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Register of the Constantin W. Boldyreff papers
96012  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Biographical/Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: Constantin W. Boldyreff papers
    Date (inclusive): 1878-2001
    Date (bulk): 1910-1995
    Collection Number: 96012
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Materials: English and Russian.
    Physical Description: 29 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box (12.0 linear feet)
    Abstract: The collection consists of speeches and writings, correspondence, radio scripts, identification documents, biographical data, printed matter, sound recordings, and photographs relating to the settlement of displaced persons at the end of World War II, Russian émigré affairs, communism and conditions in the Soviet Union, and activities of the Narodno-Trudovoi Soiuz and other anti-communist organizations.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Boldyreff, Constantin W., 1909-1995.

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Constantin W. Boldyreff papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1996.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical/Historical Note

    Constantin Boldyreff (1910-1995) was born in Gatchina, not far from St. Petersburg. After the Russian revolution in 1917, he emigrated with his mother to China and then Yugoslavia, where he studied at the Russian Cadet School in Sarajevo. In 1935, he graduated from the University of Belgrade with a degree in engineering and worked for British and American mining companies in Yugoslavia.
    As a university student, Boldyreff joined the newly formed émigré anticommunist party, the Narodno-Trudovoi Soiuz (NTS) or National Alliance of Russian Solidarists. Its activities were directed against the communist regime in the Soviet Union.
    At the beginning of World War II, Boldyreff joined the Yugoslav army. During the German occupation, which followed the Yugoslav army's capitulation, he was arrested twice by the Gestapo and taken as a slave laborer to Germany. He was able to escape from the labor camp. In 1944, he and other members of the NTS began underground anticommunist activity in the German-occupied territories of the Soviet Union.
    After the leadership of the NTS was almost annihilated by the Gestapo, Boldyreff escaped to Austria and organized a work brigade composed of Russian refugees, including prisoners of war that had been brought to Germany as slave laborers.
    The end of the war found the Boldyreff family and their fellow refugees escaping west from the approaching Soviet armies. The greatest threat these displaced persons faced was forcible repatriation, a fate suffered by more than two million Russian refugees, who were returned to the Soviet Union by the Allies. Boldyreff was able to save not only his group but also thousands of others threatened with repatriation and subsequent death or imprisonment in Soviet concentration camps. They found refuge in the American-occupied zone in the Mönchehof displaced persons (or DP) camp. Boldyreff was instrumental in making the camp economically self-sufficient, providing housing and schools and organizing religious and cultural activities. Fear of repatriation forced displaced people to emigrate as soon as possible from Europe. In 1947, after carefully researching the economic opportunities for educated professionals, Boldyreff arranged for the Mönchehof group of DPs to emigrate to Morocco.
    In 1947, the Boldyreff family emigrated to the United States, and Constatin Boldyreff was appointed as a professor at Georgetown University, where he established the Institute of Languages and Linguistics in the School of Foreign Service. Boldyreff continued his anticommunist activities on behalf of NTS, testifying before the Senate and House about conditions in the Soviet Union and advising the government on foreign policy. He made use of the American media to publicize his anticommunist campaign, publishing articles on political subjects in the American periodical press, addressing interested groups, and appearing on television.
    He died in 1995.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The papers of Constantin Boldyreff, founder and organizer of the Russian underground Natsional'no Trudovoi Soiuz (NTS), American professor, and former head of the Russian Department at Georgetown University School of Languages and Linguistics, consist of documents relating to the settlement of displaced persons at the end of World War II, Russian émigré affairs, communism and conditions in the Soviet Union, and activities of the Narodno-Trudovoi Soiuz and other anti-communist organizations.
    The materials describing the history of Russian refugees in the post-World War II period can be found in ten series of the collection. The Biographical File and Family Files include identification documents, photographs, and memoirs. Correspondence and Speeches and Writings consist of Boldyreff's papers spanning the course of his career. A Subject File is arranged topically and contains materials documenting Boldyreff's work in specific capacites. Writings by Others include other Russian refugees' memoirs. The Oversize File consists of material that is distinctive because of its physical format. The Sound Recordings file includes sound tape reels documenting the activities of the organizations in which Boldyreff was involved.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Narodno-trudovoĭ soiuz.
    Anti-communist movements.
    International relief.
    Refugees.
    Soviet Union--Emigration and immigration.
    Soviet Union.
    World War, 1939-1945--Refugees.