Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Finding Aid for the Ann Quiggins Tiller papers on Juarez Távora, 1922-1980
1400  
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (94.30 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content
  • Organization and Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Ann Quiggins Tiller papers on Juarez Távora
    Date (inclusive): 1922-1980
    Collection number: 1400
    Creator: Tiller, Ann Quiggins
    Extent: 5 document boxes (2.5 linear feet)
    Abstract: Marechal Juarez Távora (1898-1975) was one of Brazil's most popular military and political figures from 1922-1967. The collection contains Dr. Ann Tiller's research and collection of documents, letters and related materials that provide particular insight into Távora's actions, thoughts and opinions on Brazil's Tenente Revolt, the Aliança Liberal and the 1930 Brazilian Revolution, the early administration of Getúlio Vargas, the 1955 Presidential campaign and the military coup in 1964. Tiller's research was being used for a political biography on Távora, which was never completed due to her untimely death in 1981. Some specific items of interest include a twenty-six page autobiography Távora wrote in 1955, a comic book portrayal of his life from 1955, and a letter written in March 1975 where he outlines his chief actions and attitudes between 1922 and 1967.
    Language: Finding aid is written in English.
    Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
    Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
    Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.

    Administrative Information

    Restrictions on Access

    COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Open for research. Advance notice required for access. Contact the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections Reference Desk for paging information.

    Restrictions on Use and Reproduction

    Property rights to the physical object belong to the UCLA Library, Department of Special Collections. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

    Provenance/Source of Acquisition

    Gift of E. Bradford Burns, 1985.

    Processing Note

    Processed by Molly Ball in the Center for Primary Research and Training (CFPRT), with assistance from Kelley Wolfe Bachli, 2008.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Ann Quiggins Tiller papers on Juarez Távora (Collection Number 1400). Department of Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA.

    Biography

    Marechal Juarez Távora (1898-1975) was one of Brazil's most popular military and political figures from 1922-1967. By the time of his death his storied military and political career included participation in many of modern Brazil's historical developments. As a young officer, he acted alongside Luis Carlos Prestes as a leader of the Tenente Revolts and marched in the Columna Prestes. In Brazil's 1930 Revolution he was a military leader of the Aliança Liberal, leading Paraíba against the Old Republic and helping to institute Getúlio Vargas as provisional President of Brazil. After a brief stint as Minister of Transportation in 1930, he served as the Delegado Federal do Norte before being appointed Minister of Agriculture in Vargas's Cabinet from 1932 to 1934. Juarez then returned to military service, but once again entered the political realm in 1955 when he ran as the Christian Democrat's candidate for President against Juscelino Kubistchek. He served as a representative in Brazil's Congress from 1962 until 1964, when Juarez left his term to become Minister of Transportation and Public Works in Castelo Branco's new Cabinet after the 1964 military coup. He served in this capacity until 1967.
    As early as 1961, he met Ann Quiggins Tiller (1921-1981), a M.A. student at the University of Houston. She completed her degree in 1963 with her thesis entitled "Anatomy of a Revolution-Brasil 1930," which used Juarez as a primary source. She remained in contact with Juarez, his wife Nair and his family over a span of twenty years while she expanded her research to write a political biography of the storied Marechal Juarez Távora. When Tiller died of a sudden illness in 1981, her documents, articles, files and letters related to her research on Juarez were sent to Bradford Burns, professor of history at UCLA, who then donated the materials to UCLA's Department of Special Collections in 1985.

    Scope and Content

    The collection contains Dr. Ann Tiller's research and collection of documents related to one of Brazil's most popular military and political figures from 1922 to 1967, Marechal Juarez Távora. The collection includes many photocopies of documents and articles from Juarez Távora's personal archive (now housed at the Fundação Getulio Vargas), personal correspondence between Marechal Juarez Távora and his wife Nair and Ann Tiller and her husband Frank from 1961 to 1981, and a series of research questions generated on note cards by Tiller and answered in writing by Juarez. These documents, letters and related materials provide particular insight into the actions, thoughts and opinions of an important military leader on key events and groups in twentieth century Brazilian history. Juarez sums up his opinions in a letter he writes in March 1975 where he outlines his chief actions and attitudes between 1922 and 1967.
    The collection contains materials on Brazil's Tenente Revolt, the Aliança Liberal, the 1930 Revolution, the early administration of President Getulio Vargas, the 1955 Presidential campaign and the 1964 military coup. Documents throughout the period from Juarez often advocate reform, but also employ anti-Communisty rhetoric. Items related to the Tenente Revolt in 1922 and 1924 include photocopied letters and journal articles detailing Juarez's escapes from imprisonment and revolutionary activities as a leader of the Aliança Liberal in Brazil's northeast in the late 1920's. Several question and answer note cards also address these activities. Materials from the 1930s address Liberal Revolutionary Organizations like the Legião de Outubro, underdevelopment in the northeast, ideological differences between Juarez and Luis Carlos Prestes and criticism of Getúlio Vargas. Notable items include a series of letters between Juarez and Vargas and question and answer notecards specifically addressing Juarez's opinions of Vargas, roles in Vargas's Cabinet, and disapproval of the authoritarian Estado Novo Vargas implemented in 1937.
    A substantial part of the collection is related to the 1955 Presidential race, where Juarez, the Christian Democrat's nominee, ran against future President Juscelino Kubitschek. Campaign materials include a comic book depiction of Távora's life and several photographs. The collection also contains a twenty-six page unpublished autobiography Távora wrote in 1955. Materials addressing the immediate period after the official election are mostly photocopies and reveal Távora's criticism of General Lott's actions and Kubitschek's inauguration. The period between 1960 and 1967 includes newspapers, journals and photocopied letters and documents depicting the political atmosphere in both Brazil and the United States after the resignation of Jânio Quadros and the economic and political uncertainty that ensued. Notable items include records of Juarez's Congressional speeches and votes from 1962-1964 as a representative for the Christian Democrats, and more importantly, personal letters and answers to Tiller's questions regarding the 1964 military coup and the subsequent regimes of Castelo Branco, Costa e Silva and Médici. Unrelated to Juarez's career, Tiller's letters also reveal obstacles facing women in academia in the 1960s and 1970s. In her correspondence she laments on her struggle to become a respected academic while maintaining her role as a wife and mother.

    Organization and Arrangement

    The papers are arranged in 2 series, with the second series being further arranged into five subseries based on Tiller's original organization.
    • 1. Correspondence, 1961-1980
    • 2. Research Materials, 1922-1980
      • 2.1. Questions and Answers with General Juarez Távora, 1967-1973
      • 2.2. Research notes from Ann Tiller, 1963 and 1967-1968
      • 2.3. Chronological Research Files, 1922-1971
      • 2.4. Subject Files, 1930-1933, 1955, and 1960-1980
      • 2.5. Published books, 1930, 1955, and ca. 1970

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

    Subjects

    Tiller, Ann Quiggins --Archives.
    Távora, Juarez, 1898-1975 --Archival resources.
    Brazil. President (1930-1945 : Vargas) --Archival resources.
    Historians --United States --Archival resources.
    Politicians --Brazil --Archival resources.
    Brazil --Armed Forces --Political activity --Archival resources.
    Brazil --Politics and government --1889-1930 --Archival resources.
    Brazil --Politics and government --20th century --Archival resources.