Overview of the Zeng Qi papers, 1925-1951
Processed by Hoover Institution Archives Staff.
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Overview of the Zeng Qi papersHoover Institution Archives
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- Hoover Institution Archives Staff
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- Machine-readable finding aid derived from MARC record by Samira Bozorgi.
© 2010 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.
Title: Zeng Qi papers
Collection Number: 2010C27
Creator: Zeng, Qi, 1892-1951
Collection Size: 13 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box (6.1 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, speeches and writings, party programs and proceedings, clippings, other printed matter, and photographs, relating to political conditions in China, the Young China Party, and Chinese relations with the United States.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Collection is open for research.
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[Identification of item], Zeng Qi papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2010.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.
Zeng Qi (1892-1951) was a distinguished political leader, government official, journalist, and poet. Founder and head of the Young China Party, Zeng Qi was one of the leading figures of modern China's "third-force" democratic movements. During times of national peril, Zeng Qi addressed the Chinese people, saying that nationalism was the only way to save the country from subjugation and that democracy was the key to China's survival and development.
Zeng Qi's political career began shortly after his graduation from Sichuan Law School in Chengdu. He later studied in Japan at Chuo University (1916) and in France, where he became involved with sundry nationalistic movements. In 1923, Zeng Qi served as a special correspondent from Paris to Xin Wen Pao, a daily newspaper based in Shanghai. He also worked with Zhou Enlai to organize the Association of Chinese Clubs in France, which campaigned against foreign control of Chinese railways. It was in France that Zeng Qi, along with Li Huang, Chen Qitiang, and Zuo Shunsheng, founded the anticommunist, antifascist Young China Party.
As a journalist, Zeng Qi wrote many articles for the Chengdu Shang Bao (Chengdu Commercial Gazette) and the Sichuan Gong Bao (Sichuan Impartial Journal). He also founded and edited several daily newspapers and periodicals, including the Min Guo Xin Bao (New Republic) and Xing Shi (Awakened Lion).
Although once opposed to Chiang Kai-shek, in 1937 Zeng Qi joined forces with the Generalissimo in the campaign against Japan. After Japan's surrender, Zeng Qi was the leading delegate of the Young China Party to the Political Consultative Conference at Chongqing. In the winter of 1946, he became a representative to the National Assembly of Constitution Making and was selected as a member of the presidium. On behalf of the Young China Party, he signed, together with the Kuomintang and the China Democratic Socialist League, led by Zhang Junmai (aka Carson Chang), the Common Political Program and consequently became a state councilor in the Nationalist government after it was reorganized in April 1947.
After Chiang was inaugurated as president of the Chinese Republic, Zeng Qi was appointed his supreme adviser. During the Truman administration, in 1948, Zeng Qi came to the United States to study its constitutional government and worked fervently to garner U.S. support against the Chinese Communists. Zeng Qi died in 1951 in Washington, D.C.
The Zeng Qi papers contain materials covering the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and the Chinese Civil War (1946-1950), as well as records of the Young China Party, manuscripts, newspaper clippings, published matter, and correspondence between Zeng Qi, leading figures in the Young China Party, and other notable military and political officials of the Nationalist government, including Chiang Kai-shek, Li Zongren, Chen Cheng, Chen Bulei, Yan Xishan, Bai Chongxi, and Fu Zuoyi. They relate to the development of nationalism in modern China, the third-force movement, and the Chinese Youth Party.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
China--Politics and government--1912-1949.
Zhongguo qing nian dang.
China--Foreign relations--United States.
United States--Foreign relations--China.