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Pólya (George) Papers
SC0337  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Immediate Source of Acquisition note
  • Information about Access
  • Ownership & Copyright
  • Cite As
  • Biographical/Historical Sketch
  • Description of the Collection

  • Language of Material: Undetermined
    Contributing Institution: Department of Special Collections and University Archives
    Title: George Pólya papers
    creator: Pólya, George
    Identifier/Call Number: SC0337
    Physical Description: 40.5 Linear Feet
    Date (inclusive): 1884-1985
    Abstract: Papers relate to Pólya's research and teaching in mathematics and include professional and personal correspondence with mathematicians worldwide, 1910-1984; course materials including lecture notes; mathematical research notebooks dating from 1917 to 1960; manuscripts including those from his published works Complex Variables, How to Solve It, Mathematical Discovery, and Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning; ephemera; reprints; and photographs.

    Immediate Source of Acquisition note

    The materials in this collection were given to Stanford University by Mrs. George Pólya in 1986, 1987, and 1988, and by Gerald L. Alexanderson, 1989-2009.

    Information about Access

    Materials in Subseries 8 of accession 1989-132 are restricted until January 1, 2039. Otherwise the collection is open for research; materials must be requested at least 48 hours in advance of intended use.

    Ownership & Copyright

    All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections and University Archives, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, California 94304-6064. Consent is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner, heir(s) or assigns. See: http://library.stanford.edu/depts/spc/pubserv/permissions.html.
    Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

    Cite As

    [Identification of item], George Pólya Papers (SC0337). Department of Special Collections and University Archives, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.

    Biographical/Historical Sketch

    Hungarian mathematician George Pólya was educated at the University of Budapest and the University of Paris, and taught at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich from 1914 to 1940. His students included future Stanford physics professors Felix Bloch and Hans Staub. In 1942 he joined Stanford's Department of Mathematics, whose chairman, Gábor Szegö, had been a fellow student in Hungary. He continued to teach until his 90th birthday in 1977. Following early research on probability, Pólya turned to the difficult area of the theory of functions of a complex variable. He was also interested in geometry and geometrical methods. His study of symmetry in the plane was studied and applied by the Dutch artist M.C. Escher. Pólya's later work on the principles of heuristics and problem solving is credited with providing a foundation for the application of computers to artificial intelligence. In addition to his own research and teaching, Pólya was concerned with methods of teaching mathematics and mathematics teachers. He is considered the father of the current trend toward emphasizing problem solving in mathematical teaching. His very successful book How to Solve It has been translated into fifteen languages and is still used widely. He died in 1985.

    Description of the Collection

    The papers in this collection relate to Pólya's research and teaching in mathematics and include professional and personal correspondence with mathematicians worldwide, 1910-1984; course materials including lecture notes; mathematical research notebooks dating from 1917 to 1960; manuscripts including those from his published works Complex Variables, How to Solve It, Mathematical Discovery, and Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning; ephemera; reprints; and photographs.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Mathematics -- Study and teaching.
    Mathematics.
    Riesz, Frigyes
    Pólya, George
    Schlesinger, Ludwig, b. 1864
    Pólya, George
    Runge, Carl
    Schur, Issai
    Schoenberg, I.J.
    Montel, Paul, b.1876.
    Mittag-Leffler, Magnus Gustaf
    Norlund, Niels Erik
    Nevanlinna, Rolf
    Pfluger, Albert
    Ostrowski, A.M. (Alexander M.)
    Pringsheim, Alfred
    Prather, Carl.
    Tietze, Heinrich
    Toeplitz, Otto
    von Pidoll, Max.
    Beke, Manó
    Weyl, Hermann
    Wigner, Eugene Paul
    Wirtinger, Wilhelm
    Young, Grace Chisolm.
    Siegel, Carl Ludwig
    Sierpiński, Wacław
    Sommerfeld, Arnold
    Stanford University. Department of Mathematics. Faculty
    Stern, Alfred.
    Stáckel, Paul
    Szász, Otto
    Hardy, G.H. (Godfrey Harold)
    Harary, Frank.
    Hadwiger, Hugo.
    Hadamard, Jacques
    Haar, Alfréd
    Frege, Gottlob
    Fekete, Mihaly
    Fejér, Lipót.
    Edrei, Albert.
    De Finetti, Bruno.
    Carathéodory, Constantin
    Brentano, Franz Clemens
    Borel, Émile
    Bohr, Harold
    Alexanderson, Gerald L.
    Bieberbach, Ludwig
    Szegő, Gábor
    Bernays, Paul
    Lehmer, D.H. (Derrick Henry)
    Littlewood, John E. (John Edensor)
    Kollros, Louis
    Landau, Edmund
    Kiefer, Albert
    Kamke, E. (Erich)
    Knuth, Donald Ervin
    Keszthelyi, Tibor, Dr.
    Hurwitz, Adolf
    Jentzsch, Robert
    Hille, Einar
    Hirsch, Arthur
    Higgins, Thomas James.
    Hilbert, David
    Hecke, Erich
    Hensel, Kurt