Chautemps was a French politician and radical socialist leader. He was premier in 1930 and in 1933-34. A member of the first
Popular Front cabinet of Socialists and Communists (1936-37) under Leon Blum, he headed the second, less radical, Popular
Front cabinet (1937-38). Vice premier of the Vichy government, Chautemps came to the United States in 1940 on a mission and
did not return to France. In 1947 he was tried and convicted in absentia for collaborating with the Vichy regime; in 1954
his sentence was voided by the statute of limitations.
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