INVENTORY OF THE COUNT CARLO ZANARDI LANDI COLLECTION, 1907-1929

Finding aid prepared by Michele Anderson
California State University, Dominguez Hills
Archives & Special Collections
University Library, Room G-145
1000 E. Victoria Street
Carson, California 90747
Phone: (310) 243-3895
URL: http://www.csudh.edu/archives/csudh/index.html
©2009


Descriptive Summary

Title: Count Carlo Zanardi Landi Collection
Dates: 1907-1929
Date (bulk): bulk 1917-1927
Collection Number: "Consult repository."
Creator: Landi, Carlo, b. 1872
Extent: 2 boxes 1 linear foot
Repository: California State University, Dominguez Hills Archives and Special Collections
Archives & Special Collection
University Library, Room G-145
1000 E. Victoria Street
Carson, California 90747
Phone: (310) 243-3013
URL: http://www.csudh.edu/archives/csudh/index.html
Abstract: Records of Count Carlo Zanardi Landi (1907-1929), Marine Superintendent of the Ocean Salvage Company Limited. Included in the collection are handwritten letters; typed correspondence; photographs; telegrams; newspaper clippings; memorandums; bills and invoices; a Dutch pamphlet regarding new diver apparatus, and blank hotel stationary. The correspondence is primarily regarding steamship salvage business after World War I, including the management of crews, the purchase of ships and supplies, and the status of salvage operations. Personal letters from Count Landi’s adopted children, Tonio and Elissa Landi, are also included.
Language: Collection material is predominantly in English, with additional material in Italian, French, and Dutch.

Administration Information

Access

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Preferred Citation

[Title of item], COUNT CARLO ZANARDI LANDI COLLECTION, Courtesy of the Department of Archives and Special Collections. University Library. California State University, Dominguez Hills

Acquisition Information

The records in this collection were acquired through a donation from Jennifer Cady, daughter of a former instructor at California State University Dominguez Hills.

Processing Information

Collection processed in March 2009 by Michele Anderson.

History

The Admiralty was a British authority that oversaw the functions of the Royal Navy. During and after World War I, the British Admiralty Salvage Section, as dictated by the Admiralty, was responsible for the salvaging of ships stranded at sea. Salvage duties included refloating, towing, pumping, dredging and repairing damage to ships. Some ships suffered major damage from torpedoes, while others only required to be patched, pumped or tugged to another location.
Count Carlo Zanardi Landi (1876-1953) was an Italian nobleman who worked as a Marine Superintendent for the Ocean Salvage Company Limited, a marine salvage company based in London. During World War I, Count Landi was commissioned by the British Admiralty Salvage Section to recover ships primarily stranded in the British Isles and the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Landi was responsible for organizing the crews on the salvage ships, such as divers, blacksmiths and carpenters, and ordering ship supplies. He also accompanied and managed crews traveling to various ports as dictated by the British Admiralty.
Landi was married to Countess Zanardi Landi, who claimed to be the secret daughter of Emperor Francis Joseph and Elizabeth of Austria and subsequently wrote the book “The Secret of an Empress”. Count Landi adopted his wife’s children, Tonio and Elissa, who was a film actress from the 1920’s to 1940’s.

Scope and Content

The Count Carlo Zanardi Landi Collection contains materials from 1907 to 1929. The bulk of the material stems from 1917 to 1927. The correspondence is primarily regarding steamship salvage business after World War I, including the management of crews, the purchase of ships and supplies, and the status of salvage operations. Subject matter in the collection include marine accidents; salvage vessels; steamboats; the Admiralty of Great Britain; historic ships, and salvage missions in the Black Sea, British Isles and Mediterranean Sea.
The collection contains handwritten letters; typed correspondence; newspaper clippings; memorandums; telegrams; bills and invoices; a journal titled “The Yachting World and Marine Motor Journal”; a Dutch pamphlet regarding new diver apparatus, and blank hotel stationary. The collection also includes 153 photographs of salvage steamers, salvaged ships, ship damage, crewmembers and miscellaneous images related to salvage work from 1907 to 1927.
One salvage steamer in particular, the Semper Paratus (translated in Latin, means “Always Ready”) is mentioned periodically in the correspondence and photographs. Damage done to the S.S. Novington and S.S. Oilfield in Great Britian; the S.S. Andonio D. Kydoniefs in Greece, and the S.S. Sebat, S.S. Lothar Bohlen, and S.S. Cleopatra in Turkey, among a few, are documented in the photograph collection. Many of the photographs were taken in areas of Turkey, including Istanbul (nee Constantinople), Gallipoli, and Karaburun in the Anatolia region.
Also included are typed and handwritten correspondence in Italian and French, as well as handwritten personal letters from Landi’s son Tonio Landi and daughter, actress Elissa Landi.

Arrangement

Indexing Terms

Subjects

Landi, Carlo, b. 1872
Admiralty--Great Britain
Great Britain. Royal Navy.
Salvage
Salvage--Great Britain
Salvage--Turkey
World War I
Black Sea
British Isles
Mediterranean Sea
Turkey
Gallipoli (Turkey)
Marine accidents
Maritime history (London, England)
Steam-navigation
Steamboats
Salvage vessels
Ships
Historic ships
Mediterranean Sea

Personal Names

Landi, Carlo, b. 1872
Landi, Elissa, 1904-1948


Container List

 

Series 1. Count Zanardi Landi Documents, 1917-1929

Physical Description: 18 folders

Scope and Content Note

This series includes correspondence to and from Count Carlo Zanardi Landi, telegrams, newspaper clippings, a copy of “The Yachting World and Marine Motor Journal”, a Dutch pamphlet about new diver apparatus, invoices, hotel stationary and miscellaneous handwritten notes.
Box 1, Folder 1:1

Ocean Salvage Company Limited, 1917-1918

Box 1, Folder 1:2

Correspondence regarding ship supplies, 1917-1923

Box 1, Folder 1:3

Correspondence in Italian/French, 1917-1927

Box 1, Folder 1:4

Correspondence to and from Count Zanardi Landi, 1917-1927

Box 1, Folder 1:5

Correspondence regarding the vessel “Buttercup”, 1921

Box 1, Folder 1:6

Marconigram and Telegrams, 1921-1927

Box 1, Folder 1:7

Dutch Pamphlet re: New Diver Apparatus, 1922, July 28

Box 1, Folder 1:8

Newspaper Clippings, ca. 1923?

Box 1, Folder 1:9

Miscellaneous Handwritten Notes, ca. 1923-1924?

Box 1, Folder 1:10

Correspondence – Captain W. Bourne, 1924, June

Box 1, Folder 1:11

Correspondence – Cecil F. Read, 1926-1927

Box 1, Folder 1:12

Correspondence – Cyril C. Pascoe, 1926-1927

Box 1, Folder 1:13

Invoices for Miscellaneous Purchases, 1926-1927

Box 1, Folder 1:14

Correspondence to H.A. Gottlieb, 1926, October to December

Box 1, Folder 1:15

Letters from Elissa Landi and Tonio Landi, 1927

Box 1, Folder 1:16

Correspondence - Adamson’s Limited, 1927

Box 1, Folder 1:17

“The Yachting World and Marine Motor Journal”, 1929, January 5

Box 1, Folder 1:18

Hotel George Washington Stationary, n.d.

 

Series 2. Photographs, 1907-1927

Physical Description: 153 photographs

Scope and Content Note

This series includes 153 photographs of salvage steamers, salvaged ships, ship damage, crewmembers and miscellaneous images related to salvage work from 1907 to 1927.
Box 2, Folder 2:1

Salvage Steamer “Warren Hastings”. Details about the ship are included on the back of the photograph, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:2

Two men near a propeller, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:3

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:4

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:5

Photographic postcard of a ship captain, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:6

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:7

Ship cannon, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:8

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:9

Damage on unknown ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:10

Damage on unknown ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:11

Photographic postcard of close-up view of damage on unknown ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:12

Side view of damage on unknown ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:13

Damage on unknown ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:14

Photographic postcard of unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:15

Unknown ship; men in lifeboat, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:16

Unknown man on damaged ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:17

Unknown ship and worker, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:18

Unknown steamship with iron cross emblems, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:19

Unknown ship and crewmembers, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:20

Three crewmembers on a ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:21

Photographic postcard of crewmembers on a lifeboat near S.S. Novington in Lerwick Shetland, 1918, January

Box 2, Folder 2:22

Torpedo damage inside S.S. Novington, ca. 1917-1918

Box 2, Folder 2:23

Island or land mass from the water, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:24

Unknown ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:25

Photographic postcard of an unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:26

Three unknown ships, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:27

Full view of a damaged ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:28

Close-up view of damaged portion of ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:29

S.S. Evangeline after being patched and taken from the Madona rocks, ca.1914-1922

Box 2, Folder 2:30

S.S. Evangeline on the rocks, ca.1914-1922

Box 2, Folder 2:31

Pumping of S.S. Evangeline, ca.1914-1922

Box 2, Folder 2:32

Unknown steamship on body of water, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:33

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:34

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:35

Crewmember overlooking the water, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:36

A ship captain, a crewmember and two other men on a ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:37

Duplicate of item #2.36, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:38

Unknown steamship , ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:39

Deck of a steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:40

Side view of ship with workers, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:41

Ship workers on deck, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:42

S.S. Waterville, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:43

Postcard of a damaged ship rolling to its side with a second ship and two lifeboats, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:44

Side view of ship with men in a lifeboat, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:45

Unknown ship on body of water, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:46

View of a damaged ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:47

Patching up of S.S. Newquay, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:48

British Merchant steamer S.S. Oilfield salved near Cape Wrath, Great Britain, 1918

Box 2, Folder 2:49

British Merchant S.S. Oilfield near Cape Wrath, Great Britain, 1918

Box 2, Folder 2:50

Unknown steamship worker, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:51

Four ships on body of water, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:52

Unknown steamships, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:53

Towing sailing ship from Malta to Genoa, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:54

Signed photographic postcard of a ship’s captain, taken by Parisian Studios in Liverpool, England, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:55

Steamship and crew, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:56

Crewmember, possibly taken in Skeena River, British Columbia, Canada, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:57

Three ships, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:58

Two steamships, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:59

Unknown man in a suit, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:60

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:61

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:62

Photographic postcard of tipped steamship with men in lifeboats, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:63

Lighthouse?, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:64

Damaged steamship sinking into water, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:65

Photographic postcard of S.S. Akudenis (?) with a view of a city in the background. Back of the postcard has writing in English and Asian characters, ca. 1927, March 21?

Box 2, Folder 2:66

Photographic postcard of S.S. Akudenis (?) with view of a city in the foreground. Back of the postcard has writing in English and Asian characters, ca. 1927, March 21?

Box 2, Folder 2:67

Photographic postcard of an unknown ship leaning to the left, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:68

Photographic postcard of the Semper Paratus dredging a ship. Writing on the back of the postcard is in Italian, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:69

Unknown ship, possibly in Alaska, from the view of the sea. Writing on the back of the postcard is in Italian, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:70

Ship stranded in Gallipoli, Turkey, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:71

S.S. Ville de Nice, stranded at Rabbit Island, Tenedos, Turkey September 21, 1924 and refloated September 26, 1924, 1924, September 26

Box 2, Folder 2:72

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:73

Six crewmembers on ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:74

Crew on lifeboat directly on side of steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:75

Crew on lifeboat away from the steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:76

Two steamships side by side, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:77

Two ships. Photograph stamped on the back with an official “Salvage Steamer Semper Paratus” seal with a sauvastika, 1926, February 6

Box 2, Folder 2:78

2.78 S.S. Andonio D. Kydoniefs ashore at Karabournou, Greece in the Black Sea. Stranded January 31, 1926; refloated February 6, 1926. Photograph stamped on the back with an official “Salvage Steamer Semper Paratus” seal with a sauvastika, 1926, February 6

Box 2, Folder 2:79

S.S. Andonio D. Kydoniefs ashore at Karabournou, Greece in the Black Sea. Photograph stamped on the back with an official “Salvage Steamer Semper Paratus” seal with a sauvastika, 1926, February 6

Box 2, Folder 2:80

Crewmember looking upon a steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:81

S.S. Sheref Iner (sp); Stranded and refloated by the S.S. Semper Paratus July 31, 1926, 1926, July 31

Box 2, Folder 2:82

S.S. Sheref Iner (sp); Stranded and refloated by the S.S. Semper Paratus July 31, 1926, 1926, July 31

Box 2, Folder 2:83

Unknown steamships, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:84

Unknown steamships, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:85

Unknown steamships, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:86

Towing of the Ottoman Navy ship Yavuz (ex Goeben, formerly of the Imperial German Navy) from Bebek Bay, Turkey by the S.S. Semper Paratus, 1924, July

Box 2, Folder 2:87

Unknown ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:88

Ottoman Navy ship Yavuz (ex Goeben, formerly of the Imperial German Navy), ca. 1924, July?

Box 2, Folder 2:89

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:90

S.S. Atone, stranded at Karaburun (?) October 16, 1918 and refloated by the Semper Paratus June 12, 1924, ca. 1924?

Box 2, Folder 2:91

S.S. Atone (?), ca. 1924?

Box 2, Folder 2:92

S.S. Sebat, stranded at Karaburun in Anatolia region of Turkey March 26, 1926 and refloated March 27, 1926, 1926

Box 2, Folder 2:93

S.S. Sebat, stranded near Karaburun in Anatolia region of Turkey in the Black Sea March 26, 1926 and refloated by the Semper Paratus March 27, 1926, 1926

Box 2, Folder 2:94

S.S. Sebat, stranded near Karaburun in Anatolia region of Turkey in the Black Sea March 26, 1926 and refloated by the Semper Paratus March 27, 1926, 1926

Box 2, Folder 2:95

Unknown ship tipped to the side, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:96

The harbor built by the Genoese in Gallipoli, Turkey, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:97

The 2nd inner harbor built by the Genoese in Gallipoli, Turkey, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:98

Two crewmembers on a small boat in front of the S.S. Lothar Bohlen, stranded in Gallipoli May 24, 1924 and refloated by the Semper Paratus May 29, 1924, 1924

Box 2, Folder 2:99

S.S. Lothar Bohlen, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:100

Unknown ship, photograph marked with the number “3” in pencil on the back, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:101

Unknown ship, photograph marked with the number “3” in pencil on the back, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:102

Unknown steamship tipped to the side, photograph marked with the number “3867” in pencil on the back, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:103

Unknown steamship tipped to the side, photograph marked with the number “3867” in pencil on the back, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:104

Unknown steamship tipped to the side, photograph marked with the number “3867” in pencil on the back, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:105

S.S. Falernian (?), stranded November 22, 1924 in the Black Sea and refloated and towed at Constantinople May 25, 1925, 1925

Box 2, Folder 2:106

Close-up image of damage done to a ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:107

Five men near a damaged ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:108

Top deck of a ship with three crewmembers, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:109

Unknown ship with crewmembers, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:110

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:111

Iron towing bollard on the S.S. Dalhousie, 1916

Box 2, Folder 2:112

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:113

S.S. Tayar (?) stranded at Sarmusak, Turkey June 18, 1924 and refloated by the S.S. Semper Paratus June 26, 1924, 1924

Box 2, Folder 2:114

Unknown ships, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:115

Top deck of a ship carrying lumber, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:116

Side of an unknown ship with crewmembers in a lifeboat, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:117

Side of an unknown ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:118

Collision of S.S. Cleopatra with S.S. Rita Handri in Constantinople June 6, 1926, 1926

Box 2, Folder 2:119

S.S. Cleopatra with three men in a small boat, 1926

Box 2, Folder 2:120

S.S. Cleopatra with a small boat to the side, 1926

Box 2, Folder 2:121

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:122

Two unknown ships. The ship in the foreground shows four crewmembers, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:123

Side of an unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:124

Large mosque in Gallipoli, Turkey where the dervishes danced, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:125

Unknown ship tipped to its side, with a horse and carriage in the background, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:126

2.126 Photographic postcard of a ship’s captain, taken at The Parisian Studios in Liverpool, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:127

Close-up image of damage done to a ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:128

Close-up image of crewmembers posing on damage done to a ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:129

Close-up image of damage done to a ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:130

Man posing behind a damaged part of a ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:131

Unknown ship with ten visible crewmembers, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:132

Two unknown ships with three crewmembers on the ship in the foreground, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:133

Unknown side view of a ship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:134

Island or land mass from the water, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:135

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:136

Unknown steamship, side view near land, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:137

Unknown steamship, side view near land, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:138

Unknown steamship, side view near land, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:139

Unknown steamship, side view near land, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:140

Unknown steamship, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:141

Unknown steamship, side view near land, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:142

Unknown steamship, side view near land, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:143

Unknown steamship, side view near land, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:144

Unknown steamship, side view near land, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:145

Unknown steamship, side view near land, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:146

Unknown steamship, side view near land, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:147

S.S. Valiant; copyright of photograph secured by Cox & King, naval architects in London ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:148

Seven crewmembers on a small boat, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:149

Unknown steamship, side view near land, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:150

S.S. Wellington at 5:00 p.m., with Dalhousie and Warren Hastings towing, 1907, September 6

Box 2, Folder 2:151

S.S. Maryathea (?); photograph taken by Kirk & Sons, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:152

Unknown steamship with iron cross emblems, ca. 1920’s?

Box 2, Folder 2:153

Water image, possibly torn from a previous photograph, ca. 1920's?