Scope and Content Note
Title: Ernest William Darling papers,
Date (inclusive): 1917-1960
Collection number: 47007
Darling, Ernest William, 1905-
9 manuscript boxes
(3.7 linear feet)
Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Writings, correspondence, memoranda, reports, pamphlets, leaflets, and clippings, relating to the communist movement, political
conditions, labor, and housing in Great Britain.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Collection is open for research.
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
[Identification of item], Ernest William Darling Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.
Increments may have been received since this finding aid was prepared. Please check Stanford University's online catalog Socrates
to find the full extent of the collection.
||Born, London, England
||Leaves school and starts working in a booksellers warehouse
||Joins trade union
||Participates in British General Strike and edits a strike bulletin
||Works on the staff of the New Fabian Research Bureau
||Active in the Communist Party of Great Britain as militant, branch secretary, and contributor to party publications
||Secretary to Legal Bureau, Hampstead Tenants' Defence League
||Works for British civil defense program
||Shop steward, Philco factory, London
||Leaves Communist Party
Scope and Content Note
Acquired in 1947, with an increment added in 1981, the Ernest William Darling papers in the Hoover Institution Archives comprise
a small but interesting collection of primary documents and printed matter, most of which pertain to the history of the Communist
Party of Great Britain in the 1930s and 1940s. As such, these materials offer a glimpse into the organizational life of the
party at a number of levels, from the central committee down to the local branch level, and they record both public campaigns
and internal party debates during a period extending from the Depression through the end of World War II.
Born into a working class family, Darling became politically involved at an early age, and his activism subsequently included
roles as a trade union delegate, tenants' rights campaigner, and party militant. Materials relating to each of these activities
are organized within separate files in the collection (see COMMUNIST PARTY OF GREAT BRITAIN ORGANIZATIONAL FILE, HAMPSTEAD
TENANTS' DEFENCE LEAGUE FILE, and PHILCO SHOP STEWARDS FILE).
While never a party theorist, Darling did write on a number of topics, with a special emphasis on issues of employment and
housing (see SPEECHES AND WRITINGS series). A significant exchange of letters with the British Communist leader, Harry Pollitt,
can be found in the CORRESPONDENCE series, and these letters enumerate the reasons that led Darling to leave the party in
1946. The PRINTED MATTER series contains a large number of pamphlets issued by the Communist Party of Great Britain, covering
a wide variety of issues ranging from London municipal elections to international politics.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the repository's online public access catalog.
Labor unions--Great Britain.
Great Britain--Politics and government--20th century.
Communist Party of Great Britain.