Materials relating to the lives of progressive
activist Max Gundersheimer (aka Gundy; 1910-1996), of New York City, and his
partner of more than 60 years, Jack D. Bloch (1912-1996). The documents include
correspondence, photographs, business, and financial records, as well as
minutes and notes taken by Gundy of the meetings and other activities of
Communist, socialist, peace, and other progressive organizations in Long Beach,
California, where the couple retired in 1977. Both men died in 1996, within
three months of each other.
Max Gundersheimer, Jr., was born in New York City on December 19, 1910,
to Max and Alice Gundersheimer. Little is known of his early life. He served as
the President of Beth Sholom Peoples Temple Young Folks League from 1929-1930.
In the early-to-mid 1930s he met Jack D. Bloch, a fellow New Yorker. Bloch was
born June 4, 1912, and held a series of jobs in a variety of occupations until
1942. He served with the U.S. Army in Europe from March 1942 to October 1945.
During the late 1940s and early 1950s, Gundersheimer, who went by the name Max
Gundy as early as 1944, became involved in the Communist party and other
progressive causes; he became more actively involved after his retirement to
Long Beach, California, in 1977. In 1950, Bloch purchased a home in
Eastchester, Westchester County, New York, in which the two lived. In 1953,
Bloch joined Gundy's printing business as an assistant production person in
direct mail advertising. The business was dissolved in 1970, and both men
obtained other related positions. In 1977, they retired and relocated to Long
Beach, California, where they purchased a condominium. Bloch volunteered
helping other senior citizens while Gundy took a more active role in Communist,
socialist, peace, and other progressive community organizations. He volunteered
at the International Book Shop in Long Beach, of which he became the manager in
the early 1980s. He also ran as the Peace and Freedom Party candidate for the
57th district of the California Assembly between 1980 and 1988. Gundy and Bloch
both died in 1996, within three months of each other, after more than 60 years
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