Register of the Andrzej Pomian Papers

Finding aid prepared by Nicholas Siekierski. Revised by Vishnu Jani.
Hoover Institution Archives
434 Galvez Mall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, 94305-6010
(650) 723-3563
archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 2009, 2014


Title: Andrzej Pomian papers
Date (inclusive): 1937-1973
Collection Number: 2009C45
Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material: In Polish and English.
Physical Description: 21 manuscript boxes, 1 oversize box, 1 oversize folder, 7 motion picture film reels (8.8 linear feet)
Abstract: The collection includes materials related to Poland, the Polish Underground, the Warsaw Uprising, Polish politics and government during and after World War II and Polish émigré affairs, in the form of correspondence, writings, reports, publications, notes, and clippings. Also available on microfilm (36 reels).
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Creator: Pomian, Andrzej

Access

Collection is open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Andrzej Pomian papers, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2009.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Alternate Forms Available

Also available on microfilm (36 reels).

Related Materials

Poland. Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych records, Hoover Institution Archives
Poland. Ministerstwo Informacji i Dokumentacji records, Hoover Institution Archives
Wolnosc i Niezawislosc miscellaneous records, Hoover Institution Archives

Biographical Note

Andrzej Pomian, who died in Washington, D.C., in 2008 at the age of ninety-seven, was a Polish émigré journalist and author who worked for many years for Radio Free Europe. During World War II, he was a ranking officer in the Information and Propaganda Bureau of Poland's clandestine Home Army, the largest underground organization in Nazi-occupied Europe. Extracted from Poland in April 1944 in one of the most spectacular air operations of the war, Pomian spent the next ten years with the Polish government in exile in London before moving to the United States.
Andrzej Pomian, the name he assumed during the war, was born Bohdan Salacinski in 1911 in a Polish village in Podolia, the part of western Ukraine absorbed by the Soviet Union in 1920. Escaping the Soviets, the family moved to Warsaw, where Bohdan was educated, receiving his law degree from the University of Warsaw in 1932 and remaining at the university as an assistant professor. From the beginning of the German occupation, Pomian was involved in underground work. He taught law in an underground university and worked in various units of the resistance, eventually becoming a director of the Information and Propaganda Bureau, which coordinated the underground intelligence and publication work of the Home Army and controlled underground radio programming, as well as photographic and film documentation units. The Bureau's "Action N" section published documents in German aimed at weakening the morale of the German army and colonists in Poland. In general, the Home Army was involved in sabotage, self-defense, and retaliation activities against the Germans. It also provided key service to the Allies in the area of intelligence, monitoring troop movements in the east, and the development of German secret V-1 and V-2 rockets. The primary purpose of the Home Army, however, was to prepare for the anticipated German military collapse and the liberation of the country. After the Allied landing in Italy and the westward advance of the Red Army, a great national uprising, focused in Warsaw, was planned for the second half of 1944.
In connection with this plan, the Home Army and underground civilian authorities delegated several officers, including Pomian, to report to the Polish and British authorities in London on the progress of the preparations. Such contacts were usually carried out by coded radio transmissions or solitary couriers or emissaries. There were regular night flights from England or southern Italy to drop supplies and people into occupied Poland. A new joint Polish-Special Operations Executive operation, Wildhorn I, including actual landing and return flight, was undertaken in the evening of April 15, 1944. A Douglas Dakota, unarmed but equipped with eight additional fuel tanks, left its base near Brindisi in southern Italy. It flew over the Balkans and the Carpathian Mountains into Poland, to a stubble field near the city of Lublin, southeast of Warsaw. The field was marked out by bonfires and secured by several forest companies of the Home Army. Agents and bags of U.S. dollars were unloaded, and Pomian and his colleagues boarded the Dakota, barely avoiding the intense and bloody firefight that erupted between the Home Army units and the pursuing Wehrmacht columns. The return flight via Brindisi and Gibraltar brought Pomian to England twenty-four hours later.
Pomian followed the tragic epilogue of the war in Poland from distant London. During his ten years there, Pomian continued working for the Polish government in exile, coordinating contacts and organizing financial support for the anticommunist underground and Home Army veterans. He moved to the U.S. in 1955.

Biographical Chronology

1911 January 2 Born, Bohdan Salacinski in Czarny Ostrów, in present-day Ukraine
1920 Evacuates to Poland with his family after the Polish-Russian War
1930s Studies law at Warsaw University and works in the municipal solicitor general's office
1940s Practices law and lectures in an underground university after the German occupation of Poland. He also works in the Central Command of the Polish Home Army in the Information and Propaganda Bureau
1944 April Evacuates from Poland by airplane during Operation Wildhorn I as an emissary to the Polish government-in-exile in London
1944-1954 Works on the staff of the commander-in-chief of the Polish government-in-exile as leading liaison operations with the Polish underground
1946 Author, Warsaw Rising
1949 Author, Stalin and the Poles
1950 Author, Polish Armed Forces in World War Two: The Home Army
1955 Emigrates to the United States
1956-1977 Works as the Washington correspondent for the Polish section of Radio Free Europe
1974-1977 Completes a three-year assignment in Munich
1977 Returns to Washington and retires
1977-2000s Freelances for radio and publishes articles on history, politics, and literature in the Polish Daily (London) and Polish Daily News (New York)
1990 Author, Poland Defends Her Independence 1918-1945
1991 Receives the Warsaw University Medal
2000 Awarded the Commander's Cross with Star by the president of Poland and receives the Joseph Conrad Literary Award from the Jozef Pilsudski Institute of New York
2008 April 20 Dies, Washington D.C.

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection includes materials related to the Polish underground during and after World War II, with particular emphasis on the Warsaw Uprising of 1944 and the Soviet occupation of Poland, and Polish émigré affairs, in the form of reports, publications, correspondence, clippings, writings, and notes. The collection encompasses the years 1937-1973, with the bulk of the materials covering 1944-1954.
The bulk of the material relates generally to Andrzej Pomian's work as the assistant director of the Information and Propaganda Bureau of the Home Army in occupied Poland (1941-1944) and his role as the chief liaison between the Polish underground and the government-in-exile (1944-1954).
Some correspondence, and some Home Army and government-in-exile material can be found interspersed with post-war notes, clippings, and publications in the subject file.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Stowarzyszenie Polskich Kombatantów.
Polish people--United States.

Box: 1

Biographical file, 1944-1954

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, personal documents, and receipts. Arranged by physical form.
Box/Folder: 1 : 1

Family correspondence, 1944-1954

Box/Folder: 1 : 2

Personal documents, correspondence, 1944-1952

Box/Folder: 1 : 3

Receipts, notes, correspondence, 1949-1954

Box: 1

Correspondence, 1944-1954.

Scope and Contents note

Arranged alphabetically.
Box/Folder: 1 : 4

Anders, Wladyslaw, 1953

Box/Folder: 1 : 5

Gierat, Ewa and Stanislaw, 1951

Box/Folder: 1 : 6

Grubinski, Waclaw, 1948-1951

Box/Folder: 1 : 7

Kukiel, Marian, 1944

Box/Folder: 1 : 8

Sujkowski, Zbigniew, 1951-1952

Box/Folder: 1 : 9

Talarek-Gronowski, Roman, 1951

Box/Folder: 1 : 10

Terlecki, Tymon, 1954

Box/Folder: 1 : 11

Tyszkiewicz, Samuel and Wiktoria, 1950

Box/Folder: 1 : 12

Wegorek, Zygmunt, 1952-1953

Box/Folder: 1 : 13

Wolodko, Norbert, 1945

Box/Folder: 1 : 14

Wyczalkowski, Marian, 1950

Box/Folder: 1 : 15

Zalewski, August, 1953

Box/Folder: 1 : 16

Zenczykowski, Tadeusz "Kania," 1944-1946

Box: 1-6

Home Army and government-in-exile file, 1941-1954.

Scope and Contents note

Reports, notes, correspondence, publications and financial records related to the Home Army and Andrzej Pomian's role as liaison between the government-in-exile and the postwar Polish underground. Arranged chronologically.
Box/Folder: 1 : 17

"Akcja N," 1941-1945. Anti-Nazi German-language propaganda

Box/Folder: 1 : 18

Biuro Informacji I Propagandy Krajowych Sil Zbrojnych, BIPKSZ, circa 1943

Box/Folder: 1 : 19-20

Publications, 1943-1944.

Scope and Contents note

Contains photos, leaflets, Insurekcja, Biuletyn Informacyjny, Polska Ilustrowana, Sprawy Polskie, Kobieta w Walce, Przeglad Polityczny, Nowe Drogi, Wiadomosci Polskie
Box/Folder: 2 : 1

Home Army and "Akcja N," 1943-1948.

Scope and Contents note

Reports, correspondence, notes
Box/Folder: 2 : 2

Polish underground and postwar publications, 1943-1952.

Scope and Contents note

Includes photostat copies,
Box/Folder: 2 : 3-4

Warsaw Uprising, 1944

Scope and Contents note

Photographs of underground publications
Box/Folder: 3 : 1

Warsaw Uprising, 1944

Scope and Contents note

News digests, anecdotes
Box/Folder: 3 : 2-3

Warsaw Uprising, August 1944.

Scope and Contents note

Press digests and orders
Box/Folder: 3 : 4

Poland, Ministry of the Interior, Social Division, 1944

Scope and Contents note

Reports from the Warsaw Uprising
Box/Folder: 3 : 5-10

Poland, Ministry of the Interior, Social Division, 1945

Scope and Contents note

Review of the national press during the Warsaw Uprising, parts 1-6
Box/Folder: 3 : 11

Photos, reports on the situation in Poland and the Yalta Conference, 1944-1945

Box/Folder: 4 : 1

Situational reports on Soviet-occupied Poland from the Ministry of Information and Documentation and the Ministry of the Interior, 1944-1945

Box/Folder: 4 : 2

Warsaw Uprising, 1944-1946.

Scope and Contents note

Reports, press digests, correspondence
Box/Folder: 4 : 3

Digests of messages received from Poland, in English; correspondence/publications relating to Polish government-in-exile propaganda and information distribution, 1944-1947

Box/Folder: 4 : 4

Home Army, 1944-1950.

Scope and Contents note

Reports, pamphlets
Box/Folder: 4 : 5

Typescript chronology of the Warsaw Uprising, circa 1945

Box/Folder: 5 : 1

Narodowe Sily Zbrojne N.S.Z., 1945-1946.

Scope and Contents note

Reports, underground publications
Box/Folder: 5 : 2

Polish Government budget documents, 1945-1947

Box/Folder: 5 : 3

Correspondence, party platforms, meeting minutes, 1945-1947

Box/Folder: 5 : 4

Notes, receipts, pamphlets, correspondence, 1945-1948

Box/Folder: 5 : 5

"WIN" 1946-1947.

Scope and Contents note

Plan of operations, correspondence, receipts, brochures relating to émigré affairs
Box/Folder: 5 : 6

Polish underground, 1946

Scope and Contents note

Publications, photos
Box/Folder: 6 : 1

Polish government-in-exile, 1946-1950.

Scope and Contents note

Financial records and film
Box/Folder: 6 : 2

Polish underground, 1946-1954.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, instructions, reports, receipts, leaflets
Box/Folder: 6 : 3

Financial records, receipts, 1949-1952

Box/Folder: 6 : 4

Polish underground group "Farys" and its cooperation with British intelligence, 1951-1954.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, reports
Box: 6-9

Writings, 1945-1960.

Scope and Contents note

Typescripts, manuscripts of books and other writings, and transcripts of Pomian's Radio Free Europe broadcasts. Arranged chronologically.
Box/Folder: 6 : 5

Operation Tempest "Burza" and the Warsaw Uprising, undated.

Scope and Contents note

Manuscript, notes
Box/Folder: 7 : 1

"Niepodleglosc I Demokracja," freedom movement, undated.

Scope and Contents note

Typescript, manuscript and notes
Box/Folder: 7 : 2

The Soviet Union and the Home Army, undated.

Scope and Contents note

Typescript and manuscript
Box/Folder: 7 : 3-4

Typescripts, reports, clippings undated

Box/Folder: 7 : 5-7

Powstanie Warszawskie, 1946

Scope and Contents note

Typescript
Box/Folder: 7 : 8

Polish underground, 1947

Scope and Contents note

Manuscripts and typescripts
Box/Folder: 8 : 1-2

Anthology of the Warsaw Uprising, 1954

Scope and Contents note

Sheet music, lyrics, poetry
Box/Folder: 8 : 3

Radio Free Europe, 1954

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, transcripts, notes
Box/Folder: 8 : 4

Tradycje Demokracji Polskiej, 1954

Scope and Contents note

Manuscripts, typescript
Box/Folder: 8 : 5

Z Dziejow Polski Podziemnej, 1955-1956.

Scope and Contents note

Transcripts
Box/Folder: 9 : 1

Z Dziejow Polski Podziemnej, 1959

Scope and Contents note

Transcripts
Box/Folder: 9 : 2-3

Radio Free Europe, 1960

Scope and Contents note

Transcripts
Box: 9-19

Subject file, 1939, 1944-1958.

Scope and Contents note

Clippings, publications and notes. Arranged alphabetically.
Box: 9

General

Box/Folder: 9 : 4

Booklet/letter, 1946, 1955

Box/Folder: 9 : 5

Clippings, notes, reports, 1944-1948

Box/Folder: 9 : 6-7

Clippings, 1944-1953

Box/Folder: 10 : 1-2

Clippings, 1944-1953

Box/Folder: 10 : 3-6

Clippings, periodicals, typescripts, notes, 1944-1955

Box/Folder: 11 : 1

Clippings, newspapers, 1955

Box/Folder: 11 : 2

Clippings, photos, letters, notes, 1947-1948

Box/Folder: 11 : 3-8

Clippings, notes, scripts, correspondence, pamphlets, 1944-1958

Box/Folder: 12 : 1

Clippings, 1945-1955

Box/Folder: 12 : 2

Clippings, 1946-1949

Box/Folder: 12 : 3

Notes, orders, clippings, 1947-1950

Box/Folder: 12 : 4

Notes, clippings, 1944-1947

Box/Folder: 12 : 5

Notes, songs, poems, reminiscences, 1954

Box/Folder: 12 : 6

Notes, clippings, pamphlets, 1944-1952, 1955, 1957-1958

Box/Folder: 13 : 1-5

Notes, clippings, pamphlets, periodicals, 1944-1954

Box/Folder: 14 : 1-2

Notes, publications, and periodicals 1941-1950

Box/Folder: 14 : 3

Pamphlets, 1944-1948

Box/Folder: 14 : 4

Party platforms, bulletins, photos of Stanislaw Mikolajczyk, 1947

Box/Folder: 14 : 5

Publications, 1944-1955.

Scope and Contents note

Includes Robotnik, Robotnik Polski, Tygodnik Warszawski, Gazeta Ludowa, Polska Zbrojna, Dzis I Jutro, Polska Walczaca, Jutro Polski, Biuletyn Informacyjny, Zycie, Dziennik Polski I Dziennik Zolnierza, Glos, Tygodnik Powszechny
Box/Folder: 14 : 6

Reports, pamphlets, periodicals, 1943-1947

Box/Folder: 14 : 7

Reports, periodicals, prayer cards, notes, 1945-1954

Box/Folder: 15 : 1

Typescript screenplay, undated

Box/Folder: 15 : 2

Typescript personal narratives, undated

Box/Folder: 15 : 3

Typescripts, 1945, 1947

Scope and Contents note

Includes Powstanie Warszawskie by Antoni Chrusciel "Monter"
Box/Folder: 15 : 4

Typescripts, notes, publications, correspondence, 1946

Box/Folder: 16 : 1

émigré affairs, 1945-1953.

Scope and Contents note

Serials, clippings, report
Box/Folder: 16 : 2

Home Army, undated.

Scope and Contents note

Bibliography of underground publications, notes and typescript
Box/Folder: 16 : 3

Home Army and political organizations, undated.

Scope and Contents note

Notes, typescripts, clippings
Box/Folder: 16 : 4-5

Polish underground, undated.

Scope and Contents note

Songs, poems
Box/Folder: 16 : 6

Polish underground, 1943, 1946, 1948-1949.

Scope and Contents note

Typescript, correspondence
Box/Folder: 16 : 7

Soviet occupation of Poland during and after World War II, 1946-1948.

Scope and Contents note

Typescripts
Box/Folder: 17 : 1-2

Warsaw Uprising, undated.

Scope and Contents note

Typescript, poetry
Box/Folder: 17 : 3

Warsaw Uprising, 1954

Scope and Contents note

Notes, clippings
Box/Folder: 17 : 4-5

Warsaw Uprising, 1944

Scope and Contents note

Typescript, notes, digest of messages
Box/Folder: 18 : 1

Warsaw Uprising, 1944, 1954.

Scope and Contents note

Notes, clippings, typescripts, reports
Box/Folder: 18 : 2

Warsaw Uprising, 1944

Scope and Contents note

Clippings, photographs,
Box/Folder: 18 : 3

Warsaw Uprising 10th anniversary, 1954

Scope and Contents note

Clippings, articles, correspondence
Box/Folder: 19 : 1

Warsaw Uprising, 1947

Scope and Contents note

Clippings, notes, poems
Box/Folder: 19 : 2

Warsaw Uprising and Polish émigré affairs, 1947

Scope and Contents note

Clippings, publications, newsletters, bibliography
Box/Folder: 19 : 3-5

Warsaw Uprising, 1944-1951.

Scope and Contents note

Clippings, photos, correspondence, bibliographies
Box/Folder: 19 : 6

"WIN," 1952-1953.

Scope and Contents note

Pamphlets, clippings
Box/Folder: 19 : 7

Wodewil Warszawski, by Edward Chudzynski, 1954

Scope and Contents note

Script for a play
Box/Folder: 19 : 8

World War II, 1939-1947.

Scope and Contents note

Clippings, correspondence, September 1, 1939 newspaper
Box: 20

Stowarzyszenie Polskich Kombatantów file, 1969-1973.

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence, financial records, and printed matter, relating to activities of the Polish-American veterans' organization Stowarzyszenie Polskich Kombatantów and Polish émigré affairs. Arranged chronologically.
Box/Folder: 20 : 1

Baczynski, K.K., 1972

Box/Folder: 20 : 2

Brezhnev, L.I., 1973

Box/Folder: 20 : 3

Ciehanowski, Gladys, 1973

Box/Folder: 20 : 4

Cives Leopolienses, 1971-1973

Box/Folder: 20 : 5

Galinski, Adam, 1971-1973

Box/Folder: 20 : 6

Hemar, Marian, 1972

Box/Folder: 20 : 7

Karski, Jan, 1973

Box/Folder: 20 : 8

Katyn, 1972

Scope and Contents note

Printed matter
Box/Folder: 20 : 9

Lot, 1973

Box/Folder: 20 : 10

Ostrowski, Tadeusz, 1972

Box/Folder: 20 : 11

Paczkowski, Jerzy, 1971

Box/Folder: 20 : 12

Polish-American Congress, 1971-1972

Box/Folder: 20 : 13

Project Pole, 1972

Box/Folder: 20 : 14

SPK combatants, 1972-1973.

Scope and Contents note

General
Box/Folder: 20 : 15-17

SPK correspondence, 1971-1973

Box/Folder: 20 : 18

SPK members, 1972-1973

Box/Folder: 21 : 1

SPK combatants printed matter, 1972-1973

Box/Folder: 21 : 2

SPK combatants printed matter "Kombatant...," 1971-1972

Box/Folder: 21 : 3

Reports, 1971-1973

Box/Folder: 21 : 4

Statute, 1953

Box/Folder: 21 : 5

Troscianko, Wiktor, 1973

Box/Folder: 21 : 6

Veteran's Bill, 1972-1973

Box/Folder: 21 : 7

Warsaw Ghetto Anniversary, 1973

Box: 21

Sound Recordings, 1956-1964.

Scope and Contents note

Contains 4 reels and 1 phonorecord, relating to Jan Paderewski, the Warsaw Uprising, Communism in Poland, and the U.S. presidential election of 1956.
Box: 21

T. Machrowicz New Year's Address, undated, Warsaw Uprising Tribute broadcast on Belgian Radio (French), 1/4 inch reel, August, 1964

Box: 21

"Poland Under Communism," Interview with Andrzej Pomian, 1/4 inch reel, June 21, 1963

Box: 21

Flannery on Paderewski, 1/4 inch reel, undated

Box: 21

"Ballads for Ballots" sung by Joe Glazer, phonorecord, 1956

Box 22, Map case

Maps, 1937-1948.

Scope and Contents note

Poland, Germany, and progress of the Warsaw Uprising
Film Shelf

Motion picture films

Scope and Content Note

Titles taken directly from the film reels.
 

"Polish Bombers Holiday," 35mm film print, black & white, sound, 1000 ft. circa 1943

Scope and Contents note

Opening credits read: Polish Air Force Film Unit Presents, Polish Bombers Holiday.

Access

Use copy available on-site for immediate use. Use copy reference number: 2009C45_f_0010675.
 

"WWII Polish Army en route from USSR via Africa-Italy-France to Germany - Polish Version," 35mm film print, black & white, sound, 1000ft.

Access

Use copy available on-site for immediate use. Use copy reference number: 2009C45_0011243_r01
 

"Polish Bombers Holiday," duplicate 35mm film print

 

"Sport Kajakowy w Polsce," 35mm film print

 

"WWII Polish Paratroopers Porizade 2nd Part Polish Version," 35mm film print

 

"Najkrotsza Droga," 35mm film print

 

"A Vol D'oiseau," 35mm film print