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Guide to the Scripps College Architect and Construction Files at Scripps College
D193X.1  
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Collection Details
 
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  • Administrative Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Administrative History of the Scripps College Architect and Construction Files
  • Bibliography
  • Chronology
  • Scope and Contents of the Records
  • Index Terms

  • Administrative Summary

    Title: Scripps College Architect and Construction Files next hit
    Creator: Scripps College
    Dates: 1926-1992
    Date (bulk): (bulk 1927-1933)
    Extent: 10.5 cubic feet
    Repository: Claremont Colleges. Library.
    Claremont, California 91711
    Abstract: This collection consists of correspondence, architectural drawings, daily construction notes, photographs, specifications, contracts, invoices, financial records, and other miscellaneous records pertaining to the construction of buildings and facilities at Scripps College in Claremont, California. The collection covers the years 1926 to 1992, with the bulk of the material ranging from 1927 to 1933.
    Collection Number: D193X.1
    Language: English
    Physical Location: Ella Stong Denison Library

    Administrative Information

    Restrictions on Access

    This collection is open for research with permission from Ella Strong Denison Library staff.

    Publication Rights

    All requests for permission to publish must be submitted in writing to Denison Library.

    Related material at Ella Strong Denison Library

    Scripps College Architectural Drawings,
    Date: 1927-2001
    18 cubic feet

    Preferred Citation

    previous hit Scripps College Architect and Construction Files next hit Collection. Ella Strong Denison Library, Scripps College, Claremont, California.

    Acquisition Information

    Records in this collection were given to Scripps College by Harlan Edwards ca. 1930’s. Other records in this collection were deposited by Scripps College as part of the Scripps College Archives.

    Processing Information

    Preliminary arrangement by library staff. Processed by History Associates Incorporated, 2005.

    Accruals

    No addition to the collection is anticipated.

    Administrative History of the previous hit Scripps College Architect and Construction Files next hit

    Scripps College is frequently described as one of America’s most beautiful college campuses. Scripps’ scenic 30-acre campus, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was designed by architect Gordon Kaufmann in collaboration with landscape architect Edward Huntsman-Trout. The plan for Scripps campus was designed with the idea that there would be an artistic connection between the buildings and its landscape. One such example is the walkways that line the campus. Each walkway was designed to link walks and vistas to architectural approaches. Examples of such walkways include: the vista between the entrance to Balch Auditorium and the entrance to the President’s House, through a grassed lane shaded by rows of American elms; the north-south axis of the campus, the orange tree-bordered walk from the Oak Terrace above the Bowling Green to the door of Toll Hall, with the fountain entrance to the Florence Rand Lang Art Building framed in the tree-formed vista from Toll terrace; and the east-west crosswalk extending the width of the campus near the halls of residence, focused Dorsey Hall’s great window.
    The general plan of the campus, the four residence halls, the Memorial Garden, and the Art Building were designed in 1926 by architect Gordon Kaufmann of Los Angeles. Kauffman was a leading architect during the 1920s. Sumner Hunt, also of Los Angeles, was the architect chosen - in the late 1920s - by Mr. and Mrs. Allan C. Balch to design Balch Hall, which houses the academic interests of the College.
    The landscape architect for the entire campus was Edward Huntsman-Trout of Hollywood. Huntsman-Trout was a well-known landscape architect in Southern California between 1920 and the early 1970’s, and was a prominent designer of both residential estates and larger non-residential commissions. One of the most representative examples of Huntsman-Trout’s style is Scripps College. Scripps College features one and two story Spanish Colonial Revival buildings placed on rectilinear, interlocking axes.. The plan is highly complex. The open spaces are enhanced by the addition of intimate courtyards and slight changes of level. Two major axes make up the scheme; the east-west axis of the auditorium; and the art building facing north toward the bowling green and Toll Hall. These axes together make the structural backbone of the plan. They give it strength and stability to contrast with the free form of trees and other plants. Huntsman-Trout placed many rare shrubs and trees on the campus, including liquidambar, American elms, tulip trees, almond trees, and a variety of sycamores. Garden grounds are frequent throughout. Shade trees are everywhere.

    Bibliography

    Coats, Bruce A. Guide to the Scripps College Campus: In Celebration of the Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Founding of Scripps College. Scripps College, Claremont, California, 2002

    Chronology

    1926 Architect Gordon Kaufmann along with landscape architect Edward Huntsman-Trout, designs a general campus plan featuring four residence halls to be built the first four consecutive years of the College.
    1927 Eleanor Joy Toll Hall is the first residence hall constructed and opens as the first building in the Gordon Kaufmann plan.
    1928 In fall, Grace Scripps Clark Hall is completed.
    1929 Janet Jacks Balch Hall, designed by architect Sumner Hunt of Los Angeles, is completed in fall and becomes the primary academic facility.
    1929 In fall Ellen Browning Residence Hall is completed.
    1930 In fall, Susan Miller Dorsey Hall is ready for occupancy.
    1931 Ella Strong Denison Library is dedicated.
    1933 Alumnae Park is dedicated to the honorary alumnae from the early years of the college before there was a true alumnae association.
    1933 The swimming pool and the first units of the field house are completed.
    1934 Architect Gordon Kaufmann designs the Margaret Fowler Garden, an enclosed, European medieval-style cloister garden for the east side of the campus to accompany the Oratory.
    1966 Dorothy Drake Wing of Denison Library opens.

    Scope and Contents of the Records

    The previous hit Scripps College Architect and Construction Files Collection contains correspondence, photographs, architectural drawings, specifications, contracts, invoices, financial records, and other miscellaneous records pertaining to the construction of buildings and facilities at Scripps College in Claremont, California. The collection covers the years 1926 to 1992, with the bulk of the material ranging from 1927 to 1933.
    The largest series in the collection is facilities, which consists of correspondence, photographs, blueprints, specifications, contracts, invoices, financial records, and other miscellaneous records pertaining to the construction of buildings and facilities at Scripps College. This series also contains correspondence from supervising engineer Harlan Edwards, architect Gordon Kaufmann, W.C. Crandall, and J.C. Harper. The next largest series is the correspondence series, which also contains correspondence from the above individuals.
    With the exception of Series 1, Photographic Material, and photographic prints located in the daily construction records folder in Series 3, Facilities, this collection consists largely of textual records. Textual record types primarily include correspondence, newspaper clippings, notes, financial statements, specifications, invoices, and contracts.
    The collection is organized into six series:
    • Series 1: Photographic Material, 1927-1930, .25 cubic feet
    • Series 2: Correspondence, 1928-1933, .5 cubic feet.
    • Series 3: Facilities, 1926-1991, 3.65 cubic feet.
    • Series 4: Construction, 1927-1935, 1 cubic ft.
    • Series 5: Non-Scripps College Material, 1927-1930, .25 cubic feet
    • Series 6: Oversize Material, 1 cubic ft

    Index Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

    Subjects:

    Architecture and Construction--Archives.
    Scripps College (Claremont, Calif.)--Archival resources.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Genres and Forms of Materials

    Architectural Drawings
    Blueprints
    Correspondence
    Photographs