Inventory of the William Sterling Youngman Papers

Processed by Hoover Institution Archives Staff.
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2009
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Inventory of the William Sterling Youngman Papers

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California
Processed by:
Hoover Institution Archives Staff
Date Completed:
2008, revised 2011 and 2012
Encoded by:
Machine-readable finding aid derived from Microsoft Word and MARC record by David Jacobs.
© 2009 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Title: William Sterling Youngman papers
Dates: 1945-1992
Collection Number: 2008C85
Creator: Youngman, William Sterling
Collection Size: 1 manuscript box (0.4 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: The William Sterling Youngman papers include correspondence, writings, interview transcripts, and printed matter relating to American military assistance to China during World War II and to American foreign policy in China.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Languages: English

Administrative Information

Access

The collection is open for research.
Access to audiovisual materials requires at least two weeks advance notice. Audiovisual materials include sound recordings, video recordings, and motion picture film. Hoover staff will determine whether use copies of the materials requested can be made available. Some materials may not be accessible even with advance notice. Please contact the Hoover Institution Archives for further information.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], William Sterling Youngman papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2008.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Separated Materials

Security-classified documents have been withdrawn from the collection pending declassification.

Related Materials

China Defense Supplies records, Hoover Institution Archives
W. Langhorne Bond papers, Hoover Institution Archives
Claire Chennault papers, Hoover Institution Archives
T. V. Soong papers, Hoover Institution Archives

Biographical/Historical Note

1907 May 25 Born, Boston, Massachusetts
1929 A.B., magna cum laude, Harvard University
1932 LL.B., magna cum laude, Harvard University
1932-1933 Law secretary to Judge Learned Hand, New York City
1933-1938 Associated with law firm Palmer, Dodge, Barstow, Wilkins and Davis, Boston
1937 Married Elsie Hooper Perkins
1939-1940 Counsel, National Power Policy Commission, and chief counsel, Power Division, Public Works Administration
1940-1941 General counsel, Federal Power Commission
1941-1942 Executive vice president and director, China Defense Supplies, Inc.
1941-1949 Partner, Corcoran, Clark and Youngman
1942-1945 President, China Defense Supplies, Inc.
1944, July 1 Liquidation of China Defense Supplies, Inc., transfer of functions to Chinese Supply Commission
1944-1947 General counsel, U.S. Natural Resources Commission of China
1949-1968 President, C. V. Starr and Company, Inc.
1994 October 10 Died

Scope and Content of Collection

The William Sterling Youngman papers include correspondence, writings, interview transcripts, and printed matter relating to American military assistance to China during World War II and to American foreign policy in China.
Youngman was president of China Defense Supplies, Inc., the main agency for coordinating Lend-Lease aid to China from the United States, from 1941 until its dissolution in 1944. China Defense Supplies was a Chinese organization, chaired by T. V. Soong, but staffed by Americans and based in Washington, D.C. As Soong spent increasingly less time in Washington during the latter years of the war, the decision was made to dissolve China Defense Supplies and establish a successor organization, the Chinese Supply Commission, which was also active in obtaining reconstruction aid for China following the war.
In addition to his leading role in China Defense Supplies, Youngman, who throughout the 1940s worked as an attorney in a firm headed by Thomas G. ("Tommy the Cork") Corcoran, also played a significant role in two other organizations that were involved in aviation ventures in China during and following the war. The first of these was the American Volunteer Group, better known as the Flying Tigers, a group that China Defense Supplies worked with to transport aid to the Chinese government prior to the U.S. entry into World War II. Following the war, Youngman and Corcoran were partners in a company known as Rio Cathay, S.A., which sought to establish a commercial airline company in China, operating in conjunction with the Civil Air Transport, Inc.
The William Sterling Youngman papers are divided into two series. The Alphabetic file contains correspondence, notes, and reports concerning the American Volunteer Group, Rio Cathay, S.A., and Civil Air Transport. The Personal correspondence contains letters from later in Youngman's life, in particular when he was contacted by historians interested in the Chinese Lend-Lease programs and in Youngman's close friendship with T. V. Soong.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into 2 series, which are alphabetically arranged.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
World War, 1939-1945--China.
World War, 1939-1945--United States.
Lend-lease operations (1941-1945)
United States--Foreign relations--China.
China--Foreign relations--United States.


Collection Contents

Box: 1

Alphabetical file 1945-1991

Box/Folder: 1 : 1

American Volunteer Group, 1945, 1991

Box/Folder: 1 : 2

Civil Air Transport, Inc., 1950-1952

Box/Folder: 1 : 3

Hainan Island development, 1945, 1991

Box/Folder: 1 : 4

Rio Cathay, S.A., 1950, undated

Box: 1

Personal correspondence 1945-1992

Box/Folder: 1 : 5

Balinska, Marta, regarding Ludwik Rajchman and T. V. Soong, 1992

Box/Folder: 1 : 6

Corcoran, Tom, 1946-1956

Box/Folder: 1 : 7

Feng, Ivan and Laurette, 1984-1986

Box/Folder: 1 : 8

Richards, Evan, regarding Ludwik Rajchman, 1985-1991.

Scope and Content Note

Includes interview transcript of interview of William S. Youngman by Evan Richards
Box/Folder: 1 : 9

Seagrave, Sterling, 1985-1986

Box/Folder: 1 : 10

Solberg, Carl, 1983-1988

Box/Folder: 1 : 11

Soong, T. V., 1945-1971