Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Preliminary Guide to the Stanford - Smith Families Papers
Wyles Mss 43  
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (79.15 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Stanford - Smith Families Papers,
    Date (inclusive): ca. 1802-1868
    Date (bulk): (bulk 1861-1865)
    Collection Number: Wyles Mss 43
    Creator: Standford - Smith
    Extent: .4 linear feet (1 document box)
    Repository: University of California, Santa Barbara. Library. Department of Special Collections
    Santa Barbara, California 93106-9010
    Physical Location: Del Sur
    Language: English.

    Administrative Information

    Access Restrictions

    None.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to the Department of Special Collections, UCSB. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Department of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which also must be obtained.

    Preferred Citation

    Stanford - Smith Families Papers. Wyles Mss 43. Department of Special Collections, Davidson Library, University of California, Santa Barbara.

    Acquisition Information

    Undetermined.

    Biography

    The Stanford and Smith families of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, were joined by the marriage of George W. Smith and Sophie J. Stanford. The families also shared a common experience during the Civil War, centered on the 102nd Regiment of the Pennsylvania Infantry. George W. Smith and his friend George Shoop joined the regiment's Company F on September 1, 1861. Sophie's brother, Benjamin R. Stanford, joined the regiment's Company M two days later.
    George Smith's brother, Richard G. Smith, had already joined Company K of the 62nd Pennsylvania Infantry in July, and Sophie's other brother, Duncan Stanford, would serve in Company C of the 16th Regiment of the U.S. Infantry. George had another brother, William D. Smith, who spent the war living in Chicago with his wife and infant daughter. His sister, Mollie E. Smith, was also married, to a Mr. Hayes. Their parents, Emily and David Smith, remained in Allegheny County and maintained correspondence with their distant sons.
    The 102nd Pennsylvania Infantry was organized by Colonel Thomas A. Rowley after his previous command, the 13th Regiment, was mustered out of service in August of 1861. As troops were badly needed in Washington, D.C., a detachment of five companies was sent out during the recruiting process. Finally, twelve full companies were manned and sent east for training. For most of the war, the regiment actually saw little fighting, often being held in reserve or placed on guard duty. However, their few battles were intense, and they occasionally suffered terrible losses. In December 1863, all but a handful of men agreed to re-enlist, and the 102nd Regiment became a "veteran organization," at which time they were entitled to an extended furlough while the ranks were replenished with new recruits. After several bitter fights in the summer and fall of 1864, the regiment was ready to move deeper into Confederate territory when the war came to an end the following spring. The 102nd Regiment was finally mustered out of service on June 28, 1865.
    Private George W. Smith had been discharged on a surgeon's certificate on December 9, 1862. Private Richard G. Smith had been wounded and captured by the enemy in June and was then discharged on December 30, 1862. Private Benjamin R. Stanford was wounded in two separate battles, and was discharged in September 1864 at the expiration of his term of service. Only George Shoop, having attained the rank of corporal, remained with the company until it was mustered out of service.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The collection mainly contains Civil War era correspondence to/from George Shoop, George W. Smith, and Benjamin Stanford, soldiers with the Pennsylvania Infantry, 102nd Regiment (Vol.), as well as Richard G. Smith, William D. Smith, and Duncan Stanford, all from Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
    Further information about Pennsylvania in the Civil War may be found in works such as:
    • Bates, Samuel P. History of Pennsylvania Volunteers (1869-1871).
    • Hewett, Janet. The Roster of Union Soldiers, 1861-1864. Vol. 8 - Pennsylvania (1998).
    • Higginbotham, Sanford Wilson. Pennsylvania and the Civil War: A Handbook (1961).
    • History of the Pittsburgh Washington Infantry, 102nd (Old 13th) Regiment, Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteers, and Its Forbears (1931).
    • McHenry, George. Why Pennsylvania Should Become One of the Confederate States (1862).
    • Large, John. One Man's War: The Civil War Letters of John Large (1985).
    • Making and Remaking Pennsylvania's Civil War, ed. by William Blair and William Pencak (2001).
    • Pennsylvania. Militia. Quartermaster General. Report for the Year 1861 (ca. 1862).
    • Shankman, Arnold M. The Pennsylvania Antiwar Movement, 1861-1865 (1980).
    • United States. Adjutant General's Office. Official Army Register of the Volunteer Force of the United States Army (1865, 1987). Part 5 includes Pennsylvania.