Elsworth Buskirk. Physiology and Performance of Track Athletes Experiment Materials

Mandeville Special Collections Library
Mandeville Special Collections Library
The UCSD Libraries
9500 Gilman Drive
University of California, San Diego
La Jolla, California 92093-0175
Phone: (858) 534-2533
Fax: (858) 534-5950
URL: http://orpheus.ucsd.edu/speccoll/
Copyright 2005
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.


Descriptive Summary

Creator: Buskirk, Elsworth
Title: Elsworth Buskirk. Physiology and Performance of Track Athletes Experiment Materials,
Date (inclusive): 1963 - 1966
Extent: 0.40 linear feet (1 archives box)
Abstract: Research materials of Elsworth R. Buskirk, American physiologist, related to his high altitude research project, "Physiology and Performance of Track Athletes at Various Altitudes in the United States and Peru." In 1965, Buskirk along with Paul Baker, J. Kollias, E. Picon-Reatigue, R. Akers, and E. Prokop studied the physiological effects of altitude on the athletic performance of a cohort of six male collegiate track athletes. Several physiological parameters for each athlete were recorded at five different locations and altitudes including: Nunoa, Peru (13,000 feet); Mount Evans, Colorado (14,200 feet); Adams State College, Alamosa, Colorado (7,500 feet); the National Jewish Hospital, Denver, Colorado (5,200 feet); and the Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania (900 feet). Buskirk's project was one among many studies conducted in the early 1960s which examined athletic perfomance at high altitudes with particular interest in the training of US athletes for the 1968 Olympic Games scheduled in Mexico City. Materials include correspondence, research materials, and miscellaneous records related to Buskirk's high altitute physiology experiments. Notably, the papers include correspondence with Bruno Balke and L.G.C.E. Pugh, leading figures in the field of high altitude physiology and medicine. The papers are arranged in two series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE and 2) RESEARCH MATERIALS.
Repository: University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
La Jolla, California 92093-0175
Collection number: MSS 0581
Language of Material: Collection materials in English

Access

Collection is open for research.

Acquisition Information

Not Available

Preferred Citation

Elsworth Buskirk. Physiology and Performance of Track Athletes Experiment Materials, MSS 0581. Mandeville Special Collections Library, UCSD.

Publication Rights

Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.

Biography

Elsworth R. Buskirk was born on August 11, 1929. He received a B.A. in biology and physical education from St. Olaf College, a master's degree in physical education from the University of Minnesota, and, in 1954, a Ph.D. in physiology, also from the University of Minnesota. After completing his Ph.D., Buskirk worked as chief of the Environmental Physiology Section at the Quartermaster Research and Development Center in Natick, Massachusetts. From 1957 to 1963, he held the position of research physiologist at the National Institutes of Health, and, in 1963, he became a faculty member in the Department of Physiology at the Pennsylvania State University.
Throughout his career, Buskirk did research in many different areas of applied physiology and human nutrition including a brief period in which he studied the physiological effects of high altitude on athletes. In 1965, Buskirk, J. Kollias, E. Picon-Reatigue, R. Akers, E. Prokop, and Paul Baker conducted their study, "Physiology and Performance of Track Athletes at Various Altitudes in the United States and Peru." Buskirk's work along with several related concurrent research projects on the physiological effects of altitude flourished because of increased interest in applying high altitude studies to aerospace medicine in the 1950s and 1960s, and because of growing concern about the training to give US athletes to prepare them for the 1968 Olympic Games scheduled in Mexico City.
Buskirk and his associates hypothesized that hypoxia and training of track athletes at high altitudes would improve running performance and maximal oxygen uptake upon return to lower altitudes. To test this hypothesis, they studied the athletic performance and physiology of six male collegiate track athletes from the Pennyslvania State University at various locations and altitudes including: Nunoa, Peru 13,000 feet); Mount Evans, Colorado (14,200 feet); Adams State College, Alamosa, Colorado (7,500 feet); the National Jewish Hospital, Denver, Colorado (5,200 feet); and the Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania (900 feet). At these various locations, Buskirk and his associates tested athletic performance through time trials of running events and through measuring the time of sustained bicycle riding. They also tracked the following physiological parameters: hematocrit, hemoglobin, plasma and blood volume, total body water, ventilation, maximal oxygen uptake, maximal heart rate, oxygen pulse, and oxygen debt. In discussing their results, Buskirk and his associates found that training at high altitude "had no deleterious effects on subsequent performance at lower altitudes." They also noted that "there is also the suggestion that certain runners may perform in a superior fashion following return from altitude for reasons that are not clear." They presented the results of this work in March of 1966 at the International Symposium on the Effects of Altitude on Physical Performance, co-sponsored by the United States Olympic Committee, the Lovelace Foundation for Medical Education and Research, and the University of New Mexico.
Elsworth R. Buskirk is a member of several professional and scholarly associations and is currently an emeritus professor of applied physiology and human nutrition at the Pennsylvania State University.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Physiology and Performance of Track Athletes Experiment Materials of Elsworth R. Buskirk contain documents related to the 1965 high altitude research project conducted by the American physiologist. Materials include correspondence, research materials, and miscellaneous records related to Buskirk's research in Peru and the mountains of Colorado. The papers are arranged in two series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE and 2) RESEARCH MATERIALS.
SERIES 1: CORRESPONDENCE
The CORRESPONDENCE series, arranged alphabetically, contains correspondence with colleagues and others regarding his high altitude physiology research conducted in Peru and Colorado. Notably, this series includes correspondence with the high-altitude medicine and physiology researchers, Bruno Balke and L. G. C. E. Pugh.
SERIES 2: RESEARCH MATERIALS
The RESEARCH MATERIALS series, arranged alphabetically, include a laboratory notebook, a photocopy of an article describing the research, travel documents and official records, information on food and laboratory equipment used, information on the research subjects, protocols, a map of Peru, and other miscellaneous materials.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

Subjects

Buskirk, Elsworth -- Archives
Altitude, Influence of
Sports -- Physiological aspects

Contributors

Balke, Bruno, -- Correspondent
Pugh, L.G.C.E., -- Correspondent
Mazess, Richard B., -- Correspondent


Collection Contents

 

CORRESPONDENCE

box 1, folder 1

A to Z Miscellaneous 1963 - 1966

box 1, folder 2

Balke, Bruno 1964 - 1966

box 1, folder 3

Favour, C. B. 1964 - 1966

box 1, folder 4

Mazess, Richard B. 1965 - 1966

box 1, folder 5

Picon-Reategui, E. 1964 - 1966

box 1, folder 6

Pugh, L. G. C. E. 1963

 

RESEARCH MATERIALS

box 1, folder 7

Agreement to Conduct Joint Research on Highland Peruvian Populations 1965

box 1, folder 8

Buskirk, E. R., et. al. "Physiology and Performance of Track Athletes at Various Altitudes in the United..." 1966

Note

Photocopy.
box 1, folder 9

Continuation of Study Entitled Physical Conditioning, Altitude Acclimatization and Performance Capacity... 1966

box 1, folder 10

Food information 1966

Note

Correspondence, food supply lists, and food products information.
box 1, folder 11

Laboratory equipment and supplies lists 1965

box 1, folder 12

Laboratory Reports 1966

box 1, folder 13, oversize FB36014

Mapa del Peru - Oversize 1964

box 1, folder 14

Notebook 1965

Note

Notebook has correspondence and writings by Buskirk attached.
box 1, folder 15

Press release 1964

Note

Contains biographical information on Buskirk and information on high altitude physiology research.
box 1, folder 16

Protocols 1966

box 1, folder 17

Travel documents 1965

Note

Correspondence and notes.