Biography / Administrative History
Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Henry E. Roberts collection
Dates: ca. 1888-1960
Collection number: SEKI 001
Roberts, Henry E. (Henry Edmund), 1869-1961
Lindsay, Edna Roberts, 1879-1968
9 linear feet
(22 archives boxes)
Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks, Museum and Archives
Three Rivers, CA 93271-9700
Abstract: Henry E. Roberts was photo concessioner for General Grant National Park from 1900-1930. His collection of glass plate negatives,
cellulose negatives, prints, stereographs, slides and correspondence weaves together different stages in Sequoia & Kings Canyon
National Parks history. The wealth of imagery includes park scenery, snapshots of life at Grant Grove Village, scrapbooks
and correspondence documenting the life of the photographer and his family, and a number of early views of sequoia logging
in and around Converse Basin. For the last of these alone, the collection is of considerable historic importance, but taken
as a whole, the collection is irreplaceable for the breadth of view it offers into the parks early years of development.
Physical location: Ash Mountain Basement.
Languages represented in the collection:
Collection is open for research by appointment.
Many collections are former federal government records and are in the public domain. Other collections are from private sources;
copyright has been transferred to the NPS on most. Some collections have publication restrictions. Staff will assist researchers
in determining copyright status of selected materials. Researchers are required to properly credit all materials used. The
researcher assumes responsibility for acquiring copyright permissions when needed.
Henry E. Roberts collection, SEKI 001. Courtesy of the National Park Service, Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks..
Biography / Administrative History
Henry E. Roberts, operated the Grant Grove Studio from 1914 to 1935, selling images of park scenes to visitors and in large
measure determining the public image of General Grant National. Roberts was born in Osceola, Iowa on September 10, 1869 and
came west in the 1890s. By the turn of the twentieth century, he was in California, keeping bees in the former Russian colony
of Sebastopol in Sonoma County. In the summer of 1904, he and his wife, Edna, set up a temporary photo studio in a tent at
Millwood located in the mountains of Fresno. From here, he documented the devastation taking place with the sequoia logging
operations at Converse Basin. By the end of the decade he had opened a permanent studio in Corona, in western Riverside County,
producing photographic portraits and selling photographic supplies.
Beginning in 1914, Roberts spent twenty-one summers at General Grant National Park. During the off-season, he would return
to the studio in Corona. In later years when he had sold the studio, Roberts traveled with his second wife, Nelle, throughout
Southern California setting up temporary portrait studios in places like Needles, Barstow, San Bernardino, and Lancaster.
While in the park, Roberts took a number of trips into the Kings Canyon high country documenting the spectacular scenery of
the area that would become, in 1940, Kings Canyon National Park.
In 1935, Roberts left General Grant and returned to Corona. He briefly operated a malt shop, but soon reopened his photo
studio. In an unpublished autobiographical fragment, Roberts writes of his photography: [F]or thirty-five years or more
it was my business as well as my hobby. It was my pride and joy in life. The satisfaction I derived from making pictures
was not to much from the sale of them, although this was a material necessity, as in the triumph of achievement.
By the 1950s, Roberts had retired. In a 1959 note he left his photographic legacy to his only son, Harold Edmond (Eddie)
Roberts: It is also my wish that you have all my negatives (glass and film), some are good but many are too old to be of
much interest today. They are tales from a forgotten past. On May 30, 1961, H. E. Roberts died in Inglewood, California.
Scope and Content of Collection
The Roberts Collection consists of 211 glass plate negatives of various sizes, 635 nitrate and acetate negatives, 464 loose
miscellaneous photographs, 140 stereographs, 56 color and black and white slides, and 151 pieces of correspondence. The materials
describe Roberts career as photo concessioner for General Grant National Park, now Kings Canyon National Park.
The negatives and prints, which depict the history of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park cover different decades, starting
with the logging era in Converse Basin and ending with the creation of Kings Canyon National Park in the 1940s. The logging
images illustrate a myriad of aspects of the logging process, which was specific to sequoias, as well as the logging lifestyle
and tourism of the time. A large portion of the images from within the parks are landscapes, most of Kings Canyon National
Park. The majority of pictures from General Grant National Park are of the Giant Sequoias, many of which are no longer standing.
Roberts photographs also depict the first burst of tourism with in the parks, which was in part fuel by the Giant Sequoias.
A small portion of the images are of flora and fauna from Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park and various construction
projects conducted during Roberts time there.
The negatives and prints depict Roberts and his family, various stages in the early years of Sequoia & Kings Canyon National
Park development, and a handful of family trips taken outside the Central Valley. The family photographs and negatives are
mostly portraits of Henry Roberts, his wife Edna and their son Edmund. Some of Roberts commercial photography features his
family as the subjects.
The 140 Stereographs seem to depict one specific trip Henry Roberts and his wife Edna took to Kings Canyon. Most of the stereographs
are from what is now known as the Rae Lakes Loops region.
The black and white slides are not strictly unique images but are mostly duplicates of negatives or prints from the collection.
Some of the slides are photographs of photographs tacked on to a board.
A small portion of the negatives, prints, and glass plates are not Roberts photos. Some of the logging photos are taken by
the photographer Charles C. Curtis or A. R. Moore. The photographs bare the photographers signatures, so we can be sure they
are not photos of Roberts.
The correspondence and personal materials are primarily that of Henry Roberts wife Edna Roberts. The letters include letters
from her family on the topic of various legal issues concerning land in Alaska which had belonged to her Uncle Charles McNett.
A small group of the letters are written to Edna Roberts mother, Papira Bartlett, and her uncle, William McNett, from lawyers
concerning the previously mentioned land disputes. The second portion of the letters is merely correspondence between family
members. The personal papers include the legal documents and divorce papers of Henry and Edna as well as immigration documents
of Ednas new husband J. Ross Lindsay, who was Canadian.
The Roberts Collection is organized by a classification system which breaks down the collection by type of material, size,
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in
the library's online public access catalog.
Kings Canyon National Park (Calif.)
Sequoia National Park (Calif.)
Logging--California--Sequoia National Forest.
Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.)