Register of the Ernest William Darling Papers

Prepared by David Jacobs
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2003
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the Ernest William Darling Papers

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
Prepared by:
David Jacobs
Date Completed:
2000
Encoded by:
ByteManagers using OAC finding aid conversion service specifications
© 2003 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Ernest William Darling papers,
Date (inclusive): 1917-1960
Collection number: 47007
Creator: Darling, Ernest William, 1905-
Extent: 9 manuscript boxes (3.7 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Writings, correspondence, memoranda, reports, pamphlets, leaflets, and clippings, relating to the communist movement, political conditions, labor, and housing in Great Britain.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ernest William Darling Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired.

Accruals

Increments may have been received since this finding aid was prepared. Please check Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat  to find the full extent of the collection.

Biographical Note

1905 Born, London, England
1919 Leaves school and starts working in a booksellers warehouse
1921 Joins trade union
1926 Participates in British General Strike and edits a strike bulletin
1931-1936 Works on the staff of the New Fabian Research Bureau
1932-1946 Active in the Communist Party of Great Britain as militant, branch secretary, and contributor to party publications
1937-1939 Secretary to Legal Bureau, Hampstead Tenants' Defence League
1939-1940 Works for British civil defense program
1942-1943 Shop steward, Philco factory, London
1946 Leaves Communist Party

Scope and Content Note

Acquired in 1947, with an increment added in 1981, the Ernest William Darling papers in the Hoover Institution Archives comprise a small but interesting collection of primary documents and printed matter, most of which pertain to the history of the Communist Party of Great Britain in the 1930s and 1940s. As such, these materials offer a glimpse into the organizational life of the party at a number of levels, from the central committee down to the local branch level, and they record both public campaigns and internal party debates during a period extending from the Depression through the end of World War II.
Born into a working class family, Darling became politically involved at an early age, and his activism subsequently included roles as a trade union delegate, tenants' rights campaigner, and party militant. Materials relating to each of these activities are organized within separate files in the collection (see COMMUNIST PARTY OF GREAT BRITAIN ORGANIZATIONAL FILE, HAMPSTEAD TENANTS' DEFENCE LEAGUE FILE, and PHILCO SHOP STEWARDS FILE).
While never a party theorist, Darling did write on a number of topics, with a special emphasis on issues of employment and housing (see SPEECHES AND WRITINGS series). A significant exchange of letters with the British Communist leader, Harry Pollitt, can be found in the CORRESPONDENCE series, and these letters enumerate the reasons that led Darling to leave the party in 1946. The PRINTED MATTER series contains a large number of pamphlets issued by the Communist Party of Great Britain, covering a wide variety of issues ranging from London municipal elections to international politics.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.

Subjects

Communism.
Communism--Great Britain.
Housing--Great Britain.
Labor unions--Great Britain.
Great Britain.
Great Britain--Politics and government--20th century.
Communist Party of Great Britain.


Series Description

box 1

Biographical File, 1930-1953.

Scope and Content Note

Autobiography, checklists, and membership cards, arranged alphabetically by physical form
box 1

Correspondence, 1937-1946.

Scope and Content Note

Letters and enclosures, arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent
box 1-3

Speeches and Writings, 1928-1960.

Scope and Content Note

Articles, letters to the editor, memoranda, notes, outlines, pamphlets, proposals, reports, and transcripts, arranged chronologically by title. Includes related correspondence
box 3-4

Communist Party of Great Britain Organizational File, 1934-1946.

Scope and Content Note

Bulletins, clippings, correspondence, course materials, leaflets, memoranda, newsletters, notes, resolutions, and statements, arranged alphabetically by physical form
box 4-5

Hampstead Tenants' Defence League File, 1937-1943.

Scope and Content Note

Bulletins, clippings, constitution, correspondence, financial records, forms, leaflets, reports, and statements, arranged alphabetically by physical form, and other material arranged within a subject file
box 5

Philco Shop Stewards Committee File, 1941-1942.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, leaflet, and minutes, arranged alphabetically by physical form
box 5-6

Subject File, 1923-1947.

Scope and Content Note

Clippings, financial records, leaflets reports, and serial issues, arranged alphabetically by subject
box 6

Photograph, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

One print depicting Ernest William Darling(?)
box 6-9

Printed Matter, 1920-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Bulletins, campaign literature, leaflets, pamphlets, and serial issues, largely relating to the Communist Party of Great Britain and other radical organizations

Container List

Box 1

BIOGRAPHICAL FILE, 1930-1953

Box/Folder 1 : 1

Autobiography, 1945.

Scope and Content Note

Two typescripts
Box/Folder 1 : 2

Checklists of publications, n.d.

Note

(Some items listed are no longer part of the collection)
Box/Folder 1 : 3

Membership cards, 1930-1953.

Scope and Content Note

Includes cards for the Communist Party of Great Britain
 

CORRESPONDENCE, 1937-1946.

Scope and Content Note

Letters and enclosures
Box/Folder 1 : 4

Unidentified, 1937-1944

Box/Folder 1 : 5

Campbell, John, 1942-1943

Box/Folder 1 : 6

Daily Worker, 1939-1945

Box/Folder 1 : 7

Layton, J. M., 1945-1946

Box/Folder 1 : 8

Mellor, William, 1933

Box/Folder 1 : 9

Parsons, Henry, 1944-1945

Box/Folder 1 : 10

Pollitt, Harry, 1942-1946

 

SPEECHES AND WRITINGS, 1928-1960.

Scope and Content Note

Includes related correspondence
Box/Folder 1 : 11

"Marxism and the War," n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 12

"Report of the Subcommittee on the Law of Distress," paper prepared for the Haldane Society, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 1 : 13-14

"Who Opposes Full Employment?" n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Three typescripts
Box/Folder 1 : 15

"The B.B.C. and Working-Class Education," Socialist Review, 1928 July.

Scope and Content Note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 1

"The Present and Future Work of NFRB (New Fabian Research Bureau)," 1933 September 21.

Scope and Content Note

Two typescripts
Box/Folder 2 : 2

"Notes on The Daily Worker," 1933 October 22.

Scope and Content Note

Two typescripts
Box/Folder 2 : 3

"Notes on the Discussion on the Labour Party's Foreign Policy," paper prepared for the New Fabian Research Bureau, 1934 February 27.

Scope and Content Note

Two typescripts
Box/Folder 2 : 4

"A New Foreign Policy for the Labour Party," paper prepared for the New Fabian Research Bureau(?), 1934 June 11.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 5

"Notes on Research into Local Housing Conditions," paper prepared for the New Fabian Research Bureau, 1935 February 11.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 6

"The British Labour Party in Transition - 1935," 1935 February 14 (pseudonym used, D. E. Williams).

Scope and Content Note

Holograph notes and two typescripts
Box/Folder 2 : 7

"The International Situation," statement written for a conference of the Socialist League, London, England, 1935 June 7.

Scope and Content Note

Three typescripts
Box/Folder 2 : 8

The Two Classes, 1935 November.

Scope and Content Note

Printed copy
Box/Folder 2 : 9

"Hampstead Housing," 1937 August 6.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 10

"A Social Programme for Hampstead," 1937 September 12.

Scope and Content Note

Two typescripts
Box/Folder 2 : 11

"TDL (Tenants' Defence League) Campaign for 1600 Houses," 1937 October 2.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 12

"Assisted Wiring Scheme in Hampstead," 1938 May 18.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 13

"Statement to Hampstead Borough Council in Support of the Petition of Kilburn Tenants," 1938 November 21.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 14

Speech at a meeting of the Hampstead Borough Council, 1938 November 24.

Scope and Content Note

Two typescripts
Box/Folder 2 : 15

Open letters on behalf of the Hampstead Tenants' Defence League, 1938 December.

Scope and Content Note

Two typescripts
Box/Folder 2 : 16

Testimony given before the Distress for Rent Committee, Ministry of Health, London, England, 1939 March 1.

Scope and Content Note

Transcript
Box/Folder 2 : 17

Speech at factory meeting of Philco workers, London, England, 1942 April 16.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 18

"Land Control in the Future," Social Service News, 1942 November.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 2 : 19

"Question of Reconstruction," 1942 December 3.

Scope and Content Note

Holograph and typewritten notes, and typescript (incomplete) with holograph corrections
 

"The Politics of the Beveridge, or British Revolutions in the Making," 1942-12-12

Box/Folder 2 : 20

Correspondence and memoranda

Box/Folder 2 : 21

Two typescripts

Box/Folder 2 : 22

"Statement by E. W. Darling on the Report (by Hugh Mackay) on South West St. Pancras," London, England, 1943 May 31.

Scope and Content Note

Two typescripts and one transcript of ensuing discussion
Box/Folder 2 : 23

"Notes on Franchise Law and Electoral Reform," 1943 December 5.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
 

"The British Trade Union Movement of Today," 1944

Box/Folder 2 : 24

Research material

Box/Folder 2 : 25

Four typescripts

Box 3

Electoral Reform, 1944 February 18.

Scope and Content Note

Proposals written by Ernest William Darling and presented to the House of Commons, London, England, by William Gallacher, Member of Parliament
Box/Folder 3 : 1

Correspondence, outline, and typescript preliminary draft

Box/Folder 3 : 2

Three typescripts

Box/Folder 3 : 3

Printed copy

Box/Folder 3 : 4

"Our National Traditions," article submitted to World News and Views, 1944 May 10 (not published).

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence and two typescripts
Box/Folder 3 : 5

"Full Employment," 1944 May 28.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 6

"National Debt and Full Employment," 1944 May 29.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript notes
Box/Folder 3 : 7

"The 6th of June," 1944 June 7.

Scope and Content Note

Two typescripts
Box/Folder 3 : 8-10

"The Government's Policy of Full Employment," 1944 June 15.

Scope and Content Note

Three typescripts
Box/Folder 3 : 11

Memorandum concerning Lever Brothers and Unilever, 1945 May 16.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 12

"Re Newcastle Council Tenants Association," 1945 June 27.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 13

"Lease Lend, Full Employment and the Colonies," 1945 September 25.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 14

Letter to the editor, World News and Views, 1945 November 11.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence and typescript
Box/Folder 3 : 15

Letter to the editor, Guardian (Manchester), 1960 March 10.

Scope and Content Note

Typescript
 

COMMUNIST PARTY OF GREAT BRITAIN ORGANIZATIONAL FILE, 1934-1946

Box/Folder 3 : 16-17

Clippings, 1934-1940

Box/Folder 3 : 18

Congress resolutions and statements, 1934-1946

Box 4

Correspondence, 1942-1946

Box/Folder 4 : 1

Central Committee, 1942-1943

Box/Folder 4 : 2

Executive Committee, 1943-1945

Box/Folder 4 : 3

London District Committee, 1946

Box/Folder 4 : 4

Internal bulletins, memoranda, newsletters, and statements, 1934-1945

Box/Folder 4 : 5

Leaflets, 1934-1943

Box/Folder 4 : 6

Notes for speakers, 1934-1945

Box/Folder 4 : 7

Training course materials, 1935-1936

 

HAMPSTEAD TENANTS' DEFENCE LEAGUE FILE, 1937-1943

Box/Folder 4 : 8

Bulletins, reports, and statements, 1938-1940

Box/Folder 4 : 9

Clippings, 1937-1943

Box/Folder 4 : 10

Constitution, 1938

Box/Folder 4 : 11

Correspondence, 1938-1939

Box/Folder 4 : 12

Financial records, 1937-1938

Box/Folder 5 : 1

Forms, n.d.

Box/Folder 5 : 2

Leaflets, 1937-1939

 

Subject file, 1938-1940.

Scope and Content Note

Bulletins, correspondence, financial records, leaflets, reports, and resolutions
Box/Folder 5 : 3

Stepney Tenants' Defence League, 1938-1939

Box/Folder 5 : 4

Federation of Tenants' and Residents' Associations, 1939-1940

 

PHILCO SHOP STEWARDS COMMITTEE FILE, 1941-1942

Box/Folder 5 : 5

Correspondence, 1941-1942

Box/Folder 5 : 6

Leaflet, n.d.

 

Minutes

Box/Folder 5 : 7

1941-1942

Box/Folder 5 : 8-9

1942 (Contd.)

 

SUBJECT FILE, 1923-1947.

Scope and Content Note

Clippings, financial records, leaflets, reports, and serial issues
Box/Folder 5 : 10

Fourth International

Box/Folder 5 : 11

Independent Labour Party

Box/Folder 5 : 12

Labour Party (Great Britain)

Box/Folder 5 : 13

London Municipal Society

Box/Folder 5 : 14

New Fabian Research Bureau

Box/Folder 6 : 1-2

New Fabian Research Bureau (Contd.)

Box/Folder 6 : 3

Trade-unions - Great Britain

Box/Folder 6 : 4

Workers' Educational Association

Box/Folder 6 : 5

PHOTOGRAPH, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

One print depicting Ernest William Darling(?) as an adolescent with his family
Box/Folder 6 : 6-8

PRINTED MATTER, 1920-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Bulletins, campaign literature, leaflets, pamphlets, and serial issues, largely relating to the Communist Party of Great Britain and other radical organizations
Box 7-9

PRINTED MATTER (Contd.)