The scientific and personal correspondence, organizational and government files, technical and teaching notes, writings and
talks, civic and social action files, biographical and family papers, and a small collection of audiovisual material of Murray
Gell-Mann (b. 1929) form the collection known as the Murray Gell-Mann Papers in the Archives of the California Institute of
Technology (Caltech). Professor at Caltech beginning 1955, Gell-Mann won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1969 for his work on
the theory of elementary particles. Gell-Mann is a founder of the Santa Fe Institute and writes on complex adaptive systems.
He became emeritus from Caltech in 1993.
Murray Gell-Mann was born on September 15, 1929, in New York City, the second son of Arthur Isidore Gell-Mann and Pauline,
née Reichstein. The hyphenation of the family surname was introduced by Arthur from the traditional Gellmann used by his forebears
in the place of his birth, the province of Galicia then part of Austria-Hungary (today Ukraine). The details concerning the
unusual name spelling are told by George Johnson in his biography of Murray Gell-Mann, Strange Beauty: Murray Gell-Mann and the Revolution in Twentieth-Century Physics (New York, 1999). Although the family heritage was Jewish, neither Arthur Gell-Mann nor his son Murray practiced any formal
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