4-Ven-39 (La Robleda) Archives, 1965-1969

Processed by Christine Chon; Machine-readable finding aid created by Caroline Cubé
UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History
Box 951549
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California 90095-1549
Phone: (415) 825-4361
Fax: (415) 206-7007
Email: office@arts.ucla.edu
URL: http://www.fmch.ucla.edu/
© 2003
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

4-Ven-39 (La Robleda) Archives, 1965-1969

Collection number: A499



UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History

Los Angeles, California

Contact Information:

  • UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History
  • Box 951549
  • University of California, Los Angeles
  • Los Angeles, California 90095-1549
  • Phone: (415) 825-4361
  • Fax: (415) 206-7007
  • Email: office@arts.ucla.edu
  • URL: http://www.fmch.ucla.edu/
Paper finding aid by:
Nina Schneider, Project Archivist
Processed by:
Christine Chon, 29 October 2001
Encoded by:
Caroline Cubé
Edited by:
Josh Fiala, March 2004
Funding:
This project was made possible with a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH).
© 2003 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: 4-Ven-39 (La Robleda) Archives,
Date (inclusive): 1965-1969
Collection number: A499
Collector: University of California, Los Angeles. Fowler Museum of Cultural History, Archaeology Collections Facility
Extent: (5 boxes, 1 drawer in flat file) 9 linear feet
Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Fowler Museum of Cultural History, Archaeology Collections Facility
Los Angeles, California 90095-1549
Abstract: The 4-Ven-39 (La Robleda) Archives results from excavations intermittently conducted from 1966 to 1969 at the headwaters of Medea Creek in Oak Park, Ventura County, California by James N. Hill and the graduate students of the UCLA Department of Anthropology field school. At the La Robleda excavation site, Hill directed randomly sampled digs in 10-centimeter increments that today form the largest sample size taken in California using these methods. It has become an extremely important research tool because of the unbiased nature of its collection. This area was possibly a seasonal Chumash hunting/butchering site, with evidence of occupation as early as 3000 BC and as late as AD 1800. The documentation of excavations at La Robleda includes a catalog, field notes and daily field records, photographs, slides, artifact count sheets, student essays, and maps.
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Access to the archives collection is by appointment.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Registrar. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Digital Representations Available

Digital representations of selected materials and corresponding objects are available as part of the Container List of the finding aid.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], 4-Ven-39 (La Robleda) Archives, Fowler Museum of Cultural History, Archaeology Collections Facility, University of California, Los Angeles.

Scope and Content

The 4-Ven-39 (La Robleda) Archives results from excavations intermittently conducted from 1966 to 1969 at the headwaters of Medea Creek in Oak Park, Ventura County, California by James N. Hill and the graduate students of the UCLA Department of Anthropology field school. Dr. Hill was one of the vanguards of the New Archaeology, a group of archaeologists formed during the 1960s that employed the scientific method. At the La Robleda excavation site, Hill directed randomly sampled digs in 10-centimeter increments that today form the largest sample size taken in California using these methods. It has become an extremely important research tool because of the unbiased nature of its collection. This area was possibly a seasonal Chumash hunting/butchering site, with evidence of occupation as early as 3000 BC and as late as AD 1800. The documentation of excavations at La Robleda includes a catalog, field notes and daily field records, photographs, slides, artifact count sheets, student essays, and maps.

Organization and Arrangement

Arranged in the following series and sub-series:
  • Catalog - used for catalog created of artifacts during excavation.
  • Data analysis - used for typologies, reports, attribute lists, etc., which deal with analyzing data. This series is reserved for work done in the lab.
    • Bone - used for materials describing and/or analyzing bone.
    • Features - used for human-made structural objects or evidence of human occupation revealed by excavation [see also Features as a sub-series for Field notes].
    • Lithic - used for materials describing generic stone material or to consolidate two subjects. For example, if a soil sample, steatite description, and geology report are housed together in a single folder, Lithic is the subject and details outlining the materials in the folder will be described in the Notes field.
    • Projectile points - used for materials describing and/or analyzing projectile points found at the site.
  • Dating techniques - used for Carbon-14 and obsidian hydration methods and results.
  • Distribution - used for charts, tally sheets, graphs, notes, maps, etc., which deal with the distribution and count of a feature, materials, artifact, etc. and how they were distributed throughout the site.
    • Bone - used for materials describing and/or analyzing bone.
    • Features - used for human-made structural objects or evidence of human occupation revealed by excavation [see also Features as a sub-series for Field notes].
    • Lithic - used for materials describing generic stone material or to consolidate two subjects. For example, if a soil sample, steatite description, and geology report are housed together in a single folder, Lithic is the subject and details outlining the materials in the folder will be described in the Notes field.
      • Petrified Wood - used for materials describing and/or analyzing petrified wood found at the site and categorized under Lithic.
    • Projectile points - used for materials describing and/or analyzing projectile points found at the site.
    • Shell - used for materials describing and/or analyzing shell found at the site
  • Field notes - used for materials describing the features of the site, field notes, or work done in the field.
    • Distribution - Noted during excavation. Used for charts, tally sheets, graphs, notes, maps, etc., which deal with the distribution and count of a feature, materials, artifact, etc. and how they were distributed throughout the site.
    • Features - used for human-made structural objects or evidence of human occupation revealed by excavation. [see also Features as a sub-series for Data Analysis]
    • Lithic - used for materials describing generic stone material or to consolidate two subjects. For example, if a soil sample, steatite description, and geology report are housed together in a single folder, Lithic is the subject and details outlining the materials in the folder will be described in the Notes field.
    • Projectile points - used for materials describing and/or analyzing projectile points found at the site.
  • Field Photographs - used for photographs recording excavation or features found during excavation.
  • Field School - used for materials related directly to the UCLA Department of Anthropology Field School. Includes assignments and essays written by students.
    • Ethnography - used for materials related to the identification, description or analysis of the original occupants of, and their livelihood at the site, specifically that of the Chumash.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Excavations (Archaeology)---California---Ventura County.
Ventura County (Calif.)---Antiquities.
Chumash Indians---Antiquities.


Container List

 

Catalog, [1971]

Box 1, Folder 26

Artifact catalog, 1971.

Physical Description: (pp.79-94).
 

Data Analysis

Box 1, Folder 20

Ven-39-Lab Folder, 1967-1970.

Scope and Content Note

Notes, C14 Dates, Correspondence, Transit measurement, Photograph, Punch Card, Brochure, List, Outline.
Box 1, Folder 27

Ven-39 Correspondence, 1970-1974.

Box 2, Folder 46

Lab Log, 1966.

Scope and Content Note

Notes.

Note

(folder 1 of 6)
Box 2, Folder 52

[Notes on Attributes], 1968.

Scope and Content Note

Notes, Attribute list, Bibliography.

Note

(Folder labeled by collator)
 

Bone

Box 1, Folder 36

Bone: K. Martin's paper classification sheet, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, Report, Excerpt of monograph Facts and Comments (p.403), 1956.
Box 2, Folder 13

Miscellaneous, 1969.

Scope and Content Note

Map legend, Trench map, Report excerpt.

Note

Oversize diagram moved to Box 7 [flat file], folder A.
 

Features

Box 2, Folder 37

Ven-39 Feature Analysis Attribute List, 1970.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript.
 

Lithic

Box 1, Folder 30

Geology, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Note, Excerpt of Monograph.

Note

Excerpt from Lexicon of Geologic Names of the United States, pp.2565-2569.
Box 2, Folder 35

4-Ven-39 Feature Analysis Rock Volume Data Sheets, 1973.

Scope and Content Note

Notes, Count list.
 

Projectile Points

Box 2, Folder 3

Projectile point analysis, 1967-1971.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, Notes, Attribute list, Report, Computer printout.
 

Dating Techniques

Box 1, Folder 25

Carbon 14, 1968.

Scope and Content Note

C14 Dates, List.
Box 2, Folder 29

Fused shale (or Obsidian) Analysis by Paul & Leslie Aiello, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Notes, Catalog, Obsidian Hydration.
Box 2, Folder 38

Ven-39 C14 Dating Results, May 27, 1999.

Scope and Content Note

Notes, Report.
 

Distribution

Box 1, Folder 18

[Blank distribution map], n.d.

Note

(Folder labeled by collator)
Box 1, Folder 23

Cartridge inventory. Made by A.L. Christenson, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Complete list of Rifle cartridges, Pistol Cartridges, Shotgun cartridges, etc.
Box 2, Folder 24

Ven-39 La Robleda Site, miscellaneous, 1966-1967.

Scope and Content Note

Feature Distribution map (oversize), Manuscript, Outline, Notes.
Box 2, Folder 33

[Blank forms], n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Feature Record form, Count form, Weight form.

Note

(Folder labeled by collator)
Box 2, Folder 43

Anthropology 181 Lab Log, Spring 1966.

Scope and Content Note

P. Abrams Dr. Hill Column Samples; Booklet, Notes.
Box 3, Folder 17

Historic artifacts no.18, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Count list.
 

Bone

Box 2, Folder 62

Catalogued Bone & Shell no.5 Counted, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Count list.
Box 3, Folder 19

Bone Counts no.8, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Count list.
 

Features

Box 1, Folder 28

Ven-39-Rodent and Root Hole Distribution, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Distribution map, Distribution list, Distribution graph.
Box 2, Folder 39

Andy's Feature Material, 1966-1972.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, Notes, Count list, Computer printout, Attribute list.
Box 3, Folder 18

Feature counts Book no.1, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Count list.
Box 3, Folder 22

Feature Counts Book 3 Tools, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Feature Records.
 

Lithic

Box 1, Folder 34

IBM Card Layouts, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Attribute list.
Box 2, Folder 2

Steatite & Misc[ellaneous] Tools, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Tool Record Form, Attribute and count list, Note.
Box 2, Folder 14

Ven-39 Sandstone Counts, 1966-1972.

Scope and Content Note

Count form, Note, Count list, Dividers.
Box 2, Folder 15

Ven-39 Rock Counts.

Scope and Content Note

Count list, Note.

Note

Complete label reads: Ven-39 Rock Counts (From Features, as defined in field-all types of rocks included vol.II of II.
Box 2, Folder 16

Rock Counts, 1966-1967.

Scope and Content Note

Attribute list, Count list, Note.
Description of lithics found in features.

Note

Complete label reads: Rock Counts (From Features, as defined in field-all types of rock included).
Box 2, Folder 23

Count sheet summaries, Ven-39 (Totals only), March 1968.

Scope and Content Note

Count list, Graph.
Box 2, Folder 25

Superceded [sic] Information Ven-39, 1973.

Scope and Content Note

Discarded list.
Box 2, Folder 26

Quartzite Fire-Cracked and Undeterminable Final Counts. Summer 1969, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Notes, Lab instructions, Attribute list, Catalog, Count form.
Box 2, Folder 27

Miscellaneous Counts Ven-39, 1966-1967.

Scope and Content Note

Count list, Graph, Distribution map.
Box 2, Folder 44

Anthro 181 - Field Archaeology Lab Data on chert, fused shale, basalt flakes, volcanics, bone, quartzite, Spring 1967.

Scope and Content Note

Booklet.
Box 2, Folders 56-61

Volcanic Counts no.4 Non-Feature (All Categories) totaled, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Count list.
Box 2, Folders 63-66

Ven-39 Quartzite: Non-Feature detritus, fire-cracked, indeterminate; granite-fire cracked, indeterminate totaled no.6, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Count list.
Box 3, Folder 1

Ven-39 Quartz, Green pebbles no.7 totaled, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Count list.
Box 3, Folders 2-4

Artifactual: Other Counts no.1 North-East; North-West, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Count list.
Box 3, Folder 5

Feature Counts Book 2, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Feature Records.
Box 3, Folder 6

Chert 1) residue 2) fire-cracked, sandstone, petrified wood, fused shale 1) fire cracked 2) residue total no.3, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Tool record list.
 

Count Lists

Box 3, Folders 7-9

Provenience counts : artifactual : other *indicated a square not dug, but showing mislabeled counts no.2 South-East; South-West, n.d.

Box 3, Folder 10

Chert, fused shale, obsidian no.11, n.d.

Box 3, Folder 11

Tool counts-core, chopper, tarring pebbles, miscellaneous no.12, n.d.

Box 3, Folder 12

Tools-knives, saws, denticulates, multiple use; Non-tarlike residues, hammerstones/anvils no.13, n.d.

Box 3, Folder 13

Scrapers, scraping planes, mudstone, shale, sandstone abrasives no.14, n.d.

Box 3, Folder 14

Tools-hammerstones no.15, n.d.

Box 3, Folder 15

Tools-groundstone no.16, n.d.

Box 3, Folder 16

Cryptocrystaline-manufactured tools, n.d.

Box 3, Folder 20

Mudstone & Pebble Counts no.9, n.d.

Box 3, Folder 21

Shale Conglomerate no.10, n.d.

Box 3, Folder 23

Ven-39 Provenience Counts artifactual no.22 feature material, n.d.

Note

Complete label reads: Ven-39 Provenience Counts artifactual no.22 feature material All trench features recorded in list column-provenience counts.
 

Projectile Points

Box 1, Folder 35

Ven-39: distribution, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Distribution map.
Box 2, Folder 45

[Projectile Points Distribution], n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Tool record list.

Note

(Folder labeled by collator)
 

Shell

Box 1, Folder 29

Shell Data, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Artifact catalog, Attribute list.
 

Field Notes and Feature Records, v.d.

Box 1, Folder 1

Ven-39, 1966-1967.

Box 1, Folder 2

Trench, Features (Well-defined features) vol.2 of 2, 1968.

Box 1, Folders 3, 4

Ven-39 North-East Quadrant, 1966-1968.

Box 1, Folders 5-9

South-East Quadrant, 1966-1968.

 

Daily Field Records

Box 1, Folders 10, 11

North-East Quadrant (vol.2 of 2), 1966-1968.

Box 1, Folders 12-13

North-East Quadrant (vol.1 of 2); North-East No. Features no.1, 1966-1968.

Box 1, Folder 14

South-West Quadrant, 1966-1968.

Box 1, Folder 15

Pit Features I, 1966-1968.

Box 1, Folder 16

Ven-39, 1966-1968.

Note

One date typed as 1957 instead of 1967.
Box 1, Folder 17

Ven-39, 1966-1968.

Box 1, Folder 31

Vegetation & Topography, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Map legend, Topographic map.
Box 1, Folder 32

Soil Color Analysis, pH Soil Readings, 1966.

Scope and Content Note

Distribution map, Soil profile record, PH soil readings list, Munsel readings list.
Box 2, Folder 1

Ven-39 Excavated Grid Units final Count, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Booklet, Chart, Provenience Record.

Note

Complete label reads: Do not take from Lab Lab-Ven-39 2 copies Ven-39 Excavated Grid Units final Count, by Judy Cohen-4/26/71.
Box 2, Folder 31

Dr. Hill Department of Anthropology Haines Hall 360, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Photographs.
Box 2, Folder 34

Ven-39 Blank Sheets, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Field Record form.
Box 2, Folder 41

Plants collected from nearby Chumash site, 1970.

Scope and Content Note

Photographs, manuscript with plant list and bibliography.
Panoramic photograph of Simi Hills; many individual plant photographs.
Box 2, Folder 42

Trench Map & Notes Ven-39, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Notes, Map, Trench measurements.
Box 2, Folder 53

Transit Book no.1, Trenches 1-8, A,B, & E, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Field notebook (Transit measurements).
Box 2, Folder 54

Transit Book no.2, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Field notebook (Transit measurements, Notes).
Box 2, Folder 55

499 Box no.6 Artifact cards, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Artifact cards (copies).

Note

The actual cards are in the archival 5 × 8 box.
Box 5, Folder 1

[Map], 1965-1967.

Note

Housed in a telescoping map box in oversize area.
Box 6, Folder 1

[Oversize flat map folders].

Note

Oversized flat map file.
 

Distribution

Box 2, Folder 47

Miscellaneous Rock, 1966.

Scope and Content Note

Distribution map.

Note

(Folder 2 of 6)
Box 3, Folder 25

N/A, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Card.
 

Features

Box 2, Folder 17

Photographs, Ven-39, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Photographs, Contact sheet.

Note

Oversize contact sheet moved to flat files-Ven-39 La Robleda.
Box 2, Folder 19

Ven-39 TF Features (Discovered by Bulldozer), n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Note.
Also, description of the trenches & their contents, by area.

Note

(This folder was empty)
Box 2, Folder 21

Ven-39-Topo[graphic] Maps (Topo Map 1966), 1966.

Scope and Content Note

Transit measurements, Notes, Topo instructions, Calculation sheets.
Box 2, Folder 32

Ven-39 Pitted Boulder, 1971.

Scope and Content Note

Slide.
Box 2, Folder 51

Feature, 1966.

Scope and Content Note

Distribution map, Feature record, Notes, Count list, Graphs.

Note

(Folder 6 of 6)
 

Lithic

Box 2, Folder 48

Fused shale, 1966.

Scope and Content Note

Distribution map.

Note

(Folder 3 of 6)
Box 2, Folder 49

Groundstone, 1966.

Scope and Content Note

Distribution map.

Note

(Folder 4 of 6)
Box 3, Folder 24

Ven-39 Artifact cards, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Artifact card.
 

Projectile Points

Box 2, Folder 50

Projectile points, 1966.

Scope and Content Note

Distribution map.

Note

(Folder 5 of 6)
 

Field Photographs

Box 3, Folder 26

Ven-39 class, Spring 1967.

Scope and Content Note

Photograph.
Box 3, Folder 27

Ven-39 Slides, 1966-1968.

Box 3, Folder 28

Ven-39 Negatives, 1966.

Scope and Content Note

Negatives, photograph.
Photograph is a landscape of site; negatives are of artifacts.
Box 4

[Ven-39 Photographs], n.d.

Note

Will become 4N and 4P.
(Folder labeled by collator)
 

Field School

Box 1, Folder 22

An Analysis of Rock Features in California Archaeology, 1967.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
Box 1, Folder 24

Computer items, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Computer notes, Computer instructions, Outline.
Box 1, Folder 33

Computer Information, 1975.

Scope and Content Note

Computer instructions, Computer notes, Pocket Guide, Info Card.
Box 2, Folder 6

Seasonality Along the Santa Barbara Coast in Prehistoric Times: A Research Design, 1970.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
Box 2, Folder 7

Population Estimation Techniques, 1967.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
Box 2, Folder 8

A Report For Anthropology 135A, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript and correspondence re Archaeologists' approach to environment.
Box 2, Folder 12

Applications of Architectual Data to Problems in Prehistoric Archaeology: Cases From California, 1967.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper), Correspondence.
Box 2, Folder 18

Testing the Tripod/Boom System and How it relates to the Photographic Concepts, 1968.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
Box 2, Folder 20

Ven-39 Lab Procedures, 1967.

Scope and Content Note

Flow chart, Lab instructions.
Box 2, Folder 22

181 Field Notes, 1968.

Scope and Content Note

Equipment list, Class syllabus, Site record form, Excavation instructions, Final exam.
Box 2, Folder 28

Ven-39 Sampling Data, 1967-1969.

Scope and Content Note

Notes, Excavation List, Final exam.
Box 2, Folder 30

Ven-39 Talk, S.W.A.A., May 23, 1967.

Scope and Content Note

Conference paper re sampling techniques, Manuscript outline.

Note

Written by James Hill.
Box 2, Folder 36

Analysis of Rock Features from Ven-39, Report no.2 Robert Jurmain, 1970.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
Box 2, Folder 40

A list of the plants collected from a collected from a Chumash site near Thousand Oaks, California, with mention to those plants used by Indians in the past, 1970.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
 

Ethnography

Box 1, Folder 19

A Reconstruction of Chumash Socio-Cultural Organization, 1966.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
Box 1, Folder 21

A Study of Chumash Seasonality, 1970.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
Box 2, Folder 4

Models of settlement systems. Vita Tannenbaum Anthro[pology] 135A, 1970.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
Box 2, Folder 5

A Brief Survey of Chumash Burial Systems, 1966.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
Box 2, Folder 9

A Discussion of Mainland Chumash Features, 1966.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
Box 2, Folder 10

A Case for Chumash Seasonality, n.d.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
Box 2, Folder 11

Chumash Food Preparation: Expectations for Archaeology, 1969.

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript (student research paper).
 

[Digital Images]

 

Chumash Data Analysis

Box 5

Pits & Levels: chert, fused shale frequencies, Ventura County.

Physical Description: 28 × 210, paper, colored pencil and ink. Oversize.

Note

Complete title: Pits and Levels: chert, fused shale, quartzite, miscellaneous stone frequencies.
[Image unavailable]
Box 6

Color Coding Ven. 39, Ventura County.

Physical Description: 32 × 36cm., paper and pencil.

Note

Level coding; oversize.
Box 2

Ven-39 Excavated Grid Units, Spring '66-'69, Ventura County.

Creator/Collector: Judy Cohen
Physical Description: 22 × 28cm., paper.

Note

First page of two pages.
 

Chumash Field Notes

Box 4P

Excavation Units, Ventura County.

Physical Description: 11 × 13cm., gelatin silver print.

Note

Grid N5-W15, Feature 1.
Box 4P

Excavation Units, Ventura County, April-May 1967.

Physical Description: 11 × 13cm., gelatin silver print.

Note

Grid S26-W26, Feature 2.
Box 6

Site Area Map, Ventura County.

Physical Description: 45 × 60cm., paper and pencil. On graph paper, oversize.

Note

[Image unavailable]
 

Chumash Field Photographs

Box 2

Ven-39, Feature 1, W26 27, S 9 10, Ventura County.

Physical Description: 22 × 26cm., gelatin silver print.
Box 2

Plants collected at nearby Chumash Site, Ventura County.

Creator/Collector: Roberta Hill
Physical Description: 13 × 61cm. and 22 × 28cm., gelatin silver print.

Scope and Content Note

Panoramic photograph of Simi Hills; one selection of many photographs of plants.
Box 2

Flow Chart of Laboratory Procedure, Ventura County.

Physical Description: 22 × 28cm., paper.
 

Chumash Field School

Box 6

Final Map, Ventura County.

Creator/Collector: J. Hill (1960)
Physical Description: 49 × 62cm., paper and pencil. Oversize.

Note

Areas and years excavated.