Guide to the Papers of Norman Horowitz, 1940-1992

Processed by Kevin C. Knox.
Archives
California Institute of Technology
1200 East California Blvd.
Mail Code 015A-74
Pasadena, CA 91125
Phone: (626) 395-2704
Fax: (626) 793-8756
Email: archives@caltech.edu
URL: http://archives.caltech.edu
© 2003
California Institute of Technology. All rights reserved.

Guide to the Papers of Norman Horowitz, 1940-1992

Collection number: Consult repository

Archives



California Institute of Technology

Pasadena, California

Contact Information:

  • Archives
  • California Institute of Technology
  • 1200 East California Blvd.
  • Mail Code 015A-74
  • Pasadena, CA 91125
  • Phone: (626) 395-2704
  • Fax: (626) 793-8756
  • Email: archives@caltech.edu
  • URL: http://archives.caltech.edu
Processed by:
Kevin C. Knox
Date Completed:
January 2001
Encoded by:
Anne Simms and Francisco Medina
© 2003 California Institute of Technology. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Norman H. Horowitz papers,
Date (inclusive): 1940-1992
Collection number: Consult repository
Creator: Horowitz, Norman H.
Extent: 9.5 linear ft.
Repository: California Institute of Technology. Archives.
Pasadena, California 91125
Abstract: The working papers, correspondence, manuscripts, and lectures of Norman Harold Horowitz form the collection known as the Papers of Norman Horowitz in the Archives of the California Institute of Technology. Horowitz was professor of biology at Caltech, and a pioneer in the fields of exobiology and biochemical genetics.
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

The collection is open for research. Researchers must apply in writing for access.

Publication Rights

Copyright may not have been assigned to the California Institute of Technology Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of the Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the California Institute of Technology Archives as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item, box and file number], Papers of Norman Horowitz. Archives, California Institute of Technology.

Acquisition Information

Norman Horowitz donated his papers to the Archives at the California Institute of Technology in several installments between 1982 and 1992.

Biography

Norman Harold Horowitz was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1915, the eldest of three boys, and the son of an émigré businessman and Bostonian mother. Raised in the middle-class neighborhood of Squirrel Hill, he attended public elementary and secondary schools, where at the latter he was made valedictorian.
In 1932, Horowitz entered the University of Pittsburgh after securing a scholarship. There he majored in zoology, carrying out independent research as an undergraduate. From Pittsburgh, he moved to Pasadena and the California Institute of Technology in the autumn of 1936, where he worked with T.H. Morgan and Albert Tyler. Attending Caltech gave Horowitz the opportunity to spend weekends at the Institute's laboratory in Corona Del Mar and summers accompanying Morgan and Tyler to Woods Hole. It was at Woods Hole that Horowitz met his future wife, Pearl, in 1937.
After receiving his Ph.D. in 1939, Horowitz accepted a fellowship to Douglas Whitaker's Stanford University laboratory. At Stanford he continued his research on the metabolism of embryos and became acquainted with George Beadle, who was working with Drosophila. He returned to Caltech to work in the laboratory of Henry Borsook, but after learning of Beadle's experiments with Neurospora, Horowitz joined Beadle's group in Stanford, working in Northern California until the group dissolved in 1946.
Dr. Horowitz returned to Caltech with Beadle, where he joined the faculty and where he became a key player in the formation of biochemical genetics. In particular, Horowitz - with colleagues such as Howard Teas and Marguerite Fling - used mutants to demonstrate the soundness of the "one-gene, one-enzyme" theory and the ways in which mutants could be exploited for practical applications. His work on the evolution of biochemical synthesis remains an important contribution to the theory of organic evolution and the origin of life.
Horowitz's attachment to the space program began shortly after the flight of Sputnik I in 1957. Soon thereafter, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announced that a major goal of their program would be the biological exploration of planets, and Horowitz took the opportunity to become involved in "exobiology," or the search for extra-terrestrial life. Working at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena - and becoming chief of its bioscience section in 1965 - he helped design a number of instruments for the Mars Mariner and Viking missions, including "Gulliver" and the "pyrolytic release" experiments. His extensive work in this area eventually led him to the conclusion that Martian soil is "lifeless": indeed, by the time that he published his popular book, To Utopia and Back, (1986), Horowitz was "virtually certain that the earth is the only life-bearing planet in our region of the galaxy."
Following his prominent work on the Mars Mariner and Viking programs, Horowitz returned to his laboratory at the California Institute of Technology. In the early 1980s, he published notable work on Siderophores, a type of chelating agent in fungi that helps the fungi to absorb iron. During the 1980s Horowitz became increasingly involved in several controversies, including the debates about evolution and creationism in schools.
Currently, Dr. Horowitz is Professor Emeritus at Caltech, as well as a member of the
National Academy of Sciences. He lives in Pasadena.

Scope and Content of Collection

Comprising twenty-one boxes and nine-and-one-half linear feet, the collection encompasses most of Horowitz's distinguished career, including both his work in Caltech's biology lab and at Pasadena's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Indeed, a large percentage of the collection is devoted to Horowitz's involvement in the search for extra-terrestrial life and its accompanying problems. Yet, also included in the collection is material related to research, publishing, administrative duties, "think-tanks" and a diverse array of heated controversies in which Horowitz was involved.
Series I, Horowitz's correspondence, encompasses approximately one-third of the collection. Ranging from the end of the Second World War to the early nineties, this section includes letters by six winners of the Nobel Prize: George Beadle, Francis Crick, Joshua Lederberg, Linus Pauling, Roger Sperry and James Watson. Notably, the collection includes extensive correspondence between Horowitz and Beadle, who won the 1958 Nobel Prize in medicine for his discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events. There exists also extensive correspondence with Carl Sagan and other eminent scientists in the field of biochemical genetics, including David Bonner, Howard Teas, Marguerite Fling, John Fincham, and Aleksandr Ivanovich Oparin.
Although some correspondence is not directly connected to academia, most of these letters reflect Horowitz's different research passions in biochemical genetics throughout his career: Drosophila, Neurospora and Siderophores. Letters are arranged chronologically within the alphabetically ordered folders. Both incoming and outgoing correspondence - Horowitz made carbon copies of nearly every letter he sent - are filed together in tandem.
Series II of the collection contains Horowitz's laboratory notebooks and research notes. The notebooks span four decades, although the majority of them cover his work on Neurospora and Drosophila in the 1940s and 1950s. Included in these books is Horowitz's work in Paris in 1954-55, while he was on sabbatical at the Laboratoire de Gènetique. Also housed in this section is work and correspondence related to Siderophores.
Many of Horowitz's manuscripts, journal offprints and lecture notes are found in the collection's third series. It reveals the diversity in Horowitz's interests and the broad range of his talents as researcher and writer - the problem with creationism, biochemical genetics, the search for extra-terrestrial life, inter-planetary flight and reconstructing the origin of life. Included also within this section is correspondence between Horowitz and various publishers.
Series IV, "Exobiology and Space Exploration," encapsulates Horowitz's important contributions to the space program. Contained in this section is extensive material on the design and implementation of several instruments for detecting extra-terrestrial life, the principal work in which Horowitz was involved during his years at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. For instance, the collection contains much material - proposals, budgets, specifications, photographs and the like - relating to "Gulliver," a radioisotopic biochemical probe, and the "pyrolytic release" instrument, a Viking experiment which used radiation detectors to "sniff" for the presence Martian life.
Also contained in this section is much of Horowitz's committee work, including his involvement in the Western Panel on Extra-terrestrial Life (WESTEX), the Space Science Board (SSB), the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) and Richard Nixon's 1968-69 Task Force. Moreover, the section houses much correspondence related to space exploration. For instance, the bulk of the correspondence between Horowitz and Carl Sagan, as well as between Horowitz and Joshua Lederberg, is housed in this section. Noteworthy, too, are the exchanges between Horowitz and Gilbert Levin, with whom Horowitz discussed the labeled-release experiment and who was later ridiculed for his espousal of Martian life.
Series V contains material that relates directly to the California Institute of Technology. Amongst the papers are course materials, undergraduate and graduate examinations, and letters of recommendation for Horowitz's students. Also included in this section are documents - committee minutes, memos, correspondence and reports - concerning broader university issues, notably the relationship between Caltech and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Series VI of the Horowitz collection encompasses some of the debates in which Horowitz was involved, as well as his contributions to important symposiums and committees. Relatively early in life, Horowitz developed a distaste for organized religion, and this distaste was reinforced throughout his career. Partially for this reason, and partially because of his work on the origin of life, he became an active opponent of the teaching of creationism in schools: much material chronicling his involvement in the anti-creationism campaign is contained in this section and complements other material in the collection, notably his manuscripts "Towards the Nature of Life" and "What's Wrong with Creationism," which are housed in Series III.
Some of Horowitz's other deep-seated convictions surface in this section: this is particularly the case when he deals with the thorny issue of genetics, "race" and intelligence, and with what he considers the fanciful theorizing of his longtime friend and colleague, Roger Sperry. Moreover, with his involvement with science in the Soviet Union and the stateside Committee on Science and Public Policy, Horowitz's attempts to balance the ineluctable force of scientific method with compassion and civility, not to mention his sense of a global scientific community in the midst of a Cold War, emerge. Yet, to varying degrees, all these aspects of Horowitz's personality are reflected throughout the entire collection.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection.
Horowitz, Norman H.
California Institute of Technology
Biology
Genetics
Space Biology
Biologists
Geneticists

Related Collections

  • Biology Divisional Records
  • Papers of George W. Beadle
  • James Bonner, Norman Horowitz, Sterling Emerson, and Donald Poulson Oral History with Judith Goodstein, Harriet Lyle, and Mary Terrall (1981)
  • Norman Horowitz Oral History with Rachel Prud'homme (1987)

Collection Contents

 

Series I.  Correspondence: Personal and Institutional

Box 1, Folder 1

Abelson, Philip 1961-75

Box 1, Folder 2

Adelberg, E. A. 1950-85

Box 1, Folder 3

Adler, Lennart 1980-82

Box 1, Folder 4

Allen, Tom 1963

Box 1, Folder 5

Anders, Edward 1962

Box 1, Folder 6

Anderson, Duwayne 1976

Box 1, Folder 7

Archives of Biochemistry 1949-50

Box 1, Folder 8

Armstrong, Marvin 1947-49

Box 1, Folder 9

Arrenguin, Barbarin 1965-77

Box 1, Folder 10

Atwood, K. C. 1955-58

Box 1, Folder 11

Atwood, Wallace 1960

Box 1, Folder 12

Aurich, H. 1962

Box 1, Folder 13

A miscellaneous

Box 1, Folder 14

Bachmann, Barbara 1972-76

Box 1, Folder 15

Barber, Edwin 1985

Box 1, Folder 16

Barghoorn, Elso 1973-74

Box 1, Folder 17

Barron, E. S. Guzman 1948-49

Box 1, Folder 18

Barry, Edward 1960-75

Box 1, Folder 19

Bauerle, Ronald 1963

Box 1, Folder 20

Beadle, George 1962-81

Box 1, Folder 21

Bearn, Alexander 1977

Box 1, Folder 22

Becker, Robert 1976-78

Box 1, Folder 23

Bernhard, Silke 1978-80

Box 1, Folder 24

Bing, Richard 1979

Box 1, Folder 25

Binkley, Francis 1947-50

Box 1, Folder 27

Black, David G. Jr. 1973-74

Box 1, Folder 28

Bonetti, N. 1978

Box 1, Folder 29

Bonner, David 1948-81

Box 1, Folder 30

Bonner, Walter 1979

Box 1, Folder 31

Borsook, Henry 1946-78

Box 1, Folder 32

Burgus, Roger 1977

Box 1, Folder 33

Burns, Joseph 1979

Box 1, Folder 34

Ba-Boe miscellaneous

Box 1, Folder 35

Bol-Bur miscellaneous

Box 2, Folder 1

Cady, George 1963

Box 2, Folder 2

Calvin, Melvin 1957-72

Box 2, Folder 3

Caspari, Ernst 1968

Box 2, Folder 4

Catcheside, G. D. 1952-63

Box 2, Folder 5

Choke, Ho Coy 1973-76

Box 2, Folder 6

Clifton, C. E. 1948

Box 2, Folder 7

Cohen, Seymour 1962

Box 2, Folder 8

Cooper, Henry S. F. 1976-80

Box 2, Folder 9

Crandall, Dave I 1953

Box 2, Folder 10

Crick, Francis 1982

Box 2, Folder 11

Crow, James 1964-82

Box 2, Folder 12

Crowe, John 1977

Box 2, Folder 13

C miscellaneous

Box 2, Folder 14

Dade, H. A. 1947

Box 2, Folder 15

Danielli, Jim F. 1966-73

Box 2, Folder 16

Daron, Harlow H. 1963-65

Box 2, Folder 17

Davis, Bernard D. 1949-79

Box 2, Folder 18

Davis, Rowland H. 1964-79

Box 2, Folder 19

de Serres, Frederick J. 1957-70

Box 2, Folder 20

Demerec, M. 1948-50

Box 2, Folder 21

Drysdale, R. B. 1964-65

Box 2, Folder 22

Dunn, M. S. 1949-50

Box 2, Folder 23

D miscellaneous

Box 2, Folder 24

Edsall, John T. 1959-77

Box 2, Folder 25

Engelsberg, Killis 1953-64

Box 2, Folder 26

Ephrussi, Boris and Harriet 1953-59

Box 2, Folder 27

Eriksson, Karl-Erik 1972-78

Box 2, Folder 28

Evans, E. V. 1947

Box 2, Folder 29

Excerpta Medica 1946-48

Box 2, Folder 30

Ezell, Edward C. 1977-78

Box 2, Folder 31

E miscellaneous

Box 2, Folder 32

Feldman, Jerry 1974-75

Box 2, Folder 33

Ferris, Jim P. 1975-75

Box 2, Folder 34

Fincham, John R. S. 1949-79

Box 2, Folder 35

Flanagan, Dennis 1956-77

Box 2, Folder 36

Flavin, Martin 1958-75

Box 2, Folder 37

Foster, Jack 1947-65

Box 2, Folder 38

Fox, Allen S. 1950-64

Box 2, Folder 39

Fox, Denis L. 1948-76

Box 2, Folder 40

Fox, Sidney W. 1946-63

Box 2, Folder 41

Friedmann, E. I. 1976-82

Box 2, Folder 42

Fuchs, Morton S. 1967-70

Box 2, Folder 43

F miscellaneous

Box 3, Folder 1

Galun, Esra 1965-75

Box 3, Folder 2

Gardiner, Mary S. 1953

Box 3, Folder 3

Garner, Harold 1953-60

Box 3, Folder 4

Giles, Norman H. 1949-78

Box 3, Folder 5

Gloor, Hans 1960-70

Box 3, Folder 6

Goldberger, Marvin L. 1979-80

Box 3, Folder 7

Goldberger, Robert F. 1966

Box 3, Folder 8

Golub, Ellis 1974-75

Box 3, Folder 9

Goodstein, Judith 1982-85

Box 3, Folder 10

Gratzner, Howard 1964-74

Box 3, Folder 11

Green, David E. 1950-50

Box 3, Folder 12

Green, Robert E. 1978

Box 3, Folder 13

Grigg, G. W. 1964-77

Box 3, Folder 14

G miscellaneous

Box 3, Folder 15

Hamburger, Viktor 1949-50

Box 3, Folder 16

Handler, Philip P. 1973-78

Box 3, Folder 17

Hardesty, Boyd 1977

Box 3, Folder 18

Hardin, Garrett 1952-62

Box 3, Folder 19

Harnish, Jean 1950

Box 3, Folder 20

Haselkorn, Bob 1967

Box 3, Folder 21

Haurowitz, Felix 1961-62

Box 3, Folder 22

Hazlett, McCrea 1959

Box 3, Folder 23

Head, J. J. 1977

Box 3, Folder 24

Hertz, Roy 1948

Box 3, Folder 25

Hiatt, Howard H. 1975

Box 3, Folder 26

Hift, Helen 1947

Box 3, Folder 27

Hollaender, Alexander 1950

Box 3, Folder 28

Holloway, Bruce 1976

Box 3, Folder 29

Huguenin, Robert L. 1976-79

Box 3, Folder 30

Hunten, D. M. 1978

Box 3, Folder 31

H miscellaneous

Box 3, Folder 32

Ikeda, Yonosuke 1956-62

Box 3, Folder 33

Imshenetsky, A. A. 1966-77

Box 3, Folder 34

Ingle, Dwight J. 1965

Box 3, Folder 35

Irwin, M. R. 1950

Box 3, Folder 36

Itano, Harvey 1956-79

Box 3, Folder 37

I miscellaneous

Box 3, Folder 38

Jukes, T. H. 1945-85

Box 3, Folder 39

J miscellaneous

Box 3, Folder 40

Kalckar, H. M. 1948-79

Box 3, Folder 41

Karlson, P. 1955-62

Box 3, Folder 42

Kertesz, Denis 1962-63

Box 3, Folder 43

Kevles, Dan 1978-84

Box 3, Folder 44

King, C. G. 1950-75

Box 3, Folder 45

Klein, Harold P. 1963-77

Box 3, Folder 46

Koepfli, J. B. 1951

Box 3, Folder 47

Kofahl, Robert 1983

Box 3, Folder 48

Kramer, Stanley 1958-59

Box 3, Folder 49

Krebs, H. A. 1949-67

Box 3, Folder 50

Kuwana, Homare 1956-62

Box 3, Folder 51

K miscellaneous

Box 4, Folder 1

Lamb, Arthur B. 1949

Box 4, Folder 2

Lang, Anton 1965-70

Box 4, Folder 3

Lederberg, Joshua 1948-80 ( See also: correspondence in Series IV)

Box 4, Folder 4

Lerch, K. 1973-78

Box 4, Folder 5

Lerner, Daniel 1958

Box 4, Folder 6

Lerner, I. M. 1957

Box 4, Folder 7

Leupold, Urs 1951-65

Box 4, Folder 8

Levine, Rachmiel 1977-78

Box 4, Folder 9

Lewis, Dan 1957-73

Box 4, Folder 10

Lewis, Ed. B. 1976

Box 4, Folder 11

Lewis, Herman W. 1964-79

Box 4, Folder 12

Lewis, Richard S. 1971

Box 4, Folder 13

Lieb, Margaret 1949

Box 4, Folder 14

Lindsey, D.L. 1963-79

Box 4, Folder 15

Linn, Stuart M. 1969-76

Box 4, Folder 16

Linsker, Fred 1947

Box 4, Folder 17

Luck, J. Murray 1949

Box 4, Folder 18

L miscellaneous

Box 4, Folder 19

Maas, Werner K. 1949-80

Box 4, Folder 20

Margulis, Lynn 1970-77

Box 4, Folder 21

Mason, H. S. 1953-82

Box 4, Folder 22

Maxwell, Joyce 1970-76

Box 4, Folder 23

Mazia, Daniel 1948-65

Box 4, Folder 24

Mazur, Peter 1975-80

Box 4, Folder 25

McGinnis, James 1948-49

Box 4, Folder 26

McIntyre, A. K. 1976

Box 4, Folder 27

Meinschein, W. G. 1961-62

Box 4, Folder 28

Meister, Alton 1960

Box 4, Folder 29

Menger, Eva L. 1974-75

Box 4, Folder 30

Merck Corporation 1966-79

Box 4, Folder 31

Metzenberg, Robert L. 1958-85

Box 4, Folder 32

Michener, David 1962

Box 4, Folder 33

Miller, Lawrence P. 1958-75

Box 4, Folder 34

Miller, Stanley L. 1956-82

Box 4, Folder 35

Mommaerts, Wilfried F. H. M. 1959-60

Box 4, Folder 36

Morgan, D. H. 1966-67

Box 4, Folder 37

Morrow, John 1963-64

Box 4, Folder 38

Mueller, J. Howard 1947-59

Box 4, Folder 39

Murray, Noreen E. 1960-63

Box 4, Folder 40

Mylroie, Agusta A. 1932

Box 4, Folder 41

Mac-Mer miscellaneous

Box 4, Folder 42

Mer-Mut miscellaneous

Box 5, Folder 1

Niu, Man-Chiang 1973-77

Box 5, Folder 2

Novick, Aaron 1956

Box 5, Folder 3

Nuckolls, James 1949

Box 5, Folder 4

N miscellaneous

Box 5, Folder 5

Ohnishi, Eiji 1955-76

Box 5, Folder 6

Oliver, Clarence P. 1961

Box 5, Folder 7

Olson, Jane 1977

Box 5, Folder 8

Onishi, H. 1971

Box 5, Folder 9

Oparin, A. I. 1963-74

Box 5, Folder 10

Orgel, Leslie 1968-78

Box 5, Folder 11

Oro, Juan 1972-79

Box 5, Folder 12

O miscellaneous

Box 5, Folder 13

Pall, Martin 1967-78

Box 5, Folder 14

Palmer, Evelyn 1979

Box 5, Folder 15

Parpart, Arthur K. 1960

Box 5, Folder 16

Pauling, Linus 1963-77

Box 5, Folder 17

Perkins, David 1953-75

Box 5, Folder 18

Perkins, H. R. 1966-71

Box 5, Folder 19

Peters, R. A. 1947

Box 5, Folder 20

Phillips, R. L. 1967

Box 5, Folder 21

Pittendrigh, Colin 1964-65

Box 5, Folder 22

Ponnamperuma, Cyril 1978-83

Box 5, Folder 23

P miscellaneous

Box 5, Folder 24

Q miscellaneous

Box 5, Folder 25

Rangarajan, G. 1978

Box 5, Folder 26

Rizet, G. 1955-78

Box 5, Folder 27

Roman, Hershel 1952-78

Box 5, Folder 28

Ryan, Francis 1948-63

Box 5, Folder 29

R miscellaneous

Box 6, Folder 1

Sagan, Carl 1963-85 ( See also: Series IV)

Box 6, Folder 2

Sansome, Eva 1956-57

Box 6, Folder 3

Schaeffer, Pierre 1962-71

Box 6, Folder 4

Schoberl, A. 1949-56

Box 6, Folder 5

Schoenlein, H. W. 1950-52

Box 6, Folder 6

Schopf, J. William 1968-79

Box 6, Folder 7

Shearn, Allen 1968-70

Box 6, Folder 8

Shen, San-Chiun 1950-79

Box 6, Folder 9

Singer, I. M. 1979-80

Box 6, Folder 10

Singer, Thomas P. 1947-48

Box 6, Folder 11

Sinsheimer, Robert L. 1972-74

Box 6, Folder 12

Smoluchowski, Roman 1981

Box 6, Folder 13

Snell, E. E. 1948-53

Box 6, Folder 14

Sonneborn, T. M. 1946-77

Box 6, Folder 15

Sperry, Roger W. 1947-53 ( See also: Series VI)

Box 6, Folder 16

Spiegelman, S. 1951

Box 6, Folder 17

Spieth, P. T. 1975

Box 6, Folder 18

Sponsler, O. L. 1948

Box 6, Folder 19

Srb, Adrian 1956-71

Box 6, Folder 20

St. Lawrence, Patricia 1960-62

Box 6, Folder 21

Stadler, David R. 1964-76

Box 6, Folder 22

Stanier, Roger 1948-50

Box 6, Folder 23

Staples, John H. 1983

Box 6, Folder 24

Stekol, Jakob A. 1948-49

Box 6, Folder 25

Stern, Curt 1945-50

Box 6, Folder 26

Stevens, Carl M. 1949-76

Box 6, Folder 27

Stokstad, E. L. R. 1948-59

Box 6, Folder 28

Stone, Wilson S. 1949-74

Box 6, Folder 29

Stoudt, T. H. 1973-76

Box 6, Folder 30

Street, H. E. 1946

Box 6, Folder 31

Strickland, W.N. 1957

Box 6, Folder 32

Sueoka, Noboru 1958-64

Box 6, Folder 33

Sussman, Al 1961

Box 6, Folder 34

Swanson, Peggy 1972

Box 6, Folder 35

Sa-Sp miscellaneous

Box 6, Folder 36

Sr-Sw miscellaneous

Box 7, Folder 1

Tatum, E. L. 1947-74

Box 7, Folder 2

Taylor, J. Herbert 1964

Box 7, Folder 3

Teas, Howard 1955-77

Box 7, Folder 4

Temin, Howard M. 1977

Box 7, Folder 5

Thompson, A 1956

Box 7, Folder 6

Toennies, G. 1947-50

Box 7, Folder 7

Trinkaus, J. P. 1977-78

Box 7, Folder 8

Trust, Ronald I. 1978-79

Box 7, Folder 9

Tyor, Malcolm P. 1950

Box 7, Folder 10

T miscellaneous

Box 7, Folder 11

U miscellaneous

Box 7, Folder 12

Vogel, Henry J. 1956

Box 7, Folder 13

Volcani, Ben 1947-67

Box 7, Folder 14

V miscellaneous

Box 7, Folder 15

Wagner, R. P. 1949-73

Box 7, Folder 16

Wainwright, Stanley D. 1964

Box 7, Folder 17

Warren, Katherine B. 1951

Box 7, Folder 18

Watanabe, Yasushi 1958-63

Box 7, Folder 19

Weliky, Norman 1974-75

Box 7, Folder 20

Westergaard, Morgens 1950-61

Box 7, Folder 21

Whitaker, D. M. 1947-52

Box 7, Folder 22

Wilcox, Robert 1950

Box 7, Folder 23

Williams, Norma P. 1974-78

Box 7, Folder 24

Wilson, Allan 1964

Box 7, Folder 25

Wilson, James 1961

Box 7, Folder 26

Wiltshire, G. H. 1949

Box 7, Folder 27

Winfield, M. E. 1965

Box 7, Folder 28

Wood, Don C. 1952

Box 7, Folder 29

Woodward, Dow 1958-64

Box 7, Folder 30

Wright, Barbara 1978-79

Box 7, Folder 31

Wright, Sewall 1942-80

Box 7, Folder 32

W miscellaneous

Box 7, Folder 33

Yang, Shih-Fang 1975

Box 7, Folder 34

Yanofosky, Charles 1955-56

Box 7, Folder 35

Ycas, Martynas 1955-75

Box 7, Folder 36

Young, Richard G. 1969

Box 7, Folder 37

Young, Richard S. 1971-78

Box 7, Folder 38

Y miscellaneous

Box 7, Folder 39

Zuckerkandle, Emile

Box 7, Folder 40

Unidentified correspondents

 

Series II.  Notebooks and Research

 

Notebooks

Box 8, Folder 1

1940-41

Box 8, Folder 2

Neurospora I: 1942-43

Box 8, Folder 3

Neurospora II: 1943

Box 8, Folder 4

Neurospora III: 1944

Box 8, Folder 5

Neurospora IV: 1946

Box 8, Folder 6

Neurospora V: 1947

Box 8, Folder 7

VII [1949-51]

Box 8, Folder 8

VIII [1951-52]

Box 8, Folder 9

IX [1952-53]

Box 9, Folder 1

X: Paris [1954-55]

Box 9, Folder 2

Paris: 1954-55

Box 9, Folder 3

Drosophila XI: 1955

Box 9, Folder 4

No. 11 [1956-58]

Box 9, Folder 5

No. 12 [1958-59]

Box 9, Folder 6

Sept. 1980 [1980-82]

 

Other Research

Box 9, Folders 7-8

Siderophores correspondence 1975-80

Physical Description: [2 folders]
 

Bentrup, F.W.

 

Brain, Robert

 

Diekmann, H.

 

Emery, Thomas

 

Keller-Schierlein, W.

 

Neilands, J.B.

 

Sypherd, Paul

 

Van der Helm, Dick

 

Winkelmann, G.

 

Woodward, Dow

Box 9, Folder 9

National Institutes of Health (NIH) final report 1984

 

Series III.  Manuscripts, Offprints, Lectures, and Related Material

 

Manuscripts

Box 10, Folder 1

"Neurospora and the Beginnings of Molecular Genetics" Neurospora Newsletter (1973; includes offprint)

Box 10, Folder 2

"Towards the Nature of Life," from 1979 Origin of Life conference (includes related correspondence)

Box 10, Folder 3

"The Search for Extra-terrestrial Life" for unpublished Unveiling the Universe (includes related correspondence)

Box 10, Folder 4

"What's Wrong with Creationism?" (includes related correspondence 1982-89)

Box 10, Folder 5

"Henry Borsook" [obituary] 1984

Box 10, Folder 6

"Biological Water Requirements" [undated]

 

Offprints and Publications

Box 10, Folder 7

Journal offprints

 

"Planetary Contamination I: The Problem and Agreements (1967)

 

"Germination and Growth of Neurospora at Low Water Temperatures" (1971)

 

"Isolation and Identification of the Conidial Germination Factor of Neurospora Causa" (1976)

 

"Cellular and Extracellular Siderophores of Aspergillus nidulans and Penicillium chrsysogenum" (1981)

 

"Extracellular Siderophores of Rapidly Growing Asperillus nidulans and Penicillium chrysogenum" (1982)

Box 10, Folder 8

Viking: The Exploration of Mars (JPL brochure; includes related correspondence)

 

Lectures

Box 10, Folder 9

"Gènes et les Enzymes" (Paris, 1955)

Box 10, Folder 10

Lectures on Mars

 

"Space research and the origin of life" (Stanford, 1959)

 

"Mars" (Long Beach City College, 1960)

 

"The challenge of biogenesis" (USC, 1962)

 

"Genetics, space, and the origin of life" (Lexington, 1966)

 

"The origin of life" (Cornell, 1967)

 

"Planetary exploration and the origin of life" (Washington State, 1967)

 

"A biologist's view of recent American and Soviet Space Missions" (1967)

 

"The search for life on Mars" (1967)

 

"The biological exploration of Mars" (Beckman Auditorium, Caltech, 1968)

 

"A biologist looks at Mars" (Western Valley College, 1973)

 

"The Viking project" (Caltech, 1976)

 

"The Viking search for life on Mars" (Chicago, 1976)

 

"The Viking mission" (multiple locales, 1977-78)

 

"Astronomy seminar" (Caltech, 1977)

 

"The Viking instruments" (2nd International Colloquium on Mars, 1979)

 

"The origin of life" (Space Science Board, 1979)

 

"The search for life in the solar system" (Kellogg Lab, 1981)

 

"The origin of life problem" (Planetology seminar, Caltech, 1985)

Box 10, Folder 11

Siderophores: lecture notes 1974-82

 

Publication Correspondence

Box 10, Folder 12

Freeman, Cooper and Company 1974

 

Freeman, Cooper and Company [re: To Utopia and Back]

Box 10, Folder 13

1982-83

Box 10, Folder 14

1984-85

Box 10, Folder 15

1985-88

Box 10, Folder 16

Referee reviews 1962-77

 

Series IV.  Exobiology and Space Exploration: Conferences; Task Forces; Committees; Experiments; Related Correspondence

 

Western Panel on Extra-Terrestrial Life (WESTEX) 1959-1960

Box 11, Folders 1-2

Minutes and reports

Physical Description: [2 folders]
Box 11, Folder 3

Correspondence 1959-60

 

Lederberg, J.

 

Oparin, A.

 

Oyama, V.I.

 

Rossi, B.

 

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

Box 11, Folders 4-5

Space Sciences Steering Committee 1960-63

Physical Description: [2 folders]
Box 11, Folder 6

Correspondence 1960-61

 

Calvin, Melvin

 

Crow, James

 

Dryden, Hugh

 

Glennan, T.K.

 

Hobby, George

 

Jacobs, George

 

Quimby, F.H.

 

Pickering, W.H.

 

Randt, Clark

 

Young, Richard

Box 11, Folder 7

Correspondence 1962-63

 

Bolton, Virginia

 

Brown, Allen

 

Brusch, Carl

 

Jacobs, George

 

Klein, Harold

 

Meid, G.D.

 

Newell, Homer

 

Peavey, R.C.

 

Quimby, F.H.

 

Reynolds, Orr

 

Soffen, G.A.

 

Sagan, Carl

Box 11, Folder 8

Bioscience Subcommittee of the Space Science Steering Committee 1963

Box 11, Folder 9

"Survey of life detection experiments for Mars," 1963

Box 11, Folder 10

NASA Mars conference 1986

Box 12, Folder 1

Soviet Space Sciences

 

Miscellaneous reports and documents 1959-67

 

Committee on Space Research (COSPAR)

Box 12, Folder 2

Fourth International Space Science Symposium, Warsaw, 1963

Box 12, Folder 3

Sterilization issues and objectives 1966-67

Box 12, Folders 4-5

Twelfth International Space Science Symposium, Seattle, 1971

Physical Description: [2 folders]
 

Nixon Taskforce

Box 12, Folders 6-7

Memos, minutes, correspondence 1968-69

Physical Description: [2 folders]
Box 12, Folder 8

Final report 1969

 

Sterilization and Quarantine

Box 13, Folder 1

Proceedings of NASA conference, July 9, 1962

Box 13, Folder 2

JPL reports and memos 1965-68

 

Miscellaneous offprints, photocopies and documents

Box 13, Folder 3

1960-64

Box 13, Folder 4

1965

Box 13, Folder 5

1966

Box 13, Folder 6

1967

Box 13, Folder 7

1968

Box 13, Folder 8

1969

Box 13, Folder 9

Jupiter and Outer planets (1971)

 

Space Science Board (SSB)

 

Miscellaneous reports and memos

Box 14, Folder 1

1959-60

Box 14, Folder 2

1961

 

Mars exobiology summer study 1964

Box 14, Folder 3

Planning and correspondence

Box 14, Folders 4-5

Reports and memos

Physical Description: [2 folders]
Box 14, Folder 6

Statements and publications

Box 14, Folder 7

Summaries and reviews

Box 14, Folders 8-9

Meeting Jan. 22-23, 1971

Physical Description: [2 folders]
Box 14, Folder 10

Meeting April 29-30, 1971

Box 15, Folder 1

Meeting Aug. 21-22, 1971

Box 15, Folder 2

Meeting Nov. 12-13. 1971

Box 15, Folder 3

Meeting Feb. 8-9, 1972

Box 15, Folder 4

Microbial Ecology Evaluation Device (MEED), implementation plan 1970

Box 15, Folder 5

MEED correspondence

 

Eagle, Harold

 

Hall, L.B.

 

Odishaw, Hugh

 

Spizizen, John

 

Townes, Charles

 

Vishniac, Wolf

 

Wagoner, Ann

Box 15, Folder 6

Outer planets quarantine 1971-74

Box 15, Folder 7

Committee on Space Biology and Medicine 1972

Box 15, Folder 8

Exobiology Panel 1974

Box 15, Folder 9

American Institute of Biological Sciences Survey 1982

 

Martian Exobiological Experiments

 

Mars Gulliver (Radioisotopic biochemical probe for extra-terrestrial life)

Box 16, Folders 1-2

Preliminary proposals 1965

Physical Description: [2 folders]
Box 16, Folder 3

Proposal 1966

Box 16, Folder 4

Specifications and memos

Box 16, Folder 5

Correspondence 1962-65

 

Calvin, Melvin

 

Heim, Allen

 

Lederberg, Joshua

 

Newell, Homer

Box 16, Folder 6

Correspondence, Levin, Gilbert 1962-65

Box 16, Folder 7

Gulliver probe: color photographs

 

Mars Viking

Box 17, Folder 1

Pyrolytic release experiment: documents 1968-82

 

Pyrolytic release experiment: instrument specifications

Box 17, Folder 2

1968-69

Box 17, Folder 3

1969-71

 

Pyrolytic release experiment: correspondence

Box 17, Folder 4

1968-69

Box 17, Folder 5

1970-75

Box 17, Folders 6-8

Pyrolytic release experiment: miscellaneousdocuments 1976

Physical Description: [3 folders]
Box 17, Folder 9

Pyrolytic release experiment: color photographs

 

Instrument planning:

Box 17, Folder 10

1969-71

Box 17, Folder 11

1972-73

Box 17, Folder 12

Panel documents 1969-70

Box 17, Folder 13

Sterilization 1971

Box 17, Folder 14

Sterilization 1972

 

Mars Mariner 6-9

 

Mariner 6 and 7: visual imaging experiment:

Box 18, Folders 1-2

Proposals and reports

Physical Description: [2 folders]
Box 18, Folders 3-4

Data and results

Physical Description: [2 folders]
Box 18, Folder 5

Encounter schedule

 

Mariner 9: visual imaging experiment

Box 18, Folders 6-7

Proposals and reports

Physical Description: [2 folders]
Box 18, Folder 8

Memos, reports and minutes

Box 18, Folder 9

Correspondence

 

Mars Miscellaneous

 

Correspondence

Box 19, Folder 1

1963

Box 19, Folder 2

1964

Box 19, Folder 3

1965

Box 19, Folder 4

1966-68

Box 19, Folder 5

1970

Box 19, Folder 6

1971

Box 19, Folder 7

1972

Box 19, Folders 8-9

Memos, surveys, studies and strategies 1964

Physical Description: [2 folders]
Box 19, Folder 10

Reports and studies 1966-67

Box 19, Folder 11

"The biological exploration of Mars" [JPL objectives] 1967

Box 19, Folder 12

Mars-related biological studies: grant proposals and reports 1973-77

Box 19, Folder 13

Mars: Back-contamination issues: reports and correspondence 1973

 

Series V.  California Institute of Technology: Correspondence and Documents: Caltech Administration, Teaching Material

Box 20, Folders 1-2

Undergraduate and graduate exams 1942-70

Physical Description: [2 folders]
Box 20, Folders 3-6

Letters of recommendation 1953-70

Physical Description: [4 folders]
 

Laboratory course material: Bi. 127: Biochemical Genetics

Box 20, Folder 7

1961

Box 20, Folder 8

1962

Box 20, Folder 9

1963

Box 20, Folder 10

1964

Box 20, Folder 11

Caltech-JPL: relationship and goals 1968-75

Box 20, Folder 12

Caltech-Immaculate Heart College alliance 1970

Box 20, Folder 13

Training grant applications 1971-77

Box 20, Folder 14

Daniel McMahon tenure issue 1974

 

Series VI.  Symposiums, Committees and Debates: Moscow Symposium; Public Policy; Evolution and Creationism; Genetics, "Race" and IQ; Roger Sperry and the 'Mentalist" Debate

Box 21, Folder 1

Moscow Symposium on the Origin of Life 1957

Box 21, Folder 2

Committee on Science and Public Policy (COSPUP): Correspondence 1967-69

 

Brooks, Harvey

 

Drake, Frank

 

Greene, Laura

 

Handler, Philip

 

Pahl, Herbert

 

Sagan, Carl

 

Evolution vs. Creationism

Box 21, Folders 3-4

Miscellaneous documents 1981-87

Physical Description: [2 folders]
Box 21, Folders 5-7

William Benetta correspondence 1989-91

Physical Description: [3 folders]
Box 21, Folder 8

Darwinism vs. creationism in schools

Box 21, Folder 9

Genetics, "Race" and IQ: Reports, newspaper articles and correspondence

Box 21, Folders 10-11

Roger Sperry and the "Mentalist" Debate: Correspondence and offprints 1966-92

Physical Description: [2 folders]