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Inventory of the M. Shu'ā'iyān writings
86063  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Collection Summary
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Collection Summary

    Title: M. Shu'ā'iyān writings,
    Dates: 1955-1979
    Collection Number: 86063
    Creator: Shu'ā'iyān, M. (Mustafá)
    Collection Size: 6 manuscript boxes (2.4 linear feet)
    Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
    Stanford, California 94305-6010
    Abstract: The writings of Iranian leftist, M. Shu'ā'iyān, consisting of manuscripts, typescripts, poetry, and notes, relate to political conditions in Iran, the Jangal movement, and the career of Iranian premier Mohammed Mossadeq. In addition to these materials are articles written by Shu'ā'iyān's comrades and a letter from Mosaddeq.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Languages: In Persian

    Administrative Information

    Access

    Collection is open for research.
    The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], M. Shu'a'iyan writings, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1986.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Biographical Note

    1936 Born, Tehran, Iran
    1950-1951 Joins Pan-Iranist Party; quits in 1951
    Late 1950s Joins study circle with former members of the Tudeh Party
    1962 Graduates from Tehran Technical Institute with engineering degree; turns down scholarship to work in U.S. to work as an elementary school teacher and, later, principal, in Kashan
    1962-1964 Meets Bijan Jazani, founder of the People's Sacrifice Guerrillas of Iran (Sāzmān-i Chirīk'hā-yi Fadā'ī-i Khalq-i Irān)
    1966-1968 Transfers to Tehran to teach history and social science at elementary school
    1968 Authors, "A Review of the Relations Between the Soviet Union and the Revolutionary Movement of the Jungle;" all copies are destroyed by the secret police before distribution
    1971 Quits teaching to pursue life as a revolutionary
    1972 Helps create the People's Democratic Front (Jabhah-i Dimukrātīk-i Khalq)
    May-June 1973 Joins People's Sacrifice Guerrillas after police raid the Democratic Front bomb-making headquarters
    1973-1976 Distributes writings to Fedā'i-i members
    4 February 1976 Dies after fight with police in the streets of Tehran; alternate accounts suggest that Shu'a'iyan committed suicide with a cyanide pill after being discovered by police; some works cite his death as occurring in 1975
    1976-1980 Shu'a'iyan's surviving works, including his open letters to the People's Sacrifice Guerrillas of Iran, are published, posthumously, in Europe

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The writings of Iranian leftist, M. Shu'ā'iyān, consisting of manuscripts, typescripts, poetry, and notes, relate to political conditions in Iran, the Jangal movement, and the career of Iranian premier Mohammed Mossadeq. In addition to these materials are articles written by Shu'ā'iyān's comrades and a letter from Mosaddeq.
    In describing this collection, the solar Hijri calendar date is used to more accurately reflect the original language of the materials, alongside the Gregorian calendar date.
    The writings that appear in the Drafts file reflect the early stages of Shu'ā'iyān's major works, including drafts of "Nigāhi beh ravābit-i Shurāvī va nahzat-i inqilābī-yi jangal" (A Review of the Relations Between the Soviet Union and the Revolutionary Movement of the Jungle) and "Pāsukh'hā-yi nasanjīdeh beh qadam'hā-yi sanjīdeh" (Injudicious Replies Against "Judicious Steps"). Although a few items are signed with Shu'ā'iyān's real name, the majority of works are attributed to one of his many pen names, which he used to escape capture by the Iranian secret police, SAVAK. These pen names include: Sorkh, Serteq, Yoldāsh, Rafīq, Doost, Tīmār, and Sarbāz. With the security of anonymity, Shu'ā'iyān's works were copied by individuals and distributed all over Iran.
    Shu'ā'iyān had a passion for Iranian history and political theory, likely honed during his time as a social studies teacher in the city of Kashan, the site of the murder of Mirza Taghi Khan (Amir Kabir) in 1852. Both in "Rushanfikr" and the Poetry file, one could see how much Shu'ā'iyān enjoyed theoretical reflection, analysis, and debate. These thoughts and exchanges also highlight how Shu'ā'iyān used his knowledge to escape capture while his comrades, in both the People's Democratic Front, and later the People's Sacrifice Guerrillas, were discovered, jailed, and tortured in great numbers.
    Writings by Others includes short articles by Shu'ā'iyān's comrades in the People's Sacrifice Guerrillas. Some of these articles discuss Shu'ā'iyān's work and legacy, even though Shu'ā'iyān's open letters to the Fedāi'i reflect a more tumultuous relationship between the two parties. The highlight of this series is a letter (photocopy) from Mosaddeq to Shu'ā'iyān regarding the political state in Iran and the work, "Nasl-i Javān va Jabhah-i Millī" ("The Young Generation and the National Front").
    In describing this collection, the solar Hijri calendar is used to more accurately reflect the original language of the materials, alongside the Gregorian calendar date.

    Arrangement

    The collection is organized into 4 series: Drafts file, Poetry file, Writings by Others, and Miscellany

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    Communism--Iran.
    Iran--History--20th century.
    Iran--Politics and government--1941-1979.
    Mossadeq, Mohammad, 1880-1967.