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Inventory of the Jean Moorhead Duffy Papers
LP235:1-43, LP255:169-194  
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Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content
  • Indexing Terms
  • Related Material

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Jean Moorhead Duffy papers,
    Date (inclusive): 1979-1982
    Identifier: LP235:1-43, LP255:169-194
    Creator: Duffy, Jean Moorhead
    Extent: 2.5 cubic feet
    Repository: California State Archives
    Sacramento, California
    Abstract: Assembly Member Jean Moorhead Duffy was elected as Jean Moorhead to the 5th District in 1978. She originally ran as a Republican. In 1981, she switched her party affiliation to the Democratic Party. In 1985, she married former Assembly Member Gordon Duffy and changed her name to Jean Moorhead Duffy. The Jean Moorhead Duffy Papers consist of Bill Files, 1979-1982. Her background as a nurse and mother influenced a number of the bills she sponsored.
    Physical location: California State Archives, Sacramento, California.
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.

    Conditions of Use

    Please credit California State Library.

    Publication Rights

    For permission to reproduce or publish, please contact the California State Archives. Permission for reproduction or publication is given on behalf of the California State Archives as the owner of the physical items. The researcher assumes all responsibility for possible infringement which may arise from reproduction or publication of materials from the California State Archives collections.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Jean Moorhead Duffy Papers, LP number:[folder number], California State Archives, Office of the Secretary of State, Sacramento, California.

    Acquisition Information

    These materials were donated by Jean Moorhead Duffy.

    Biography

    Assembly Member Jean Moorhead Duffy was elected as Jean Moorhead to the 5th District in 1978. She originally ran as a Republican. In 1981, she switched her party affiliation to the Democratic Party. Her district was in Sacramento County and covered most of the city of Sacramento from downtown to McClellan Air Force Base and Fair Oaks. After redistricting in 1982, her district no longer included downtown Sacramento, and instead included parts of Placer County, including the city of Auburn.
    Assembly Member Moorhead was born Jean Macpherson in Oakland on December 17, 1938. She attended public schools in her hometown. She received her A.A. degree in Pre-Nursing from the University of California, Berkley, and then transferred to Stanford University, where she received her degree in Nursing in 1961. She later continued her education at San Jose State University where she received a M.S. in Public Health in 1971. She married Ernest L. McElderry in 1960. They had four children, Stuart, Janet, Robert, and Glenn. She worked as a public health nurse for Santa Clara County Health Department, then part-time at a clinic for migrant farm workers in southern Santa Clara.
    In 1970, she began working for the Placer County Health Department but soon left that position for a teaching position in School of Nursing at California State University, Sacramento. After divorcing her first husband, she married George V. Moorhead in 1974. She had a fifth child with him, Lorna. In 1984, they divorced. The following year, she married former Assembly Member Gordon Duffy and changed her name to Jean Moorhead Duffy.
    She was active in professional societies associated with nursing, including the California Nurses Association, the Northern California Public Health Association, and Healthcare, a Sacramento-based nonprofit health care plan. She was a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing. In 1979, she received the Helan Nahm Award for increasing the involvement of nurses in community affairs. In the same year, the Western Branch of the American Public Health Association honored her with the Dorsey-Sippy Award for her outstanding public health service. She attended the Northminister Presbyterian Church. She participated in the Sacramento Branch of the Scottish Country Dance Society and the Republican Women's Club.
    After becoming more involved with health care policy issues, she was offered a job as a lobbyist for the California Nurses Association in 1976. She took a leave of absence from CSU, Sacramento and began that career. Her lobbying on health care issues brought her into regular contact with Assembly Member Gordon Duffy who provided her with much insight into the workings of the California Legislature. This guidance and her experience as a lobbyist inspired her to run for the Fifth Assembly District seat in 1978 when Eugene T. Gualco decided to run for U.S. Congress.
    In February 1981, Assembly Member Duffy attracted considerable attention from the media and her fellow legislators when she announced her decision to switch her party affiliation to the Democratic Party.
    According to the California Legislature at Sacramento (Handbooks), she served on the following committees:
    Standing Committees
    Aging and Long Term Care, 1983-1986
    * Chair, 1983-1986
    Agriculture, 1985-1986
    Health, 1979-1984
    * Vice Chair, 1979-1980
    Judiciary, 1979-1986
    Utilities and Energy, 1981-1982
    Subcommittees
    Health Personnel, 1983
    * Chair, 1983
    Select Committees
    Alcohol and Related Problems, 1985-1986
    * Chair, 1985-1986
    Auburn Dam, 1983-1984
    Genetic Diseases, 1983-1984
    Mass Transit, 1981
    As a member of the legislator, she was one of eleven female legislators who started the Second Tuesday Breakfast Club, which later became the Second Tuesday Dinner group. She also served on the Policy Research Management Committee, 1983-1984.
    In 1985, Assembly Member Jean Duffy decided not to seek re-election in order to spend more time with her new husband. Her district seat was won by Tim Leslie, a Republican. Duffy briefly explored working as a lobbyist in a firm with her husband. Instead, however, she spent some of her post-legislative career as a professional public speaker. In 1988, she retired to her second home at Sea Ranch where she was still living in 2001.

    Scope and Content

    The Jean Moorhead Duffy Papers consist of Bill Files, 1979-1982. The bill files document most of her legislative activity as a member of the California State Legislature. Her background as a nurse and mother influenced a number of the bills she sponsored. During her first term, she successfully sponsored AB1112 that allowed nurses to invest in medical corporations. A pair of her bills (AB1113 and AB 2497, 1979-1980) made reporting child abuse simpler. Her support for tougher penalties for convicted criminals showed in AB 80 (1979-1980) that would have required a life sentence without parole for individuals convicted of three violent crimes; it failed to pass. Both interests manifested themselves in her sponsorship of AB541 and AB542 (1981-82) that increased the penalties for drunk driving significantly. Winning passage of the bills resulted, in part, from her working closely with new organization, Mothers against Drunk Driving. As chair of the Assembly Committee on Aging and Long-Term Care in 1984, she introduced a number of bills that increased training for caregivers of the elderly and funded research into Alzheimer's Disease.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Duffy, Jean Moorhead
    Nursing - Law and legislation - California
    Drunk driving - California

    Related Material

    Jean Moorhead Duffy, oral history interview conducted by Jacqueline S. Reinier, 1994, Oral History Program, Center for California Studies, California State University, Sacramento.