Finding aid for the Murai Family Papers

Meghan Potter
Japanese American National Museum
369 East First Street
Los Angeles, CA 90012
Phone: (213) 830-5680
Email: hnrc@janm.org
URL: http://www.janm.org/
© 2010
Japanese American National Museum. All rights reserved.

Finding aid for the Murai Family Papers

Collection number: 2002.134.1

Japanese American National Museum

Los Angeles, California
Processed by:
Meghan Potter
Date Completed:
2009
Encoded by:
Meghan Potter
© 2010 Japanese American National Museum. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Murai Family papers
Dates: 1940-1945
Bulk Dates: bulk 1942-1945
Collection number: 2002.134.1
Creator: Murai family
Collection Size: 0.75 linear feet
Repository: Japanese American National Museum (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Los Angeles, California 90012
Physical location: Japanese American National Museum, 369 East First Street, Los Angeles, CA 90012

Access

Collection is open for research by appointment. Contact the Japanese American National Museum's Hirasaki National Resource Center by e-mail (hnrc@janm.org) or by telephone at (213) 830-5680.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to publish, reproduce, or quote from materials in this collection must be submitted to the Hirasaki National Resource Center at the Japanese American National Museum (hnrc@janm.org).

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Murai Family papers. 2002.134.1, Japanese American National Museum. Los Angeles, CA.

Project Information

This finding aid was created as part of a project funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. The project started in 2007. Project Archivist was Yoko Shimojo. Processed by Meghan Potter, with assistance from the Project Archivist in 2009.

Biography

Koh Murai was a chemist, writer and editor of the "Beikoku Sangyo Nippo" (American Industrial Daily) newspaper in Los Angeles from 1936 to 1941. He also edited a commemorative book about Japanese American industry published on the 2600th anniversary of the Japanese imperial line, in 1940. His wife, Mitzu (Fukai), was a teacher from Fukushima who immigrated to the United States in 1913.
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Koh Murai was arrested immediately and taken to Fort Missoula, Montana. During the war, he was incarcerated in Fort Livingston, Louisiana, Santa Fe, New Mexico, and Rohwer, Arkansas. Kotaro left the Tanforan Assembly Center for Lincoln, Nebraska to attend the University of Nebraska, then the University of Minnesota to study Organic Chemistry. Throughout this period, Koh and Kotaro on maintained frequent letter correspondence in English. Koh Murai inquired after his son's well being, sent money for school, and encouraged him to study hard.
At some point it appears that Koh Murai was hired by the government to promote resettlement to camp residents. After the war, the parents relocated to Denver, Colorado, where Mitzu worked as a nurse at a Catholic hospital. Koh later wrote a pamphlet in Japanese entitled the "U.S. Citizenship Reader," a guide for Issei taking the naturalization exam (also in the permanent collection under ID number 97.154.35).
After Kotaro Murai passed away, his wife Mary Murai donated the letters, ephemera, photographs and book edited by Koh Murai to the Japanese American National Museum.

Scope and Content of Collection

This collection contains letters, ephemera, a book and several photographs. It is divided into four series: Correspondence, Photographs, Ephemera and Publications.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Murai, Koh
Murai, Kotaro
Correspondence
Fathers and sons
Japanese Americans
Concentration camps
Justice Department Camps
Montana
New Mexico
Arkansas
Issei
Nisei


Collection Contents

 

Series 1 Correspondence 1942-1945

Creator: Murai family
Physical Description: 14 folders

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series comprises the bulk of the collection. It contains correspondence from Koh Murai to his son Kotaro Murai, spanning the war years. The earliest letter is dated April 13, 1942 and the last letter is dated December 12, 1945. There is also a letter written to Koh Murai from a representative at the War Relocation Authority in 1944.

Arrangement

The letters are arranged chronologically.
 

Series 2 Photographs 1943-1944

Creator: Murai family
Physical Description: 1 folder

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series contains three photographs. One depicts Kotaro Murai at 18, one depicts Kotaro and his mother Mitzu, and the last shows Koh Murai. All were taken in Lincoln, Nebraska in 1943 and 1944.
 

Series 3 Ephemera 1944

Creator: Murai family
Physical Description: 1 folder

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series contains a schedule of the Special Session of Agronomy taught by Koh Murai, offered by the Adult Education Department with the Agriculture Department (Rohwer R. Center, Arkansas).
 

Series 4 Publications 1940

Creator: Murai family
Physical Description: 1 item

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series contains a book in Japanese titled Zaibei Nihonjin Sangyo Soran, about Japanese American industries. It was edited by Koh Murai and published in Japan in 1940.