Administrative History of the Scripps College Architectural Drawings
Scope and Contents of the Records
Date (bulk): (bulk 1927-1971)
18 cubic feet
Claremont Colleges. Library.
Claremont, California 91711
This collection comprises
drawings, plans, renderings, and blueprints used in the construction of the
in Claremont, California. Materials include black images, as well as color paintings. The
collection includes plans for major campus buildings such as academic units, campus support
facilities, and student housing as well as plans for campus layout and infrastructure,
including landscaping, and utility systems. The collection covers the years 1927 to 2001,
with the bulk of the material ranging from 1927 to 1971.
Physical Location: Please consult repository.
Collection open for research.
All requests for permission to reproduce or to publish must be submitted in writing to Ella Strong Denison
[Identification of item], Scripps Architectural Drawings Collection. Ella Strong Denison Library, Scripps College,
Records in this collection were deposited by Scripps College as part of the Scripps
Preliminary arrangement by library staff. Processed by History Associates Incorporated,
No addition to the collection is anticipated.
Alternative Forms of Material Available
Digital collection available via The Claremont Colleges Digital Library:
Administrative History of the
Scripps College is frequently described as one of America’s most beautiful college
campuses. Scripps’ scenic 30-acre campus, listed in the National Register of Historic
Places, was designed by architect Gordon Kaufmann in collaboration with landscape architect
Edward Huntsman-Trout. The plan for Scripps campus was designed with the idea that there
would be an artistic connection between the buildings and its landscape. One such example is
the walkways that line the campus. Each walkway was designed to link walks and vistas to
architectural approaches. Examples of such walkways include: the vista between the entrance
to Balch Auditorium and the entrance to the President’s House, through a grassed lane shaded
by rows of American elms; the north-south axis of the campus, the orange tree-bordered walk
from the Oak Terrace above the Bowling Green to the door of Toll Hall, with the fountain
entrance to the Florence Rand Lang Art Building framed in the tree-formed vista from Toll
terrace; and the east-west crosswalk extending the width of the campus near the halls of
residence, focused on Dorsey Hall’s great window.
The general plan of the campus, the four residence halls, the Memorial Garden, and the Art
Building were designed in 1926 by architect Gordon Kaufmann of Los Angeles. Kauffman was a
leading architect during the 1920s. Sumner Hunt, also of Los Angeles, was the architect
chosen - in the late 1920s - by Mr. and Mrs. Allan C. Balch to design Balch Hall, which
houses the academic interests of the College. The newer buildings on campus, which were
acquired in the 1980s-1990s, have diverged from the Mediterranean style of architecture
popular in the 1920s-1930s. However, the newest buildings - Gabrielle Jungels-Winkler Hall,
completed in 2000, and the Malott Commons, renovated in 2000 – have been designed to be in
harmony with the distinctive look of the original campus.
The landscape architect for the entire campus was Edward Huntsman-Trout of Hollywood.
Huntsman-Trout was a well-known landscape architect in Southern California between 1920 and
the early 1970’s, and was a prominent designer of both residential estates and larger
non-residential commissions. One of the most representative examples of Huntsman-Trout’s
style is Scripps College. Scripps College features one and two story Spanish Colonial
Revival buildings placed on rectilinear, interlocking axes. The plan is highly complex. The
open spaces are enhanced by the addition of intimate courtyards and slight changes of level.
Two major axes make up the scheme; the east-west axis of the auditorium; and the art
building facing north toward the bowling green and Toll Hall. These axes together make the
structural backbone of the plan. They give it strength and stability to contrast with the
free form of trees and other plants. Huntsman-Trout placed many rare shrubs and trees on the
campus, including liquidambar, American elms, tulip trees, almond trees, and a variety of
sycamores. Garden grounds are frequent throughout.
Coats, Bruce A. Guide to the Scripps College Campus: In Celebration of the Seventy-Fifth
Anniversary of the Founding of Scripps College. Scripps College, Claremont, California, 2002
||Architect Gordon Kaufmann along with landscape architect Edward Huntsman-Trout,
designs a general campus plan featuring four residence halls to be built the first four
consecutive years of the College.
||Eleanor Joy Toll Hall is the first residence hall constructed and opens as the
first building in the Gordon Kaufmann plan.
||In fall, Grace Scripps Clark Hall is completed.
||Janet Jacks Balch Hall, designed by architect Sumner Hunt of Los Angeles, is
completed in fall and becomes the primary academic facility.
||In fall Ellen Browning Residence Hall is completed.
||In fall, Susan Miller Dorsey Hall is ready for occupancy.
||Ella Strong Denison Library is dedicated.
||Alumnae Park is dedicated to the honorary alumnae from the early years of the
college before there was a true alumnae association.
||The swimming pool and the first units of the field house are completed.
||Architect Gordon Kaufmann designs the Margaret Fowler Garden, an enclosed, European
medieval-style cloister garden for the east side of the campus to accompany the
||Music Building, designed by Smith and Williams, opens.
||In fall, Mary Kimberly Residence Hall, designed by Criley and McDowell, opens to
students, and becomes the fifth residence hall on the campus.
||Two new residence halls are built on the east side of campus: Frankel and Routt
Halls. Originally conceived as a single facility with three wings by architects Criley
||Dorothy Drake Wing of Denison Library opens.
||The four-story Harry and Grace Steele Hall and later-named Lang Art Studios are
designed by Caudill Rowlett Scott of Houston in the brutalist style of concrete
construction popular in Europe during the 1960s.
||Bette Cree Edwards Humanities Building opens to serve as the principal classroom
facility for the campus and the interdisciplinary Humanities Program.
||In October, the Millard Sheets Art Center is dedicated in honor of longtime
Professor of Art Millard Sheets, who was important in establishing the Art Departments
at Scripps and the Claremont Graduate School
||February 14, Elizabeth Hubert Malott Commons opens as the central dining facility
for the campus.
||In fall, Gabrielle Jungels-Winkler Hall, designed by architects Backen, Arrigoni
& Ross (BAR), opens to students.
||The Ellen Browning Scripps Reading Room is added to Denison Library.
||The new Scripps pool is completed and open for business.
||In fall, the Performing Arts Center opens, which is an expansion and renovation of
Garrison Theater with the addition of practice rooms, music classrooms, faculty offices,
the Nancy Hart Glanville Music Library, and the Mary Lou and George Boone Recital
Scope and Contents of the Records
This collection comprises
drawings, plans, renderings, and blueprints used in
the construction of the
in Claremont, California. Materials include black
images, as well as color paintings. The collection includes plans for major campus buildings
such as academic units, campus support facilities, and student housing as well as plans for
campus layout and infrastructure, including landscaping, and utility systems. The collection
covers the years 1927 to 2001, with the bulk of the material ranging from 1927 to 1971.
The largest series in the collection consists of sketches, drawings, and blueprints of the
residence halls built for Scripps College between 1927 and 2000. Including Ellen Browning
Hall, Grace Scripps Clark Hall, Susan Miller Dorsey Hall, Gabrielle Jungels-Winkler Hall,
Routt-Frankel Hall, and Mary Kimberly Hall. The next largest series is comprised of
sketches, drawings, and blueprints of the Ella Strong Denison Library building, which was
College in 1930, and dedicated on February 13, 1931.
documenting Scripps campus gardens and grounds, including the main
entrance, various walkways, the Bowling Green, and the Fowler Memorial Garden were organized
into series 10 entitled gardens and grounds. General plans for the campus are located in
series 11, campus maps and plans.
Miscellaneous items are in series 12, miscellaneous architectural drawings. This series
consists of blueprints, drawings, paintings, and plans of various buildings located on
Scripps campus. Facilities include Malott Commons, Revelle House, and the Print Shop (1965).
The collection is organized into twelve series:
- Series 1: Denison Library (Ella Strong Denison Library), 1920-1966
- Series 2: Residence Halls, 1927-2001
- Series 3: Toll Hall (Eleanor Joy Toll Hall), 1927-1994
- Series 4: Balch Hall (Janet Jacks Balch Hall), 1928-1980
- Series 5: Garrison Theatre, 1964
- Series 6: Pattison Music Building, 1958-1971
- Series 7: Richardson Dance Studio (Beatrice R. Richardson Dance Studio), 1932-1935
- Series 8: Humanities Building (Bette Cree Edwards Humanities Building), 1967-1987
- Series 9: Lang Art Building (Florence Rand Lang Art Studios), 1935-1981
- Series 10: Gardens and Grounds, 1927-1935
- Series 11: Campus Maps and Plans, 1928-2001
- Series 12: Miscellaneous Architectural Drawings, 1931-1998
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the
library's online public access catalog.
(Claremont, Calif.)--Archival resources.
Genres and Forms of Materials: