Register of the Thomas St. John Gaffney Papers

Finding aid prepared by Processed by Samira Bozorgi.
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2012


Title: Thomas St. John Gaffney Papers
Date (inclusive): 1887-1941
Collection Number: XX227
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: English
Physical Description: 3 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize boxes (3.0 linear feet)
Abstract: Correspondence, writings, and printed matter, relating to international relations, the World War I war guilt question, reparations, Irish independence, American domestic politics and foreign policy, and Jews. Includes correspondence with Kaiser Wilhelm II in exile, Baron Hermann Speck von Sternberg (German ambassador to the United States), and Jules Cambon (French ambassador to Germany). Also available on microfilm (5 reels).
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
creator: Gaffney, Thomas St. John, 1864-1945

Access

Originals closed. Microfilm use copies available.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Thomas St. John Gaffney Papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1942.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Alternate Forms Available

Also available on microfilm (5 reels).

Related Materials

Sir Roger Casement Papers, Hoover Institution Archives

Biographical Note

1864 Born, Limerick, Ireland
1882 Came to the United States
1889 Admitted to the New York Bar
1897 President, Patriotic League of America
Circa 1900 Co-author with Joseph Smith, American in the Orient: The United States, Russia, and France and the Anglo-Japanese Treaty
1902 Named Chevalier of the Legion of Honor by French President émile Loubet
1905 Conferred by King Leopold of Belgium with the officer's cross of the order of Leopold II
1905-1913 Consul General for Dresden, appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt
1913-1915 Consul General for Munich, appointed by President Woodrow Wilson
1915 November Forced to resign after making partisan statements in support of Germany
1930 Author, Breaking the Silence: England, Ireland, Wilson and the War
1945 Died

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection contains materials largely pertaining to the war guilt question after WWI, reparations, Irish independence, American domestic politics and foreign policy, Jews, and the activities of Kaiser Wilhelm II in exile. After his forced resignation in 1915, Gaffney returned to Germany a number of times and continued his interactions with German officials and other diplomats. Although Gaffney's relationship with Sir Roger Casement was one of the motivating factors for his resignation, the collection contains little on the Irish nationalist.
Gaffney's Correspondence provides the most information into the breadth of his political interests and activities from before his appointment as consul general to after the publication of his memoir Breaking the Silence. Of particular note in this series is a letter to Herbert Hoover in 1929 regarding war guilt and reparations, punctuated with a handwritten note by Kaiser Wilhelm II.
The Scrapbooks series contains correspondence, clippings, and photographs compiled by Gaffney documenting his relationship with Kaiser Wilhelm II in exile in Doorn. Loose items filed within the scrapbook pages were left in place.
The biographical materials in the Clippings and Collected materials series are comprised of articles by and about Gaffney printed in American and German newspapers. Among the collected materials filed by subject in this series are German propaganda flyers from WWI published by the Fichte-Bunde and distributed in the United States.
Gaffney's Speeches and Writings focus mostly on his interpretations of the War Guilt Clause in the Treaty of Versailles and its implications on Germany and German-Americans. The researcher should be aware that some writings are under the pen name Arthur Fleming. Additional writings are filed by subject in the Clippings and Collected materials series.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into 4 series: Correspondence, Speeches and Writings, Clippings and Collected materials, and Scrapbooks

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Cambon, Jules Martin, 1845-1935.
Sternburg, Hermann Speck von, Freiherr, 1852-1908.
William II, German Emperor, 1859-1941.
Diplomats--United States.
Germany--Foreign relations--United States.
Great Britain--Foreign relations.
Ireland--History--20th century.
Jews.
United States--Foreign relations--Germany.
World War, 1914-1918--Reparations.

Box: 1

Correspondence, 1887-1941

Scope and Contents note

Consists of letters, invitations, and enclosures.

Arrangement note

Arranged alphabetically by last name
Box/Folder: 1 : 1

General, 1890-1940

Box/Folder: 1 : 2

Unidentified, 1903-1934

Box/Folder: 1 : 3

Bethmann-Hollweg, Theobald von, 1917

Box/Folder: 1 : 4

Barnes, Harry Elmer, 1924-1933

Scope and Contents note

Includes enclosed correspondence regarding William Dodd
Box/Folder: 1 : 5

Belgian Legation, 1902

Box/Folder: 1 : 6

Bigelow, Poultney, 1930

Box/Folder: 1 : 7

Boehm-Tettelbach, Hans W., 1931

Box/Folder: 1 : 8

Borah, William E., 1928

Box/Folder: 1 : 9

Bothmer, Felix von Reichsgraf, 1931

Box/Folder: 1 : 10

Cambon, Jules, 1900-1903

Scope and Contents note

See also Scrapbooks
Box/Folder: 1 : 11

Carter, Boake, 1940

Box/Folder: 1 : 12

Carter, Frederic, 1887

Box/Folder: 1 : 13

Chamberlain, Neville, 1938

Box/Folder: 1 : 14

Cohalan, Daniel F., 1931

Box/Folder: 1 : 15

Copeland, Royal S., 1931

Box/Folder: 1 : 16

Dieckhoff, Hans Heinrich, 1938

Box/Folder: 1 : 17

Draeger, Phil H.C. Hans, 1931-1936

Box/Folder: 1 : 18

Emerson, Edwin, 1931

Box/Folder: 1 : 19

Epp, Franz Ritter von, 1935-1936

Box/Folder: 1 : 20

Fein, Claus, 1936

Box/Folder: 1 : 21

Frick, Wilhelm, 1933

Box/Folder: 1 : 22

Gerard, James Watson, 1915

Box/Folder: 1 : 23

Gibbons, James, Cardinal, 1915

Box/Folder: 1 : 24

Hitler, Adolf, 1931-1933

Scope and Contents note

Includes responses from secretary of Wilhelm Bruckner
Box/Folder: 1 : 25

Hoover, Herbert, 1928-1931

Box/Folder: 1 : 26

Jagow, Kurt, 1929

Box/Folder: 1 : 27

Kasenkamp, Georg, 1932

Box/Folder: 1 : 28

Kiep, Otto Carl, 1933

Box/Folder: 1 : 29

Lössl, Edler von and Sigmund Ritter, 1915

Box/Folder: 1 : 30

McDonald, J. Ramsey, 1929

Box/Folder: 1 : 31

Papen, Franz von, 1932

Box/Folder: 1 : 32

Reichenau, Walther von, 1929

Box/Folder: 1 : 33

Rochambeau, René? de, 1902

Box/Folder: 1 : 34

Roddie, Stewart, undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 35

Rudi, 1897-1898

Box/Folder: 1 : 36

Russell, Charles, 1903

Box/Folder: 1 : 37

Russian Imperial embassy, Washington, 1902

Box/Folder: 1 : 38

St. Clair, C.M., 1934-1935

Box/Folder: 1 : 39

Soden, G., 1925-1927

Box/Folder: 1 : 40

South African Republic embassy, Brussels, 1900

Box/Folder: 1 : 41

Schnee, M., 1931

Box/Folder: 1 : 42

Sell, Ulrich von, 1933, 1938

Scope and Contents note

See also Scrapbooks--Kaiser Wilhelm II in exile
Box/Folder: 1 : 43

Shipstead, Henrik, 1928-1929

Box/Folder: 1 : 44

Sternburg, Hermann Speck von, 1902-1908

Box/Folder: 1 : 45

Stoddard, John L., 1915-1917

Box/Folder: 1 : 46

Sullivan, Mark, 1933

Box/Folder: 1 : 47

Wegerer, Alfred von, 1934

Box/Folder: 1 : 48

William II, 1929-1941

Box/Folder: 1 : 49

Letters of gratitude for helping English and Americans in Munich, 1915-1916

Box/Folder: 1 : 50

Miscellaneous invitations, 1891-1928

Box: 1-2

Speeches and writings, 1900-1933, undated

Scope and Contents note

Consists of typescript and handwritten drafts of writings, and some printed copies

Arrangement note

Arranged chronologically
Box/Folder: 1 : 51

Untitled writings on misrepresentation of Germany in the foreign press, Vatican and Dresden Courts, Irish and Italian immigrants in the United States, and Kaiser Wilhelm II, undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 52

"American Intervention in Russia in 1918: The Lytton Report," undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 53-54

"An Appeal to the Conscience of America, handwritten and typescript drafts, undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 55

"End of the Fantastic Reparation Claims of the Allies," undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 56

"England's Guilt and England's Hypocrisy: An American Verdict," undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 57

"The League of Nations and the Reconciliation of the Peoples," draft, undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 58

Letter to the editor, The Herald Tribune, handwritten draft, undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 59

Letter to the editor, The New York Sun, undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 60

"New York in Danger of Jewish Domination," undated

Box/Folder: 1 : 61

"Notes and comments," undated

Box/Folder: 2 : 1

"The Origin of the Guilt Clause of the Versailles Treaty the Responsibility of Secretary of State Lansing and James Brown Scott," undated

Box/Folder: 2 : 2

"Wilsonism Dominant in Chicago," undated

Box/Folder: 2 : 3

"The Alleged European Coalition, Against the United States During the Spanish-American War," printed copy, 1900

Box/Folder: 2 : 4

"The Anglo-Japanese Treaty: A Last Work on Pauncefote--His American Champions Utterly Routed--British Duplicity During the Spanish War," printed copy, 1900

Box/Folder: 2 : 5

Letter to the editor, New York World, 1915 August 24

Box/Folder: 2 : 6

Reports from Munich as consul general, 1915

Box/Folder: 2 : 7

"The Alleged Potsdam War Crown Council of July 5, 1914, Sweeping Repudiation of the Myth By the Kaiser," after 1915

Box/Folder: 2 : 8

"Morgenthau's Potsdam War Council Exposed as a Fake in the 'Suddeutsche Monatshefte,'" circa 1918

Box/Folder: 2 : 9

"'Terrorism' in Our Own Ranks, Instances of Unexampled Brutality Practiced on American Doughboys During and After the War by Martinets Who Criticize Conditions in German Labor Camps," Deutsche Zeitung, after 1919

Box/Folder: 2 : 10

"The German Americans During the World War," speech at the Concord Society of America, 1926 November 28

Box/Folder: 2 : 11

Letter to the editor, The Commonweal, 1928 August 6

Box/Folder: 2 : 12

Letter to the editor, Herald Tribune, "Reparations and the War Guilt Problem," 1929 April 26

Box/Folder: 2 : 13

"The Kaiser Repudiates the Potsdam Conference 'Legend,'" Current History, 1930 February

Box/Folder: 2 : 14

"War Guilt Commission," Current History, 1930 March

Box/Folder: 2 : 15

Letter to the editor, North American Review, 1932 August 1

Box/Folder: 2 : 16

"Immigration and the Crime Wave," The Commonweal, 1932 September 28

Box/Folder: 2 : 17

Writings published in American Monthly, 1932-1933

Box/Folder: 2 : 18

"The Siberian Adventure of Woodrow Wilson, More About the Red Cross," American Monthly, 1933 January

Box/Folder: 2 : 19

Letter to the editor, Evening Post, 1933 April 8

Box/Folder: 2 : 20

"An Open Letter," Observer's Post, 1933 May 1

Box/Folder: 2 : 21

Letter to the editor, The Herald Tribune, 1933 June 4

Box/Folder: 2 : 22

Quotations and notes, undated

Box: 2-3 : 51

Clippings and Collected materials, 1897-1940

Scope and Contents note

Consists of clippings from newspapers and journals, writings, and correspondence

Arrangement note

Arranged alphabetically by subject
Box/Folder: 2 : 23

Africa, 1929

Box/Folder: 2 : 24-25

Atrocities and war conduct, 1917-1940

Box/Folder: 2 : 26

Belgium, 1928

Box/Folder: 2

Biographical

Box/Folder: 2 : 27

Undated

Box/Folder: 2 : 28

1897-1905

Box/Folder: 2 : 29

1911-1915

Box/Folder: 2 : 30

1916-1919

Box/Folder: 2 : 31

1920-1924

Box/Folder: 2 : 32

1925-1929

Box/Folder: 2 : 33

1930-1932

Box/Folder: 2 : 34

1933

Box/Folder: 2 : 35

1934-1936

Box/Folder: 2 : 36

1939

Box/Folder: 2 : 37

Barnes, Harry Elmer, 1933

Box/Folder: 2 : 38

Canada, 1918, undated

Box/Folder: 2 : 39

Church, 1915-1936

Box/Folder: 2 : 40-41

England, 1914-1940

Box/Folder: 3 : 1-2

France, 1917-1933

Box/Folder: 3 : 3

German-Americans, 1934

Box/Folder: 3 : 4-5

German propaganda, 1925-1926, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 6

Germany, 1914-1933

Box/Folder: 3 : 7

Hitler, Adolf, 1933-1940

Box/Folder: 3 : 8

Ireland, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 9-10

"Jewish question," 1931-1933

Box/Folder: 3 : 11

League of Nations, 1919-1930

Box/Folder: 3 : 12

Lloyd George, David, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 13

Neutrality, 1918

Box/Folder: 3 : 14

Poems, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 15

"Propaganda and lies," 1914-1925

Box/Folder: 3 : 16

Reparations, undated

Box/Folder: 3 : 17

Russia, 1931

Box/Folder: 3 : 18

Shipstead, Henrik, 1928-1929

Box/Folder: 3 :

Treaties

Box/Folder: 3 : 19

General, 1918-1927

Box/Folder: 3 : 20

Revision, 1930-1933

Box/Folder: 3 : 21

Versailles, 1921-1931

Box/Folder: 3 : 22

United States and war, 1918-1931

Box/Folder: 3 : 23-24

War guilt, 1926-1931

Box/Folder: 3 : 25

Wile, Frederic William, 1928

Box/Folder: 3 : 26

Wilson, Woodrow, 1916-1932

Box/Folder: 3 : 25

Miscellany, 1914, undated

Box: 4-5 : 22

Scrapbooks, 1893-1940

Scope and Contents note

Contains clippings, correspondence, invitations, menus, postcards, and photographs

Arrangement note

Arranged by topic or form
Box/Folder: 4 : 1-4

Correspondence and invitations, 1893-1902

Scope and Contents note

2 scrapbooks
Box/Folder: 4 : 5

Personal and biographical clippings, 1899-1905

Box/Folder: 4 : 6-7

Kaiser Wilhelm II in exile (A), 1927-1939

Box/Folder: 5 : 1-3

Kaiser Wilhelm II in exile (B), 1927-1937

Box/Folder: 5 : 4-5

Breaking the Silence reviews and related correspondence, 1931-1940