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Inventory of the A. Piatt Andrew papers
2006C26  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Collection Summary

    Title: A. Piatt Andrew papers
    Dates: 1832-1950
    Collection Number: 2006C26
    Creator: Andrew, A. Piatt (Abram Piatt)
    Collection Size: 49 manuscript boxes, 11 oversize boxes (33.4 linear feet linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: The A. Piatt Andrew papers provide a record of the life and work of a prominent American who achieved distinction in a number of fields in the first part of the 20th century. Andrew taught economics at Harvard before being appointed to government office, first as Director of the United States Mint and then as Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. Leaving the Treasury Department, he then acted on his own initiative as the founder and director of the American Field Service, a volunteer ambulance corps that operated with the French army on the battlefields of Europe during World War I. Following service in the United States Army, Andrew was elected to Congress in 1921 and remained a representative from Massachusetts until his death in 1936. All phases of his career in public service are documented in the papers.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: English

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], A. Piatt Andrew papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2006.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at http://library.stanford.edu/webcat . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    1873 Born, La Porte, Indiana
    1893 Bachelor of Arts, Princeton College
    1900 Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard University
    1900-1909 Instructor and assistant professor of economics, Harvard University
    1909-1910 Director, United States Mint
    1910-1912 Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Treasury
    1914-1917 Organizes and directs the American Field Service, a volunteer ambulance corps serving in France
    1917 Commissioned as major, United States Army
    1917 Awarded the Légion d'Honneur and Croix de Guerre by the French government
    1918 Promoted to lieutenant colonel, United States Army
    1921-1936 Member, United States House of Representatives
    1936 Died

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The A. Piatt Andrew papers provide a record of the life and work of a prominent American who achieved distinction in a number of fields in the first part of the 20th century. Andrew taught economics at Harvard before being appointed to government office, first as Director of the United States Mint and then as Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. Leaving the Treasury Department, he then acted on his own initiative as the founder and director of the American Field Service, a volunteer ambulance corps that operated with the French army on the battlefields of Europe during World War I. Following service in the United States Army, Andrew was elected to Congress in 1921 and remained a representative from Massachusetts until his death in 1936. All phases of his career in public service are documented in the papers.
    The Correspondence series in the papers reflects the wide compass of Andrew's professional and personal relationships. There are exchanges of letters with important political figures-among these, Henry Cabot Lodge, Calvin Coolidge, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson, and Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt-as well as academics such as the philosopher William James and the economist Frank William Taussig. There is extensive correspondence with Boston socialite and art collector Isabella Stuart Gardner, and with Andrew's friend and fellow American Field Service volunteer, Henry Davis Sleeper. The series also includes a large quantity of correspondence with members of Andrew's family, including his sister, Helen Andrew Patch, and parents, Abram P. and Helen M. Andrew. These span the time from Andrew's early years as a student in private schools until his later career as a politician, and provide insight into family life and education in this period. They also chart the social progress of a banker's son from Indiana who became part of New England's cultural and political establishment.
    The Speeches and Writings series contains a considerable number of articles and addresses concerning banking and currency issues, as well as many speeches made during the course of his political career. These include numerous campaign speeches, often to Republican audiences, and many talks to veterans at American Legion meetings and Memorial Day gatherings.
    For the most part, the remainder of the collection is organized chronologically, according to the various stages of Andrew's public career. The Treasury Department file series is comprised of materials pertaining to Andrew's service as Director of the United States Mint and as Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. The Political campaign file series contains correspondence and other documents relating to Andrew's first, unsuccessful campaign for Congress. The American Field Service file series contains correspondence and other documents relating to Andrew's time as head of the volunteer ambulance corps in France. It also includes materials from the American Field Service's postwar activities in providing scholarships for American and French students.
    The large Congressional file series has an extensive amount of routine correspondence, organized chronologically, as well as a subject file encompassing Andrew's major legislative concerns during his time in Congress. These include the issue of Allied war debts after World War I, especially as they pertained to France, whose debt burden Andrew, a confirmed Francophile, sought to ease, and Prohibition, whose repeal was a goal that Andrew endorsed. The fishing industry, of great importance to Andrew's constituents, and immigration are other topics covered in the subject file.
    Additionally, the papers contain separate materials pertaining to the Andrew family without reference to A. Piatt Andrew. The Andrew family materials series includes correspondence relating to A. Piatt Andrew's grandfather, Abram Piatt Andrew, Jr., and his father, Abram Piatt Andrew III. There is also correspondence relating to his sister, Helen Andrew Patch, as well as documents pertaining to her involvement in civil defense efforts during World War II and her activities on behalf of the Wendell Willkie presidential campaign in 1940.
    There are a large number of scrapbooks in the Oversize materials series. These contain clippings that detail Andrew's experiences in the Treasury Department, his time in France with the American Field Service, and his subsequent Congressional career.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    American Field Service.
    United States. Congress. House.
    United States. Dept. of the Treasury.
    Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )
    Finance, Public--United States.
    World War, 1914-1918--United States.
    World War, 1914-1918--Medical care.
    United States--Politics and government--1901-1953.
    Massachusetts--Politics and government--1865-1950.