Scope and Content
Title: I.P. Pavlov: Collection of 18 Contemporary Laboratory
Date (inclusive): ca.
Collection number: 19
Creator: Kupalov, Petr Stepanovich
18 mounted 9 x 7" photographs
University of California, Los Angeles. Library.
Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library History and Special Collections
Los Angeles, California 90095-1490
Abstract: The collection of photographs, taken around the turn
of the 20th century, shows Pavlov's laboratories, coworkers, and some laboratory
procedures used in his experiments. The photographs were presented by one of
Pavlov's pupils, Professor Petr Stepanovich Kupalov, to Dr. Mary A. B. Brazier,
Professor of Anatomy, UCLA, in 1958 on the occasion of an international meeting
in Russia. Dr. Brazier presented the photos to the History and Special
Collections Division, UCLA Biomedical Library in 1985, in honor of UCLA School
of Medicine's former Dean, Sherman M. Mellinkoff, M.D.
Physical location: History and Special Collections Division,
Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library, University of California, Los
Language of Material: Collection materials in English
The photographs are available for viewing at the History and Special
Collections Division, UCLA Louise Darling Biomedical Library.
[Identification of item], I.P. Pavlov: Collection of 18 Contemporary
Laboratory Photographs, 19, Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library History and
Special Collections Division, University of California, Los Angeles.
Prof. Petr Stepanovich Kupalov, a student of Pavlov, presented these
photographs to Dr. Mary A.B. Brazier, Professor of Anatomy, Physiology, and
Biophysics, UCLA School of Medicine, in 1958. Dr. Brazier and her UCLA
colleague, Dr. Horace Magoun, were visiting various neurophysiology laboratories
in the Soviet Union that summer and participating in two international meetings
in Leningrad and Moscow.
In 1985 Dr. Brazier gave the photographs to the UCLA Biomedical Library in
honor of the UCLA School of Medicine's former dean, Sherman Mellinkoff.
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849-1936) studied physiology and received a doctorate
in medicine from St. Peterburg University in 1883. From 1879 to 1890 he was
professor of pharmacology in St. Petersburg, then became professor of physiology
and later director of the St. Peterburg Institute for Experimental Medicine
until 1936. After early work on control of blood pressure he soon turned to
studying the physiology of digestion. The new techniques of surgery and
postoperate care he invented openend up the study of digestive processes in
normal healthy animals over long periods of time.
Pavlov's investigation of digestion in living dogs led him to propose a new
theory of behavior. Based on his observations of the reaction of dogs to the
sight of food or to the sound of a bell they associated with food, he formulated
the idea and coined the term conditioned reflex, providing a way of reducing
complex behavior to basic units that could be studied in scientific terms.
During the 1920s Pavlov and his students extended his theory of animal behavior
to human psychology. For his work in digestive physiology he was awarded the
Nobel Prize in physiology in 1904.
Scope and Content
The 18 photographs are approximately 9" x 7", mounted on 13.5" x 9.75" gray
cardboard matts. All but two of the pictures have a typed explanatory label
glued to the cardboard back, which formed the basis for captions used in an UCLA
Library exhibit shortly after receipt of the collection; these captions are also
The photographs picture Prof. Pavlov and his coworkers at the St. Petersburg
Institute for Experimental Medicine ca. 1902, some of the experimental dogs in
the laboratory and outside, and Institute buildings and laboratories.
Additional materials describing and arising from the 1958 trip to the Soviet
Union during which Dr. Brazier was presented these photographs, are included in
Dr. Brazier's papers, Manuscript Collection #42, History and Special Collections
Division, UCLA Biomedical Library.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this
collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Institut fiziologii im. I.P.
Pavlova - Photographs
Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich, 1849-1936 -