Finding Aid to the Donald Appleyard Papers, 1954-1982, bulk 1966-1982

Finding Aid written by Pennington Ahlstrand
The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
© 2007
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Finding Aid to the Donald Appleyard Papers, 1954-1982, bulk 1966-1982

Collection Number: BANC MSS 83/165 c

The Bancroft Library



University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, California
Finding Aid Written By:
Pennington Ahlstrand
Date Completed:
December 2011
© 2011 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Collection Summary

Collection Title: Donald Appleyard papers
Date (inclusive): 1954-1982,
Date (bulk): bulk 1966-1982
Collection Number: BANC MSS 83/165 c
Creators : Appleyard, Donald
Extent: Number of containers: 11 cartons, 2 boxes, 1 oversize box, 1 oversize folder Linear feet: 14.75
Repository: The Bancroft Library
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California, 94720-6000
Phone: (510) 642-6481
Fax: (510) 642-7589
Email: bancref@library.berkeley.edu
URL: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/
Abstract: Correspondence, research materials and publications by Donald Appleyard, a professor in the University of California, Berkeley College of Environmental Design.
Languages Represented: Collection materials are in English
Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Information for Researchers

Access

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720-6000. Consent is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. See: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/permissions.html. 
Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Donald Appleyard Papers, BANC MSS 83/165 c, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Alternate Forms Available

There are no alternate forms of this collection.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Appleyard, Donald--Archives
University of California, Berkeley. College of Environmental Design
Landscape architects-- California
City planning-- California
San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District (Calif.)-- Planning
Landscape assessment
University of California, Berkeley. Environmental Simulation Laboratory
University of California, Berkeley. College of Environmental Design-- Faculty
Landscape architecture
Environmental laboratories-- California-- Berkeley
Environmental psychology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Faculty
Faculty papers.
Photographs.

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The Donald Appleyard Papers were given to The Bancroft Library by Sheila Appleyard on June 21, 1983.

Accruals

No additions are expected.

System of Arrangement

Portions of this collection are arranged to the folder level, while others are arranged to the container level.

Processing Information

Processed by Pennington Ahlstrand with Jack Doran, Jae Mauthe, Jamie Nguyen and Spencer Taylor in 2011.

Biographical Information

Donald Appleyard, who spent a major part of his life energies making cities and neighborhoods safe and livable, died in Athens, Greece, September 1982, an innocent victim of a senseless, speeding automobile. Appleyard was 54 years old. Appleyard, Professor of Urban Design, was a member of the faculties of the Departments of City and Regional Planning and Landscape Architecture at the University of California, Berkeley.
A native of England, he was educated there as a surveyor and architect. Later he studied city planning at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Subsequently, he became a member of the M.I.T. faculty and taught there for six years.
Over the years, his interests became focused on the livability of cities and neighborhoods, particularly upon streets. Appleyard was that rare combination of innovative path-breaking academic researcher and quiet, insistent activist, professional, intent on getting things done--things that made cities better places for people to live. He was a person of ideas-- especially concerned with expanding the scope of urban design to encompass thinking from the social sciences.
Most of all, Donald Appleyard was a humanist urban planner who loved to work with people on their environmental problems, a person concerned about community and public life. Recognized the world over as such, he was called upon by people and professional colleagues to help them make better urban environments.
Appleyard's research dealt in large measure with subjects including the effects of traffic upon the lives of local residents, the physical characteristics of cities as fulfilling and joyful places to live, how to manage traffic in residential areas, conservation of neighborhoods and the like. He was an innovative and creative researcher in exploring these interests, which accounts for his considerable impact on the field. His methods involved the development of new survey techniques to relate people's perceptions and values to the design process and to resulting physical environments. He was largely responsible for the pioneering environmental simulation laboratory which permits testing and comparing different environments and designs by use of models and video photography where viewers can experience a simulated environment as if they were in it. Examples of the simulation laboratory work include: making films of the effects of future high-rise development on the San Francisco skyline, demonstrating the neighborhood impacts of alternative transportation technologies, and evaluating the impact of a controversial interstate highway.
Professor Appleyard's work was known throughout the world. He was invited to lecture at universities in more than forty countries. At Berkeley, his teaching was central in shaping the education of a new generation of professionals sensitive to the physical environment as people experience it.
He authored more than one hundred articles and professional reports and a host of books, including The View From the Road (1963), Planning a Pluralistic City (1967), The Conservation of European Cities (1979), Improving the Residential Street Environment (1981), and Livable Streets (1981). Of his writing, Grady Clay, Editor of Landscape Architecture magazine, calls his book Livable Streets, "by far the most thorough and detailed work on urban streets to date, offering precise ammunition for activists and citizens for years to come... as a resource for the future, it is a classic." At the time of his death, Appleyard's research and writings were taking him in new, but related, directions, including a major work on the study of environmental symbolism.
Professionally, Appleyard was active in projects that ranged from detailed neighborhood planning and design, such as the Berkeley street diverter program, to plans at a citywide scale, such as Ciudad Guayana in Venezuela. He was a major contributor to the San Francisco Urban Design Plan, had worked in Africa and Mexico, and at the time of his death was on leave working in Athens on neighborhood planning.
Over the years, he had been chairman of the Department of Landscape Architecture and had received numerous awards, not the least of which was a Fulbright Senior Fellowship to Italy in 1975, a Guggenheim Fellowship, and a Graham Foundation Fellowship. He was at the height of his productive, creative years at the time of his death.
Donald Appleyard is survived by his wife, Sheila, and their four children: Justin, Moana, Bruce and Ian. He is survived, too, by thousands of people who may not have known him but whose environments and lives are more joyful and satisfying because he helped to plan them--humanely.
Allan B. Jacobs C.C. Cooper-Marcus T.G. Dickert
--University of California: In Memoriam, 1987

Scope and Content of Collection

The Donald Appleyard Papers, 1954-1982, consist primarily of materials documenting Appleyard's career as a Professor in the College of Environmental Design at the University of California, Berkeley and as a consulting urban planner. Much of the collection relates to his involvement in the design of BART (Bay Area Rapid Transit) in the early 1970s, his seminal work "Livable Streets" about designing for community and materials relating to his teaching career at the University of California, Berkeley. The collection also contains personal and professional correspondence. The collection is arranged at the series level only, with minimal arrangement of materials within the individual series.

Container List

 

Series 1 Correspondence 1967-1982

Physical Description: Cartons 1-2; Carton 3, folders 1-2

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Voluminous collegial, professional (teaching and consulting) and personal correspondence.
Carton 1, Folder 1-20

Correspondence 1967-1978

Carton 1, Folder 21

Correspondence and Grant Applications 1978

Carton 2, Folder 1-22

Correspondence 1978-1982

Carton 3, Folder 1-2

Correspondence 1981-1982

 

Series 2 Research Files 1971-1976

Physical Description: Carton 3, folders 3-61; Cartons 4-8; Oversize Box 1

Arrangement

Arranged as received

Scope and Content Note

Files on various research projects conducted by Appleyard
 

Subseries 2.1 Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) Project Files 1971-1973

Physical Description: Carton 3, folders 3-61; Cartons 4-7; Carton 8, folders 1-44; Oversize Box 1

Arrangement

Arranged as received; surveys are filed in the order which they were administered.

Scope and Content Note

Planning and research materials for project as well as multi-page in-depth printed surveys with handwritten responses, some with photographs and/or diagrams.
Carton 3, Folder 3

Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART)- Behavioral Observation Study- instructions circa 1972

Carton 3, Folder 4

Behavior Trace Recording Form- Neighborhood Streets 1972

Carton 3, Folder 5

Urban Residential Environment Study package 1972

Carton 3, Folder 6

Questions for pre-BART Traveler Interview 1972

Carton 3, Folder 7

Travelers Study Main Interview Form 1972

Carton 3, Folder 8

Weather Recording Sheet- Neighborhood Streets 1972

Carton 3, Folder 9

Travelers Study/ Pre-BART Trip to San Francisco/ BART Station Environmental Study 1971-1972

Carton 3, Folder 10

Perceived Transportation Situation circa 1972

Carton 3, Folder 11

Surveys- instructions for studies 1972

Carton 3, Folder 12

Open Space Survey- notes, drafts circa 1972

Carton 3, Folder 13

BART Impact on Environmental Quality Study- draft 1971

Carton 3, Folder 14-15

Urban Residential Environment Study 1972

Carton 3, Folder 16-17

BART Behavioral Observation Study 1972

Carton 3, Folder 18

Pre-BART Environmental and Behavior Trace Observations 1972

Carton 3, Folder 19

Field Survey Forms undated

Carton 3, Folder 20

Aerial photos undated

Carton 3, Folder 21

Neighborhood Surveys- blank circa 1972

Carton 3, Folder 22

Survey Flashcards circa 1972

Carton 3, Folder 23-61

Neighborhood Surveys- completed circa 1972

Carton 4, Folder 1-19

Neighborhood Surveys- completed circa 1972

Carton 5, Folder 1-18

Neighborhood Surveys- completed circa 1972

Carton 6, Folder 1-18

Neighborhood Surveys- completed circa 1972

 

BART II

Carton 7, Folder 1

Air pollution circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 2

Lighting circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 3

Noise Assessment circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 4

Secondary Data circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 5

Behavior Study circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 6

Interview Report circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 7

What it Aims to To circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 8

Comparative Study of the Travelers' Environment on BART 1971

Carton 7, Folder 9

Bergan, A.T. 1969

Carton 7, Folder 10

Inquiry Analysis Project Report 1972

Carton 7, Folder 11

The View From BART circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 12

Report on the BART Traveler circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 13

Project Fact Sheets circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 14

Memos circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 15

Carp, Dr. Francis- publications 1972-1973

Carton 7, Folder 16

BART I- progress reports 1972

Carton 7, Folder 17

News analysis 1972

Carton 7, Folder 18

Miscellaneous circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 19

BART II- progress reports 1972

Carton 7, Folder 19-20

Richards, Stephen- Case Study of the BART Image 1971

Carton 7, Folder 21

BART II- Traffic Impact 1972

Carton 7, Folder 22

BART Maps circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 23

Control Sites circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 24

Station and Line Sites circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 25

Station Design circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 26

Responses to Environmental Proposal 1971

Carton 7, Folder 27

Comparative Assessment of the Environmental Impacts of BART... circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 28

Comparative Study of Perceived Environmental Impacts of BART... circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 29

Work Statement circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 30

Request for Proposal 1971

Carton 7, Folder 31

McFadden-Johnson- original proposals 1971

Carton 7, Folder 32

Other Proposals circa 1971

Carton 7, Folder 33

Publicity circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 34

BART Cars 1972

Carton 7, Folder 35

Architectural Design 1971

Carton 7, Folder 36

Bucklin- BART Impact Upon Retail Sales Patterns 1972

Carton 7, Folder 37

Willson, Harold L.- A Barrier-Free Rapid Transit System for the S.F. Bay Area undated

Carton 7, Folder 38-39

Department of Transportation Papers circa 1972

Carton 7, Folder 40

Transit Bibliography 1971

Carton 8, Folder 1-3

Zawadski, Rick 1972

Carton 8, Folder 4

Additional BART Impact Papers 1970

Carton 8, Folder 5

Inquiry Analysis Project Final Report- Draft 1973

Carton 8, Folder 6

Impacts of the BART System on Land Use and Urban Development- proposal 1975

Carton 8, Folder 7

Urban Design and Visual Quality... 1974

Carton 8, Folder 8

BART carts and stations- photos undated

Carton 8, Folder 9

"The Case Against Mass Transit" 8 December 1978

Carton 8, Folder 10

A Comparison and Discussion of Noise Generated by BART 1972

Carton 8, Folder 11-12

Betts, R.S.- Design of BART Stations: A Profile 1970

Carton 8, Folder 13

BARTD 1970

Carton 8, Folder 14

"BART: The Bay Area Takes a Billion Dollar Ride" undated

Carton 8, Folder 15

BART Stations- environmental assessment methods undated

Carton 8, Folder 16

Vuchie, V.R.- The BART Experience, Rail Transit and the Revitalization of Our Cities 1977

Carton 8, Folder 17-37

Research Files on Simulation and Designing Studies and Computed Data from BART Studies circa 1969

Carton 8, Folder 38

Grant Proposals undated

Carton 8, Folder 39

Route Choice undated

Carton 8, Folder 40

Scenes, Sequences and Systems undated

Carton 8, Folder 41

Route Choice undated

Carton 8, Folder 42

Identity and Patterning undated

Carton 8, Folder 43

Street Perception undated

Carton 8, Folder 44

Coding undated

Oversize Box 1, Folder 1

Photographs, contact sheets, mock-ups 1978

Oversize Box 1, Folder 2

Cross tabulation of San Francisco Residential Streets 1978

Oversize Box 1, Folder 3

Field Research Corporation Report on BART Pedestrian Interviews undated

 

Subseries 2.2 Other Projects 1966-1976

Physical Description: Carton 8, folders 45-49, Oversize folder 1

Arrangement

Arranged as received
Carton 8, Folder 45

Federal Highway Administration- Research Interview Prep

Carton 8, Folder 46

Federal Highway Administration- Progress Reports 1976

Carton 8, Folder 47

Federal Highway Administration- Survey Samples circa 1976

Carton 8, Folder 48

Travel Time Use Survey

Carton 8, Folder 49

Open Space 1966-1968

Oversize B, Folder 1

Downtown Berkeley Revitalization- nine presentation boards undated

 

Series 3 Professional activities and University administrative materials 1963-1982

Physical Description: Cartons 9-10; Carton 11, folders 1-10

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Minutes and memos of most meetings Appleyard attended, including various committees and considerable faculty and departmental work. Also includes materials relating to consulting and College of Environmental Design/ Department of Planning work
Carton 9, Folder 1-5

Landscape Architecture Department- memos and minutes 1966-1968

Carton 9, Folder 6-7

Urban Design Program 1963-1968

Carton 9, Folder 8

Urban Open Space Research Proposal 1967-1968

Carton 9, Folder 9

Landscape Architecture Department- memos and minutes 1970

Carton 9, Folder 10

Course Notes 1967-1968

Carton 9, Folder 11

Faculty Meetings 1970-1971

Carton 9, Folder 12

Landscape Architecture Department/ Department of City and Regional Planning- Joint Program in Urban Design 1967-1971

Carton 9, Folder 13

Department of City and Regional Planning 1967-1968

Carton 9, Folder 14

Correspondence 1978-1979

Carton 9, Folder 15-17

Landscape Architecture Department- committees 1971-1982

Carton 9, Folder 18

Guggenheim and Fulbright 1974-1975

Carton 10, Folder 1-5

Landscape Architecture Department- committees 1971-1982

Carton 10, Folder 6-8

Landscape Architecture Department- administration 1975

Carton 10, Folder 9

Department of City and Regional Planning- departmental planning 1975

Carton 10, Folder 10

Landscape Architecture Department- departmental planning 1972

Carton 10, Folder 11-12

Landscape Architecture Department- committees 1970-1976

Carton 10, Folder 13-14

Landscape Architecture Department- funding 1968-1976

Carton 10, Folder 15-16

College of Environmental Design committee work 1970-1971

Carton 10, Folder 17-18

Courses 1972

Carton 10, Folder 19-21

Research 1972

Carton 10, Folder 22-23

Institute of Urban Research and Development 1972

Carton 10, Folder 24

American Institute of Architects 1970-1972

Carton 10, Folder 25

American Society of Landscape Architects 1970-1971

Carton 10, Folder 26

Doctoral Dissertation Support Program 1967-1969

Carton 10, Folder 27-29

Memos and Minutes 1968-1969

Carton 10, Folder 30

Courses 1970

Carton 10, Folder 31

Proposal for Doctorate in Environmental Planning 1971

Carton 10

Chairman Appointment 1969

Carton 10, Folder 33-36

College of Environmental Design- administrative materials 1966-1968

Carton 10, Folder 37

Accredited Schools 1968

Carton 10, Folder 38-39

College of Environmental Design- committee work 1967-1970

Carton 10, Folder 40-43

Grants/ Research Projects 1968-1979

Carton 10, Folder 44

Campus Committee on Man and His (Natural) Environment 1970

Carton 10, Folder 45

Joint Degree Program 1967-1968

Carton 10, Folder 46

State of the Department of Landscape Architecture 1967

Carton 11, Folder 1

State of the Department of Landscape Architecture 1968

Carton 11, Folder 2-8

Faculty Meetings 1975-1978

Carton 11, Folder 9-10

Curriculum Committee 1980-1981

 

 

Series 4 Writings 1968-1980

Physical Description: Carton 11, folders 11-35

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically

Scope and Content Note

Although most publications and working papers have been separated and sent to College of Environmental Design Archives, this series includes materials relating to the Journal of the American Institute of Planners, notes, draft reports and copies of Dot Zero issue on Highway Signs
Carton 11, Folder 11-35

1968-1980

 

Series 5 Course Materials 1957-1978

Physical Description: Box 1; Box 2, folders 1-3

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Course notes from classes taught at MIT and UC Berkeley.
Box 1, Folder 1-8

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1957-1966

Box 1, Folder 9-11

University of California, Berkeley 1967-1969

Box 2, Folder 1-3

University of California, Berkeley 1969, 1978

 

 

Series 6 Personalia 1974-1981

Physical Description: Box 2, folders 4-6

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

CVs from 1974-1975, a bumper sticker from the "Livable Streets" campaign, a day planner calendar from 1981
Box 2, Folder 4-6

1974-1981