Finding Aid for the Ann Quiggins Tiller papers on Juarez Távora, 1922-1980

Processed by Molly Ball in the Center for Primary Research and Training (CFPRT), with assistance from Kelley Wolfe Bachli, 2008; machine-readable finding aid created by Caroline Cubé.
UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections
Manuscripts Division
Room A1713, Charles E. Young Research Library
Box 951575
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1575
Email: spec-coll@library.ucla.edu
URL: http://www.library.ucla.edu/libraries/special/scweb/
© 2009
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.


Descriptive Summary

Title: Ann Quiggins Tiller papers on Juarez Távora
Date (inclusive): 1922-1980
Collection number: 1400
Creator: Tiller, Ann Quiggins
Extent: 5 document boxes (2.5 linear feet)
Abstract: Marechal Juarez Távora (1898-1975) was one of Brazil's most popular military and political figures from 1922-1967. The collection contains Dr. Ann Tiller's research and collection of documents, letters and related materials that provide particular insight into Távora's actions, thoughts and opinions on Brazil's Tenente Revolt, the Aliança Liberal and the 1930 Brazilian Revolution, the early administration of Getúlio Vargas, the 1955 Presidential campaign and the military coup in 1964. Tiller's research was being used for a political biography on Távora, which was never completed due to her untimely death in 1981. Some specific items of interest include a twenty-six page autobiography Távora wrote in 1955, a comic book portrayal of his life from 1955, and a letter written in March 1975 where he outlines his chief actions and attitudes between 1922 and 1967.
Language: Finding aid is written in English.
Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.

Administrative Information

Restrictions on Access

COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Open for research. Advance notice required for access. Contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.

Restrictions on Use and Reproduction

Property rights to the physical object belong to the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

Provenance/Source of Acquisition

Gift of E. Bradford Burns, 1985.

Processing Note

Processed by Molly Ball in the Center for Primary Research and Training (CFPRT), with assistance from Kelley Wolfe Bachli, 2008.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ann Quiggins Tiller papers on Juarez Távora (Collection Number 1400). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA.

Biography

Marechal Juarez Távora (1898-1975) was one of Brazil's most popular military and political figures from 1922-1967. By the time of his death his storied military and political career included participation in many of modern Brazil's historical developments. As a young officer, he acted alongside Luis Carlos Prestes as a leader of the Tenente Revolts and marched in the Columna Prestes. In Brazil's 1930 Revolution he was a military leader of the Aliança Liberal, leading Paraíba against the Old Republic and helping to institute Getúlio Vargas as provisional President of Brazil. After a brief stint as Minister of Transportation in 1930, he served as the Delegado Federal do Norte before being appointed Minister of Agriculture in Vargas's Cabinet from 1932 to 1934. Juarez then returned to military service, but once again entered the political realm in 1955 when he ran as the Christian Democrat's candidate for President against Juscelino Kubistchek. He served as a representative in Brazil's Congress from 1962 until 1964, when Juarez left his term to become Minister of Transportation and Public Works in Castelo Branco's new Cabinet after the 1964 military coup. He served in this capacity until 1967.
As early as 1961, he met Ann Quiggins Tiller (1921-1981), a M.A. student at the University of Houston. She completed her degree in 1963 with her thesis entitled "Anatomy of a Revolution-Brasil 1930," which used Juarez as a primary source. She remained in contact with Juarez, his wife Nair and his family over a span of twenty years while she expanded her research to write a political biography of the storied Marechal Juarez Távora. When Tiller died of a sudden illness in 1981, her documents, articles, files and letters related to her research on Juarez were sent to Bradford Burns, professor of history at UCLA, who then donated the materials to UCLA's Department of Special Collections in 1985.

Scope and Content

The collection contains Dr. Ann Tiller's research and collection of documents related to one of Brazil's most popular military and political figures from 1922 to 1967, Marechal Juarez Távora. The collection includes many photocopies of documents and articles from Juarez Távora's personal archive (now housed at the Fundação Getulio Vargas), personal correspondence between Marechal Juarez Távora and his wife Nair and Ann Tiller and her husband Frank from 1961 to 1981, and a series of research questions generated on note cards by Tiller and answered in writing by Juarez. These documents, letters and related materials provide particular insight into the actions, thoughts and opinions of an important military leader on key events and groups in twentieth century Brazilian history. Juarez sums up his opinions in a letter he writes in March 1975 where he outlines his chief actions and attitudes between 1922 and 1967.
The collection contains materials on Brazil's Tenente Revolt, the Aliança Liberal, the 1930 Revolution, the early administration of President Getulio Vargas, the 1955 Presidential campaign and the 1964 military coup. Documents throughout the period from Juarez often advocate reform, but also employ anti-Communisty rhetoric. Items related to the Tenente Revolt in 1922 and 1924 include photocopied letters and journal articles detailing Juarez's escapes from imprisonment and revolutionary activities as a leader of the Aliança Liberal in Brazil's northeast in the late 1920's. Several question and answer note cards also address these activities. Materials from the 1930s address Liberal Revolutionary Organizations like the Legião de Outubro, underdevelopment in the northeast, ideological differences between Juarez and Luis Carlos Prestes and criticism of Getúlio Vargas. Notable items include a series of letters between Juarez and Vargas and question and answer notecards specifically addressing Juarez's opinions of Vargas, roles in Vargas's Cabinet, and disapproval of the authoritarian Estado Novo Vargas implemented in 1937.
A substantial part of the collection is related to the 1955 Presidential race, where Juarez, the Christian Democrat's nominee, ran against future President Juscelino Kubitschek. Campaign materials include a comic book depiction of Távora's life and several photographs. The collection also contains a twenty-six page unpublished autobiography Távora wrote in 1955. Materials addressing the immediate period after the official election are mostly photocopies and reveal Távora's criticism of General Lott's actions and Kubitschek's inauguration. The period between 1960 and 1967 includes newspapers, journals and photocopied letters and documents depicting the political atmosphere in both Brazil and the United States after the resignation of Jânio Quadros and the economic and political uncertainty that ensued. Notable items include records of Juarez's Congressional speeches and votes from 1962-1964 as a representative for the Christian Democrats, and more importantly, personal letters and answers to Tiller's questions regarding the 1964 military coup and the subsequent regimes of Castelo Branco, Costa e Silva and Médici. Unrelated to Juarez's career, Tiller's letters also reveal obstacles facing women in academia in the 1960s and 1970s. In her correspondence she laments on her struggle to become a respected academic while maintaining her role as a wife and mother.

Organization and Arrangement

The papers are arranged in 2 series, with the second series being further arranged into five subseries based on Tiller's original organization.
  • 1. Correspondence, 1961-1980
  • 2. Research Materials, 1922-1980
    • 2.1. Questions and Answers with General Juarez Távora, 1967-1973
    • 2.2. Research notes from Ann Tiller, 1963 and 1967-1968
    • 2.3. Chronological Research Files, 1922-1971
    • 2.4. Subject Files, 1930-1933, 1955, and 1960-1980
    • 2.5. Published books, 1930, 1955, and ca. 1970

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

Tiller, Ann Quiggins --Archives.
Távora, Juarez, 1898-1975 --Archival resources.
Brazil. President (1930-1945 : Vargas) --Archival resources.
Historians --United States --Archival resources.
Politicians --Brazil --Archival resources.
Brazil --Armed Forces --Political activity --Archival resources.
Brazil --Politics and government --1889-1930 --Archival resources.
Brazil --Politics and government --20th century --Archival resources.


Container List

 

1. Correspondence 1961-1980

Scope and Content Note

Personal and professional letters Tiller received from Juarez and Nair Távora. Also includes drafts of letters Ann Tiller sent to the Távora's, photographs, and a file of correspondence between A. Tiller and John W.F. Dulles.
Box 1, Folder 1

Correspondence between Ann and Frank Tiller and Nair and Marechal Juarez Távora

Scope and Content Note

Most letters are personal in nature, referring to family (often of the three Távora children who were living in the Unite States: Octavio, Carlos and Flavio), vacations and visits. Some letters do reference Ann Tiller's research process, particularly one from August 15, 1968. Letters between Nair and Ann are more intimate in nature. Correspondence spans the 1964 coup occurring in March 31, 1964, with a letter from Nair on April 14, 1964 speaking of "the new President who deserves all our confidence and respect." Letter from December 15, 1964 from Nair indicates to Ann that her "source of information will always be open to [Ann]."
Box 1, Folder 2

Correspondence between Ann and Frank Tiller and Nair and Marechal Juarez Távora

Scope and Content Note

Photo copy of letter from April 23, 1975 from Ann to Juarez about her conference paper also mentions how she desired to get her PhD before, but was restricted because no Houston schools offered PhD programs. Includes a draft of Ann's letter to Nair dated August 23, 1975 regarding Juarez's death. Includes a distributed copy of the speech given by Senator Luiz Viana in the Brazilian Senate on August 27, 1975 in honor of Marechal Távora.
Box 1, Folder 3

Photographs of Marechal Juarez Távora with Ann Tiller

Scope and Content Note

Includes: negative of Távora 1955 Presidential campaign photo; negative poster of Távora; color photo of Távora and wife Nair ca. 1973; negative and 8×10 photo of Nair, Távora and Ann Tiller ca. 1973; 2 negatives and 3 photos of Távora portrait in full dress; negative and 8×10 photo of Nair, Távora, Ann and two children and one woman ca. 1973; 8×10 photo of Ann with Távora photo and newspaper copy 1972 March 23; negative and two photos of Távora, Ann and unknown individual ca. 1973
Box 1, Folder 4

Correspondence to Ann Tiller from Dr. John W.F. "Jack" Dulles

Scope and Content Note

Much of the content of the letters is academic recommendations from Dulles to Till regarding her research. Letter from November 18, 1964 includes a copy of a piece Dulles published November 3, 1964 in support of the Castelo Branco regime.
Box 1, Folder 5

Correspondence to Ann Tiller from Marechal Juarez Távora

Scope and Content Note

A response to Tiller from Távora that includes a schedule of Távora's chief actions and attitudes between 1922 and 1967 that could be characterized as influencing contemporary Brazil (1975).
 

2. Research Materials 1922-1980

Scope and Content Note

Documents, articles and related materials compiled by Ann Tiller on the political and military life of Marechal Juarez Távora for a political biography of the Marechal.
 

2.1 Questions and Answers with General Juarez Tavora 1967-1973

Scope and Content Note

Ann Tiller's questions answered by Juarez Távora relative to his military and political career.
Box 1, Folder 6

Unanswered questions from short biography 1967-1973

Box 1, Folder 7

Tiller questions and Marechal Juarez Távora answers 1967-1973

Scope and Content Note

Contains four distinct sets of questions. 1) Questions from the "short biography" regarding Távora's revolutionary activities in northern Brazil and Paraíba state during the 1930 Revolution, including descriptions of Távora's escapes from Ilha das Cobras in January 1927 and from Fortaleza de Santa Cruz on February 23, 1930. 2) Questions from July 20, 1967 regarding Távora's roles and opinions from Vargas's installation as President in 1930 through Vargas's Estado Novo of 1937. Answers highlight when and why Távora began to oppose Vargas's Estado Novo and elucidates why Távora left his posts as Minister of Transportation and public works and as Minister of Agriculture. 3) Questions from August 15, 1968 cover a range of Távora's life from participation in the Columna Prestes though 1937. Answers 13 and 15 again highlight the dissension between Távora and Vargas. 4) Questions from July 22, 1968 regarding Távora's thoughts on Hygino Cunha's 'Os Revolucionarios do sul atraves dos sertões nordestinos do brasil." For the most part, answers to these questions refer to taped answers, which are not included in the collection.
Box 1, Folder 8

Tiller questions and Marechal Távora answers 1967-1973

Scope and Content Note

Three sets of questions and as well as copies of documents related to answers sent by Marechal Juarez Távora, including his voting records as a deputado from 1962-1964 coup. 1) Questions pertaining to 'How Brazil Stopped Communism' by Araken Távora. 2) Questions pertaining to the Tenente Orientation. 3) Twenty-five questions and twenty- eight answers covering from Brazil's 1945 Presidential campaign up to the military coup. Answers discuss Távora's 1955 Presidential candidacy for the Partido Democrata Cristão; voter fraud; Távora's return to active military service after 1955 and subsequent movement to the reserves; Távora's opposition to General Lott's actions in ensuring Kubitschek's Presidency and as Minister of War under Kubitschek; Távora's election and service as a deputado of Guanabara in 1962 for the Partido Democrata Cristão.
Box 1, Folder 9

Tiller questions and Marechal Juarez Távora answers 1967-1973

Scope and Content Note

Questions relating to the 1964 military coup in Brazil and concerning Juarez Távora's unpublished work, "Missão Cumprida," presumably written in 1967, now available at the Fundação Getulio Vargas in the Juarez Távora collection. Folder includes a copy of Missão Cumprida which has some of Ann Tiller's handwritten notes.
Box 1, Folder 10

Tiller questions and Marechal Juarez Távora answers 1967-1973

Scope and Content Note

Answers from July 20, 1970 contain no questions and cover a wide range of topics. Answer two justifies the 1964 Revolution as democratic in the face of financial insolvency and the threat of a union dictatorship. Answer three addresses the Aliança Liberal in 1929. Answers four and five discuss expulsion and forced retirement under the military regime. A second set of questions from July 5, 1971, pertains to the Legion of October and Peter Flynn's 'The Revolutionary Legion and the Brazilian Revolution of 1930.'
Box 1, Folder 11

Tiller questions and Marechal Juaréz Távora answers 1967-1973

Scope and Content Note

Távora's answer written in 1972, but sent on August 9, 1973. Questions stem from Tiller's reading of Alfred Stepan III's paper "The Military in Politics." Answers include information on the succession to Costa e Silva's Presidency, Távora's opinion of who represents the most liberal approach to maintaining some democratic form during the dictatorship, and his opinion on who would make a good next president.
 

2.2 Research notes from Ann Tiller 1963, 1967-1968

Scope and Content Note

Ann Tiller's outlines and research logs of archival work completed.
Box 2, Folder 1

Undated research notes 1963, 1967-1968

Scope and Content Note

Contains preliminary questions Ann Tiller wanted to ask Távora, some notes from Távora indicating specific newspaper clippings to Ann as well as some Portuguese vocabulary
Box 2, Folder 2

National Archive research notes on Diplomatic Records 1930-1942 1963, 1967-1968

Scope and Content Note

Notes from the US National Archives contains I, includes notecards that Tiller divided into five sets. The first contains notes from boxes 5802 and 59. The second, notes from boxes 5807/2 and 5809. The third has no listed box, but listed folders. The fourth contains a checklist of boxes requested. The fifth, notes from boxes 58, 5809 and unlabeled boxes as well as a letter from the archive approving her notes.
Box 2, Folder 3

Távora archives research notes 1963, 1967-1968

Scope and Content Note

In general, lists newspaper clippings of interest to Tiller and photocopies she made in Távora's personal archive (now available at the Fundação Getúlio Vargas). Provides minimal insight into how she interpreted key events.
Box 2, Folder 4

Research notes 1963, 1967-1968

Scope and Content Note

Short research log from work done in Rio da Janeiro in July 1970 and notes of the Clube 3 de Outubro.
Box 2, Folder 5

Anatomy of a Revolution outline 1963, 1967-1968

Scope and Content Note

A preliminary outline of Ann Tiller's Master's thesis entitled "Anatomy of a Revolution--Brazil 1930." Also includes overheads of several documents that Ann originally included in the folder.
 

2.3 Chronological Research Files 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Articles and documents related to Marechal Juarez Távora's military and political career. Many items come from Juarez Távora's personal archive and are labeled "Távora papers."
Box 2, Folder 6

Távora papers general index 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Photo copy of Távora's indexing system through drawer, "gaveta," 12 and hand-written index of drawers 13-17. Tiller's research organization is chronological; however, she often notes the original drawer and folder "pasta" that articles come from. An important photo copy because Távora papers are now housed at the Fundação Getulio Vargas and folder
Box 2, Folder 7

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Photo copies of two unsigned descriptions of involvement in the July 5th, 1922 Revolution from the Távora papers folder entitled "Documents about enemies"
Box 2, Folder 8

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Copy of the points of Távora's defense argued in 1924.
Box 2, Folder 9

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Photo copies of two articles from Távora's personal files related to tenete revolutionary activities.
Box 2, Folder 10

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Contains photo copies of letters to Deputado João Luiz Ferreira and Dr. Baptista Luzardo.
Box 2, Folder 11

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Personal notes attached to O Jornal article "Definindo Responsabilidades."
Box 2, Folder 12

Távora papers pre-Revolution planning 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Includes packet of "Documentos para a história da revolução de 1930." Copy of letter from Juarez Távora to Luis Carlos Prestes asking Prestes not to publish his manifesto. Távora repeatedly refers to "OUR" revolution, pointing out the individual nature of Prestes' actions. This letter reveals that although Távora believes the small farm a positive feature and latifundias a negative one, he does not think that Brazil can change by leaps, but gradually.
Box 2, Folder 13

Távora papers 1930 October revolution 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Contains a photo copy of sheet music for a "Hymn to Juarez Távora."
Box 2, Folder 14

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence with Vargas under the provisional government when Juarez Távora was in northern Brazil as the "Delegado Federal do Norte" includes Távora's policy recommendations and observations about northern Brazil.
Box 2, Folder 15

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Includes propaganda booklet in support of Távora. Correspondence to Vargas. Copy of Távora's, as the Delegado Federal do Norte, report to Vargas on the situation/status in Brazil's northern states. He reports on financial, economic and administrative areas stating that the Old Republic left Brazil's northern states in disarray and that the first year and a half under Vargas have not improved the northern states much. An index to the report appears on the last page.
Box 2, Folder 16

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

A selection of letters from January to February 1933 regarding the liberal party and factions within the Clube 3 de Outubro. Also contains letters about the Clube 3 de Outubro after the São Paulo Constitutionalist revolt in 1932.
Box 2, Folder 17

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Includes documents related to Távora's post as the Minister of Agriculture between 1932 and 1934.
Box 2, Folder 18

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Copy of Távora's letter to the reader criticizing the article "Vozes do passado" appearing in the diario Carioca on September 13, 1935.
Box 2, Folder 19

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Copy of article from Távora's personal archive about the Social Democrat political party.
Box 2, Folder 20

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Official and photo copy of Juarez Távora's keynote address for the Escola de Estado Maior do Exercito given on December 24, 1938. Speech elucidates main policies goals in the twentieth century and gives the role of the military in reaching those goals.
Box 2, Folder 21

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Photo copy of a report from Juarez Távora's personal archive.
Box 2, Folder 22

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Article in honor of Távora from the Clube Cearense's official publication (single sheet).
Box 2, Folder 23

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Newspaper publications of two Távora speeches and an article in honor of the General.
Box 3, Folder 1

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Folder contains photo copy of speech to the Assembléia do Clube Militar; correspondence between Juarez Távora and the Minister of War where Távora is critical of raising the minimum wage for just one group and of the "Memorial dos Coronéis;" correspondence with Carlos Lacerda about the Clube da Lanterna; copy of a letter sent to Vargas asking for his resignation two days before his suicide. Other items cover Vargas' suicide, Luis Carlos Prestes in Brazil.
Box 3, Folder 2

Távora papers election materials 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Includes a comic book depicting Távora's life and other materials related to his election: accepting candidacy, regarding controversy over his candidacy, etc.
Box 3, Folder 3

Távora papers post-election and novembres movement 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Includes an unpublished draft of a letter from Juarez Távora charging election fraud and copies of official documents related to the November 11, 1955 "coup" led by General Lott that resulted in guaranteeing Kubitschek's Presidency.
Box 3, Folder 4

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Contains various documents and reports relating to Juarez Távora's actions during the November "coups."
Box 3, Folder 5

Unlabeled source 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Most newspaper and letter copies relate to Juarez Távora's discontent with the what he considers the "political-military crisis" that began in November 1955 with Kubitschek's election. Other materials document revolutionary activities, including a manifest of the Frente Militar Revolucionário accompanied by a denouncement of the Clube da Lanterna.
Box 3, Folder 6

Unlabeled source 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Copy of article addresses Távora's opinion on Petrobras. Copy of a letter advocates forming a governor alliance to prevent the spread of communism.
Box 3, Folder 7

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten copy of part of speeches by Juarez Távora and Juracy Magalhães, given at the banquet for Juarez Távora.
Box 3, Folder 8

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Nineteen page synthesis and duplicate of ideas presented by Juarez Távora during the Semana Franco-Brasileiro in Paris (June 25-27, 1962). Speech notes highlight the theoretical structure of Brazil's political institutions and the shortcomings. Notes conclude by offering suggestions for correcting institutional faults.
Box 3, Folder 9

Câmara dos Deputados 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Covers Juarez Távora's term as representative for the PDC (Christian Democrats). Contains Távora's note from meetings as well as copy of legislation number 1.091- 1963 where President João Goulart asks for a temporary "estado do sítio" (state of emergency) to be declared in Brazil.
Box 3, Folder 10

Câmara dos Deputados 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Typed copies of speeches given by Távora in the Câmara including his first speech, one commemorating assassinated JFK, and one reiterating the PDC (Christian Democrats) party line. Multiple published copies of Távora's speeches appearing the daily Diario do Congresso Nacional related to agrarian reform, family salary, against the October "estado do sítio," equal opportunity and backing new President Castelo Branco. Also includes an announcement of his leaving the Câmara.
Box 3, Folder 11

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Contains an official statement from Juarez Távora of his level of participation in the 1964 coup. He was not a part of the meetings that took place on April 4, he was present at a meeting the night of April 5 where he suggested General Castelo Branco be the next President and advocated for military rule longer than ninety days.
Box 3, Folder 12

Various newspapers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Newspaper articles pertaining to the Castelo Branco regime and the imminent transition to the Costa e Silva regime. Articles from The Houston Post also discuss Kubistchek's speaking tour in the United States and Carlos Lacerda's outspoken influence in Brazil in the Americas column. Also contains a copy of Ten-cel Luciano Salgado Campos' March 31, 1966 speech regarding the 1964 coup and its political, economic and military consequences.
Box 3, Folder 13

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Newspaper clippings including an interview by Maruício Caminha de Lacerda with questions related to the 1964 Revolution, Távora's stance on Petrobras, the Tenente revolt, and the 1930 Revolution.
Box 3, Folder 14

Unlabeled source 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Contains mainly newspaper clippings. One article, "A Crise do Tenetismo" by Hélio Silva where Juarez Távora is portrayed as embodying 'tenetismo.' Also contains Távora's typescript reflection on Luis Carlos Prestes. He refers to Prestes's tremendous intellectual capacity as well as Távora's disapproval of Prestes's communist ideology.
Box 3, Folder 15

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Photo copies of articles written by Távora from his personal archive.
Box 3, Folder 16

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Article about Juarez Távora and about the revolutionary activities in Rio Grande do Sul in 1932.
Box 3, Folder 17

Távora papers 1922-1971

Scope and Content Note

Undated photo copies of items originally in Távora's personal archive.
 

2.4 Subject Files 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Articles and documents related to key subjects or individuals in Marechal Juarez Távora's military and political career.
Box 3, Folder 18

Artur da Costa e Silva administration 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Two sets of newspaper sheets with several government policy related articles.
Box 3, Folder 19

Brazilian Crisis 1964 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Contains a speech by Ann Tiller, handwritten on notecards describing the political atmosphere leading up to the 1964 coup and detailing the coup's events. Also has labeled newspaper clippings from Texas newspaper sources regarding the coup in Brazil.
Box 4, Folder 1

Jânio Quadros 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Copy of a Realidade publication from November 1967 with an extensive article related to Jânio Quadros and the reasons behind his leaving the Presidency in 1967. Attached is a letter from Frank Tiller to his wife Ann Tiller regarding the article. Contains two personal sent to Quadros regarding visits and potential teaching positions in Houston. Newspaper clippings mainly from US sources regarding Jânio Quadros' Presidency compose the majority of the folder.
Box 4, Folder 2

Jânio Quadros 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Brazilian newspaper clippings discussing Jânio Quadros's outspoken criticism of the government, his confinement in Corumbá, Carlos Lacerda's reaction to his confinement and Quadros' imminent exile.
Box 4, Folder 3

Raimundo Moniz de Aragão 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Typescript letter to Frank Tiller from Raimundo Moniz de Aragão (Minister of Education from June to October 1966 Castelo Branco) regarding his and General Augusto Cezar Moniz de Aragão's participation in the 1964 Revolution and 'election' of Castelo Branco.
Box 4, Folder 4

Death of Castelo Branco 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Newspaper articles covering the plane crash that killed General Castelo Branco and subsequent articles on the General. Also contains three notecards from Ann Tiller relating to the 1964 coup.
Box 4, Folder 5

Critique of Helio Silva's "A Crise do Tenentismo" 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Typed and handwritten copy of Juarez Távora's critique of Helio Silva's book "A Crise do Tenentismo" (published in 1968). Tiller's notes refer back to an article by Helio Silva printed in 1968.
Box 4, Folder 6

Távora papers, Correspondence with Vargas 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Copies of letters to Getúlio Vargas from Juarez Távora from the Arquivo Getúlio Vargas. Letters address Távora's renouncing the post of Minister of Transportation in 1930 and the post of Delegado Federal do Norte in 1932, the political situation in the northeast, and the advantage of military politicians in the northeast.
Box 4, Folder 7

National Archive documents 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Three documents from US government officials: 1) Report on the political situation in Pernambuco after the October Revolution; 2) Letter from the US Ambassador to Brazil; and 3) Report on Juarez Távora from military Attaché Lester Baker.
Box 4, Folder 8

Távora papers, 1930 Revolutionary plans in the north 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Contains copy of an interview related to Mirócem Navarro's role in the 1930 Revolution. Also has copies of letters sent to officers in northern Brazil regarding the organization of a revolution in 1930. Other letters address the role of Carlos Prestes in the Revolution.
Box 4, Folder 9

1930 Revolution 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Includes a magazine titled "A Revolução Nacional: Documentos para História," which details the 1930 Revolution by major states involved as well as the subsequent government of Getúlio Vargas. Printed record of the ideological break between Luis Carlos Prestes and Juarez Távora. Two official memento military photos of Juarez Távora. Also contains a map of the Columna Prestes.
Box 4, Folder 10

Távora papers, Revolutionary organizations 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Contains documents related the Legião de Outubro (also known as the Legião Revolucionária), a Liberal revolutionary organization founded in 1931 to eradicate holdovers from the Old Republic and institute the revolutionary ideals of the 1930 Revolution. Documents include the following: a manifesto; list of state representatives; structure of national organization and several related documents; and a critique by Castro Afilhado of the national structure implemented by the Legião de Outubro and of the New Republic;
Box 4, Folder 11

Távora papers, Revolutionary organizations 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

An index of most documents begins the folder, which contains documents on, but not limited to, the following organizations and movements: the Clube 3 de Outubro, the Congresso Revolucionario, the Integralists, and the União Cívica Nacional. Documents on the Clube 3 de Outubro, a military organization dedicated to sustaining the provisional Vargas government and its principles founded in 1931, include a letter to Távora regarding his placement as delegado in the north, a letter sent to the Congresso Revolucionário, a copy of a speech given to the Bahia club by Juarez Távora, and articles relating to José América's break with the organization. Documents on Integralists, a fascist and nationalist movement that received Vargas' support an eventually targeted Communism, include a 1933 manifesto. Documents on the Congresso Revolucionário, resulting from the unification of several revolutionary groups, include items that discuss unification, the articles of the November 1932 constitution, an overview of a session related to union organization and corporatism. Other documents include notes by Távora on representing classes and nationalizing fleets and waterfalls.
Box 4, Folder 12

Emilio Garrastazu Médici 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Newspaper selections that contain articles related to the Presidency of General Médici in Brazil. Articles are published at the beginning of his Presidency and focus his Constitutional changes, ARENA and cabinet members. Some related articles address the death of Carlos Marighela, leader of an opposition to the military dictatorship, Nixon's speech announcing a new plan for the Americas going beyond the Alliance for Progress, the constitution for Guanabara state, and Salazar's successor, Marcelo Caetano, in the Portuguese dictatorship.
Box 4, Folder 13

Articles profiling General Juarez Távora and Eduardo Gomes. 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Folder includes a magazine publication from The Moral Re-armament (MRA), an international religious movement, from 1961. Távora asks for individual level revolutions to achieve a final, socially and economically revolution. Folder also contains newspaper articles in honor of or that give significant recognition to the contributions of Juarez Távora and Eduardo Gomes. Gomes was the last surviving tenente of the 1922 revolt.
Box 4, Folder 14

Diary of a Revolution 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

For the fifty year anniversary of the 1930 Revolution, O Globo, a newspaper in Brazil, published a series called "Diário de uma Revolução" that recounted the daily events of the revolution in October, 1930.
Box 4, Folder 15

General Juarez Távora autobiography and biography 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Typescript 1955 autobiography by Juarez Távora with some of his handwritten edits. Three page biographical sketch of Juarez Távora, signed by Távora on April 30, 1965.
Box 4, Folder 16

Unfiled 1930-1933, 1955, 1960-1980

Scope and Content Note

Several unfiled newspaper articles. Of note is a special edition of the Jornal do Brasil for the 25 year anniversary of the Estado Novo. Other articles cover João Pessoa and Juarez Távora's opinion on the Transamazónica highway.
 

2.5 Published books 1930, 1955, ca. 1970

Scope and Content Note

Books or drafts related to Juarez Távora collected or photocopied by Ann Tiller.
Box 5, Folder 1

Duas Vozes 1930, 1955, ca. 1970

Scope and Content Note

Original booklet that compares Sampaio Correia and Juarez Távora as a way to see the transition from Brazil's Old Republic to the Vargas era. Correia is depicted as a moral engineer-professor while Távora's actions in the 1930 Revolution are seen as "immoral."
Box 5, Folder 2

A Revolução de 30 em Serra Negra 1930, 1955, ca. 1970

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of a published book by R. Nonato regarding 1930 Revolutionary activity in Rio Grande do Norte.
Box 5, Folder 3

8 do Outubro 1930, 1955, ca. 1970

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of a book on 1930 Revolutionary activity in Maranhão as well as the political environment leading up to the revolution.
Box 5, Folder 4

Uma Vida e Muitas Lutas general index 1930, 1955, ca. 1970

Scope and Content Note

Photo copy of a hand-written general index for Marechal Juarez Távora's memoirs. The memoirs were eventually published in three volumes.
Box 5, Folder 5

Uma Vida e Muitas Lutas volume 1 part 1 1930, 1955, ca. 1970

Scope and Content Note

Photo copy of draft of Juarez Távora's memoirs, entitled Uma Vida e Muitas Lutas.
Box 5, Folder 6

Uma Vida e Muitas Lutas volume 1 part 2 1930, 1955, ca. 1970

Scope and Content Note

Photo copy of draft of Juarez Távora's memoirs, entitled Uma Vida e Muitas Lutas.
Box 5, Folder 7

Uma Vida e Muitas Lutas volume 1 part 3 1930, 1955, ca. 1970

Scope and Content Note

Photo copy of draft of Juarez Távora's memoirs, entitled Uma Vida e Muitas Lutas. Includes two pages of handwritten corrections dated July 12, 1971, to the manuscript.