The papers of Harold Scheffler, anthropologist, relate to Scheffler's field research on ambilineal descent groups on Choiseul
Island in the Solomon Islands between 1958 and 1961 and to his comparative study of religious revitalization movements, especially
the Christian Fellowship Church, conducted on Rendova Island between 1967 and 1968. Scheffler studied social structure, kinship
and ethnographic semantics among Varisi language speakers on Choiseul Island (1958-1961), among Baniata language speakers
on Rendova Island (1967-1968), and among Simbo islanders (1960). Materials include correspondence with colleagues and students;
manuscripts of journal articles and published works; ethnographic data collected in diaries, field notes, genealogies, photographs,
and audiorecordings. Also included are grammars, vocabularies and linguistic materials for the Varisi and Baniata languages
of the Solomon Islands. Of particular interest are manuscript notes by Bernard Deacon, a British anthropologist, and typescript
transcriptions of Deacon's notes by Camilla Wedgwood on Ambrym, an island in Vanuatu. The papers span the period from 1926
to 1981 with the bulk of the material generated between 1958 and 1971. The papers are arranged in eight series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE,
2) WRITINGS BY SCHEFFLER, 3) CHOISEUL ISLAND FIELDWORK, 4) RENDOVA ISLAND FIELDWORK, 5) MISCELLANEOUS FIELDWORK, 6) WRITINGS
OF OTHERS, 7) PHOTOGRAPHS, and 8) AUDIORECORDINGS.
Harold Walter Scheffler was born on October 24, 1932, in St. Louis, Missouri. He attended Southeast Missouri State College
in 1952 and transferred to the University of Missouri the following year. His studies were interrupted by military service
with the United States Army, 1954-1955, after which he returned to the University of Missouri and received a B.A. degree in
anthropology and sociology in 1956.