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Inventory of the Gino Charles Speranza papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Alternate Forms Available
  • Related Materials
  • Biographical/Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement

  • Title: Gino Charles Speranza papers
    Date (inclusive): 1904-1941
    Collection Number: 42012
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 15 manuscript boxes, 24 oversize boxes, 1 oversize folder (24.4 linear feet)
    Abstract: The papers primarily document Gino Speranza's work as a journalist and foreign correspondent for Outlook and the New York Evening Post in Italy during the war and political and military attaché for the United States embassy in Rome from 1917 to 1919. The papers are comprised of writings, diaries, clippings, correspondence, reports, pamphlets, notes, photographs, and printed matter relating to Italian politics and diplomacy during World War I and in the postwar period. Also available on microfilm (34 reels).
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Speranza, Florence Colgate, 1873-1951.
    creator: Speranza, Gino Charles, 1872-1927.


    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Gino Charles Speranza papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1942, with an increment in 1945


    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Alternate Forms Available

    Also available on microfilm (34 reels).

    Related Materials

    Gino Speranza Papers, New York Public Library, Manuscripts and Archives Division
    Gino Speranza Papers, Italian American Collection, Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota
    Comando di Fiume d'Italia. Bolletino ufficiale, Hoover Institution Archives
    Luigi Aldrovandi Marescotti typescript, Hoover Institution Archives
    Moses Stephen Slaughter Papers, Hoover Institution Archives
    Benajah Harvey Carroll, Jr. Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
    Thomas Nelson Page Papers, University of Virginia Library

    Biographical/Historical Note

    1872 April 23 Born, Bridgeport, Connecticut
    1892 BS, City College of New York
    1894 LLB, New York University Law School
    1895 MS, City College of New York
    1897 Legal counsel to Italian consulate general in New York City
    1907-1905 Founding member, Society for the Protection of Italian Immigrants
    1909 Marries Florence Colgate Speranza
    1912 Gives up legal practice to pursue writing career and volunteer work
    1915-1917 Featured correspondent for the New York Evening Post and Outlook, reporting on the war from the Italian front
    1916 Chairman, Special Committee of the Committee for War Relief in Florence
    1917 Member, General committee of American Relief Clearing House
    1917 April Volunteered services to Ambassador Thomas Nelson Page in Rome and became a volunteer worker in the office of the U.S. military attaché
    Circa 1919 Attaché on political intelligence, U.S. embassy in Rome
    1925 Author, Race or Nation? A Conflict of Divided Loyalties
    1927 July 12 Died
    1941 Published (posthumously), The Diary of Gino Speranza: Italy 1915-1919, edited by Florence Colgate Speranza. New York: Columbia University
    Source: George E. Pozzetta. "Speranza, Gino Carlo," http://www.anb.org/articles/15/15-01121.html; American National Biography Online Feb 2000. Accessed June 26, 2012.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The papers primarily document Gino Speranza's work as a journalist and war correspondent for Outlook and the New York Evening Post in Italy and political and military attaché for the United States embassy in Rome from 1917 to 1919, with materials relating to Italian politics and diplomacy during World War I and in the postwar period.
    A highlight of the papers are Speranza's Diaries, which run from June 1915 to May 1919. His almost daily entries reflect on the news of each day, his interactions with Italian and American officials, stories of the Italian people during wartime, and his travels with his wife, Florence Colgate Speranza. The diaries from 1918 to 1919 include entries on the debate over Italian territorial claims and other issues discussed at the Paris Peace Conference. Letters, telegrams, photographs and postcards are interfiled with the diary pages.
    In 1941, Speranza's diaries were edited and published in two volumes by Florence Colgate Speranza, who also volunteered for various war relief agencies in Italy during the war. In preparation for this publication, Florence Colgate compiled seventeen Scrapbooks containing photographs, clippings, letters, printed matter, and ephemera that correspond to the pages of the published diaries. Some notes on the photographs and correspondence are in Speranza's handwriting however clippings and postcards dated after 1927 confirm that the scrapbooks were compiled after his death. Florence Colgate's own personal diary is in the Florence Colgate Speranza file.
    As a journalist embedded with Italian soldiers along the Isonzo river and in the Alps, Speranza's Writings are comprised mainly of his firsthand reports from the frontline. Some topics he addresses include America's role in the war, the Adriatic question, the effects of war on Italian towns on the front, and the difficulties of fighting at high altitudes. Many of these experiences are also recollected in his Diaries. The series also contains some articles written after the war as well as Speranza's writings and reports from his time as an attaché to the American embassy in Rome.
    In the Correspondence series are the letters Speranza received from an Italian American soldier stationed in Bari named Esterino Alex Tarasca. Speranza's interactions with Tarasca inspired a series of short stories titled "American I.," a draft of which is included in his Writings. Other correspondence of note includes letters exchanged with U.S. ambassador to Italy Thomas Nelson Page and American consul to Italy B. Harvey Carroll, Jr.
    The container list for the papers includes a numbering system taken from envelopes that originally housed the collection materials. The numbers refer to a preliminary inventory of the papers most likely created when they arrived at the archives in 1942. Although the numbers do not appear to have any logical sequence, they identify materials that were originally grouped together and for this reason, when available, the numbers were carried over onto the folder titles. For example, II-34 indicates Section II, Envelope 34. While this numbering system has been retained, similar materials have been combined in series to facilitate research.


    The collection is arranged in ten series: Biographical file, Diaries, Correspondence, Writings, Italy subject file, Clippings, Photographs and postcards, Florence Colgate Speranza, Scrapbooks, and Oversize materials

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    D'Annunzio, Gabriele, 1863-1938.
    Italy--Description and travel.
    Italy--Foreign relations--United States.
    Italy--Foreign relations--Yugoslavia.
    Italy--Politics and government--1914-1945.
    Italy--Social conditions.
    Military attachés.
    Rijeka (Croatia)--History.
    United States--Foreign relations--Italy.
    World War, 1914-1918--Italy.
    Yugoslavia--Foreign relations--Italy.