Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Banyan Press archive
Date (inclusive): 1946-1986
6.0 linear feet
The Getty Research Institute
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles, California, 90049-1688
Small press founded in 1946 by Claude Fredericks. Archive comprises a complete set of the publications, primarily poetry,
and other printed matter from The Banyan Press and Claude Fredericks (1946-1986). Also includes related correspondence, manuscripts,
account books, and reviews.
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Language: Collection material is in
The Banyan Press was a small press founded in 1946 by Claude Fredericks and Milton Saul. In 1948 they moved their operation,
a single 10 inch by 14 inch Golding press, to Pawlet, Vermont. Most of the book design and press work was done by Fredericks.
Three or four items were designed by Saul, and one by Harry Prickett. Saul did most of the typesetting. All type was set by
hand except for one item, the introduction to The Poetry Center Presents (1947), which was printed from Linotype. After 1950
Fredericks ran the press alone under his own name, except for the period 1975-1978, when he was assisted by David Beeken.
Open for use by qualified researchers.
Banyan Press archive, 1946-1986, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 900230A.
Neil Hathaway processed the collection in 1994. It was further processed by Emmabeth Nanol in 2010.
Claude Fredericks papers, circa 1850-1988, bulk 1961-1988. Accession no. 900230B.
Claude Fredericks journal and letters, circa 1916-1988. Accession no. 900230C.
Scope and Content of Collection
The archive holds the complete set of 151 imprints from The Banyan Press and Claude Fredericks. Sixty-three imprints were
produced under Fredericks's name. Publications are primarily poetry and other items include broadsides, Christmas cards, stationery,
press announcements, and pamphlets.
Among the poets and other authors printed by the Press are John Berryman, Robert Duncan, Richard Eberhart, William Everson,
André Gide, Barbara Howes, Bernard Malamud, James Merrill, Thomas Merton, Charles Simic, Stephen Spender, and Gertrude Stein.
Reprints and translations include works by William Blake, Tristan Corbière, John Donne, Meister Eckhart, Francis of Assisi,
and Thomas Traherne. The Press occasionally printed books on commission from others, including from The Gotham Book Mart and
Private printing, especially for Christmas, stationery, announcements, invitations, and programs (for example for The Betty
Parsons Gallery and The Living Theatre) were common jobs under both imprints.
Included is related correspondence between Fredericks and writers (Eberhart, Howes, Marianne Moore, Edith and Osbert Sitwell,
Spender, Alice B. Toklas, Carl Van Vechten, among others), booksellers (Frances Steloff), librarians, bookbinders (Arno Werner),
stationers, and book reviewers. Overall, the correspondence offers a picture of the New York literary scene in the late 1940s.
The life of the Press is documented in limited business records (an account book, contracts, cancelled checks) as well as
reviews and articles about the Press, a long history of the Press by William Coakley and one by Barbara Cash as well as bibliographies
by J. D. Edelstein and others. Copies of other items designed but not printed by Fredericks are also present as well as 27
printer's typescripts and a limited number of galley proofs.
Arranged in six series:
Series I. Complete run of the press, 1946-1986;
Series II. Samples of publications designed by Fredericks, ca. 1962-1965;
Series III. Business records, 1946-1978;
Series IV. Material about the Press, ca. 1961-1985;
Series V. Printer's manuscripts, 1947-1950;
Series VI. Banyan Press correspondence, 1947-1952.
Subjects - Names
Subjects - Corporate Bodies
Betty Parsons Gallery
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
Gotham Book Mart
New York Public Library
Subjects - Topics
Book industries and trade--United States
Publishers and publishing--Vermont
Genres and Forms of Material
Berryman, John, 1914-1972
Cahoon, Herbert, 1918-2000
Duncan, Robert, 1919-1988
Eberhart, Richard, 1904-2005
Everson, William, 1912-1994
Gallup, Donald Clifford, 1913-2000
Merrill, James, 1926-1995
Moore, Marianne, 1887-1972
Simic, Charles, 1938-
Sitwell, Edith, Dame, 1887-1964
Sitwell, Osbert, 1892-1969
Spender, Stephen, 1909-1995
Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946
Steloff, Frances, b. 1887
Stevens, Wallace, 1879-1955
Toklas, Alice B.
Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964
Werner, Arno, 1899-1995