders.
Box 2, Folder 16-17 ; 5, Folder 3 (Oversize)

File Case 1: A-W 1928-1953

Physical Description: 3 folders.
Box 2, Folder 18-19

File Case 2: D-Z 1929-1947

Physical Description: 2 folders.
Box 2, Folder 14-15 ; 5, Folder 2 (Oversize)

File Case 3: N-Z 1928-1947

Physical Description: 3 folders.
Box 2, Folder 20-22


Physical Description: 3 folders.
Box 5, Folder 4 (Oversize)



Max Gundy Printing 1952-1970

Physical Description: 3 folders.
Box 2, Folder 26

Bills and Receipts 1969

Box 2, Folder 25

Business Records 1952-1970

Box 2, Folder 27

Corporate Papers 1969


Personal 1940-1995

Physical Description: 20 folders.
Box 2, Folder 24

Bank Statements 1948-1984

Box 3, Folder 4-10

Day Planners 1970-1994

Physical Description: 11 items ; 7 folders.
Box 3, Folder 1

Federal, State, and Local Tax Documents 1955-1976

Box 3, Folder 11-18

Greeting Cards 1970-1995

Physical Description: 8 folders.
Box 2, Folder 23

Identification cards 1940-1982

Box 3, Folder 2

Insurance Documents 1956-1984

Box 3, Folder 3

Miscellaneous Receipts 1969-1986


Photographs circa 1916-circa 1990

Gundy (Max) and Jack D. Bloch photographs, sample

Physical Description: 12 folders.
Box 4, Folder 1

Gundy and Gundy with Family circa 1916-1978

Box 4, Folder 2

Gundy and Progressive Organizations 1968-1985

Box 4, Folder 3

International Bookshop 1978

Box 4, Folder 4

Bloch and Bloch with Family circa 1929-circa 1984

Box 4, Folder 5

Bloch in United States Army, United States and Europe 1942-1945

Box 4, Folder 6

Bloch on Vacation circa 1945-circa 1965

Box 4, Folder 7-9

Gundy and Bloch circa 1950-1977

Physical Description: 3 folders.
Box 4, Folder 10-12

Extended Family circa 1920-1988

Physical Description: 3 folders.